Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers, 1833-1975 (inclusive), 1884-1972 (bulk): A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
The papers were reprocessed under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (RC-24669-76-987) in 1979, and were again reprocessed in 1991 by Bert Hartry, and microfilmed as part of a Schlesinger Library/University Publications of America project.
© 1979 Radcliffe College
Call No.: A-36
Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Emma (Guffey) Miller, 1874-1970
3 cartons, 1 + 1/2 file boxes, 1 folio folder, 2 folio+ folders, 2 oversize folders.
Abstract: Correspondence of Emma Guffey Miller, Democratic Party leader.
Madeleine Bagwell Perez
57-8, 57-32, 58-3, 58-63, 51, 114, 289, 379, 667, 834, 892, 1239, 1501, 70-83, 71-100, 72-74, 77-M113, 77-M188, 81-M248, 91-M169
Emma Guffey Miller
papers were given to the Schlesinger Library between November 1956 and November 1968 by EGM. Additional materials were given in June 1970, August 1971, November 1977, and October 1981 by
; in July 1972 by
Edgar Grim Miller
; in August 1977 by
; and in October 1991 by
Cathy (Miller) Crocker
Access. CLOSED-USE MICROFILM M-136.
Emma Guffey Miller Papers, 1833-1975; item description, dates. A-36, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Emma (Guffey) Miller, Democratic Party leader, was born Mary Emma Guffey at
Guffey Station, Pa.,
on July 6, 1874, the daughter of Barbaretta (Hough) and John Guffey. She graduated from Bryn Mawr College with an A.B. in history and political science in 1899. While traveling in Japan (1902) she met and married Carroll Miller (1875-1949). EGM's letters to her family (see #6-8) recount their courtship and marriage and the birth of their first child, William Gardner Miller, III. Twin sons, John Guffey and Carroll Jr., were born in 1908, son Joseph F. in 1912.
Active politically since her college days, EGM campaigned for Democratic candidates in 1920; in 1924 she was elected a delegate to the national convention, where, in a seconding speech for Alfred E. Smith (see #136), she appealed for religious tolerance and denounced the Ku Klux Klan. As a result, EGM received one-half vote for the presidential nomination, the first woman ever to do so. She helped organize the Pennsylvania Federation of Democratic Women, and spoke out for prohibition reform; her advocacy of disarmament forced her resignation from the Daughters of the American Revolution. In 1932 she was elected Democratic National Committeewoman from Pennsylvania, a post she held until her death. During the 1930s and 40s she also served as official hostess for her brother, Joseph F. Guffey, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (1935-1947). EGM remained in the background of political life, never running for nor accepting public office herself, though she felt strongly about women's right to do both. She was an active member of the National Woman's Party (Chairman, 1960-1965, and Life President, 1965-1970), and an outspoken advocate of the Equal Rights Amendment.
EGM died of a heart attack on February 23, 1970, and is buried with her husband in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Va.
More biographical information is available in this collection (see Series I). See also
Notable American Women: The Modern Period
(Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980), which includes a list of additional sources. EGM also gave papers to the Pennsylvania Room of the Carnegie Library (Pittsburgh) and the Slippery Rock State College Archives.
The EGM papers have been divided into four series:
- I.Personal and biographical, #1-33.
- II.General correspondence,
- III.Speeches and writings, #132-157.
- IV.Organizations and boards, #158-183m.
The papers provide some information about EGM's college education, the Guffey family (especially her brother, Senator Joseph F. Guffey), her husband, Carroll Miller, her sons, and her travels. They document her many interests and volunteer activities: Democratic Party politics on the local, state, and national levels, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal, the Women's Division of the Democratic National Committee, Slippery Rock State College, the National Woman's Party and the Equal Rights Amendment, the Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform, Distinguished Daughters of Pennsylvania, and the Daughters of the American Revolution. The correspondence (Series II) also provides documentation of anti-Catholicism (see #39, 88, 92-93), politics at Slippery Rock State College, and political favors and patronage during the 1950s and 60s. There is almost no information about her family or her personal life (childhood, adolescence, and her marriage after 1907).
