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M-133, reel A5; WRC 67-74

Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925. Papers of Helen Hamilton Gardener in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1913-1941: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Cambridge, Mass.
December 2005

© 2005 President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: M-133, reel A5; WRC 67-74
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: Helen H. (Helen Hamilton) Gardener, 1853-1925
Title: Papers of Helen Hamilton Gardener in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1913-1941
Quantity: 8 folders
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Biographical material, photographs, correspondence, etc., of Helen H. (Helen Hamilton) Gardener, author, feminist, and suffragist. These papers are part of the Woman's Rights Collection.

Acquisition Information:

These papers of Helen Hamilton Gardener fill eight folders of the Woman's Rights Collection, which was given to Radcliffe College in August 1943 and formed the nucleus of the Women's Archives, later the Schlesinger Library. The material in these folders was reprocessed and prepared for microfilming in June 1989 by Jane Ward. It was microfilmed as part of a Schlesinger Library/University Publications of America project.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research. An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual material.

Use Restrictions:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Helen Hamilton Gardener as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred citation for publication:

Helen Hamilton Gardener Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1913-1941; item description, dates. WRC 67-74, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.


Helen Hamilton Gardener was born Alice Chenoweth in 1853 in Winchester, Virginia. She published numerous lectures, articles, and books during the period 1885-1900 under the name Helen Hamilton Gardener, a name she continued to use both professionally and privately, and later legally adopted. In 1907, Gardener settled in Washington, D.C. and took up the suffrage cause. In 1913 she was appointed to the Congressional Committee of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), becoming vice-chairman six years later; she was elected a vice-president of NAWSA in 1917, and served as its chief liaison with the Woodrow Wilson administration. In 1920, Wilson appointed her to the United States Civil Service Commission, the first woman to occupy so high a federal position. Gardener was married twice but had no children; she died in Washington in 1925. For additional biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge, Mass., 1971), which includes a list of additional sources. See also small collection (A/G218) in the Schlesinger Library.


Collection includes biographical material, photographs, clippings, correspondence, writings, etc.


Additional catalog entries

The following catalog entries represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. An entry for each appears in the Harvard On Line Library Information System (HOLLIS) and other automated bibliographic databases.
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
Cunningham, Minnie Fisher, 1882-1964
Papez, James W. (James Wenceslas), 1883-1958
Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955
Tumulty, Joseph P. (Joseph Patrick), 1879-1954
United States Civil Service Commission--Officials and employees
Wilson, Edith Bolling Galt, 1872-1961
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924