Ettinger, Elżbieta. Papers of Elżbieta Ettinger, 1922-2001 (inclusive), 1967-2000
(bulk): A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Processing of this collection was made possible by a gift from Ethel and David Jackson.
Call No.: MC 579
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Elżbieta Ettinger
Title: Papers of Elżbieta Ettinger, 1922-2001 (inclusive), 1967-2000 (bulk)
Quantity: 12.08 linear feet (28 file boxes) plus 9 photo folders, 1 folio+ folder)
Language of materials: Most materials in English; some material in Polish, German, French and Swedish.
Abstract: Personal and professional correspondence, research materials, and other papers of
professor, novelist, and biographer Elżbieta Ettinger.
Accession number: 2005-M117
The papers of Elżbieta Ettinger were given to the Schlesinger Library by her daughter,
Maia Ettinger, in September 2005.
Processed: March 2009
By: Laura Peimer
Access is restricted. Researchers must obtain written permission from Maia Ettinger.
Certain records relating to Maia Ettinger have been redacted and originals are closed
until January 1, 2060. In addition, student evaluations and recommendations (#12.5-12.6,
12.19-12.23) are closed until January 1, 2080, and some financial records (#2.4) are
closed until January 1, 2060.
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Elżbieta Ettinger is held by the President
and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers
in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Elżbieta Ettinger Papers, 1922-2001; item description, dates. MC 579, folder #. Schlesinger
Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Donors: Maia Ettinger
Accession number: 2005-M117
Processed by: Laura Peimer
The following books have been removed from the collection and added to the Schlesinger
Library book collection:
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Editions Du Seuil, France, 1995)
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Natur och Kultur, Stockholm, 1995)
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Orion Literary Agency, Tokyo, 1995)
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Jorge Zahar Ed., Brazil, 1996)
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Garzanti Editore, Italy, 1996)
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (TusQuets Editores, Spain, 1996)
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Rye Field Publishing Company, 1996 [in Chinese])
- Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger (Chun Feng Literature Publishing House, China 1999)
- Kindergarten (Houghton-Mifflin, 1970)
- Quicksand (Pandora, 1989)
Elżbieta Ettinger was born in Lodz, Poland, on September 19, 1924, to Emmanuel Ettinger
and Regina Stahl. She had one older sister, Lilka, born in 1922. In 1939, under threat
from the Nazis, her family moved from their home, and in 1940, were forcibly transferred
to the Warsaw Ghetto, along with seventeen members of Elżbieta's extended family.
Her uncle and her mother managed to live outside the ghetto under forged identity
papers, her mother devising the pseudonym of "Marianna Chodakowska," which she continued
to use after the war. While in the ghetto, Elżbieta tutored children, attended an
underground high school, studied languages, and, along with other children, gathered
information for Emanuel Ringelblum, who was writing a chronicle of the Warsaw Ghetto.
In 1942, shortly before the liquidation, Elżbieta escaped with help from her mother.
Living on the outside, she assumed the surname of Chodakowska and, with forged papers,
was able to find clerical and manual work on the run, living in small villages and
towns, and seeking new hiding places when she fell under suspicion. On February 8,
1943, she was married by a military chaplain in the Guerrilla Forces of the Polish
Army to Gierek, a partisan sympathizer whom she had met while living under this false
After liberation in 1944, Elżbieta returned to school, receiving a degree in English
and German philology from Jagellonian University in Cracow (1946), and an M.A. in
English philology from Warsaw University in 1949. She also received a diploma from
the Academy of Political Science, and was an instructor there in German and English
(1949-1951). She earned her Ph.D. in English and American literature from Warsaw University
in 1966; her dissertation was entitled The Lawyer in American Literature, 1945-1965.
Throughout the 1950s and 1960s she held a variety of jobs in Communist-controlled
Poland, applying her skills in business writing and editing, journalism, translation,
and research. Starting in 1949 she worked in the nationalized Ministry of Foreign
Trade. She was also an editor at the Institute of History of the Polish Workers' Party
(1951-1953); a news analyst (1953-1958); and an interpreter for the Polish Academy
of Science, the Polish Parliament, Warsaw University, and the Association of Polish
Lawyers (1956-1960s). From 1954 to 1955 she was in Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam as
an interpreter for the International Commission of Supervision and Control in Indochina,
created by the Allied Powers in the wake of the French defeat in Vietnam. In the 1960s
she worked part-time as an editor at Film Polski (Polish Film Producers), and was a freelance writer for the Polish Lawyers Association
bi-weekly journal Prawo i Zycie (Law and Life) from 1959 through 1965. In the mid-1960s she was a researcher in the
Department of History of Juridicial and Political Ideas at Warsaw University, and
worked for the Union of Cooperatives in Warsaw (1966-1967).
Separated from her husband after the war, she formed a relationship with her Warsaw
University professor Manfred Lachs and gave birth to their daughter in 1962. Elżbieta
would become the sole supporter of her daughter, Manuela (Maia) Ettinger, and her
mother, the one surviving member of her immediate family from the war.
Elżbieta turned down an offer of full-time employment from Poland's National Security
office. Her decision prompted negative repercussions, among which was her forced resignation
from the foreign trade ministry. Fearing continued retribution, in 1966 she heeded
the advice of an American visiting professor from Harvard University and applied for
a fellowship at Radcliffe College's Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study. Radcliffe
awarded her a fellowship in 1967, and she arrived in the U.S. with her five-year-old
daughter, planning to pursue her research into the role of lawyers in American literature.
Elżbieta was awarded a senior fellowship at the Institute in 1970, which was renewed
through 1974. Her mother joined her in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Once settled, Elżbieta
pursued permanent residency and U.S. citizenship for herself and her daughter.
In 1970, Houghton-Mifflin published her semi-autobiographical novel of the German
war against the Jews, Kindergarten, which she had first conceived of in the 1950s but only wrote coming to America.
She noted that "only the distance created by writing in a foreign tongue allowed me
to translate my own experiences into a more universal truth."(#14.7).
