Rupert, Jessie Hainning, 1831-1909. Papers of Jessie Hainning Rupert, 1849-1991 (inclusive),
1849-1913 (bulk): A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MC 809
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Jessie Hainning Rupert, 1831-1909
Title: Papers of Jessie Hainning Rupert, 1849-1991 (inclusive), 1849-1913 (bulk)
Quantity: .63 linear feet (1 + 1/2 file boxes) plus 1 folio folder, 1 supersize folder, 1 photograph folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Scrapbook, writings, correspondence, photographs, flyers, clippings, etc., documenting
the work of Jessie Hainning Rupert, an educator, lecturer, and opponent of slavery
who was known as the "Angel of the Shenandoah" for her efforts to provide food, shelter,
and medical care to soldiers and civilians on both sides of the Civil War.
Accession number: 2014-M129
These papers of Jessie Hainning Rupert were acquired by the Schlesinger Library from
L & T Respess Books in August 2014.
Processed: September 2014
By: Anne Engelhart
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Jessie Hainning Rupert as well as copyright
in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Jessie Hainning Rupert Papers, 1849-1991; item description, dates. MC 809, folder
#. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Known as the "Angel of the Shenandoah," Jessie Hainning Rupert was born in Scotland
and moved with her family to Ohio in the 1830s. Educated at Oakland Female Institute
in Norristown, Pennsylvania, she became principal of the Ann Smith Academy in Lexington,
Virginia (1856-1858), before moving to New Market, Virginia, where she directed the
New Market Female Seminary. As an opponent of slavery and a Union sympathizer, she
was ostracized by the townspeople; nevertheless she married Solomon P. Rupert (1823-1867)
and throughout the war provided food, shelter, and medical care to soldiers and civilians
on both sides of the conflict. She was later adopted as the daughter of the 34th Massachusetts
Regiment, some of whose members she had nursed at her home after the battle of New
Market. After the war she established the Cottage Institute, a boarding and day school
for white children, and Woodworth Cottage Institute, a night school for black students.
Her husband committed suicide in 1867. She later supported herself and her two sons,
Charles and Frank, by lecturing in the north on her life as a Yankee in a southern
town. Rupert died in New Market in 1909.
The collection includes a scrapbook containing Rupert's writings (including her valedictory
address), letters, clippings, programs and other printed material from Oakland Female
Institute as well as from schools directed by Rupert, writings by Oakland classmates,
etc. Also included are lectures; correspondence; a commonplace book; photographs;
flyers, clippings, etc., advertising her lectures; an autograph book; biographical
and genealogical information; recollections of the war by others; etc.
The collection was retained in mostly the same order as in the dealer's description
Most of the photographs in this collection are or will be digitized and available
- 1.1. Commonplace book, 1849-1851; includes constitution for the Benevolent Association
of the Pittsfield Young Ladies' Institute and list of members and officers
- 1.2. Scrapbook, 1855-1869; includes Rupert's college writings (poems, essays, 1856 valedictory
address), programs, written contributions from college classmates, catalogs of schools
run by Rupert in New Market, clippings, dried plants, etc.
- 1.3. Lectures (manuscript): "The Raid Up the Shenandoah Valley in 1863" and "Battle of
New Market, May 15, 1864"
- 1.4. Lecture notes, 1891, 1903, n.d.
- 1.5. Autograph letters signed from Rupert to her husband and brother, n.d.
- 1.6. Letters to Rupert from relatives including her husband, father-in-law, uncles, also
others to others, 1861-1912; also receipts, program, menu, etc., 1881-1926
- 1.7. To Rupert, also others to others, 1855-1901
- 1.8. To Rupert from sculptor Jacob Ezekiel, 1864-1906
- FD.1. To Rupert from Jacob Ezekiel, 1899
- 1.10. Flyers, etc., advertising Rupert's lectures, 1870, n.d.
- SD.1. Broadside advertising a lecture in East Weymouth (Massachusetts?), 1876
- PD.1. Photographs of Solomon P. Rupert, Cottage Institute, etc., n.d. (6 photographs)
- 1.11. "Personal Recollections of the War" by William R. Stocking, former private in the
34th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, n.d.
- 1.12. "Address of Pvt. Porter," at the reunion of the 34th Regiment in Springfield, Massachusetts,
- 1.13. Poem of thanks to Rupert by Fannie E Taylor of Chicago, 1893
- 2.1. Autograph book, 1850s-1870s
- 2.2. Volume containing clippings re: lecture tours, 1870s
- 2.3. Clippings re: Rupert, etc., 1861-1909
- 2.4. Biographical and genealogical information: An Angel of the Shenandoah by Alfred S. Roe, 1913; copy of typed letter to Cousin Charles giving genealogical
information, 1991; catalog description by L & T Respess Books, etc.
New Market (Va.)--Social conditions
Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
Oakland Female Institute (Norristown, Pa.)--Students
Roe, Alfred S. (Alfred Seelye), 1844-1917. Angel of the Shenandoah
Rupert, Solomon P., 1823-1867