Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt,
1885-1961: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: A-61
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, 1874-1961
Title: Papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, 1885-1961
Quantity: 5 linear feet (12 file boxes) plus 1 oversize volume, 1 supersize folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, manuscripts, scrapbooks,etc., of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt,
social worker, suffragist, and socialist.
Accession numbers: 51-24, 55-12, 56-91, 56-123, 57-85, 59-5, 59-21, 59-22, 59-44, 59-89, 59-184, 59-265,
The papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt were given to the Schlesinger Library
in 1951, 1955, 1956, 1957, and 1959 by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt.
Reprocessed: September 1985
By: Doreen Drury, Elizabeth Young
Access. Collection is open for research with the exception of folders 254-267, which
are closed; use digital objects or microfilm (M-59).
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt as well
as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the
authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt Papers, 1885-1961; item description, dates. A-61,
folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge,
The following items have been removed from the collection:
- Consumers' League of the City of New York. Report for 1905.
- Kitchelt, Florence and Farrow, Tierra. Report on a minor survey of the administration
of criminal justice in Hartford and New Haven and Bridgeport, Conn. In Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, v. 17, no. 3, November 1926, pages 333-457.
- Kitchelt, Florence Cross To those asleep. (poem) In Twentieth Century Magazine v. 6., no 5, September 1912, page 1
- Kitchelt, F.C. ed. My experience as an immigrant (Antonio Simonettis dictated to Florence
Ledyard Cross Kitchelt. In The Common Good of Civic and Social Rochester, v.6, no. 4,6, and 8. January, March, and June 1913)
- New York State Woman suffrage party. Annual report, 1917.
- Wells College verse, 1868-1918. Aurora, New York  contains poem by Florence
Ledyard Cross Kitchelt
- American Academy of Politics and Social Science Annals, January 1947. (Essential human
- Kenyon, Dorothy and Kitchelt, Florence. Is the Equal Rights Amendment equitable to
women? In Talks, v.11, no. 4, October 1946.
- Northcroft, D.M. Women at Work in the League of Nations. Keignley, Wadsworth, & Co., 1927. also 1928-1929 ed.
- Harrison, Gladys Against "Equal Rights" by constitutional amendment, a reply Washington,
Committee on Legal Status of Women, National League of Women Voters, December 1928.
- Addams, Jane. A function of the social settlement. American Academy of Politics and
Social Science publication no. 251, May 16, 1899.
- Abbott, Edith & Breckinridge, S.P. The wage-earning woman and the State. Boston, Boston
Equal Suffrage Association for Governors, 1912.
- [Sprague] Blanche Hazard The life of primitive woman. The Cornell reading courses,
v.4., no. 91. July 1, 1915.
- College settlement, New York 9 pamphlets.
- Addams, Jane. The subjective value of social settlements. reprint n.d. 13 pages
- College Settlements Association. After 25 years... from C.S.A. anniversary report,
- Henry Street Settlement. Report, 1893-1913.
- Journal of Human Relations. Winter 1956. For Kitchelt: "A chapter in the history of
Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt was born in Rochester, New York, on December 17, 1874,
to Frederick Holland and Jennie Ledyard (Wilcox) Cross. After graduating from high
school in Rochester, she attended Wells College in Aurora, New York, and received
her A.B. in 1897. From 1898 to 1900 Kitchelt was a resident and voluntary worker at
the George Junior Republic in Freeville, New York, an institution for the care of
dependent and delinquent children.
Between 1900 and 1907 Kitchelt was a social worker at a number of settlement houses,
including the College Settlement, Rivington Street, New York City; Little Italy House,
Brooklyn; Lowell House, New Haven, Connecticut; and the Davis Street Settlement in
Rochester. During this time she became particularly interested in working with Italian
immigrants, and spent several months of 1907 in Italy, reportedly "to gain knowledge
of the conditions which surround the Italians in their native land." Returning to
Rochester, she opened a housekeeping center in the city's Italian neighborhood in
In June 1911, Kitchelt married Richard Kitchelt, a native of New York City and an
active socialist. The couple had no children.
By 1915, Kitchelt had become a proponent of woman's suffrage. Moving to New Haven,
Connecticut, in 1918, she continued her suffrage work. She became the Citizenship
Director of the Connecticut League of Women Voters in 1920, and was Executive Director
of the Connecticut League of Nations Association, 1924-1944.