She began her teaching career in the United States. Her field, which was English and
American literature in Poland, became Russian and Polish literature, history, and
economics in the U.S. Starting in 1970, she was a lecturer in the Radcliffe Seminars,
teaching contemporary Eastern European literature and Russian intellectual history
of the 19th and 20th centuries. Wanting to gain administrative experience, she accepted
the offer to become associate director of the Radcliffe Seminars as well. She also
taught as an instructor at the Pine Manor Open College in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts
(1971-1973), and at the Harvard Extension School (1972-1973). Due largely to her work
on behalf of the Radcliffe Institute, she was invited to join Phi Beta Kappa in 1979.
During the early 1970s she was developing a new novel, a sequel to Kindergarten, which was to be set in post-war Poland. She temporarily shelved the novel in 1973
when she became a visiting assistant professor in the Department of Humanities at
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In her early years there, she devoted
much of her time to building the writing program so that it would meet the particular
needs of MIT students. She helped develop a new curriculum that included technical
and science writing, creative and expository writing, and the writing requirement
course. She taught writing and literature at MIT for the duration of her professional
career, achieving tenure in 1979, and the position of full Professor of Rhetoric and
Literature, which she held from 1986 until her retirement in 1997.
While teaching, Elżbieta continued to do her own research and writing, producing articles,
essays, and book reviews, as well as translating other writings to and from Polish.
After the publication of Kindergarten, she focused her research on Rosa Luxemburg. Elżbieta first heard of the Jewish revolutionary
from her father, who had met her in Berlin when he was a young man. In an interview
with the Boston Globe, she remarked on the importance of this encounter, explaining that "for him she was
a heroine, because she fought for social justice. She was a genuine socialist. She
was brilliant."(#1.7) In 1979, Elżbieta published a collection of Luxemburg's letters
to her common-law husband, Leo Jogisches, which she translated and annotated in her
book Comrade and Lover: Rosa Luxemburg's Letters to Leo Jogisches. In 1987 her research culminated in a biography entitled Rosa Luxemburg: A Life. In 1989, Quicksand, her follow-up novel to Kindergarten, was published by Pandora Press in London. Her research on Rosa Luxemburg eventually
led her to the Jewish philosopher Hannah Arendt -- her next major research and writing
subject; in 1994 she published an interpretation of the love letters between Arendt
and her Nazi-affiliated mentor, Martin Heidegger. Elżbieta's interest in Arendt evolved
out of her expressed affinities to her. She wrote: "I share with Arendt some experiences
which permit me to understand her better than many others who do not, and who, therefore,
can write about her from the 'outside' only, not from the 'inside' as I can; my life
has been changed forever by the Nazis, as was hers; I chose exile (though 30 years
later) as did she, and approximately at the same age, the mid-thirties; I am cut off
from the Polish culture in which I was born, raised, and educated as she was from
the German; I write, as did she, in a foreign tongue, and as did Arendt live a 'life
Elżbieta was working on a full-length biography of Arendt when she died on March 12,
The collection is arranged in five series:
- Series I. Biographical and personal, 1944-2001, n.d. (#1.1-10.13)
- ___Subseries A. Biographical and related, 1944-2001, n.d. (#1.1-4.16)
- ___Subseries B. Appointment books, 1974-2001 (#5.1-6.6)
- ___Subseries C. Personal correspondence, 1944-1997, n.d. (#6.7-9.7)
- ___Subseries D. Maia Ettinger, 1962-1998, n.d. (#9.8-10.13)
- Series II. Professional, 1944-1997, n.d. (#11.1-12.23)
- Series III. Research and writings, 1922-2000, n.d. (#13.1-28.6)
- ___Subseries A. General correspondence, 1968-2000 (#13.1-14.15)
- ___Subseries B. Kindergarten, 1968-1988, n.d. (#15.1-15.11)
- ___Subseries C. Rosa Luxemburg, 1976-1994, n.d. (#15.12-17.3)
- ___Subseries D. Quicksand, 1969-1977 (#17.4-17.5)
- ___Subseries E. Hannah Arendt, 1922-2000, n.d. (#17.6-27.3)
- ___Subseries F. Other research and writings, 1966-2000, n.d. (#27.4-28.6)
- Series IV. Photographs and oversized, 1935-1995, n.d. (#PD.1-PD.7, F+D.1)
The Elżbieta Ettinger papers include correspondence, notes, clippings, drafts and
other writings, photographs, and notebooks, covering Elżbieta's education and professional
life as a scholar, a novelist and biographer, as well as her personal relationships
with her daughter, her mother, her former lovers, and friends. Elżbieta sometimes
used her wartime surname of Chodakowska instead of Ettinger, and on some applications
listed her birth year as 1925, 1927, or 1929, instead of 1924. Elżbieta's mother also
used her pseudonym ("Marianna") after the war. Some of the original folder titles
were written in Polish, and in nearly all cases, an English translation was provided.
Some materials in Polish were identified for arrangement purposes by volunteer Christopher
Series I, BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL, 1944-2001, n.d. (#1.1-10.13), includes correspondence
with family members; notes and other writings; appointment books; legal forms and
applications; medical and financial statements; as well as other papers relating to
Elżbieta's mother Marianna (Regina) and daughter Maia. For additional biographical
information, see Series III, Subseries A and Series IV.
Subseries A, Biographical and related, 1944-2001, n.d. (#1.1-4.16), contains personal,
educational, financial, legal, and medical material. Included are her notebooks (in
English, German, and Polish) for university classes, as well as her high school, college,
and graduate school diplomas; two travel diaries, written by Elżbieta in Polish during
her time in Indochina; an interview for the Boston Globe; and accounts of her dreams (#1.8). Of particular interest is her correspondence
and application for reparations from the German government. This subseries also contains
a selection of personal financial account statements; check registers; and other financial
documents, including financial material relating to Maia's education at the Buckingham,
Brown & Nichols school; Elżbieta's will; power of attorney documents signed by Maia;
immigration, naturalization, residency, and visa/passport applications for Elżbieta,
Maia, and Marianna; medical summaries; and related correspondence. The immigration
and residency status folders contain documentation and correspondence tracing the
effort and challenges in gaining permanent residency status to remain in the U.S.
and include letters from Constance Smith at the Radcliffe Institute, and Polish employers,
as well as correspondence with Senator Edward Brooke and Representative Martin A.
Linsky. Medical files, such as folders titled "MIT health plan," include correspondence
with doctors and statements regarding the status of Elżbieta's health and prescriptions.
