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Marshall, Mary Gardner. Collection of Mary Gardner Marshall, 1795-1957: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: 91-M62
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Mary Gardner Marshall
Title: Collection of Mary Gardner Marshall, 1795-1957
Date(s): 1795-1957
Quantity: 1.21 linear feet (1 carton, 1/2 file box), plus 1 folio folder, 1 folio+ folder, 10 folders and 3 volumes of photographs)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, photographs, genealogical material, etc., of the Hammond, Gorham, and Brannan families collected by Mary Gardner Marshall.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 91-M62
These papers, which were inherited and kept by Mary Gardner Marshall (AB Radcliffe 1925), were given to the Schlesinger Library by Caroline Bain and Sherwood Bain, who bought the house in Biddeford Pool, Maine, in which the papers were kept, in April 1991.

Processing Information:

Preliminary inventory: May 1991
By: Eva Moseley Doreen Drury

Access Restrictions:

Access. Unrestricted.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright held by the donors has been transferred to Radcliffe College for the Schlesinger Library.
Copying. Unrestricted.

Preferred Citation:

Mary Gardner Marshall Collection, 1795-1957; item description, dates. 91-M62, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.


These papers document members of the Brannan, Doddridge, and Hemenway families. Elizabeth Hammond Gorham (1822-1910) was born in Boston, the daughter of Daniel and Sally (Stoddard) Hammond. She married Francis Gorham in 1845 and lived in Boston and Cambridge, where her only child, Julia Gardiner Gorham (1848-1925), attended Berkeley Street School.
In 1875 Julia Gardiner Gorham married Joseph Doddridge Brannan (called Dodd; 1848-1930; AB Harvard 1869, LLD 1872) of Cincinnati, Ohio. Except for summer 1883 to summer 1885, when she lived in Europe with Julia Gorham Brannan and the Brannan children, Elizabeth Hammond Gorham lived with the Brannans in Cincinnati from the time of their marriage until 1898, when Joseph Doddridge Brannan returned to Harvard as Bussey Professor of Law. The family thereafter lived at 3 Berkeley street in Cambridge. The Brannans had two children: Frank Doddridge (1876-1955; AB Harvard 1899), and Elizabeth ("Elsa," 1882-1970), who attended Berkeley Street School, studied music, participated in the Vincent Club (Boston), in 1912 married Courtenay Hemenway, a teacher at Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut, and later gave piano recitals.
Elizabeth Hammond Gorham built Rockledge, the house in Biddeford Pool, in 1885; the family had stayed in hotels and boarding houses there beginning in 1873 or earlier. Much of the correspondence in this collection is between family members there and those elsewhere.


The papers consist mainly of correspondence among family members but also include photographs; legal, financial, and genealogical documents; and such miscellaneous items as a wedding book, a diary, and a commonplace book. Of particular interest for social history are the courtship correspondence between Julia Gorham Brannan and Joseph Doddridge Brannan and between Elsa Brannan Hemenway and Courtenay Hemenway, letters between parents and children (especially between mothers and daughters), descriptions of travel and summer holidays, and Joseph Doddridge Brannan's letters to his wife after their marriage, in which he discourses on her good qualities, her shortcomings, and the duties and qualifications of a wife.
The arrangement of the papers is largely that of Caroline Bain, who put the collection in order before donating it.


Container List

Additional Index Terms

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
Commonplace books
Courtship--United States
Germany--Social life and customs--19th century
Husband and wife
Maine--Social life and customs
Massachusetts--Social life and customs
Mothers and daughters
Parent and child
Switzerland--Social life and customs--19th century
Voyages and travels
Ames, James Barr, 1846-1910
Brennan family
Brannan, Frank Doddridge, 1876-1955
Brannan, Joseph Doddridge, 1848-1930
Brannan, Julia Gorham, 1848-1925
Doddridge family
Gorham, Elizabeth Hammond, 1822-1910
Gorham family
Hammond family
Harvard University--Faculty
Harvard University--Students
Hemenway, Courtenay
Hemenway, Elizabeth Brannan, 1882-1970