Odencrantz, Louise C. (Louise Christine), 1884-1969. Papers of Louise C. Odencrantz,
1909-1968: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: MC 195
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Louise C. (Louise Christine) Odencrantz, 1884-1969
Title: Papers of Louise C. Odencrantz, 1909-1968
Quantity: .63 linear feet (1+ 1/2 file boxes)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, manuscripts, programs, of Louise C. Odencrantz, an investigator in
Accession number: 1367. Accession number 71-103 was added to the collection in June 2015 and is located
in folders #15-30.
The papers of Louise C. Odencrantz were given to the Schlesinger Library by Louise C. Odencrantz in May 1968, and H. W. Smith in August 1971.
Processed: January 1974
By: Marge J. Haberman
Updated and additional material added: June 2015
By: Mark Vassar
Access. Collection is open for research.
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Louise C. Odencrantz, as well as copyright
in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs
Louise C. Odencrantz Papers, 1909-1968; item description, dates. MC 195, folder #.
Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Louise C. Odencrantz was born on August 22, 1884, in Gothenburg, Nebraska; she received
her B.A. from Barnard College in 1907 and her M.A. in Social Sciences from Columbia
University in 1908. From 1908 to 1915 she was an investigator in industrial relations
for the Russell Sage Foundation. From 1915 through 1919 she supervised both the New
York State and the United States Employment Bureaus on the wartime employment of women
in industry. As Personnel Director (1919-1924) for Smith & Kaufmann, Inc., a New York
City silk ribbon company, she was active in labor negotiations and employee welfare
programs. In 1922 she helped organize the International Industrial Relations Association
and attended its congresses as United States delegate in 1922, 1925, and 1928. From
1927 to 1936 she was Director of the Employment Center for the Handicapped in New
York. For the next three years she helped organize and train new staff for the New
York State Division of Placement and Unemployment Insurance, and during World War
II was Executive Director of the Social Work Vocational Bureau in New York City. She
retired from the business world in 1946, remaining active in many volunteer programs
until her death in April 1969.
Odencrantz was the author of Italian Women in Industry (1915) and The Social Worker in Family, Medical and Psychiatric Social Work (1927), and co-author of Industrial Conditions in Springfield, Ill. (1915) and Public Employment Services in the United States (1938).
The papers of Louise C. Odencrantz include clippings, speeches, typescript and published
articles, reports, publications, and photographs. The entirety of the collection documents
Odencrantz's work in personnel management and placement, which included women, children,
and the handicapped. Material from the International Industrial Relations Association
and biographical information are also included. Of particular note are photographs
and clippings related to the Farmarettes (also known as the Land Army), a special
World War I program that enlisted women to assist farmers. With men at war, extra
workers were needed to grow food, especially to increase supplies to send overseas
for the armed forces. Folder titles were created by the processor. Most of the photographs
in this collection are or will be digitized and available online. Accession number
71-103 was added to the collection in June 2015 and is located in folders #15-30.
- 1. Biographical information: 2 page typescript resume by Odencrantz, July 11, 1968; and
3 articles re Odencrantz
- 2. Photographs: portrait (signed) and newsclippings (Odencrantz as a member of the Manhattanville
Health Society and with "New York School Alumni" at the International Conference of
Social Work in Madras, India), 1922, 1947, 1953.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 3. Correspondence: John H. Finley (President, University of New York), June 16, 1919,
concerning Odencrantz's speech at Educational Congress and Frances Perkins (Industrial
Commissioner, New York State, Department of Labor), June 10, 1929.
For text of speech, see folder 4.
- 4. Speeches (typescript): "Methods and Results of Training Women For Industry," given
May 19, 1919, at Educational Congress, Albany; "Personnel Work in America," given
July 4, 1922, at the International Welfare Conference, La Haye Malherbe, France; and
"The Place of Personnel Work in a Business Organization," given October 9, 1922, before
the New Haven Industrial Relations Council
- 5. Published speeches: "Personnel Work in America," Personnel Administration, August 1922, pages 5-15; "Personnel Work in America," Welfare Work, September 1922, pages 166-168; "Personnel Work in Factories," Public Health Nurse, August 1923; two copies, one with marginalia, pages 395-400; "The Employment Problem
of the Physically Handicapped," Hospital Social Service, 1930, pages 463-470; "Medical Social Work in Industrial Medicine and Traumatic Surgery,"
Hospital Social Service, 1932, pages 249-255; "Occupational Therapy and the Placement of the Handicapped
in Industry," Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation, June 1935, pages 189-195; "Recent Developments in Employment Services," Occupations, the Vocational Guidence Magazine, January 1940; adaptation of a paper presented at Metropolitan Conference, New York,
pages 3-5 (2 copies).
Typescripts in folder 4.