Subseries B, Appointment books, 1974-2001 (#5.1-6.6), consists of Elżbieta's appointment
calendars containing personal and professional entries, as well as names and addresses
of friends and colleagues.
Subseries C, Personal correspondence, 1944-1997, n.d. (#6.7-9.7) contains many letters
from family members, including letters from Elżbieta's war-time husband, Gierek. However,
the bulk of the personal letters are from Elżbieta's mother, Marianna, and include
letters and postcards she sent to her daughter during Elżbieta's time in Indochina,
1954-1955. This subseries also contains extensive correspondence between Elżbieta
and Maia's father, Manfred Lachs, who would become a Judge in the International Court
of Justice at the Hague from 1967 until his death in 1993. The letters explore their
strained relationship as well as child support for Maia. Included are miscellaneous
personal correspondence with friends and other relatives, as well as sympathy cards
and letters sent in the wake of Marianna's death. Much of the material in this subseries
is written in Polish. For additional letters which contain personal information, see
Series III, Subseries A.
Subseries D, Maia Ettinger, 1962-1998, n.d. (#9.8-10.13), includes mostly material
created by Elżbieta's daughter: correspondence; school papers; grades; evaluations;
exams; drawings; writings and poetry; a copy of her high school literary magazine,
The Spectator; programs for school plays; and newsletters from her summer camp, Camp Marlyn. Included
are letters written by Elżbieta, Maia's letters and notes to her mother, and correspondence
with her father. Of note is correspondence with Simon Wiesenthal regarding charitable
donations from Maia.
Series II, PROFESSIONAL 1944-1997, n.d. (#11.1-12.23), includes post-war work-related
letters written in Polish, including employment agreements and professional verifications.
For additional material regarding Polish employment, see #12.11. This series also
contains papers relating to Elżbieta's professional work in the United States, including
her term as a Radcliffe Institute Fellow and professor, and her tenure at MIT. MIT
correspondence includes lists of professional activities and committee work; course
folders may contain syllabii and reading lists. The Krystyna Pomorska files contain
correspondence with Elżbieta's friend and colleague at MIT, as well as paperwork regarding
disability, material relating to Krystyna's memorial service, the settling of her
estate, and the compilation of a book in her memory, Studies in Poetics. The "Radcliffe - 83 Brattle Street" folders (#12.14-12.18) contain information regarding
Elżbieta's apartment lease and other matters relating to her tenure at Radcliffe.
Series III, RESEARCH AND WRITINGS 1922-2000, n.d. (#13.1-28.6), contains research
material; correspondence with various publishers, colleagues and friends, and her
agent; drafts; notes; publishing contracts; sales information; editorial comments;
author statements; and publicity materials and reviews relating to her writings and
Subseries A, General correspondence, 1968-2000 (#13.1-14.15), contains correspondence
with publishers and journals; her literary agent, Georges Borchardt; and colleagues.
This subseries mostly contains correspondence referring to multiple writing projects,
in addition to a file of correspondence related to Elżbieta's efforts to publish her
dissertation (#14.5). Correspondence between professional colleagues who are also
close friends, such as Brigitte Brandt, writer and journalist, and wife of the former
German Chancellor, Willy Brandt; and writer, scholar, and Elżbieta's confidant Agneiska
Pleijel, are often quite intimate and contain personal details. Many of the correspondents
also appear in other subseries.
Subseries B, Kindergarten, 1968-1988, n.d. (#15.1-15.11), includes correspondence with Houghton-Mifflin regarding
editorial changes, and publicity. Included as well are book contracts, author's statement
and reviews, and a copy of the French edition with annotations.
Subseries C, Rosa Luxemburg, 1976-1994, n.d. (#15.12-17.3), contains correspondence
regarding the publication of Comrade and Lover and Rosa Luxemburg: A Life, reviews and drafts of her article for the Radcliffe News entitled "The Biographer as Sleuth: In Search of Rosa Luxemburg." "Rehabilitation-Lenin"
(#16.13) contains a copy of a letter from Elżbieta to Raisa Gorbachev inquiring about
publishing Rosa Luxemburg: A Life in the Soviet Union.
Subseries D, Quicksand, 1969-1977 (#17.4-17.5) includes the author's description of the work and correspondence
with the Chapelbrook Foundation regarding funding. See also Subseries A (#14.11-14.13)
for additional materials regarding Quicksand.
Subseries E, Hannah Arendt, 1922-2000, n.d. (#17.6-27.3), contains research files
relating to her book Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger and for her work-in-progress on the Arendt biography. Correspondence files contain
letters written to and from Elżbieta with scholars and archives, as well as individuals
who knew Arendt, as well as notes, writings, and articles. Of interest are correspondence
files regarding plagiarism by Ruediger Safranski of sections of the Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger manuscript. Subject files contain mostly research materials: annotated clippings,
articles, notes, annotated photocopies from other archives, drafts, and photographs.
A few subject files may also contain correspondence with Elżbieta, as noted. Of additional
interest are interview transcripts, as well as annotated copies of the German and
Polish editions of Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger. Many of the original folder titles, as well as groupings within folders, have been
retained; original titles appear in quotation marks. Clippings and materials from
other archives that were not annotated by Elżbieta have generally been discarded,
including three entire folders entitled "Baeck Institute," "Bernard Lazare," and "Martha
Subseries F, Other research and writings, 1966-2000, n.d. (#27.4-28.6), contains drafts,
notes, and clippings relating to various research and writing projects, including
translations, book reviews, and letters to the editor. Of interest is a New York Times op-ed piece written by Elżbieta regarding her experience as a single mother (#27.4).
Series IV, PHOTOGRAPHS AND OVERSIZED, 1935-1995, n.d. (#PD.1-PD.7, F+D.1), includes
photographs of immediate family and relatives, as well as her friend Danuta Dytko
(who worked for Elżbieta after the war in the Ministry of Foreign Trade) with her
grandson. The wedding photographs of Basia and Waldek feature Barbara Dobiecka Bieganowska
and Waldemar Bieganowski. Basia's mother, Irena Dobiecka, was Marianna's first cousin.
