[OASIS] Harvard University Library
OASIS: Online Archival Search Information System
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:RAD.SCHL:sch00730View HOLLIS Record   Frames Version
Questions or Comments   Copyright Statement
M-133, reels E29-34; MC 378

McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945. Papers of Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1877-1983: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: M-133, reels E29-34; MC 378
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1862-1945
Title: Papers of Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1877-1983
Date(s): 1877-1983
Quantity: 2.42 linear feet (2 cartons, 1 file box) plus 1 folio folder, 2 folio+ folders, 2 oversize folders)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, speeches, articles, etc., of Catharine Waugh McCullouch, suffragist and lawyer.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession numbers: 85-M217, 85-M249, 86-M206, 87-M18, 88-M200, 90-M25
The papers of Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCulloch were given to the Schlesinger Library by her sons, Frank W. and Hathorn W. McCulloch, in October and November 1985, October 1986, January 1987, December 1988, and February 1990. The collection was reprocessed and prepared for microfilming in June 1990 by Kim Brookes and Anne Engelhart. It was microfilmed as part of a Schlesinger Library/University Publications of America project.

Processing Information:

Processed: March 1987
By: Anne Engelhart

Access Restrictions:

Access. Originals closed; use microfilm (M-133, reels E29-34).

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Catharine Waugh McCulloch is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


All dates and other information added by the processor are in square brackets.
The pages of some items were numbered to aid the microfilmer, the proofreaders, and researchers. These numbers are in square brackets.
The film was proofread by University Publications of America.
The reverse sides of outdated letterhead and form letters were sometimes used by Catharine Waugh McCulloch for drafts or notes; print may show through. The letterhead/printed sides were filmed only if they are not represented elsewhere in the collection, or if they contain unique text.
Many loose clippings were mounted by the processor.
Some of the material in the collection was difficult to film due to such problems as flimsy paper with text showing through, faded or smudged writing, faint pencil notations, or creased and brittle paper. The film was carefully produced to insure that these items are as legible as possible.
Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.
All photographs were microfilmed with the collection. Some are also available on the microfilm of the Schlesinger Library photograph collection (M-54).
Letters of one or more pages with either the salutation or the signature missing, as well as portions of letters, have been marked as fragments.
Catharine Waugh McCulloch used printed books as scrapbooks (see #88-91). Although most material was removed from the pages, the text of the books is sometimes visible in the background. Incomplete clippings in #88 and 91 were marked as fragments, but the large number of incomplete clippings in #90 precluded such marking. Some pages in these scrapbooks were illegible due to water damage; these pages were not filmed.
Loose items found in volumes that obviously belonged where they were found were filmed there. Other loose items were filmed at the end of the volume in which they were found.
In some cases, only the pertinent page(s) of magazines and other multiple-paged items were filmed, with the title page where necessary to establish name and date of publication.

Preferred Citation:

Catharine Waugh McCulloch Papers, 1877-1983; item description, dates. MC 378, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.

Related Material:

There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Papers of Catharine Waugh McCulloch in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1869-1945 (A-68, Series VI).


Donor: Frank W. and Hathorn W. McCulloch
Accession numbers: 85-M217, 85-M249, 86-M206, 87-M18
Processed by: Anne Engelhart
The following items have been removed from the collection and are available at the Chicago Historical Society:


The only daughter of Susan (Gouger) and Abraham Miller Waugh, Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCulloch was born near Ransomville, New York, on June 4, 1862. Five years later, the family moved to a farm near New Milford, Illinois, where she attended the village school and nearby Rockford Female Seminary, graduating in 1882. In 1885 she enrolled in the Union College of Law in Chicago, and upon completion of the course was admitted to the Illinois bar. McCulloch took further study at Rockford Seminary and in 1888, having written a thesis entitled "Woman's Wages," was awarded both a B.A. and an M.A. In 1890 she married Frank Hathorn McCulloch, a fellow law student with whom she then practiced law. They had four children.
As legislative superintendent of the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association (1890-1912), McCulloch was extremely active in the movement for women's rights, seeking state legislation permitting woman suffrage in presidential and local elections not constitutionally limited to male voters, a bill which passed in 1913. She was also instrumental in the passage of Illinois legislation granting women equal rights in the guardianship of their children (1901), and raising the legal age of consent for women from fourteen to sixteen (1905). She served as legal adviser (1904-ca.1911) and as first vice-president (1910-1911) of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
McCulloch died of cancer on April 20, 1945. For further biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971).


The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence, and of speeches, statements, and articles by Catharine Waugh McCulloch; also included are photographs of McCulloch, genealogical information, articles about McCulloch, and McCulloch's scrapbooks. The collection is divided into two series: personal and professional.
Series I, Personal papers, documents McCulloch's family life and features letters from Frank Hathorn McCulloch to McCulloch from the years just before and just after their marriage. For articles and clippings about McCulloch, see #73-83 in Series II.
Series II, Professional papers, consists primarily of correspondence, speeches, and articles, many of which detail McCulloch's work in Illinois politics; of particular interest are letters (1906) from prominent Chicago businessmen in response to McCulloch's inquiry regarding their views on woman suffrage, and a notebook kept by McCulloch when she served as foreman of a grand jury investigating election fraud in 1940-1941.
Also included in this series are six scrapbooks. Three contain McCulloch's reminiscences about a number of suffragists and a few anti-suffragists. The other three contain clippings documenting McCulloch's suffrage work and some of her legal work, and include information about other topics, such as temperance, anti-suffrage, and her family; these three volumes suffered severe water damage.
Occasional annotations in the hand of McCulloch's son Frank appear throughout the collection. Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.


Key: No symbol=Writer
*=Writer and recipient

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Chicago (Ill.)--Politics and government
Grand jury--Illinois
Illinois--Politics and government
Illinois--Social conditions
Women judges
Women lawyers
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
Women--Suffrage--Caricatures and cartoons
Women's rights
Addams, Jane, 1860-1935
Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966
Anthony, Lucy Elmina
Arthur, Clara Blanche
Avery, Rachel Foster, 1858-1919
Babcock, Elnora Monroe
Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950
Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909
Blankenburg, Lucretia M. Longshore, 1845-1937
Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston, 1866-1948
Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926
Carlin, Nellie
Carlsson-Evald, Emmy, 1857-1946
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
Clay, Laura, 1849-1941
Crossett, Ella Hawley
Darrow, Clarence, 1857-1938
Dever, William E. (William Emmett), 1862-1929
Douglas, Emily Taft
Dunne, Edward Fitzsimmons, 1853-1937
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1838-1909
Gordon, Kate M., 1861-1932
Gougar, Helen Mar Jackson, 1843-1907
Gulliver, Julia H.
Harbert, Elizabeth Boynton, 1845-1925
Harper, Ida Husted, 1851-1931
Henrotin, Ellen Martin, 1847-1922
Hodgart, Marion S.
Holmes, Mary E.
Illinois Equal Suffrage Association
Ketcham, Emily B.
Krighel, Henrietta
National American Woman Suffrage Association
Nestor, Agnes, 1880-1948
Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965
Rockford College
Robins, Margaret Dreier
Sanders, Maude McIlvain
Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919
Sherwin, Belle, 1868-1955
Simpson-Poffenbarger, Livia Nye, 1862-1937
Smith, Ida B. Wise (Ida Belle Wise), 1871-1952
Smith, Julia Holmes, 1839-1930
Stewart, Ella Jane Seass, 1871-1945
Taylor, Graham, 1851-1938
Taylor, Lea Demarest, 1883-1975
Upton, Harriet Taylor
Watkins, Minnie A.
Willard, Frances E. (Frances Elizabeth), 1839-1898
Wooden, Iva