Once an outspoken opponent of the Equal Rights Amendment, Kitchelt became Chairman
of the Connecticut Committee for the ERA in 1943. She actively supported the group
until 1956 when she and her husband moved to Ohio to live with Kitchelt's sister,
Kitchelt was the author of several books of poetry: Poetry in the Boston Common (1910); The Public (1912); The Twentieth Century (1912); and a book of prose, The World's Work (1912). She was also on the editorial board of The Common Good, a Rochester magazine. Throughout her life, Kitchelt was an active socialist and
a member of the Unitarian Society. She died in Wilberforce, Ohio, on April 4, 1961.
The collection is arranged in nine series:
- Series I. Biography and Correspondence
- Series II. Publicity: Newspaper and Radio
- Series III. Special Topics
- Series IV. Equal Rights Amendment
- Series V. Legal Matters, Debates in Congress, etc.
- Series VI. Individuals and Organizations
- Series VII. Scrapbooks
- Series VIII. Journals
- Series IX. Correspondence
This collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, scrapbooks, pamphlets, leaflets,
and clippings that document Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt's various activities.
Her journals describe the National American Woman Suffrage Convention of 1916, her
suffrage work in Connecticut during 1918, and her travels at home and abroad. The
collection also contains letters from her husband and other family members.
- Box 1: 1-13
- Box 2: 14-35
- Box 3: 36-69
- Box 4: 70-98
- Box 5: 99-140
- Box 6: 141-177
- Box 7: 178-205
- Box 8: 206-243
- Box 9: 244-253, 268-281
- Box 10: vol.1-vol.8
- Box 11: vol.9; 254-267
- Box 12: 254-267
- Series: I. Biography and Correspondence
- 1a. Autograph letters, signed from Elinor White & Josephine Edmonds Young, 1893-1899
- 1b. Autograph letters, signed from Elinor White & Josephine Edmonds Young, 1893-1899
- 1. Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross - Biographical and Personal
- 2. Kitchelt - Testimonials 1925-1944 1c. Photographs of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt
and Richard Kitchelt.
- 3. Probation Officer, Essex Market Court, New York City 1901-1902
- 4. Letters re: 1) New York State Fed. of Women's Clubs meetings Nov 1903; 2) National
Society of New England Pen Women December 1903
- 4a. Letters 1905 3) Visit to Owen D. Young's, Cambridge December 1903
- 5. Little Italy Neighborhood Association, Brooklyn 1906
- 6. Association of Practical Housekeeping Centers, Rochester, New York 1900-1910 and work
- 7. Bureau of Information for foreigners, Rochester, New York 1910 and Strike of Italian
- 8. Street and Sewer Laborers' Strike, Rochester, New York 1910
- 9. Wedding: June 25, 1911, press notice, and ms of special service
- 10. Articles by and about Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt in suffrage campaign, 1905-1922
- 11. "Theodore" in the Common Good volume 7, number 12 - September 1914; in abridged form in The Survey volume 72, number 17, July 25, 1914
- 12. Suffrage-Rochester, New York 1915-1917
- 13. Suffrage-Connecticut, 1914 - 1918
- 14. Conn. Woman Suffrage Campaign, Diary of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt's work in
Suffrage Campaign, April 1-November 9, 1918
- 15. Suffrage Campaigning, 1918 - Richard and Florence Cross Kitchelt: monthly reports-Connecticut
- 16. Citizenship Committee, Conn. Woman Suffrage Assoc, League of Women Voters; 1920-1923,
reports and letters: 1920-1925
- 17. Poems, stories, etc. 1906-1926, 1930-1957
- 19. re the Press. Manuscript of "Newspaper and the getting of news" and article as published
in "The Woman Citizen", February 10, 1923; also miscellaneous articles re the press
- 20. Scrapbook (unbound) of writings, 1930-1953
- 21. Press notices and published letters, 1943-1948
- Series: II. Publicity: Newspaper and Radio
- 27. Clippings-Conn. papers - Bridgeport Sunday Herald, Hartford Courant, New Canaan Advertiser
- 28. Christian Science Monitor
- 36. Herald Tribune, New York
- 42. New Haven Journal Courier
- 46. New York Times Book Review
- 47. New York Times Magazine
- 49. Saturday Evening Post
- 50. Saturday Review of Literature
- 58. Woman's Home Companion
- Series: III. Special Topics
- 60. Susan B. Anthony - Hall of Fame
- 62. Articles on Birds by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt
- 68. Women and the League of Nations
- Series: IV. Equal Rights Amendment
- 69. Connecticut Committee for the Equal Rights Amendment
- 70. Connecticut E.R.A.-Minutes of the first meeting for organization, July, 1943
- 71. Connecticut E.R.A.-First Annual Conference - July, 1944
- 72. Connecticut E.R.A.-State Meeting - February 24, 1945
- 73. Meeting May 3, 1945; Hearing on H.J.R. at the Capitol
- 74. Annual Conference, 1956 (Connecticut Committee for E.R.A.)