Most of the photographs in this collection are or will be cataloged in VIA, Harvard
University's Visual Information Access database. Others, referred to as "uncataloged"
photographs, are not of sufficient research interest to warrant cataloging and are
simply treated as part of the documents they accompany; they are marked on the back
with an asterisk in square brackets [*].
Documents relating to Maia's financial information have been photocopied and the information
redacted to protect privacy. Reference copies are interfiled in the collection; originals
have been removed and are closed until January 1, 2060.
- Series I. BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL, 1944-2001, n.d. (#1.1-10.13)
- Subseries A. Biographical and related, 1944-2000, n.d. (#1.1-4.16)
- 1.1. German papers, 1944; contains official German documents allowing Elżbieta to travel
while living and working in German-occupied Poland
- 1.2. German Claims conference, 1992-1998
- 1.3-1.4. Curriculum vitae, n.d.
- 1.5. Diary: Vietnam, 1954-1955, 1969; in Polish. Includes letter and clippings.
- 1.6. Diary: Vietnam, ca.1955; in Polish
- 1.7. Boston Globe interview, May 31, 1987
- 1.8. Dreams: "sleuth dreams," 1988-1989: written accounts of dreams
- 1.9. Education: diplomas, 1945-1967.
See also #F+D.1 for diploma (in Polish).
- 1.10v. Education: notebooks, 1944-1946; in German and Polish. Includes PHOTOGRAPH of Marianna,
approximately age 18.
- 1.11. Education: items removed from #1.10v, 1944-1946
- 1.12. Education: notebooks: English literature, 1947
- 1.13. Education: notebooks, n.d.
- 2.1. Financial: account books, 1967-1981
- 2.2. Financial: brokerage account statements, 1997-2000
- 2.3. Financial: "Buckingham, Brown & Nichols School," 1973-1979
- 2.5. Financial: check registers, 1993-1996
- 2.6. Financial: condominium, 1993
- 2.7. Financial: general regarding finances, accounts, 1981-1983, 1990-1997.
See also #12.8.
- 2.8. Financial: general regarding finances, accounts, 1998-2000
- 2.9. Financial: IRA [Individual Retirement Accounts] statements, 1997-2000
- 2.10. Financial: MIT statements of pension benefits and deductions, 1999-2000
- 2.11. Financial: Social Security, 1992-2000, n.d.
- 2.12-2.13. Financial: "taxes," 1984-1988, 1997-1998, 2000
- 2.14. Financial: TIAA-CREF statements, 1992-2000
- 2.15. Legal: estate planning, 1994-1997
- 2.16-3.4. Legal: immigration and residency status, 1962-1983, n.d.; includes 1967 copy of Maia's
1962 birth certificate (#3.2) (5 folders)
- 3.5-3.6. Legal: immigration, residency, and travel for Marianna Chodakowska, 1968-1979; includes
uncataloged photograph (#3.6)
- 3.7. Legal: living and last wills, 1969-1997
- 3.8. Legal: naturalization and passport applications, 1967, 1973-1996; includes PHOTOGRAPH
of Elżbieta on Certificate of Naturalization; letter to Maia from Dr. Mieczyslaw Maneli,
former colleague of Manfred Lachs.
- 3.9. Legal: "passport," 1967-1982; includes passport applications and various visa materials
for Elżbieta and Marianna, in Polish
- 3.10. Legal: power of attorney, 1997
- 3.11. Legal: re-entry into United States, 1974-1982
- 3.12. Legal: tourist visa applications, 1974-1978
- 4.1. Medical: Marianna Chodakowska, 1968-1977
- 4.2. Medical: geriatric care, n.d.
- 4.3. Medical: Implant Dentistry of Massachusetts, 1997-1999
- 4.4-4.9. Medical: "MIT health plan," 1975-1997, n.d.
- 4.10-4.12. Medical: records, 1970-1974, 1998-2000; includes early health information re: Maia
- 4.13. Medical: statements/summaries, 1993-2000
- 4.14. Medical: "surgery," 1998-1999
- 4.15. Medical: Medicare, 1996-1997, n.d.
- 4.16. Miscellaneous notes, 1986, n.d.; includes materials in Polish.
- Subseries B. Appointment books, 1974-2001 (#5.1-6.6)
- 5.2. 1976; includes letter from Maia
- 5.3. 1977-1978; includes telegram, letter from Harvard College Library, 1977
- 5.5. 1981; includes letter in Polish to Marianna from Judith Stahl
- 5.8. 1986-1987; includes letter from Harvard Business Review associate editor, Bernard Avishai, 1987
- Subseries C. Personal correspondence, 1944-1997, n.d. (#6.7-9.7)
- 6.7. To Ettinger, 1944-1949, n.d.; in Polish
- 6.8. To Ettinger, most from mother, 1945; in Polish
- 6.9. To Ettinger, most from mother, 1946; in Polish
- 6.10. To Ettinger, most from mother, 1947; in Polish
- 6.11. To Ettinger, 1948; in Polish
- 6.12. To Ettinger, 1949; in Polish
- 7.1. To Ettinger, 1952; in Polish
- 7.2. To Ettinger, 1953; in Polish
- 7.3. To Ettinger from mother, 1954-1955: postcards, in Polish
- 7.4. To Ettinger, most from mother, 1954; in Polish
- 7.5. To Ettinger, most from mother, 1955; in Polish
- 7.6. To Ettinger, 1963, n.d.; in Polish
- 7.7-7.9. To Ettinger, 1967; in Polish
- 7.10. To Ettinger, 1969; in Polish
- 7.11. To Ettinger, 1979-1982; in Polish
- 7.12-7.13. Sympathy letters re: mother's death, 1981; includes letters in Polish
- 7.14. Manfred Lachs: postcards and notes, 1951-1966; in Polish
- 7.15. Manfred Lachs: child support payments, 1961-1972
- 7.16. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1967-1968, n.d.; includes letters in Polish
- 8.1. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1969-1970; includes letters in Polish
- 8.2. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1971-1972; includes letters in Polish
- 8.3. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1973-1975; includes letters in Polish and French
- 8.4. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1976-1977; includes letters in Polish
- 8.5. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1978; includes uncataloged photographs. Some letters
- 8.6. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1979-1980; includes letters in Polish
- 8.7. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1981; includes letters in Polish
- 8.8. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1982-1983; includes letters in Polish
- 8.9. Manfred Lachs: correspondence, 1984-1992, 1997; includes letters in Polish
- 8.10-8.11. Manfred Lachs: correspondence re: death, estate, 1993; includes letters in Polish
- 9.1. Manfred Lachs: correspondence re: death, estate, 1994; includes letters in Polish
- 9.2. Manfred Lachs: correspondence re: death, estate, 1995, includes letters in Polish
- 9.3. Manfred Lachs: correspondence re: death, estate, 1996; includes letters in Polish
- 9.4. Manfred Lachs: documents relating to estate, 1969-1992; includes materials in Polish
- 9.5. Personal correspondence (in English), 1968-1996, n.d.; contains miscellaneous correspondence
including re: friendships, career, and publications.
