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72-130

Szold, Henrietta, 1860-1945. Papers, 1889-1960: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America

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Radcliffe College
September, 1980

© 1980 Radcliffe College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: 72-130
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: Henrietta Szold, 1860-1945
Title: Papers, 1889-1960
Quantity: 1+1/2 file boxes
Abstract: Correspondence, diaries, articles, etc., of Henrietta Szold, Zionist leader.

Processing Information:

Preliminary inventory: September, 1980
By: Jane S. Knowles

Acquisition Information:

Accession number: 72-130
This collection was the gift of Irving Fineman, and was received by the Schlesinger Library on December 8, 1972.

Access Restrictions:

Access. The personal journal of HS, 1908-1909, copied from the ms. in the possession of M. Jastrow Levin is CLOSED TO RESEARCH UNTIL JAN. 1, 1985.

Preferred citation for publication:

Henrietta Szold Papers, 1889-1960; item description, dates. 72-130, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

BIOGRAPHY

Henrietta Szold, Zionist leader, was born in Baltimore of Hungarian-Jewish parentage. She taught school at the Misses Adams School in Baltimore, and was the founder of a night school for Russian immigrants in Baltimore in 1889. From 1892-1915 HS was the secretary of the Jewish Publication Society of America. A trip to Palestine in 1909 was the turning point in her life. She became an enthusiastic Zionist, became the Secretary of the Federation of American Zionists and founder and first President of Hadassah, the organization dedicated to supporting health work in Palestine. During 1920-1933 HS divided her time between the United States and Palestine. In 1933 she settled in Palestine and directed the Youth Aliyah, the youth immigration movement from Germany to Palestine.
For full biographical accounts see Notable American Women, v.3, and folder #2.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

This collection consists of selections of HS' correspondence, diaries, articles and speeches transcribed or copied from the Zionist Archives in Jerusalem for Irving Fineman, and used in his biography Woman of Valor: The Life of Henrietta Szold, (1961). The collection relates largely to HS' Zionist activities: Hadassah, the Zionist Organization of America and Youth Aliyah in Palestine.

CONTAINER LIST

INVENTORY

Additional catalog entries

Fineman, Irving
Diaries
Federation of American Zionists
Hadassah, U.S.A.
Hadaasah Medical Organization
Palestine
Youth Aliyah
Zionism

sch00935