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A-68, Series VI; M-133, reels E13-25

McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945. Catharine Waugh McCullouch papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon collection, 1869-1945: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: A-68, Series VI; M-133, reels E13-25
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Catharine Waugh McCullouch, 1862-1945
Title: Catharine Waugh McCullouch papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon collection, 1869-1945
Date(s): 1869-1945
Quantity: 281 folders
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, speeches, articles, etc., of Catharine Waugh McCullouch, suffragist and lawyer.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 56-121

Processing Information:

Reprocessed: June 1990
By: Kim Brookes, Bert Hartry, Katherine Kraft, Jane Ward

Access Restrictions:

Access. Originals closed; use microfilm (M-133, reels E13-25).

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Catharine Waugh McCullouch is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


Dates and/or other information have been written on some items by a number of people. In organizing the material, the processor accepted dates added by others and left undated material that was grouped with dated items where it was. All dates and other information added by the processor are in square brackets.
Related letters found clipped or pinned together were left together.
The pages of some items were numbered to aid the microfilmer, the proofreaders, and researchers. These numbers are in square brackets.
The film was proofread by University Publications of America.
Many loose clippings were mounted by the processor.
The condition of some of the volumes and items made microfilming difficult: clippings overlapped or were folded, and much of the newsprint was brittle. Other items were difficult to film due to such problems as flimsy paper with text showing through, faded or smudged writing, faint pencil notations, creased and brittle paper, or faded or blurred carbon copies on flimsy, colored paper. The film was carefully produced to insure that these items are as legible as possible.
Catharine Waugh McCulloch sometimes used the reverse sides of outdated letterhead and form letters for carbon copies, drafts, or notes; print may show through. The letterhead/printed sides were filmed only if they are not represented elsewhere in the collection, or if they contain unique text.
In many cases, the enclosures referred to in letters are missing, or have been separated from the letters by persons unknown.
Letters of one or more pages with either the salutation or the signature missing, as well as portions of letters, have been marked as fragments.

Preferred Citation:

Catharine Waugh McCulloch Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon collection, 1869-1945; item description, dates. A-68, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.

Related Material:

There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Papers of Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1877-1983 (MC 378).


The only daughter of Susan (Gouger) and Abraham Miller Waugh, Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCulloch was born near Ransomville, New York, on June 4, 1862. Five years later, the family moved to a farm near New Milford, Illinois, where she attended the village school and nearby Rockford Female Seminary, graduating in 1882. In 1885 she enrolled in the Union College of Law in Chicago, and upon completion of the course was admitted to the Illinois bar. McCulloch took further study at Rockford Seminary and in 1888, having written a thesis entitled "Woman's Wages," was awarded both a B.A. and an M.A. In 1890 she married Frank Hathorn McCulloch, a fellow law student with whom she then practiced law. They had four children.
As legislative superintendent of the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association (1890-1912), McCulloch was extremely active in the movement for women's rights, seeking state legislation permitting woman suffrage in presidential and local elections not constitutionally limited to male voters, a bill which passed in 1913. She was also instrumental in the passage of Illinois legislation granting women equal rights in the guardianship of their children (1901), and raising the legal age of consent for women from fourteen to sixteen (1905). She served as legal adviser (1904-ca.1911) and as first vice-president (1910-1911) of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
McCulloch died of cancer on April 20, 1945. For further biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971).


