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MC 355; M-133

Nichols, C.I.H., Mrs.. Papers of Mrs. C.I.H. Nichols, 1827-1904: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

The collection was microfilmed as part of a Schlesinger Library/University Publications of America project.

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MC 355; M-133
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Mrs. C.I.H. Nichols
Title: Papers of Mrs. C.I.H. Nichols, 1827-1904
Date(s): 1827-1904
Quantity: .21 linear feet (1/2 file box) plus 1 folio+ folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Biographical papers, correspondence, speeches, etc., of C.I.H. (Clarina Irene Howard) Nichols, newspaper editor and women's rights leader.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 80-M68
These papers of Clarina Irene (Howard) Nichols were given to the Schlesinger Library in April 1980 by Patricia Rabinovitz, a great-great granddaughter of Nichols.

Processing Information:

Processed: March 1984
By: Anne Engelhart

Access Restrictions:

Access. CLOSED. USE MICROFILM, M-133, reel E35.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Mrs. C.I.H. Nichols is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Mrs. C. I. H. Nichols Papers, 1810-1885; item description, dates. MC 355, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.


Clarina Irene Howard Nichols, a newspaper editor and woman's rights leader, was born on January 25, 1810, in West Townshend, Vermont, the eldest child of Chapin and Birsha (Smith) Howard. One of the early advocates of woman's equality, she campaigned in Vermont, Kansas, and California, and is credited with the incorporation of several woman's rights provisions in the state constitution of Kansas, provisions that secured for women property rights, equal guardianship of their children, and the right to vote in school district elections. She died in Potter Valley, California, on January 11, 1885. For more detailed accounts of her life, see Dictionary of American Biography; Notable American Woman (1607-1950); and History of Woman Suffrage, volume I, pages 171-200. Her papers (1854-1885) have been published in eight segments in The Kansas Historical Quarterly, volume 39-40.


This collection contains biographical papers of Clarina Irene Howard Nichols, including her bill of divorce from Justin Carpenter (1843), correspondence, and writings. The correspondence covers the years 1841-1904, and includes several letters from Nichols to Susan B. Anthony discussing divorce, women's property rights, suffrage, and liquor laws. Letters to family and others discuss her work for the legal rights of women and/or family affairs. There is also correspondence between family members. Writings include an early notebook of poems, several drafts of speeches, and newspaper clippings of her letters and editorials on women's rights. Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906
Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887