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MC 550; CD-1

American Red Cross. Clubmobile Service. Collection of the American Red Cross Clubmobile Service, 1940-1998 (inclusive), 1943-1946 (bulk): A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

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Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College


Processing of this collection was made possible by a gift from the Radcliffe College Class of 1955.

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MC 550; CD-1
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: American Red Cross. Clubmobile Service
Title: Collection of the American Red Cross Clubmobile Service, 1940-1998 (inclusive), 1943-1946 (bulk)
Date(s): 1940-1998
Date(s): 1943-1946
Quantity: 5.96 linear feet (11 file boxes, 1 folio+ box) plus 1 folio folder, 1 folio+ folder, 1 CD-ROM, 25 objects, 15 photograph folders)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, memoirs, photographs, ephemera, etc., of members of the American Red Cross Clubmobile Service, who served coffee and doughnuts to servicemen during World War II.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession numbers: 95-M74, 95-M75, 95-M81, 95-M83, 95-M96, 95-M96a, 95-M107, 95-M109, 95-M110, 95-M115, 95-M118, 95-M119, 95-M124, 95-M126, 95-M128, 95-M129, 95-M134, 95-M144, 96-M25, 96-M28, 96-M35, 96-M43, 96-M127, 97-M66, 98-M13, 98-M25, 98-M38, 98-M120, 99-M1, 99-M14, 99-M122, 2006-M168, 2007-M103
The American Red Cross Clubmobile collection was given to the Schlesinger Library by members of the American Red Cross Clubmobile Service between June 1995 and June 2007.

Processing Information:

Processed: October 2007
By: Johanna Carll

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research. An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual material.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Phyllis Lawson Birchard, Anne Ferguson Boy, Margaret Gearhart Brodie, Nancy Bastien Chase, Patricia Maddox Collins, Margaret Evans Daniel, Helene Deming, Nathalie Kimberly DesMarais, Elma Ernst Fay, Ruth "Pat" Mau Flynn, Virginia Billingsley Guerriero, Jean Hemingway Hackleman, Virginia Storts Hall, Mary Lou Pearce Hart, Mary Claire Murtha Henkel, Jane Anne McKee Jack, Rosalie Campbell Jordan, Jill Pitts Knappenberger, Maribel Lea Knott, Virginia Wilson Cook Osgood, Angela Petesch, Constance Fagan Russe, Eleanor Campbell Schroeder, and Louise Perry Zuspann is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in papers created by Nathalie Fallon Chadwick and Jane Weir Scott is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library, but during their lifetimes, their written permission is required for the publication of quotations from the papers. Copyright in papers created by Charlotte Colburn Gasperini is held by Charlotte Colburn Gasparini. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures. Copies, either in electronic form or as print outs, may be made from the CD-ROM donated by Charlotte Colburn Gasparini. Researchers or other libraries wishing to obtain a copy of the entire CD-ROM should contact the donor.

Preferred Citation:

American Red Cross. Clubmobile Service Collection, 1940-1998; item description, dates. MC 550, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

SEPARATION RECORD

Donors: Elma Ernst Fay, Virginia Billingsley Guerriero, Virginia Storts Hall, Mary Lou Pearce Hart, Mary Claire Murtha Henkel, Jane Anne McKee Jack, Barbara Bray Kratz, Virginia Wilson Cook Osgood, Constance Fagan Russe
Accession numbers: 95-M52, 95-M74, 95-M83, 95-M96, 95-M124, 95-M128, 96-M35, 96-M43, 96-M127, 98-M25, 99-M1
Processed by: Johanna Carll
The following periodicals donated by Elma Ernst Fay have been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodical donated by Virginia Billingsley Guerriero has been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodical donated by Jean Hemingway Hackleman has been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodicals donated by Virginia Storts Hall have been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodical donated by Mary Lou Pearce Hart has been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodical donated by Mary Claire Murtha Henkel has been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodicals donated by Jane Anne McKee Jack have been transferred to the Schlesinger Library book collection:
The following periodicals donated by Barbara Bray Kratz have been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodicals donated by Virginia Wilson Cook Osgood have been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:
The following periodicals donated by Constance Fagan Russe have been transferred to the Schlesinger Library periodical collection:

HISTORY

The American Red Cross Clubmobile was conceived by Harvey D. Gibson, Red Cross Commissioner to Great Britain, who wanted to create a mobile service club. Early Clubmobiles were remodeled London Green Line buses driven by an English driver and operated by three American women. Each Clubmobile contained a kitchen with a built-in doughnut machine and a primus stove for heating water for coffee. The rear of the Clubmobile contained a lounge with built-in benches that could be converted into bunks. Each Clubmobile carried a Victrola with loud speakers, current phonograph albums, paperback books, cigarettes, candy, and gum. These Clubmobiles were stationed in a town near American Army installations and followed a routine of going to different bases each day where the Clubmobilers would talk to servicemen while they served coffee and doughnuts and played music.
In 1944, in preparation for the invasion of Normandy, two-and-a-half-ton GMC trucks were converted into Clubmobiles containing kitchens with doughnut machines and coffee urns. Like the larger Clubmobiles, the GMC trucks contained Victrolas and a supply of albums, cigarettes, books, candy, and gum. These Clubmobiles were staffed by three American women, one of whom would drive the truck in addition to serving soldiers. They traveled with the rear echelon of the Army Corps and received their orders from the Army.
The Red Cross required Clubmobilers to be between the ages of twenty-five and thirty-five, to have at least some college education, and some work experience. In addition, they had to be healthy, "physically hardy," sociable, and attractive. Clubmobiles were arranged into ten groups identified by a letter of the alphabet and were managed by the group leader who was responsible for personnel issues, supplies, and housing for Clubmobilers in her group. Each group was comprised of several clubmobiles, which were staffed by three women, one of whom was the crew captain and was responsible for reports, personnel issues, and coordination with the group captain and Army concerning assignments.
Clubmobiles were given names of states and cities in the United States, although many clubmobiles were unofficially renamed by their crews. They served troops in England, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany, until May 7, 1945. A limited number of Clubmobiles continued service in Great Britain and Germany through 1946.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

The collection contains correspondence, memoirs, insignia, clippings, photographs, etc., documenting the experiences of women who served in the American Red Cross Clubmobile Service. The collection was created by the Schlesinger Library from materials solicited from Clubmobilers whose names were provided by Elma Fay Ernst. Materials are filed alphabetically under the name of the Clubmobiler/donor and are described in greater detail in the inventory of the finding aid. All folder titles and descriptions were created by the archivist.
Most of the photographs in this collection are or will be cataloged in VIA, Harvard University's Visual Information Access database. Others, referred to as "uncataloged" photographs, are not of sufficient research interest to warrant cataloging and are simply treated as part of the documents they accompany; they are marked on the back with an asterisk in square brackets [*].

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Courtship
Love-letters
Photographs
Scrapbooks
World War, 1939-1945--Europe
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
World War, 1939-1945--Social aspects
World War, 1939-1945--War work--Red Cross
World War, 1939-1945--Women
American Red Cross
Birchard, Phyllis Lawson
Boy, Anne Ferguson
Brodie, Margaret Gearhart
Chadwick, Nathalie Fallon
Chase, Nancy Bastien
Collins, Patricia Maddox
Daniel, Margaret Evans
Deming, Helene
Desmarais, Nancy Kimberly
Fay, Elma Ernst
Flynn, Ruth Mau
Gasperini, Charlotte Colburn
Guerriero, Virginia Billingsley
Hackleman, Jean Hemingway
Hall, Virginia Storts
Hart, Mary Lou Pearce
Henkel, Mary Claire Murtha
Holbrook, Ellie Green
Jack, Jane Anne McKee
Jack, George
Jordan, Rosalie Campbell
Knappenberger, Jill Pitts
Knott, Maribel Lea
Kratz, Barbara Bray
McKee, Mary Eula
McKee, Neal T.
Osgood, Virginia Wilson Cook
Petesch, Angela
Russe, Constance Fagan
Schroeder, Eleanor Campbell
Scott, Jane Weir Phillips
Zuspann, Louise Perry

sch01115