The Catharine Waugh McCulloch series of the Mary Earhart Dillon collection has been divided into four subseries: Personal and biographical, Writings and speeches, General correspondence, Suffrage and woman's rights.
The papers primarily document McCulloch's research on women's legal status, and also her work with the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association (IESA), the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), and the League of Women Voters (LWV). There is also documentation of women in the legal profession and of McCulloch's friendships with other women suffragists and lawyers, and some biographical material. The papers contain little information about her family or social life.
In reprocessing this series, the processor assumed that the existing filing system was either McCulloch's or Mary Earhart Dillon's and rearranged the papers as little as possible.
Notes of explanation and background papers by McCulloch were found in many folders. These have not been listed in the inventory. There are also scattered notes by person/s unknown.
There is correspondence in every subseries, and individuals and issues overlap: colleagues and associates were also personal friends. This means, for example, that there may be correspondence about suffrage not only in subseries D, but also in subseries C, in both general correspondence and correspondence arranged by individual.
Subseries A, Personal and biographical (#54-58), is arranged chronologically and includes college and law school catalogs and programs, photographs of McCulloch and her husband, clippings about and tributes to McCulloch, and a small amount of personal and family correspondence.
Subseries B, Writings and speeches (#59-83), is arranged chronologically and includes pamphlets by McCulloch and others; writings exclusively by others are at the end. The series includes works in manuscript, typescript, and print.
Subseries C, General correspondence (#84-178), is divided into two sections. The first consists of correspondence with numerous people, and is arranged chronologically, with undated letters at the end. It includes a letterbook of copies of outgoing letters, 1892-95. Only about one-quarter of these are fully legible; the rest are badly faded so that another quarter is illegible and half barely legible. As much as possible was microfilmed. There is a large amount of correspondence of National American Woman Suffrage Association, Illinois Equal Suffrage Association, and other state suffrage associations in this section. The second section, arranged alphabetically by correspondent, consists of larger groups of letters exchanged with fewer individuals.
Subseries D, Suffrage and woman's rights (#179-335), includes one folder on Prohibition and a section on the League of Women Voters. The bulk of the subseries is further sub-divided into National American Woman Suffrage Association, Illinois, Other states, and International. The series consists of correspondence, organizational records, photographs, lists, reports, questionnaires and responses, programs, publications, memorabilia, clippings, itineraries, drawings, press releases, legislation, scrapbooks, and surveys. Clippings were scattered throughout the subseries and are noted in the inventory only for folders containing solely clippings. Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Chicago (Ill.)--Politics and government--To 1950
Illinois--Politics and government--1865-1950
Mississippi Valley Woman Suffrage Conference
Woman's journal (Boston, Mass. : 1870)
Women lawyers
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
Women--Societies and clubs
Women--Suffrage--United States
Women's rights
Addams, Jane, 1860-1935
Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966
Altgeld, John Peter, 1847-1902
Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964
Anthony, Lucy Elmina
Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906
Ashley, Jessie
Avery, Rachel Foster, 1858-1919
Bacon, Eugenie M.
Barron, Jennie L. (Jennie Loitman), 1891-1969
Bartelme, Mary Margaret, 1866-1954
Billings, Charles L.
Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950
Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909
Blount, Anna E.
Booth, Elizabeth K.
Boyd, Cora D.
Boyer, Ida Porter, 1859-1952
Bowen, Louise de Koven, 1859-1953
Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston, 1866-1948
Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926
Carlsson-Evald, Emmy, 1857-1946
Castle, Miles B.
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
Clay, Laura, 1849-1941
Coggeshall, Mary J., 1836-1911
Couzins, Phoebe Wilson, 1839-1913
Crane, Caroline Bartlett, 1858-1935
Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947
Dillon, Mary Earhart, collector
Duniway, Abigail Scott, 1834-1915
Dunlap, Flora
Dunne, Edward Fitzsimmons, 1853-1937
Eastman, Crystal, 1881-1928
Erikson, Gratia S.
Everett, Elizabeth Hawley
Funk, Antoinette
Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925
Garrison, Francis Jackson, 1848-1916
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1838-1909
General Federation of Women's Clubs
Gillett, Emma Millinda, 1852-1927
Gilman, Elizabeth Meriwether, 1861-1951
Gordon, Kate M., 1861-1932
Gulliver, Julia H.
Harbert, Elizabeth Boynton, 1845-1925
Hard, William, 1878-1962
Harper, Ida Husted, 1851-1931
Harte, Grace H.
Hauser, Elizabeth J.
Hay, Mary Garrett, 1857-1928
Hefferan, Helen Maley, 1870-1953
Henrotin, Ellen Martin, 1847-1922
Holmes, Mary E.
Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952
Illinois Equal Suffrage Association
Jacobs, Aletta H. (Aletta Henriette), 1854-1929
James, Ada Lois, 1876-1952
Johnson, Carrie Ashton, 1863-
Johnston, Lucy Browne, 1846-1937
Kelley, Florence, 1859-1932
Kepley, Ada H.
League of Women Voters (U.S.)
Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), 1873-1949
Lathrop, Julia Clifford, 1858-1932
Loines, Mary Hillard, 1844-1944
McCormick, Cyrus Hall, 1859-1936
McCormick, Katharine Dexter, 1875-1967
McCulloch, Frank Hathorn, 1863-1947
Manus, Anna
Manus, Rosette Suzanne, 1881-1942
Mead, Lucia True Ames, 1856-1936
Mills, Harriet May, 1857-1935
Mussey, Ellen Spencer, 1850-1936
National American Woman Suffrage Association
Owens, Helen Brewster, 1881-1968
Pankhurst, Emmeline, 1858-1928
Park, Alice, 1861-1961
Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955
Paul, Alice, 1885-1977
Peck, Mary Gray, 1867?-1957
Peterson, Florence Bennett
Post, Louis Freeland, 1849-1928
Potter, Frances Squire, 1867-1914
Rankin, Jeannette, 1880-1973
Reid, Harriett
Reilly, Caroline I.
Robins, Margaret Dreier
Rockford College
Ryan, Agnes E., 1878-1954
Shafroth, J. F. (John Franklin), 1887-1967
Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919
Simms, Ruth Hanna McCormick, 1880-1944
Smith, Julia Holmes, 1839-1930
Somerville, Nellie Nugent, 1863-1952
Springer, Elmira
Stantial, Edna Lamprey
Steinem, Pauline
Stewart, Ella Jane Seass, 1871-1945
Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893
Taylor, Graham, 1851-1938
Thomas, M. Carey (Martha Carey), 1857-1935
Trout, Grace Wilbur
Ueland, Clara, 1860-1927
Upton, Harriet Taylor
Waite, C. V. (Catharine Van Valkenburg), 1829-1913
Wells-Barnett, Ida B., 1862-1931
Willis, Gwendolen Brown, 1876-1969
Winter, Una Richardson
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
Women Lawyer's Association
Women's Bar Association of Illinois
Wooden, Iva
Woolley, Celia Parker
Yates, Richard, 1860-1936
Young, Ella Flagg, 1845-1918