- 9.6. Personal (?) correspondence, 1969-1984; in Polish. Includes uncataloged photograph
of a group of women, ca. 1940s.
- 9.7. Personal (?) correspondence, 1992-1997, n.d.; in Polish. Includes uncataloged photographs.
- Subseries D. Maia Ettinger, 1962-1998, n.d. (#9.8-10.13)
- 9.8. Correspondence and other writings, 1962-1970
- 9.9. Correspondence and other writings, 1971-1972; includes Simon Wiesenthal letter. Includes
reference copy of photograph; original in #9.10.
- 9.10. Photograph removed from #9.9 (1 photograph)
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 9.11. Correspondence and other writings, 1973-1974; includes Simon Wiesenthal letter
- 9.12. Correspondence and other writings, 1975-1976; includes Simon Wiesenthal letter and
letters to Elżbieta and Marianna from Yad Vashem
- 9.13. Correspondence and other writings, 1977-1978
- 9.14. Correspondence and other writings, 1979; includes copy of high school graduation program
- 10.1. Correspondence and other writings, 1980-1981
- 10.2. Correspondence and other writings, 1982-1986
- 10.3. Correspondence and other writings, 1987, n.d.
- 10.4. Correspondence and other writings, 1988-1998; includes letter to the editor written
by Maia, 1998
- 10.5. Exam books, 1980-1981, n.d.
- 10.6. Manfred Lachs correspondence, 1968-1974
- 10.7. Manfred Lachs correspondence, 1975
- 10.8. Manfred Lachs correspondence, 1976-1977
- 10.9. Manfred Lachs correspondence, 1978
- 10.10. Manfred Lachs correspondence, 1979-1983
- 10.11. Manfred Lachs correspondence, 1984-1998
- 10.12. "Majczyk," 1978-1984, n.d.; letters and notes found together. Includes genealogy of
Stahl family and typed story by Maia
- 10.13. Medical records, 1968-1981
- Series II. PROFESSIONAL, 1944-1997, n.d. (#11.1-12.23)
- 11.1. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1974, 1978; contains letters from Wellesley College
re: job offer, PEN regarding membership
- 11.2-11.5. MIT. Correspondence, 1973-1997, n.d.
- 11.6. MIT. Correspondence re: promotions, raises, 1973-1996
- 11.7. MIT. Courses: Advanced Fiction Workshop, 1982-1993
- 11.8. MIT. Courses: Fiction Workshop, 1984-1995, n.d.
- 11.9. MIT. Courses: Introduction to Literature, 1973-1974
- 11.10-11.11. MIT. Courses: Writing about Racial Issues, 1982-1997, n.d.
- 11.12. MIT. Courses: Writing and Experience, 1983-1986
- 11.13. MIT. Courses: Writing Biography and Autobiography, 1984-1985
- 11.14. MIT. Courses: Writing of Prose, 1982-1983, n.d.
- 11.15-11.17. MIT. "Intro-MIT, 1977-1978"; contains typescripts and notes related to various literary
- 12.1-12.4. MIT. "Krystyna Pomorska," 1981-1990, n.d.; includes letters in Polish. Uncataloged
photographs in #12.4.
- 12.7. MIT. Promotions and tenure review, 1970-1979, n.d.; includes drafts of her curriculum
- 12.8. MIT. Retirement, 1996-1997.
See also #2.7.
- 12.9. MIT. "Syllabi" [of classes in the writing program, some of which were not taught by
Ettinger], 1973-1989, n.d.
- 12.10. Pine Manor Junior College, 1973: press release regarding Ettinger's talk on status
of women in Poland
- 12.11. Polish work papers, 1960-1967; some material in Polish
- 12.12. Radcliffe, 1967-1979, n.d.; includes ID card, appointment letters, nomination letter
from Phi Beta Kappa, Radcliffe College, and letter from former Radcliffe College president
Mary Bunting, 1975
- 12.13. "Radcliffe - Chapelbrook," 1966-1984, n.d.; includes correspondence with Radcliffe
Institute director Constance E. Smith, application materials, and other materials
- 12.14-12.18. "Radcliffe: 83 Brattle Street," 1974-1996
- Series: III. RESEARCH AND WRITINGS, 1922-2000, n.d. (#13.1-28.6)
- Subseries A. General correspondence, 1968-2000, n.d. (#13.1-14.15)
- 13.1. "Agencja Autorska," 1984-1992; most materials in Polish
- 13.2. "Borchardt, [Georges] 1," 1974-1977
- 13.3. "Borchardt, [Georges] 1," 1982-1986
- 13.4. "Borchardt, [Georges] 1," 1987
- 13.5. "Borchardt, [Georges] 1," 1988-1989. Also 1983.
- 13.6. "Borchardt, [Georges] 1," 1990-1993
- 13.7. "Borchardt, [Georges] 2," 1989-1991
- 13.8. "Borchardt, [Georges] 2," 1992. Also 1988.
- 13.9. "Borchardt, [Georges] 2," 1992
- 13.10. "Borchardt, [Georges] 2," 1993
- 13.11. "Borchardt, [Georges] 3," 1992
- 13.12. "Borchardt, [Georges] 3," 1993
- 13.13. "Borchardt, [Georges] 3," 1993. Also 1988.