- 75. Letter of April 7, 1947 concerning Connecticut E.R.A.
- 76. Connecticut Committee E.R.A.; February 16, 1948
- 77. Discussion; Conference March 27, April 24, 1949
- 78. April, 1949; short leaflet
- 80. January-February, 1950; ERA - Hayden rider
- 83. Letter, etc.-January 1952
- 84. Men and Women Speak: leaflet and correspondence re leaflet, 1952
- 85. United Nations 1952-1953; Convention on Political Rights for Women
- 86. February, 1953-Letter
- 87. 1953-Equal Status SJRIII
- 88. Senate: E.R.A., July, 1953
- 89. BPW: E.R.A., July, 1953
- 90. Conn. Comm for E.R.A. Conference, July, 1953
- 91. Conn. Comm. for E.R.A., 1954
- Series: V. Legal Matters, Debates in Congress, etc.
- 93. American Law Institute
- 94. Conn. State Bar Assoc.
- 95. Equal Rights, Subcommittee Hearings, 1938
- 96. Senate Debate; July, 1946
- 97. Congress, 80th and 81st S. 1556, S. 706, H.R. 4408
- Series: VI. Individuals and Organizations
- 100. A.A.U.W.-Study Outline from the Status of Women Com.
- 101. Americans for Democratic Action
- 105. Avery, Mrs. Nina Belle Harton
- 106a. Babcock, Caroline Lexow
- 111. Bartlett, Geo. Bradford
- 113. Beard, Mary R. (Mrs. Charles Beard)
- 116. Blatch, Harriet Stanton
- 118. Borg, Mrs. Sidney C.
- 120. Bromley, Mrs. Dorothy Dunbar
- 122. Brunauer, Esther Caukin
- 123. Buck, Mrs. J. L. Blair
- 128. Cam, Professor (Harvard)
- 130. Catt, Carrie Chapman
- 131. Chase, Stuart and Margaret
- 133. Civil Liberties Union 1945-1956
- 136. Cummings, Mrs. Homer
- 145. Giddings, Franklin H.
- 146. Gilman, Charlott Perkins Stetson
- 148. Griswold, A. Whitney (Pres. Yale University)
- 153. Hepburn, Mrs. Thomas N.
- 156. Houghton, Mrs. Hiram Cole
- 157. Huntington, Ellsworth
- 159. Jaques, Florence Page
- 160. Johnstone, Mrs. Francis Upton
- 163. Lasbury, Mrs. Ralph C., Jr.
- 165. League of Nations Association (Conn. branch)
- 166. League of Women Voters, Conn. 1920's
- 167. League of Women Voters, Conn. 1940's
- 168. League of Women Voters, National
- 174. Luce, Mrs. Clare Booth
- 175. Ludington, Katherine
- 177. Lutz, Alma, 1944-1949
- 178. Lutz, Alma, 1950-1956-9
- 184. Mastin, Florence Ripley
- 190. Miller, William J. (Congressman from Conn.)
- 193. Morgan, Laura Puffer
- 195. National Republican Party, Conn.
- 196. National Woman's Party
- 197. National Office-Nat'l Woman's Party; Letters from Alice Paul and others 1943-1949
- 198. National Office-Nat'l Woman's Party; Letters from Alice Paul and others 1950-1955
- 199. Information Bulletin - Nat'l Woman's Party
- 200. Nimmanahaeminda, Ruang
- 209. Phillips, Lena Madesin
- 210. Pickel, Margaret Barnard (Dean of Women Columbia University)
- 211. Pollitzer, Anita (National Woman's Party)
- 212. Pope, Liston (Dean, Yale Divinity School)
- 215. Redick, Frances Burke
- 217. Robbins, Leonard H. (re gardens and railroad act - Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt)
- 219. Roosevelt, Mrs. Eleanor (Mrs. Franklin)
- 220. Rosenberg, Anna Marie
- 221. Sachar, Judge Libby E.
