M-133, reels E29-34; MC 378
McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945. Papers of Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1877-1983:
A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: M-133, reels E29-34; MC 378
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1862-1945
Title: Papers of Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1877-1983
Quantity: 2.42 linear feet (2 cartons, 1 file box) plus 1 folio folder, 2 folio+ folders, 2 oversize folders)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, speeches, articles, etc., of Catharine Waugh McCullouch, suffragist
Accession numbers: 85-M217, 85-M249, 86-M206, 87-M18, 88-M200, 90-M25
The papers of Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCulloch were given to the Schlesinger Library
by her sons, Frank W. and Hathorn W. McCulloch, in October and November 1985, October
1986, January 1987, December 1988, and February 1990. The collection was reprocessed
and prepared for microfilming in June 1990 by Kim Brookes and Anne Engelhart. It was
microfilmed as part of a Schlesinger Library/University Publications of America project.
Processed: March 1987
By: Anne Engelhart
Access. Originals closed; use microfilm (M-133, reels E29-34).
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Catharine Waugh McCulloch is held by
the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright
in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
All dates and other information added by the processor are in square brackets.
The pages of some items were numbered to aid the microfilmer, the proofreaders, and
researchers. These numbers are in square brackets.
The film was proofread by University Publications of America.
The reverse sides of outdated letterhead and form letters were sometimes used by Catharine
Waugh McCulloch for drafts or notes; print may show through. The letterhead/printed
sides were filmed only if they are not represented elsewhere in the collection, or
if they contain unique text.
Many loose clippings were mounted by the processor.
Some of the material in the collection was difficult to film due to such problems
as flimsy paper with text showing through, faded or smudged writing, faint pencil
notations, or creased and brittle paper. The film was carefully produced to insure
that these items are as legible as possible.
Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.
All photographs were microfilmed with the collection. Some are also available on the
microfilm of the Schlesinger Library photograph collection (M-54).
Letters of one or more pages with either the salutation or the signature missing,
as well as portions of letters, have been marked as fragments.
Catharine Waugh McCulloch used printed books as scrapbooks (see #88-91). Although
most material was removed from the pages, the text of the books is sometimes visible
in the background. Incomplete clippings in #88 and 91 were marked as fragments, but
the large number of incomplete clippings in #90 precluded such marking. Some pages
in these scrapbooks were illegible due to water damage; these pages were not filmed.
Loose items found in volumes that obviously belonged where they were found were filmed
there. Other loose items were filmed at the end of the volume in which they were found.
In some cases, only the pertinent page(s) of magazines and other multiple-paged items
were filmed, with the title page where necessary to establish name and date of publication.
Catharine Waugh McCulloch Papers, 1877-1983; item description, dates. MC 378, folder
#. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.
There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Papers of Catharine Waugh
McCulloch in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1869-1945 (A-68, Series VI
Donor: Frank W. and Hathorn W. McCulloch
Accession numbers: 85-M217, 85-M249, 86-M206, 87-M18
Processed by: Anne Engelhart
The following items have been removed from the collection and are available at the
Chicago Historical Society:
- Articles and pamphlets by Catharine Waugh McCulloch
The only daughter of Susan (Gouger) and Abraham Miller Waugh, Catharine Gouger (Waugh)
McCulloch was born near Ransomville, New York, on June 4, 1862. Five years later,
the family moved to a farm near New Milford, Illinois, where she attended the village
school and nearby Rockford Female Seminary, graduating in 1882. In 1885 she enrolled
in the Union College of Law in Chicago, and upon completion of the course was admitted
to the Illinois bar. McCulloch took further study at Rockford Seminary and in 1888,
having written a thesis entitled "Woman's Wages," was awarded both a B.A. and an M.A.
In 1890 she married Frank Hathorn McCulloch, a fellow law student with whom she then
practiced law. They had four children.
As legislative superintendent of the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association (1890-1912),
McCulloch was extremely active in the movement for women's rights, seeking state legislation
permitting woman suffrage in presidential and local elections not constitutionally
limited to male voters, a bill which passed in 1913. She was also instrumental in
the passage of Illinois legislation granting women equal rights in the guardianship
of their children (1901), and raising the legal age of consent for women from fourteen
to sixteen (1905). She served as legal adviser (1904-ca.1911) and as first vice-president
(1910-1911) of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
McCulloch died of cancer on April 20, 1945. For further biographical information,
see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971).
The bulk of this collection consists of correspondence, and of speeches, statements,
and articles by Catharine Waugh McCulloch; also included are photographs of McCulloch,
genealogical information, articles about McCulloch, and McCulloch's scrapbooks. The
collection is divided into two series: personal and professional.
Series I, Personal papers, documents McCulloch's family life and features letters
from Frank Hathorn McCulloch to McCulloch from the years just before and just after
their marriage. For articles and clippings about McCulloch, see #73-83 in Series II.