- 13.14. "Borchardt, [Georges] 3," 1994-1995
- 13.15. "Borchardt, [Georges] 4," 1984, 1988
- 13.16. "Borchardt, [Georges] 4," 1994-1995
- 13.17. "Borchardt, [Georges] 4," 1996
- 13.18. "Borchardt, [Georges] 4," 1997-1998
- 13.19. "Borchardt, [Georges] 4," 1999-2000
- 14.1-14.3. "Brandt, Brigitte," 1991-1995: includes letters re: Willy Brandt's death (#14.1);
includes letters in German.
See also #F+D.1 for annotated article removed from #14.1.
- 14.4. Btonski, Jan, 1989-1990, n.d.; in Polish
- 14.5. Correspondence re: "The Lawyer in American Literature" (dissertation), 1968-1973,
n.d.; includes author's statement, preface, and table of contents
- 14.6. Correspondence with writers, 1999-2000; includes correspondence with Lillian Kremer
(Kansas State University) and Claudia Pierpont (The New Yorker)
- 14.7-14.9. "Formations," Northwestern University Press, 1986-1992; includes letters to the University
of Chicago Press, Association of American Colleges (#14.7)
- 14.10. Krall, Hannah, 1987-1993; mostly in Polish. Also, correspondence with Northwestern
University Press, Georges Borchardt, and other publishers re: translations of works,
and letter by Walter Arndt
- 14.11-14.13. "Pandora," 1987-1994; contains material re: Quicksand, book contracts for Kindergarten and Quicksand (#14.12)
- 14.14-14.15. "Pleijel, Agnieszka,"1989-1997; includes reviews of Rosa Luxemburg: A Life (#14.14)
- Subseries B. Kindergarten, 1968-1988, n.d. (#15.1-15.11)
- 15.1-15.6. Correspondence, 1968-1975, 1997
- 15.7. "G.K. Hall," 1985-1988, n.d.
- 15.8. "Kindergarten - New York Times - paperback," 1986-1988, n.d.; includes correspondence with Lillian Kremer and one
uncataloged photograph of friends
- 15.9. "Kindergarten": reviews, 1970-1971
- 15.10. Kindergarten: review(?) typescript, 1970; in Polish.
- 15.11. "Les Enfants de Varsovie," 1971; French edition of Kindergarten, includes handwritten notes re: characters and associated family members, also postcard
- Subseries C. Rosa Luxemburg, 1976-1994, n.d. (#15.12-17.3)
- 15.12-16.2. "Beacon Press," 1980-1990, 1994; includes correspondence with Susan Sontag (#15.12,
#6.1) (5 folders)
- 16.3. "Belfond," 1987-1989; includes publishing contract with Editions Pierre Belfond
- 16.4. "Biographer as Sleuth," 1988-1991; includes book review in Swedish from Svenska Dagbladet, 1991
- 16.5-16.8. Comrade and Lover: "MIT Press," 1976-1987, n.d.; includes royalty statements (#16.8)
- 16.9. Comrade and Lover: "Telos, Encounter, Midstream," 1978-1979, n.d.
- 16.10. Comrade and Lover: reviews, 1980-1982, n.d.
- 16.11. "Dietz," 1989-1992; contains correspondence re: German publication. Includes letters
- 16.12. "Houghton Mifflin," 1976-1983; includes correspondence re: Comrade and Lover
- 16.13. "Rehabilitation - Lenin," 1988
- 17.1-17.3. Reviews, 1986-1990
- Subseries D. Quicksand, 1968-1977 (#17.4-17.5)
- 17.4. "Chapelbrook Foundation," 1968-1970: correspondence
- 17.5. Correspondence, 1969-1977
- Subseries E. Hannah Arendt, 1922-2000, n.d. (#17.6-27.3)
- 17.7. Correspondence: archives, "FBI, State Department," 1989-1993
- 17.8. Correspondence: "Bellow, Saul," 1997-1998; includes interview notes
- 17.9. Correspondence: "Berlin, Isaiah," 1992-1993
- 17.10. Correspondence: "Denneny, Michael," 1993
- 17.11. Correspondence: "Heinrichs, Thomas," 1998-1999; includes letters in German
- 17.12. Correspondence: "Hilberg, Raul," 1995; includes correspondence re: plagiarism
- 17.13. Correspondence: "Hill, Melvyn," 1993
- 17.14. Correspondence: "Kazin, Alfred," 1980-1998, n.d.
- 17.15-17.17. Correspondence: "Kohler, Lotte," 1974-1975, 1987-1999; includes two original letters
by Arendt; interview notes with Kohler (#17.15); some materials in German
- 17.18. Correspondence: miscellaneous, 1990, 1992; in Polish
- 17.19-17.20. Correspondence: "Ott, Hugo," 1991-1995; includes material in German
- 18.1-18.3. Correspondence re: plagiarism, 1993-1995; includes materials in German
- 18.4-18.6. Correspondence re: research, 1980-1999; includes material in German
- 18.7. Drafts: "America" [typescript], n.d.
- 18.8. Drafts: "Berlin" [typescript], n.d.
- 18.9. Drafts: "Blücher, H. & H." [includes typescript], 1993, n.d.
- 18.10. Drafts: "Child" [typescript], 1992-1993
- 18.11. Drafts: "Family, 1-20" [typescript], n.d.
- 18.12. Drafts: "Intro" [typescript], n.d.
