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Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964. Papers of Jeannette Augustus Marks, 1938-1959: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: 1574
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964
Title: Papers of Jeannette Augustus Marks, 1938-1959
Date(s): 1938-1959
Quantity: 3 linear feet (3 cartons)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Official files, correspondence, and printed material of the New York State branch of the National Woman's Party collected by Jeannette Augustus Marks, writer, lecturer, educator, and feminist.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 1574
This collection was deposited at the Schlesinger Library in April 1969 by Wellesley College and placed on permanent loan in November 1982.

Processing Information:

Preliminary inventory: December 1982
By: Jane Knowles

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Jeannette Augustus Marks as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Jeannette Augustus Marks Papers, 1938-1959; item description, dates. 1574, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.


Jeannette Marks, writer, lecturer, educator, was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee, August 16, 1875, daughter of William Dennis and Jeannette Holmes (Colwell) Marks. She earned her A.B. in 1900 and M.A. in 1903 from Wellesley College. She was professor of English Literature at Mount Holyoke College, 1901-1939, and founder, (1928) and director, (1928-1941), of its Laboratory Theatre. Marks was a member of the National Woman's Party and chairman of the New York State branch, 1942-1947, succeeding Edna Capewell. Marks' permanent residence was at Westport, New York; during the period covered by these papers she lived there with Mary Woolley, former professor at Wellesley College and President Emerita of Mount Holyoke College.


This collection consists of the official files, correspondence, and printed material of the New York State branch of the National Woman's Party (NWP). It documents Marks' reactivation of the branch, its relations with the National Woman's Party National Council and the New York City branch; problems of funding; and lobbying efforts, both in New York State and with the federal government, on behalf of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). The papers from 1946-1947 cover the controversy in the National Woman's Party over its political goals and the consequent schism when, on January 11, 1947, a splinter group (led by Caroline Lexow Babcock, Olive Hurlburt, Laura Berrien, Doris Stevens, Anna Wiley, Gertrude Crocker, Dorothy Granger and Alma Lutz) held a national convention and elected a new executive council to replace the "old guard," represented by Alice Paul and Anita Pollitzer. On January 26, 1947, the new group sued the old so as to validate this election. Marks did not play a central role in the controversy, but she corresponded with the dissidents and favored their bid for control because she supported the national drive for the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment; Paul's group favored redirection of National Woman's Party funds into the World Woman's Party and an international campaign for women's equal rights. Folder titles and arrangement in the National Woman's Party correspondence are largely Marks'.
Related material on the controversy is found in the following Schlesinger Library collections: Babcock/Hurlburt (A-117), Laura M. Berrien (A B533), and Katharine A. Norris (A-38).


Container List

Additional Index Terms

Equal rights amendments
New York (State)--Social conditions
Women's rights
American Association of University Women
Armstrong, Florence A. (Florence Arzelia), 1884-1962
Babcock, Caroline L. (Caroline Lexow), 1882-1980
Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981
Barney, Nora Stanton Blatch, 1883-1971
Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958
Berrien, Laura M.
Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970
Industrial Women's League for Equality
Lutz, Alma
Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964
Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970
National Woman's Party
National Woman's Party. New York State branch
Paul, Alice, 1885-1977
Pollitzer, Anita, 1894-1975
Pryor, Olive
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
Wells, Agnes Ermina, 1876-1959
White, Helen Constance, 1896-1967
Wiley, Anna Kelton, 1877-1964
Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947
World Center for Women's Archives
Wright, Alice Morgan, 1881-1975