Series II, Professional papers, consists primarily of correspondence, speeches, and
articles, many of which detail McCulloch's work in Illinois politics; of particular
interest are letters (1906) from prominent Chicago businessmen in response to McCulloch's
inquiry regarding their views on woman suffrage, and a notebook kept by McCulloch
when she served as foreman of a grand jury investigating election fraud in 1940-1941.
Also included in this series are six scrapbooks. Three contain McCulloch's reminiscences
about a number of suffragists and a few anti-suffragists. The other three contain
clippings documenting McCulloch's suffrage work and some of her legal work, and include
information about other topics, such as temperance, anti-suffrage, and her family;
these three volumes suffered severe water damage.
Occasional annotations in the hand of McCulloch's son Frank appear throughout the
collection. Most clippings were discarded after microfilming.
Key: No symbol=Writer
*=Writer and recipient
- Addams, Jane 24(, 28, 29, 31
- Allen, Florence Ellinwood 31
- Anthony, Lucy Elmina 31(
- Arthur, Clara B. (Peters) 27, 28
- Avery, Rachel (Foster) 27, 46v
- Babcock, Elnora Monroe 25
- Bartlett, Adolphus Clay 25
- Blackwell, Alice Stone 21, 27, 29, 45v
- Blackwell, Henry Browne 26, 45v
- Blankenburg, Lucretia (Longshore) 26
- Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston 32
- Brown, Olympia 22, 24(, 45v
- Brown, William Liston 25
- Butler, Edward Burgess 25
- Carlin, Nellie 29
- Cartwright, James Henry 24
- Catt, Carrie (Lane) Chapman 21, 22, 23, 31, 45v, 46v
- Clay, Laura 27(, 46v
- Cole, George E. 26
- Crane, Richard Teller 25
- Crossett, Ella Hawley 26
- Darrow, Clarence S. 25
- Dever, William Emmett 30*
- Dixon, George William 27
- Douglas, Emily (Taft) 32
- Dunne, Edward Fitzsimons 27, 29(
- Easley, Ralph Montgomery 30
- Evald, Emmy (Carlsson) 31
- Friedman, Herbert Jacob 32
- Garrison, William Lloyd, Jr. 26, 27, 46v
- Gordon, Kate M. 22
- Gregory, Stephen Strong 24
- Gulliver, Julia H. 30
- Harbert, Elizabeth Morrison (Boynton) 22, 46v
- Harper, Ida Husted 28
- Heckman, Wallace 24, 25
- Henrotin, Ellen (Martin) 24, 26(
- Hodgart, Marion S. 31
- Holmes, Mary E. 22, 23, 31(, 46v Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCulloch
- Holly, William H. 32
- Howard, Earl Dean 32
- Hulbert, Edmund Daniel 25
- Hurley, Edward Nash 30*
- Jandus, Cyril R. 27(
- Jones, Walter Clyde 27
- Ketcham, Emily B. 26
- Krighel, Henrietta 29
- Lapp, John A. 32
- Levere, William C. 28
- Lewis, James Hamilton 28
- Nestor, Agnes 32
- Onahan, William James 25
- Pallen, Conde Benoist 30(
- Payne, John Barton 24
- Perkins, Frances 31
- Poffenbarger, Livia Nye (Simpson) 29
- Post, Louis Freeland 27, 33
- Prussing, Eugene Ernst 24
- Robins, Margaret (Dreier) 26, 29
- Sanders, Maude McIlvain 27
- Shaw, Anna Howard 26, 28, 29, 33, 45v
- Sherwin, Belle 33
- Slosson, Edwin Emery 27
- Smith, Henry Justin 27
- Smith, Ida B. Wise 31
- Smith, Julia (Holmes) Abbott 22, 23
- Stewart, Ella Jane (Seass) 23, 24, 27, 33
- Talbert, Joseph Truitt 25
- Taylor, Graham 26, 27
- Taylor, Lea Demarest 32
- Upton, Harriet (Taylor) 27, 28, 46v
- Watkins, Minnie A. 33
- Wooden, Iva G. 26, 27, 46v
- Women's Bar Association of Illinois 29
- Series I. PERSONAL
- 1. Photographs, 1901-1911.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 2f. Photographs, ca.1920.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 3-5. "Abraham Miller Waugh and Susan Gouger Waugh," typescript memoir by Catharine Waugh
McCulloch, 1935-1936; also "Gleanings from the Ancestral History of William Gougar
[sic], I," 1913.
- 6. Catharine Waugh McCulloch's report card, 1877; commencement program of New Milford
Public School, 1878.
- 7. Rockford Female Seminary. Commencement program, magazines, etc., 1881-1888; also letters
to Frank Hathorn McCulloch re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch's anti-tobacco petition,
1885, 1888; 90th year celebration programs, 1936.
