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Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, 1885-1961: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: A-61
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, 1874-1961
Title: Papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, 1885-1961
Date(s): 1885-1961
Quantity: 5 linear feet (12 file boxes) plus 1 oversize volume, 1 supersize folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, manuscripts, scrapbooks,etc., of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, social worker, suffragist, and socialist.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession numbers: 51-24, 55-12, 56-91, 56-123, 57-85, 59-5, 59-21, 59-22, 59-44, 59-89, 59-184, 59-265, 59-291, 59-311
The papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt were given to the Schlesinger Library in 1951, 1955, 1956, 1957, and 1959 by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt.

Processing Information:

Reprocessed: September 1985
By: Doreen Drury, Elizabeth Young

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research with the exception of folders 254-267, which are closed; use digital objects or microfilm (M-59).

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt Papers, 1885-1961; item description, dates. A-61, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.


The following items have been removed from the collection:


Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt was born in Rochester, New York, on December 17, 1874, to Frederick Holland and Jennie Ledyard (Wilcox) Cross. After graduating from high school in Rochester, she attended Wells College in Aurora, New York, and received her A.B. in 1897. From 1898 to 1900 Kitchelt was a resident and voluntary worker at the George Junior Republic in Freeville, New York, an institution for the care of dependent and delinquent children.
Between 1900 and 1907 Kitchelt was a social worker at a number of settlement houses, including the College Settlement, Rivington Street, New York City; Little Italy House, Brooklyn; Lowell House, New Haven, Connecticut; and the Davis Street Settlement in Rochester. During this time she became particularly interested in working with Italian immigrants, and spent several months of 1907 in Italy, reportedly "to gain knowledge of the conditions which surround the Italians in their native land." Returning to Rochester, she opened a housekeeping center in the city's Italian neighborhood in September 1907.
In June 1911, Kitchelt married Richard Kitchelt, a native of New York City and an active socialist. The couple had no children.
By 1915, Kitchelt had become a proponent of woman's suffrage. Moving to New Haven, Connecticut, in 1918, she continued her suffrage work. She became the Citizenship Director of the Connecticut League of Women Voters in 1920, and was Executive Director of the Connecticut League of Nations Association, 1924-1944.
Once an outspoken opponent of the Equal Rights Amendment, Kitchelt became Chairman of the Connecticut Committee for the ERA in 1943. She actively supported the group until 1956 when she and her husband moved to Ohio to live with Kitchelt's sister, Dorothy Zeiger.
Kitchelt was the author of several books of poetry: Poetry in the Boston Common (1910); The Public (1912); The Twentieth Century (1912); and a book of prose, The World's Work (1912). She was also on the editorial board of The Common Good, a Rochester magazine. Throughout her life, Kitchelt was an active socialist and a member of the Unitarian Society. She died in Wilberforce, Ohio, on April 4, 1961.


The collection is arranged in nine series:


This collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, scrapbooks, pamphlets, leaflets, and clippings that document Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt's various activities. Her journals describe the National American Woman Suffrage Convention of 1916, her suffrage work in Connecticut during 1918, and her travels at home and abroad. The collection also contains letters from her husband and other family members.


Container List

Additional Index Terms

Connecticut--Social conditions
Emigration and immigration
Equal rights amendments
International organization
Italian Americans--New York (State)
Journals (notebooks)
New York (N.Y.)--Social conditions
Rochester (N.Y.)--Social conditions
Social service
Social settlements
Social workers
Voyages and travels
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
Women's rights
American Law Institute
Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906
Avery, Nina Belle Horton
Babcock, Caroline L. (Caroline Lexow), 1882-1980
Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937
Barzun, Jacques, 1907-2012
Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958
Benton, William, 1900-1973
Blatch, Harriot Stanton, 1856-1940
Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986
Bromley, Dorothy Dunbar, 1896-1986
Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973
Bulkley, Mary Ezit, 1856-1947
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971
Cam, Helen M. (Helen Maud), 1885-1968
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
Chase, Margaret Hatfield
Chase, Stuart, 1888-1985
Connecticut Committee for the Equal Rights Amendment
Connecticut League of Nations Association
Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association
Cross, Wilbur L. (Wilbur Lucius), 1862-1948
Dewey, Thomas E. (Thomas Edmund), 1902-1971
Earle, Louise S.
Frost, Elinor White
Gannett, Mary T. L.
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935
Goodrich, Annie Warburton, 1866-1954
Grant, Jane
Griswold, Alfred Whitney, 1906-1963
Hamilton, Alice, 1869-1970
Hayes, Helen, 1900-1993
Hepburn, Katharine Houghton, 1878-1951
Hickey, Margaret A., 1902-1994
Houghton, Dorothy Deemer, 1890-1972
Huntington, Ellsworth, 1876-1947
Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952
Kelly, Myra, 1876-1910
Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972
Kitchelt, Richard
Laski, Harold Joseph, 1893-1950
League of Women Voters (U.S.)
Leopold, Alice K., 1906-1982
Lerner, Max, 1902-1992
Lewis, John Llewellyn, 1880-1969
Libby, Frederick J. (Frederick Joseph), 1874-1970
Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987
Ludington, Katherine, 1885-1956
Lutz, Alma
McWilliams, Carey, 1905-1980
Mead, Lucia True Ames, 1856-1936
Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956
Mesta, Perle, 1889-1975
Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970
Montagu, Ashley, 1905-1999
Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972
Morgan, Laura Puffer, 1874-1962
National Woman's Party
Oxnam, G. Bromley (Garfield Bromley), 1891-1963
Pandit, Vijaya Lakshmi, 1900-1990
Paul, Alice, 1885-1977
Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989
Perkins, Frances Johnson Beecher, 1832-1903
Phillips, Lena Madesin, 1881-1955
Pollitzer, Anita, 1894-1975
Porter, Sylvia Field, 1913-1991
Randolph, Bessie Carter, 1885-1966
Reid, Helen Rogers, 1882-1970
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
Sachar, Libby E.
Schlesinger, Elizabeth Bancroft, 1887-1977
Scott, Frances K.
Sherwin, Ella M.
Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-1995
Soss, Wilma
St. George, Katherine
Swing, Raymond Gram, 1887-1968
Tead, Ordway, 1891-1973
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972
Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965
Wiley, Anna Kelton, 1877-1964
Woodhouse, Chase Going, 1890-1984
Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947
World Center for Women's Archives
Wriston, Henry M. (Henry Merritt), 1889-1978
Young, Josephine Edmonds