- 18.13. Drafts: "Konigsberg" [typescript], 1993
- 18.14. Drafts: "Rahel" [typescript], 1995
- 19.1. Drafts: typescript, 2000
- 19.2. Drafts: typescript, 2000, n.d
- 19.3-20.2. Drafts: typescript, n.d. (12 folders)
- 20.3-20.5. Grants, 1969, 1985-1994, n.d.; includes recommendation letters by Doris Kearns Goodwin
and Alfred Kazin (#20.4)
- 20.6. Grants: "Guggenheim," 1993-1994
- 20.7. Grants: "NEH" [National Endowment for the Humanities], 1993-1995
- 20.8. Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, 1995; paperback German edition with handwritten annotations
- 20.9. Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, 1998-1999; paperback Polish edition with handwritten annotations
- 20.10. Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger: foreign editions, 1995-2000; photocopies of title pages with publication information
for foreign editions (removed from the collection)
- 20.11. Interview transcripts, 1989-1990: Daniel Bell, Pearl Bell, Irving Howe, Alfred Kazin,
Lotte Kohler, William Phillips, Susan Sontag, Diana Trilling,
- 20.12. Interview transcripts, 1990-1992: Michael Denneny, Lotte Kohler
- 20.13. Interview transcripts, 1993: Pearl (Bell?), Rose Feitelson, Alice Gurwich, Melvin
Hill, Lotte Klenbort
- 20.14. Interview transcripts: "Israel 1991," 1990-1994: Saul Friedlander, Katie and Ernst
Fuerst, David Jaroff, Fania Sholem
- 21.1. Notebook, 1991-1993
- 21.3. Notes: archives, "Library of Congress," 1991-1993; includes correspondence
- 21.4. Notes: "Books re: Arendt," 1989, n.d.; includes correspondence
- 21.5. Notes: "Young-Bruehl, Elisabeth," 1990
- 21.6-21.7. Publishers: "Jonathan Cape," 1989-1994, includes one uncataloged photograph of editor
- 21.8-21.10. Publishers: "Piper," 1992-1996
- 21.11-22.2. Publishers: "Yale" [University Press], 1993-1996 (4 folders)
- 22.3. Publishers: Yale University Press publicity, 1996
- 22.4. Research trip: "Germany 1991," 1991-1994
- 22.5. Research trip: "Germany 1993"
- 22.6. Research trip: "Germany, Paris, 1991," 1991-1999, n.d.
- 22.7. Research trip: "Israel, 1990-1991," 1990-1992
- 22.8. Research trip: "New York, March 1990," 1990-1992
- 22.9. Research trip: "New York, 1992-1993," 1988-1993, n.d.
- 22.10. Reviews: Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, December 1994 - September 1995; includes letters to Elżbieta re: responses to her
- 22.11. Reviews: Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, October - November 1995; includes letters to Elżbieta re: responses to her book;
- 22.12. Reviews: Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger, December 1995 - 1997; includes letters to Elżbieta re: responses to her book; publicity
- 22.13. Subject files: "Adler-Ruchel, Shlomo," 1941-1943, 1981-1999; includes letter from
- 22.14. Subject files: "Anti-semitism," 1990-1992
- 22.15. Subject files: "Arendt/Heidegger, 1925-1969," 1990-1991, n.d.; includes annotated
transcriptions and photocopies of correspondence
- 23.1. Subject files: Arendt/Heidegger, 1925-1975, n.d.; includes annotated transcriptions
and photocopies of correspondence
- 23.2. Subject files: Arendt/Heidegger, 1928-1975, n.d.; includes annotated transcriptions
and photocopies of correspondence
- 23.3. Subject files: Arendt/Heidegger, 1945-1952, 1993, n.d.; includes annotated transcriptions
and photocopies of correspondence
- 23.4-23.5. Subject files: "Arendt/Heidegger, 1950-1975," n.d.; includes annotated transcriptions
and photocopies of correspondence
- 23.6. Subject files: Arendt/Heidegger, 1991-1993, n.d.; includes annotated transcriptions
and photocopies of correspondence
- 23.7. Subject files: "Arendt/Heidegger publications," 1985
- 23.8. Subject files: "beginning," 1935, 1988-1994, n.d.; includes twelve uncataloged photographs
- 23.9. Subject files: "birthday," 1966, 1971, n.d.
- 23.10. Subject files: "Bluecher, Heinrich," 1946-1997, n.d.; includes ten uncataloged photographs
- 23.11-23.12. Subject files: "Blumenfeld, Kurt," 1942-1996, n.d.; includes one uncataloged photograph
(#23.11). Some material in German
- 23.13. Subject files: "Brecht, Bertolt," 1970
- 23.14. Subject files: "Brooklyn College Women," 1993
- 24.1. Subject files: "career," 1951-1975
- 24.2. Subject files: "Celan, Paul," 1981-1996, n.d.
- 24.3. Subject files: "child," 1987, n.d.
- 24.4. Subject files: "chronology," 1991, n.d.
- 24.5. Subject files: "concentration camps," 1996-1997
- 24.6. Subject files: correspondents, 1940, 1962-1975, 1999, n.d.
- 24.7. Subject files: "death, Kaddish - Uri, see Sonning Prize," 1975, 1992; includes correspondence
with Uri Dotan
- 24.8. Subject files: "documents," 1942, 1996
- 24.9-24.10. Subject files: "Eichmann, [Adolph]," 1962-1983, 1991-1994, n.d.; some materials in
- 24.11. Subject files: "fairytales, poems," 1925, 1993, n.d.; includes correspondence with
Robert Kimber re: Die Schatten
- 24.12. Subject files: "family," n.d.; includes three uncataloged photographs
- 24.13. Subject files: "family letters," 1956, 1957, 1968
- 24.14. Subject files: "feminism, same-sex marriage, homosexuals," 1996; contains copy of
letter by Jerome Kohn to editor of Time Magazine re: same-sex marriage
- 24.15. Subject files: "France," 1941, n.d.
- 24.16. Subject files: "friends," 1974, n.d.
- 24.17. Subject files: "friendship," 1982, 1993, n.d.
- 24.18. Subject files: "Furst, Max," 1976
- 24.19. Subject files: "Frankel, Hilde," 1949-1950, 1993, n.d.
- 24.20. Subject files: "Gaus, Gunter, 1964"
- 24.21. Subject files: "German Jews," 1975-1999
- 24.22. Subject files: "Germans," 1964-1994
- 24.23. Subject files: "Gray, Glenn," 1962-1975
- 25.1. Subject files: "gymnasium," 1992, n.d.
- 25.2-25.4. Subject files: "Heidegger," 1945-1993, n.d.; includes two uncataloged photographs
- 25.5. Subject files: "Heidegger, Elfriede," 1992, n.d.
- 25.6. Subject files: "Hilberg, Raul," 1959-1995
- 25.7. Subject files: "Hitler," 1999
- 25.8. Subject files: "Howe, Irving," 1993
- 25.9. Subject files: "Husserl, [Martin]," 1988, 1993; material in German
- 25.10. Subject files: "Jaspers, Gertrude," 1946, 1992, n.d.; includes letter from Maia
- 25.11-25.12. Subject files: "Jaspers, Karl," 1926-1996, n.d.; includes one uncataloged photographs
- 25.13. Subject files: "Jarrell, Randall," 1985-1989
- 25.14. Subject files: "Jewish reconstruction, 1949-1950," 1991
- 25.15. Subject files: "Jews," 1996-1997, n.d.