- 8. Rockford Female Seminary. "Woman's Wages," by Catharine Waugh McCulloch; includes
correspondence and clipping, 1888.
- 9v. Rockford Female Seminary. Jubilee Book of the Alumnae Association of Rockford College,
- 10. Rockford Female Seminary. Class of 1882: correspondence (most from Catharine Waugh
McCulloch), 1905-1940, n.d.
- 11. Rockford Female Seminary. Clippings about, correspondence from, and tribute to Catharine
Waugh McCulloch collected by RFS Alumnae Office, 1922-1942; also Catharine Waugh McCulloch
essay re: lawyers graduating from Rockford Female Seminary, 1941?
- 12. Correspondence. Frank Hathorn McCulloch to Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1887-1889
- 13. Correspondence. Frank Hathorn McCulloch to Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1890. Includes
- 14. Correspondence. Frank Hathorn McCulloch to Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1891; some re:
Helen Mar Gouger.
- 15. Correspondence. Frank Hathorn McCulloch to Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1894, 1895,
- 16. Correspondence. To Catharine Waugh McCulloch and Frank Hathorn McCulloch re: their
- 17. Correspondence. Family correspondence, mostly Catharine Waugh McCulloch to daughter
Catharine, 1906, 1931-1943; one letter includes reminiscences by Catharine Waugh McCulloch.
- 18. Poetry re: family, 1899, 1918, 1920-1938, n.d.; also family announcements, reminiscences,
1941, no year.
- 19. Typescript of notes from Catharine Waugh McCulloch's addressbook, 1901-1944; "autobiography,"
- 20. Printed invitations, etc., to be sent to friends, 1929-1940, no year.
- 21. Speeches, etc., for church activities, 1920-1922, 1925, 1936-1937, 1942, n.d.
- Series II. PROFESSIONAL
- 22. Correspondence, 1886, 1896, 1900
- 24. Correspondence, 1902, 1905
- 25. Correspondence, January-May 1906
- 26. Correspondence, June 1906
- 27. Correspondence, October-December 1906
- 29. Correspondence, January, December 1908
- 30. Correspondence, 1909-1915 (scattered)
- 32. Correspondence, January-July 1917
- 33. Correspondence, September 1917
- 34. Correspondence, October-December 1917
- 36. Correspondence, January-February 1919
- 37. Correspondence, March-April 1919
- 38. Correspondence, May-July 1919
- 39. Correspondence, August-September 1919
- 40. Correspondence, October-December 1919
- 41. Correspondence, January 1920
- 42. Correspondence, February-December 1920
- 43. Correspondence, 1922-1928 (scattered)
- 44. Correspondence, 1930-1950 (scattered)
- 45. Correspondence. Letters re: death of Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1945.
See also #81.
- 47. National American Woman Suffrage Association and League of Women Voters. Bulletins
and programs, October 1918 - December 1919
- 48. National American Woman Suffrage Association and League of Women Voters. Bulletins
and programs, January-November 1920, n.d.
- 49. National American Woman Suffrage Association and League of Women Voters. Publications
of NAWSA, American Woman Suffrage Association and other suffrage organizations, 1889-1919,
- 50. National American Woman Suffrage Association and League of Women Voters. Proposed
constitutions for state League of Women Voters, etc., n.d.
- 51. Legal/electoral issues. Reports, correspondence, etc., re: raising legal age of consent,
- 52. Legal/electoral issues. Proceedings, member lists, etc., of Chicago Charter Convention,
- 53. Legal/electoral issues. Bills, resolutions re: suffrage, constitution of National
Alliance of Women Citizens, 1913-1920, n.d.
- 54. Legal/electoral issues. Legal briefs re: elections in Indiana, 1917, n.d.
- 55. Legal/electoral issues. Handbook, lists of representatives to Illinois Constitutional
Convention, 1920; bill, resolution, etc., re: Illinois politics, 1918, n.d.
- 56v. Legal/electoral issues. Catharine Waugh McCulloch's notes as foreman of grand jury
investigating election fraud, 1940-1941
- 58. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Re: Illinois
politics, 1896-1900, n.d.
- 59. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Re: suffrage
and other women's issues, 1899-1943 (scattered), n.d. Includes leaflets, programs
in which Catharine Waugh McCulloch appears.
- 60. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Re: peace,
1901-1937 (scattered), n.d. Includes typescripts of radio interviews.
- 61. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Re: lawyers,
1901-1942 (scattered), n.d.
- 62. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Miscellaneous,
- 63-64. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Two versions
of women's rights game invented by Catharine Waugh McCulloch in 1908
- 65v-67v. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Reminiscences
by Catharine Waugh McCulloch about suffragists and some anti-suffragists; include
PHOTOGRAPHS, correspondence, and clippings, 1940- .