- 6. Articles (typescript): "Personnel Management and the Silk Industry," November 1921;
Report, July 1-September 30, 1934: New York State Employment Service - Division for
the Handicapped, October 15, 1934; "Unemployable," (brief article on handicapped workers),
March 5, 1935
- 7. Published articles: "The Irregularity of Employment of Women Factory Workers," The Survey, May 1, 1909, pp. 196-210; "Employment of Women and Children in Selected Industries,"
The Survey, January 2, 1914, pages 498-499; "State's First Employment Bureau a Success," New York Times Magazine, March 2, 1916, page 9; "Common Sense in Industry: How Silk Ribbons are Manufactured
Without Strikes or Lockouts," The Metropolis, June 1, 1921, page 10; "Employment Management and the Silk Industry," American Silk Journal, December 1921, pages 57-60; "Vocations for the Handicapped," Occupations, the Vocational Guidence Magazine, October 1933, by Odencrantz and Seville Millar; How Physically Handicapped People Find Work: A Manual of Placement Procedures, prepared by Division of the Handicapped, Odencrantz Director, September 1935. 30
pages; "These Jobs Beg For Workers," The Survey, September 1945, pages 219-220 (2 copies).
See also folder 9.
- 8. International Industrial Relations Association (I.R.I.): programs, reports, and other
official documents: 1922 Congress: Program, with annotations; and Report of Interim
Committee; 1925 Congress: Introduction to Report of the Proceedings; Report of Open
Meeting..., July 10-15, 1926: The Development of Scientific Methods in Industry, and
their Effect on Those Taking Part; 1928 Congress: Preliminary Program; and Program
with Odencrantz's annotations; Typescript notes of an informal I.R.I. meeting, Westport,
Connecticut, October 27, 1928; Call for the Congress of the I.R.I. to meet in Amsterdam,
Holland, August 23-29, 1931; Statutes of the International Association for the Study
and Improvement of Human Relations and Conditions in Industry, 12 pages; Application
for membership in the I.R.I; Invitation, bulletin, etc., in French and Italian
- 9. Articles about International Industrial Relations Association Congresses by Odencrantz:
"Industrial Welfare Work," The Survey, August 15, 1922, pages 631-632; "International Industrial Welfare Conference," Personnel Administration, October 1922, pages 3-6 (2 copies); "International Industrial Welfare Congress,
Flushing, Holland, June 19-26, 1925," Bulletin of the Taylor Society, October 1925, pages 231-232; "The International Industrial Welfare and Personnel
Congress, Holland, June 19-26, 1925," American Management Review, November 1925, pages 341-343; "Congress of the International Industrial Relations
Association," The Compass, July-August 1928, pages 3-4; "Cambridge Congress of the I.R.I....," The Personnel Journal, October 1928, pages 226-235 (2 copies)
- 10. Book reviews by Odencrantz, 1926-1934
- 11. Books by Odencrantz: leaflets, reviews: Industrial Conditions in Springfield, Illinois, by Odencrantz and Zenas L. Potter. Review, 1916; The Social Worker in Family, Medical and Psychiatric Social Work, leaflets, reviews, 1928-1929
- 12. Smith and Kaufmann, Inc. labor contracts, agreements, advertising, etc., 1920-1923.
- 13. Articles and newclippings about Odencrantz's work, 1922-1930.
- 14. Miscellaneous articles and newclippings, 1922-1968.
- 15. Articles and book reviews by Odencrantz, 1909-1946
- 16. Clippings re: Odencrantz, labor, employment, etc., 1915-1941 (scattered)
- 17. Manual: "How Physically Handicapped People Find Work: A Manual of Placement Procedure,"
- 18. Minutes: industrial supervisors, 1931, 1934
- 19. Minutes: Welfare Council, committee on training, 1935-1937
- 20. Photographs: The Farmarettes and farms, 1918 (22 photographs).
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 21. Plans: "Plans for a Clearinghouse for Employment Bureaus," 1914-1916
- 22. Plans: "Training Plans for Staff: Division of Placement and Unemployment Insurance,"
- 23. Plans: plans and proposals for a women's division of the United States Employment
Service in New York City, 1915-1919
- 24. Publications: The Gist: Bulletin for Placement and Vocational Workers, May 1922
- 25. Publications: Welfare Council of New York City, 1935-1941
- 26. Reports: "Report on the Emergency Training Course for Placement Workers," 1934
- 27. Reports: New York State Employment Service re: employment of the handicapped, 1932,
1934; includes letter (1956)
- 28. Reports: "Organization of the United States Employment Service for the State of New
- 29. Reports: "Three Years Experience in Placing the Tuberculous, 1927-1930," 1931
People with disabilities--Employment
Silk industry--Personnel management
International Industrial Relations Association
Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965