- 25.16. Subject files: "Jews, organizations," 1937-1983, n.d.; some material in German
- 25.17. Subject files: "Jonas, Hans," 1964-1993, n.d.
- 25.18. Subject files: "Klenbort, Channan," 1948, 1993, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs
of Mrs. Klenbort with Elżbieta, 1993
- 25.19. Subject files: "Konigsberg," 1990-1993, n.d.; includes one uncataloged photograph.
Some material in German
- 25.20. Subject files: "Loewenson, Erwin," 1928-1994, n.d.
- 25.21. Subject files: "Mann, Golo," 1986, 1992, n.d.
- 25.22. Subject files: "Magnes, Yehudah," 1948
- 25.23. Subject files: "Marburg," 1991, n.d.
- 26.1. Subject files: "McCarthy, Mary," 1976-1995, n.d.; includes interview transcript, one
uncataloged photograph, correspondence with Ettinger. Includes reference copy of photograph;
original in #26.2.
- 26.2. Photograph removed from #26.1 (1 photograph)
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 26.3. Subject files: "miscellaneous," 1988-1993, n.d.
- 26.4. Subject files: "Morgenthau, Hans," 1970-1995, n.d.
- 26.5. Subject files: "On violence/student movements," 1970
- 26.6. Subject files: "Organizations," 1960-1974
- 26.7. Subject files: "Origins and Irving Howe," 1949, 1990
- 26.8. Subject files: "Personality," 1956-1991, n.d.
- 26.9. Subject files: "Pound, Ezra," 1972
- 26.10. Subject files: "publishers, radio, Kurt Wolff," 1944-1970
- 26.11. Subject files: "resistance -- Germany," 1992, n.d.
- 26.12. Subject files: "Schoken, Israel," 1946-1995, n.d.; some materials in German
- 26.13. Subject files: "Scholem, Gershom," 1941-1998; some materials in Polish and German
- 26.14. Subject files: "Shklar, Judith, Sonning Prize," 1975, 1983
- 26.15. Subject files: "Sonning Prize," 1975
- 26.16. Subject files: "Stern, Gunther Anders," 1975, 1987, 1992, n.d.; contains materials
- 26.17. Subject files: "Sternberg, Dolf," 1946, 1949
- 26.18. Subject files: "teaching students (one angry)," 1925, 1955, 1971, n.d.
- 26.19. Subject files: "Tillich, Paul," 1942, 1950, 1988
- 26.20. Subject files: "USA," 1967-1975
- 26.21. Subject files: "Varnhagen, Rahel," 1957-1990; includes student paper by Maia
- 26.22. Subject files: "Wassermann, Jakob," 1922; in German
- 26.23. Subject files: "Weil, Anne," 1963-1973
- 26.24. Subject files: "Wiedergutmachung," 1957-1966; some material in German
- 26.25. Subject files: "Wiese, Benno von," 1982, 1992
- 26.26. Subject files: "Will," n.d.
- 26.27. Subject files: "Wolff, Helen," 1991-1992, n.d.; contains correspondence with Wolff
and includes reminiscences of Arendt
- 27.1. Subject files: "Youth Aliya," 1935-1997, n.d.
- 27.2. Subject files: "Zionism, A on A," 1945, 1979, n.d.
- 27.3. Subject files: "Zionism," 1996-1998
- Subseries F. Other research and writings, 1966-2000, n.d. (#27.4-28.6)
- 27.4. "An Unwed Mother for a Child" (op-ed), 1992-1993
- 27.5. "Articles, lectures," 1974, n.d.
- 27.6. "Book reports," 1966-1971
- 27.7. "Book reports," 1972-1974, n.d.
- 27.8. "Boston Globe," 1974, 1997, n.d.
- 27.9. Clippings, 1973-1998, includes German
- 27.10. Clippings in Polish, 1974
- 27.11. Clippings: medical, 1992-1998
- 27.12-27.13. Clippings, "precz z zydami" ["Out with the Jews"], 1954-1991; includes articles in
Polish, drafts of "We, the Polish Jews"
- 28.1. Clippings, "Polska/zydu" [Poland/Jews], 1989
- 28.2. "The Boiler" [translation], 2000, n.d.
- 28.3. "The Highway," "novel - never finished," n.d.
- 28.4. Miscellaneous notes, n.d.
- 28.5. Miscellaneous writings, notes, 1976, n.d.
- 28.6. "Romantic Philosophers" [published essay], 1996-1997
- Series: IV. PHOTOGRAPHS AND OVERSIZED, 1935-1995, n.d. (#PD.1-PD.7, F+D.1)
- PD.1. Barbara and Waldek's wedding, Warsaw, October 20, 1973 (6 photographs)
- PD.2. Class photo, ca. 1940s; includes facsimile of photo of Uri Dotan, 1935 (1 photograph)
- PD.3. Friends, 1995; contains photo of Elżbieta with friend Danuta Dytko and Danuta's grandson
in Poland (1 photograph)
- PD.4. "Maia and Elżbieta," 1967-1976, n.d. (24 photographs)
- PD.5. Manfred Lachs, 1976 (1 photograph)
- PD.6. Relatives, 1943-1946, 1957, n.d.; includes early photographs of Elżbieta, one photograph
of Marianna (6 photographs)
- PD.7. "Relatives," 1945-1973, n.d.; some photographs identified. (23 photographs)
- F+D.1. Diploma removed from #1.9 and annotated article removed from #14.1.
Authors and publishers
Jewish women--United States
Manuscripts for publication
Mothers and daughters
Polish people--United States
Single mothers--United States
Women biographers--United States
Women immigrants--United States.
Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975
Ettinger, Elżbieta. Comrade and lover
Ettinger, Elżbieta. Hannah Arendt/Martin Heidegger
Ettinger, Elżbieta. Kindergarten
Ettinger, Elżbieta. Quicksand
Ettinger, Elżbieta. Rosa Luxemburg
Heidegger, Martin, 1889-1976
Luxemburg, Rosa, 1871-1919
Massachusetts Institute of Technology--Faculty
McCarthy, Mary, 1912-1989
Ott, Hugo, 1931-