M-133, reel A5; WRC 67-74
Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925. Papers of Helen Hamilton Gardener
in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1913-1941: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© 2005 President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: M-133, reel A5; WRC 67-74
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: Helen H. (Helen Hamilton) Gardener, 1853-1925
Title: Papers of Helen Hamilton Gardener in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1913-1941
Quantity: 8 folders
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Biographical material, photographs, correspondence, etc., of Helen H. (Helen Hamilton)
Gardener, author, feminist, and suffragist. These papers are part of the Woman's Rights
These papers of Helen Hamilton Gardener fill eight folders of the Woman's Rights Collection,
which was given to Radcliffe College in August 1943 and formed the nucleus of the
Women's Archives, later the Schlesinger Library. The material in these folders was
reprocessed and prepared for microfilming in June 1989 by Jane Ward. It was microfilmed
as part of a Schlesinger Library/University Publications of America project.
Access. Collection is open for research. An appointment is necessary to use any
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Helen Hamilton Gardener as well as
copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors'
heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Helen Hamilton Gardener Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1913-1941; item description,
dates. WRC 67-74, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
Helen Hamilton Gardener was born Alice Chenoweth in 1853 in Winchester, Virginia.
She published numerous lectures, articles, and books during the period 1885-1900 under
the name Helen Hamilton Gardener, a name she continued to use both professionally
and privately, and later legally adopted. In 1907, Gardener settled in Washington,
D.C. and took up the suffrage cause. In 1913 she was appointed to the Congressional
Committee of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), becoming vice-chairman
six years later; she was elected a vice-president of NAWSA in 1917, and served as
its chief liaison with the Woodrow Wilson administration. In 1920, Wilson appointed
her to the United States Civil Service Commission, the first woman to occupy so high
a federal position. Gardener was married twice but had no children; she died in Washington
in 1925. For additional biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge, Mass., 1971), which includes a list of additional sources. See also
small collection (A/G218) in the Schlesinger Library.
Collection includes biographical material, photographs, clippings, correspondence,
- 67. Biographical, including remarks by Maud Wood Park and Carrie Chapman Catt at Helen
Hamilton Gardener's funeral, 1923, 1925, 1930, n.d. Clippings re: Helen Hamilton
Gardener, including obituaries, 1919, 1925, 1940-1941
- 68. Two duplicate PHOTOGRAPHS of Helen Hamilton Gardener, n.d., same as framed portrait
(WRC-P8) at Schlesinger Library. Also framed portrait (WRC-P32) at Schlesinger Library.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 69. Correspondence. Re: suffrage, 1913-1917. Includes typed letters, signed from Carrie
Chapman Catt and Woodrow Wilson.
- 70. Correspondence. Re: suffrage, 1918-1920. Includes typed letter, signed from Woodrow
- 71. Correspondence. Personal, 1918-1922; includes letters, signed from Woodrow Wilson,
Edith Bolling Wilson, and Joseph P. Tumulty. Listed in previous WRC inventory as vol.
- 72. Correspondence. Re: Minnie Fisher Cunningham as Civil Service Commission successor
to Helen Hamilton Gardener, 1925
- 73. Writings, 1895, c.1915, 1919
- 74. Miscellaneous: Suffrage clipping, 1914; Maud Wood Park press report, 1917; Invitation
to meet Helen Hamilton Gardener, 1920; James Papez report, "The brain of Helen H.
The following catalog entries represent persons, organizations, and topics documented
in this collection. An entry for each appears in the Harvard On Line Library Information
System (HOLLIS) and other automated bibliographic databases.
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
Cunningham, Minnie Fisher, 1882-1964
Papez, James W. (James Wenceslas), 1883-1958
Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955
Tumulty, Joseph P. (Joseph Patrick), 1879-1954
United States Civil Service Commission--Officials and employees
Wilson, Edith Bolling Galt, 1872-1961
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924