Series I, Personal and biographical (#1-33), includes
the following in the order listed: certificates, Bryn Mawr College material, short EGM biographies, lists from her social life in Washington, D.C., printed excerpts of her letters to her family, 1901-1907, Guffey and Miller family material, photographs, and clippings about EGM.
Series II, General correspondence, (#34-131), makes up the bulk of the collection, and is arranged chronologically. Letters found grouped by subject or by individual were kept together and placed chronologically on the basis of the earliest item in each group. Some enclosures referred to in the letters are missing. Many prominent politicians and a variety of organizations wrote to EGM; not all are included in the added entries; researchers should therefore refer to the index in the printed guide. Invitations and programs are in a separate chronological sequence at the end of the series (#117-131).
Series III, Speeches and writings (#132-157), is divided into two sections. EGM's speeches concern mainly prohibition reform, party politics, and the Equal Rights Amendment; they are arranged chronologically. The writings fall into six categories, each arranged chronologically: poetry, articles, EGM's Washington column, plays, miscellaneous, and writings by others.
Series IV, Organizations and boards (#158-183m), is divided into two sections. The first contains reports, minutes, photographs, and proceedings, and is arranged chronologically by organization (i.e., according to the earliest item in each group). The second section consists of memorabilia, including membership cards, buttons, etc., and is arranged by category (and chronologically within each category) in the following order: handmade items, membership cards, Democratic National Conventions, Pennsylvania Federation of Democratic Women, Democratic Party candidates and committees, miscellaneous. A portion of the miscellaneous items are in box 5.
Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.
- Following filming, #20, 22-27, 32-33, 53 were discarded.
- A small number of clippings from #22-27 were moved to #21o.
- Microfilm contains material from accession number 92-M205 (formerly D-29), which is not included in this inventory.
- Carton 1: #1-26
- Carton 2: #68-114
- Carton 3: #115-154
- Box 4: #155-169
- Box 5: #170m-183m
Series I. PERSONAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL
Certificates: appointments, honors, tributes
1899, 1935-1968 (scattered)
Bryn Mawr College, 1898-1968 (scattered): correspondence, invitations, programs, class of 1899 "Triennial Record," etc.
See also #48, 115, 136.
Lists, Washington, D.C., 1934-1948: calls made and received, invitations received, Gridiron Widows' Party, 1936?: guest signatures
Correspondence: EGM to parents, siblings (printed excerpts)
April 1901 - May 1902, written "During a Trip to the Orient"
Written on trips to and from Japan, and during the three years EGM lived there
June 27, 1905 - 1907; includes Japanese theater program.
ALS, 1889, TLS, 1939, to Pauletta Guffey (EGM's sister); Clippings, 1962, 1964; Family histories (some by EGM), 1963, n.d.; includes copy of 1833 list of debts.
Re: Senator Joseph F. Guffey (EGM's brother), 1924-1959, n.d.: invitation, program, speech, correspondence.
See also #13, 21o, 63.
Re: Carroll Miller, 1933-1950, n.d.: correspondence, memorial service, clippings, certificate, etc.
Re: sons, William, John, Carroll, Jr., Joseph, 1930-1971 (scattered), n.d.: correspondence, clippings, unpublished article re: EGM, etc.
Clippings re: EGM (some incomplete)
1930-1968 (scattered), n.d.; includes clippings from #22-27 (moved after microfilming.)
"Slippery Rock [Pa.] Pioneers" scrapbook, 1960; includes programs, PHOTOGRAPHS. Deed (photocopy) to land EMG gave Slippery Rock State College, 1963. Clippings re: Slippery Rock Sesquicentennial, 1975
For "Slippery Rock [Pa.] Pioneers, " etc., See also Series II, #153, 167.
1962-1963; includes Democratic State Committee press release, radio script re: EGM
1965-1969; includes National Woman's Party Bulletin, radio script, EGM notes
Series II. GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE
1932-1937: with and re: Cameron Ralston
1932; includes 1884 Democratic Party flier.