Sample ballot and clipping removed to #70o.
- 68. Speeches, statements, drafts, articles, etc., by Catharine Waugh McCulloch. "Illinois
Friends of Woman Suffrage," 1943; includes correspondence.
Poster insert removed to #70o.
- 69. Printed articles and pamphlets by Catharine Waugh McCulloch re: suffrage and other
topics; some by Frank Hathorn McCulloch, 1887(?)-1920
- 70o. Printed articles and pamphlets by Catharine Waugh McCulloch re: suffrage and other
topics; some by Frank Hathorn McCulloch, 1888-1920, n.d.; includes ballot from #66v,
clipping from #67v, poster from #68, and suffrage "leaflet" for young men.
- 71. Printed articles and pamphlets by Catharine Waugh McCulloch re: suffrage and other
topics; some by Frank Hathorn McCulloch, 1923-1944
- 72. Printed articles and pamphlets by Catharine Waugh McCulloch re: suffrage and other
topics; some by Frank Hathorn McCulloch, n.d.
- 73. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1888-1916
- 74. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, February-March 1917
- 75. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, April 1917
- 76. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, December 1917 - 1942, n.d.
- 77o. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1900-1920, 1960, n.d.
- 78f+. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1902-1945 (scattered),
- 79. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch's
election as justice of the peace; also campaign materials, 1907.
- 80. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society for the year 1920. Includes correspondence, 1953.
- 81. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch. Obituaries and re: memorial
See also #45.
- 82. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, 1950-1983 (scattered);
includes correspondence and typescript quotations from 1890 article.
- 83. Articles (mostly clippings) re: Catharine Waugh McCulloch, n.d.
- 84. Clippings re: suffrage. From Illinois papers, January-March 9, 1917
- 85. Clippings re: suffrage. From Illinois papers, March 10, 1917-1920
- 86. Clippings re: suffrage. From other states (alphabetical), 1917, n.d.
- 87. Clippings re: suffrage. Unidentified, 1917, 1920, n.d.
- 88. Scrapbooks. Include some correspondence; articles, some by Catharine Waugh McCulloch
and some re: her family and anti-suffrage, 1880s.
Primarily clippings, most discarded after microfilming.
- 89f+. Poster removed from #88
- 90. Scrapbooks. Include some correspondence; articles, some by Catharine Waugh McCulloch
and some re: her family and anti-suffrage, Late 1880s?
Primarily clippings, most discarded after microfilming.
- 91. Scrapbooks. Include some correspondence; articles, some by Catharine Waugh McCulloch
and some re: her family and anti-suffrage, 1890s?
Primarily clippings, most discarded after microfilming.
- 92. Convention and other programs, flyers, etc. some re: League of Women Voters, 1888,
1899, 1902-1930, n.d.
- 93. Suffrage cartoon, cards, etc., 1920, n.d.; also pamphlet, etc., re: Anna Howard Shaw,
pamphlet by Frances Willard.
Chicago (Ill.)--Politics and government
Illinois--Politics and government
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
Women--Suffrage--Caricatures and cartoons
Addams, Jane, 1860-1935
Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966
Anthony, Lucy Elmina
Arthur, Clara Blanche
Avery, Rachel Foster, 1858-1919
Babcock, Elnora Monroe
Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950
Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909
Blankenburg, Lucretia M. Longshore, 1845-1937
Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston, 1866-1948
Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926
Carlsson-Evald, Emmy, 1857-1946
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
Clay, Laura, 1849-1941
Crossett, Ella Hawley
Darrow, Clarence, 1857-1938
Dever, William E. (William Emmett), 1862-1929
Douglas, Emily Taft
Dunne, Edward Fitzsimmons, 1853-1937
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1838-1909
Gordon, Kate M., 1861-1932
Gougar, Helen Mar Jackson, 1843-1907
Gulliver, Julia H.
Harbert, Elizabeth Boynton, 1845-1925
Harper, Ida Husted, 1851-1931
Henrotin, Ellen Martin, 1847-1922
Hodgart, Marion S.
Holmes, Mary E.
Illinois Equal Suffrage Association
Ketcham, Emily B.
National American Woman Suffrage Association
Nestor, Agnes, 1880-1948
Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965
Robins, Margaret Dreier
Sanders, Maude McIlvain
Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919
Sherwin, Belle, 1868-1955
Simpson-Poffenbarger, Livia Nye, 1862-1937
Smith, Ida B. Wise (Ida Belle Wise), 1871-1952
Smith, Julia Holmes, 1839-1930
Stewart, Ella Jane Seass, 1871-1945
Taylor, Graham, 1851-1938
Taylor, Lea Demarest, 1883-1975
Upton, Harriet Taylor
Watkins, Minnie A.
Willard, Frances E. (Frances Elizabeth), 1839-1898