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MC 809

Rupert, Jessie Hainning, 1831-1909. Papers of Jessie Hainning Rupert, 1849-1991 (inclusive), 1849-1913 (bulk): A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

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Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MC 809
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Jessie Hainning Rupert, 1831-1909
Title: Papers of Jessie Hainning Rupert, 1849-1991 (inclusive), 1849-1913 (bulk)
Date(s): 1849-1991
Date(s): 1849-1913
Quantity: .63 linear feet (1 + 1/2 file boxes) plus 1 folio folder, 1 supersize folder, 1 photograph folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Scrapbook, writings, correspondence, photographs, flyers, clippings, etc., documenting the work of Jessie Hainning Rupert, an educator, lecturer, and opponent of slavery who was known as the "Angel of the Shenandoah" for her efforts to provide food, shelter, and medical care to soldiers and civilians on both sides of the Civil War.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 2014-M129
These papers of Jessie Hainning Rupert were acquired by the Schlesinger Library from L & T Respess Books in August 2014.

Processing Information:

Processed: September 2014
By: Anne Engelhart

Access Restrictions:

Access. Unrestricted.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Jessie Hainning Rupert as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Jessie Hainning Rupert Papers, 1849-1991; item description, dates. MC 809, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

BIOGRAPHY

Known as the "Angel of the Shenandoah," Jessie Hainning Rupert was born in Scotland and moved with her family to Ohio in the 1830s. Educated at Oakland Female Institute in Norristown, Pennsylvania, she became principal of the Ann Smith Academy in Lexington, Virginia (1856-1858), before moving to New Market, Virginia, where she directed the New Market Female Seminary. As an opponent of slavery and a Union sympathizer, she was ostracized by the townspeople; nevertheless she married Solomon P. Rupert (1823-1867) and throughout the war provided food, shelter, and medical care to soldiers and civilians on both sides of the conflict. She was later adopted as the daughter of the 34th Massachusetts Regiment, some of whose members she had nursed at her home after the battle of New Market. After the war she established the Cottage Institute, a boarding and day school for white children, and Woodworth Cottage Institute, a night school for black students. Her husband committed suicide in 1867. She later supported herself and her two sons, Charles and Frank, by lecturing in the north on her life as a Yankee in a southern town. Rupert died in New Market in 1909.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

The collection includes a scrapbook containing Rupert's writings (including her valedictory address), letters, clippings, programs and other printed material from Oakland Female Institute as well as from schools directed by Rupert, writings by Oakland classmates, etc. Also included are lectures; correspondence; a commonplace book; photographs; flyers, clippings, etc., advertising her lectures; an autograph book; biographical and genealogical information; recollections of the war by others; etc.
The collection was retained in mostly the same order as in the dealer's description (see #2.4).
Most of the photographs in this collection are or will be digitized and available online.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Autograph albums
Commonplace books
Lectures
Lecturers--United States
New Market (Va.)--Social conditions
Scrapbooks
Teachers--United States
Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
Oakland Female Institute (Norristown, Pa.)--Students
Roe, Alfred S. (Alfred Seelye), 1844-1917. Angel of the Shenandoah
Rupert, Solomon P., 1823-1867

sch01486