Appeals to Eleanor Roosevelt for assistance (from Pennsylvanians), forwarded to EGM for investigation; includes reports.
Reports only, 1933-1936.
see also #58, 59.
Pennsylvania State Treasury reports re: investigation of Department of Public Assistance, 1937.
Photocopies; initials only appear on most; originals with full names will be open to research on January 1, 2010.
For Pennsylvania State Treasury reports, see also #59, 60, 142-144.
July-Dec.; includes list of Pennsylvania prohibition repeal workers.
Re: National Recovery Act; includes completed question-naires and lists of workers by county, 1933-1934, n.d.
1933-1951 (scattered): with Mary ["Molly"] Dewson. Includes Bess Furman.
1942-1943; includes Joseph F. Guffey speech.
1955-1965, re: Distinguished Daughters of Pennsylvania.
See also #1, #14, #123.
July-Aug.; includes Eleanor Roosevelt press conference.
Jan.-May; includes copy of S.J. Res. 80 [i.e., Equal Rights Amendment].
June-Dec.; includes itineraries, list of members of 1958 Democratic State Platform Committee.
Jan.-May; includes Frances Perkins tribute to Eleanor Roosevelt.
1964; includes press releases for Genevieve Blatt, candidate for U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania.
Oct.-Dec.; includes press release re: EGM.
1969-1971; includes PHOTOGRAPH of friends, EGM letter re: M. Carey Thomas.
n.d., some re: Slippery Rock College accreditation; includes NWP press release.
Invitations and programs; EGM speaker at many events; arranged chronologically.
1934-1938; includes itinerary.
Series III. SPEECHES AND WRITINGS
Speeches, 1910?-1968, n.d.: ms., ts., printed; includes notes.
Re: repeal of prohibition
1925-ca.1930; includes program.
1936; includes program.
1938; includes speeches re: dairy farmers in Pennsylvania.
Jan.-Apr.; includes program.
1964-1968, n.d. includes program, autobiographical speech.
Writings, 1917-1968, n.d.; ms., ts., printed.
Poetry, 1917-1964 (scattered), n.d., most re: political themes; includes poems by others.
Magazine and newspaper articles, letters to editors, 1925-1965 (scattered)
EGM's column, 1937-1968 (scattered), in The Sur-vey, published by the Pennsylvania Federation of Democratic Women
Miscellaneous, 1945, n.d.
Writings by others, quotations from others, 1961, n.d.
Series IV. ORGANIZATIONS AND BOARDS
Pennsylvania Constitution Commemoration Committee (EGM member): "Suggestions to Schools...", 1937
Affiliated [with the Woman's National Democratic Club] Clubs (EGM chair): convention report, 1939
National Youth Administration
Pennsylvania State Advisory Committee (EGM member): minutes, May 1941; case studies, report, n.d.
See also #58, 62-63.
Annual Assay Commission (EGM member): proceedings, 1951
Pennsylvania Federation of Democratic Women, Inc., annual conventions (EGM member and National Committeewoman)
30th, 1957; includes EGM's notes.
31st, 1958; includes list of officers (1958-1959), resolutions.
National Woman's Party, National Council (EGM chair), Sept. 1961
Pennsylvania State Colleges, Association of Trustees (EGM member), Apr. 1963
Slippery Rock State College Board of Trustees, Jan. 1968
Democratic Party Platform Committee (EGM member): report (galley proofs), 1960; Ballot for Vice-President of the U.S., 1968; Democratic Party fund raising broadside, n.d.
President's Commission on the Status of Women: report, 1963
Membership cards, badges, passes, buttons, etc. Most political, many belonging to EGM.
Handmade badges, place cards, 1933, n.d.
Membership cards, passes, 1936-1968, n.d.
Democratic National Conventions
1924, 1932, 1956; includes scarf (1924).
Pennsylvania Federation of Democratic Women, 1954-1968 (scattered), n.d.
Democratic Party candidates, committees
1900-1955 (scattered), n.d.: Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform, Distinguished Daughters of Pennsylvania, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, etc.
