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© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MC 355; M-133
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Mrs. C.I.H. Nichols
Title: Papers of Mrs. C.I.H. Nichols, 1827-1904
Quantity: .21 linear feet (1/2 file box) plus 1 folio+ folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Biographical papers, correspondence, speeches, etc., of C.I.H. (Clarina Irene Howard) Nichols, newspaper editor and women's rights leader.
Clarina Irene Howard Nichols, a newspaper editor and woman's rights leader, was born on January 25, 1810, in West Townshend, Vermont, the eldest child of Chapin and Birsha (Smith) Howard. One of the early advocates of woman's equality, she campaigned in Vermont, Kansas, and California, and is credited with the incorporation of several woman's rights provisions in the state constitution of Kansas, provisions that secured for women property rights, equal guardianship of their children, and the right to vote in school district elections. She died in Potter Valley, California, on January 11, 1885. For more detailed accounts of her life, see Dictionary of American Biography; Notable American Woman (1607-1950); and History of Woman Suffrage, volume I, pages 171-200. Her papers (1854-1885) have been published in eight segments in The Kansas Historical Quarterly, volume 39-40.
This collection contains biographical papers of Clarina Irene Howard Nichols, including her bill of divorce from Justin Carpenter (1843), correspondence, and writings. The correspondence covers the years 1841-1904, and includes several letters from Nichols to Susan B. Anthony discussing divorce, women's property rights, suffrage, and liquor laws. Letters to family and others discuss her work for the legal rights of women and/or family affairs. There is also correspondence between family members. Writings include an early notebook of poems, several drafts of speeches, and newspaper clippings of her letters and editorials on women's rights. Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.