1962-1966, n.d.; includes "LBJ" earrings.
Addams, Jane, 1860-1935
Alsop, Joseph, 1910-
Armstrong, Florence A. (Florence Arzelia), 1881-1962
Avery, Nina Belle Horton
Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956
Blatt, Genevieve, 1913-
Bowles, Chester, 1901-
Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston, 1866-1948
Bryn Mawr College
Burns, James MacGregor
Clark, Frank Monore, 1915-
Clark, Joseph S.
Cross, Wilbur L. (Wilbur Lucius), 1862-1948
Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948
Democratic National Committee (U.S.)
Democratic National Committee (U.S.). Women's Division
Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962
Dirksen, Everett McKinley
Distinguished Daughters of Pennsylvania
Farley, James Aloysius, 1888-
Furness, Betty, 1916-
Granaham, Kathryn Elizabeth, 1896?-1979
Green, Theodore Francis, 1867-
Guffey, Joseph F., 1870-1959
Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1896
Hayden, Carl Trumbull, 1877-1972
Hill, Lister, 1894-1984
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978
Johnson, Lady Bird, 1912-
Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Johnson, Mordecai Wyatt, 1890-
Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963
Kennedy, Ethel, 1928-
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968
Keyes, Frances Parkinson, 1885-1970
Keyserling, Mary Dublin
Krock, Arthur, 1886-
Lausche, Frank John, 1895-
Louchheim, Katie, 1903-
Lucy Stone League, Inc.
McAllister, Dorothy S.
McBride, Mary Margaret, 1899-
McCormack, John W., 1891-
Mann, Alexander, 1860-1948
Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964
Matthews, Burnita Shelton, 1894-
Mesta, Perle Skirvin, 1891-
Meyer, Agnes Elizabeth Ernst, 1887-
Miller, Carroll, 1875-1949
Miller, Frieda Segelke, 1889-1973
National Woman's Party
Norton, Mary Teresa, 1875-1959
Owen, Ruth Bryan, 1885-1954
Parisi, Angela R., 1914-1961
Paul, Alice, 1885-1977
Pennsylvania Federation of Democratic Women
Pepper, Claude, 1900-
Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965
Peterson, Esther Eggertsen, 1906-
Pinchot, Cornelia Bryce, 1881-1960
Pollitzer, Anita, 1894-1975
Price, Margaret, 1912-1969
Putnam, Elizabeth Lowell, 1862-1935
Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
Ross, Nellie Tayloe, 1876-1977
Sabin, Pauline Morton
St. George, Katharine
Scandrett, Richard B. Jr., 1891-1969
Schlesinger, Arthur M. (Arthur Meier), 1917-
Sharpe, Mary Elizabeth, 1884-1985
Slippery Rock State College
Sloan, Grace McCalmont
Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944
Smith, Corinna Lindon, 1876-
Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-
Starrett, Agnes Lynch, 1899-
Stevens, Doris, 1892-1963
Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965
Thomas, M. Carey (Martha Carey), 1857-1935
Truman, Bess Wallace
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972
United States. National Youth Administration
United States. Work Projects Administration
Varallo, Mary A.
Wagenhorst, Lewis H
Wallace, Henry Agard, 1888-1965
Wallace, Ilo Browne
Weisenfluh, Norman Naegeli, 1899-
Williams, G. Mennen, 1911-
Wilson, Edith Bolling Galt, 1872-1961
Women's Joint Legislative Commitee for Equal Rights
Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform
Women's Universal Movement
Woodward, Ellen Sullivan, 1887-1971
World Woman's Party
China--Description and travel-20th century
Daughters of the American Revolution
Democratic Party (Pennsylvania)
Democratic Party (U.S.)
Equal rights amendments
Japan--Description and travel-1901-1945
New Deal, 1933-1939
Pennsylvania--Politics and government--20th century
Politics, Practical--United States
Prohibition--Repeal of legislation
Republican Party (Pennsylvania)
Slippery Rock State College--Administration
United States. National Recovery Administration
United States--Politics and government--20th century
Voyages and travels
Women in politics--United States
Women's rights-United States