- 222. St. George, Katherine
- 225. Schlesinger, Elizabeth B. (Mrs. Arthur)
- 226. Scott, Dr. K. Francis
- 233. Smuts, Jan Christian
- 234. Soss, Wilma - Stockholders
- 237. Talbot, Joseph E. 5th C.D.
- 239. Truman, H.S. President
- 240. U.S. Senate, 1945-1946
- 244. Wilder, Isabella T.N.
- 245. Wiley, Anna Kelton (Mrs. Harvey W.)
- 246. Connecticut Federation of Women's Clubs
- 247. Women's Clubs, General Federation
- 248. Woodhouse, Mrs. Chase Going
- 250. Wright, Mrs. Leslie B.
- 253. Correspondence, 1957-1960
- Series: VII. Scrapbooks
- v.1. Miscellaneous, Photographs
- v.2. "Adolescence in the idealistic and sentimental 1890ties."
- v.3. 1896-1907 College settlement; Probation officer; George Junior Republic
- v.4. 1907-1917; Good Housekeeping Center
- v.5. 1907-1918; Good Housekeeping Center; Suffrage Campaign
- v.6. 1918-1923; Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association, League of Women Voters
- v.7. 1924-1931; League of Women Voters, League of Nations Association - Conn.
- v.8. 1891-1939; clippings re Richard Kitchelt saved by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt
- v.9. Guest and Scrapbook, 1911-1960, photographs
- Series: IX. Correspondence
- 268. Letters to cousin, Darwin W. Congdon. 1890-1893, 1960.
- 269. Letters to Antoinette Foster. 1891-1893
- 270. Letters from Mother and Father in England. 1910
- 271. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1911-1916
- 272. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1917
- 273. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1918
- 274. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1919
- 275. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1920
- 276. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1921
- 277. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1922
- 278. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1924
- 279. Letters from Richard Kitchelt. 1925-1926
- 280. Kitchelt, Mr. Richard. Radio scripts. 1939-1940.
- 281. Florence Kitchelt Radio scripts. 1936
Emigration and immigration
Equal rights amendments
Italian Americans--New York (State)
New York (N.Y.)--Social conditions
Rochester (N.Y.)--Social conditions
Voyages and travels
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
American Law Institute
Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906
Avery, Nina Belle Horton
Babcock, Caroline L. (Caroline Lexow), 1882-1980
Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937
Barzun, Jacques, 1907-2012
Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958
Benton, William, 1900-1973
Blatch, Harriot Stanton, 1856-1940
Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986
Bromley, Dorothy Dunbar, 1896-1986
Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973
Bulkley, Mary Ezit, 1856-1947
Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971
Cam, Helen M. (Helen Maud), 1885-1968
Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
Chase, Margaret Hatfield
Chase, Stuart, 1888-1985
Connecticut Committee for the Equal Rights Amendment
Connecticut League of Nations Association
Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association
Cross, Wilbur L. (Wilbur Lucius), 1862-1948
Dewey, Thomas E. (Thomas Edmund), 1902-1971
Earle, Louise S.
Frost, Elinor White
Gannett, Mary T. L.
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935
Goodrich, Annie Warburton, 1866-1954
Griswold, Alfred Whitney, 1906-1963
Hamilton, Alice, 1869-1970
Hayes, Helen, 1900-1993
Hepburn, Katharine Houghton, 1878-1951
Hickey, Margaret A., 1902-1994
Houghton, Dorothy Deemer, 1890-1972
Huntington, Ellsworth, 1876-1947
Ickes, Harold L. (Harold LeClair), 1874-1952
Kelly, Myra, 1876-1910
Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972
Laski, Harold Joseph, 1893-1950
League of Women Voters (U.S.)
Leopold, Alice K., 1906-1982
Lerner, Max, 1902-1992
Lewis, John Llewellyn, 1880-1969
Libby, Frederick J. (Frederick Joseph), 1874-1970
Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987
Ludington, Katherine, 1885-1956
McWilliams, Carey, 1905-1980
Mead, Lucia True Ames, 1856-1936
Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956
Mesta, Perle, 1889-1975
Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970
Montagu, Ashley, 1905-1999
Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972
Morgan, Laura Puffer, 1874-1962
National Woman's Party
Oxnam, G. Bromley (Garfield Bromley), 1891-1963
Pandit, Vijaya Lakshmi, 1900-1990
Paul, Alice, 1885-1977
Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989
Perkins, Frances Johnson Beecher, 1832-1903
Phillips, Lena Madesin, 1881-1955
Pollitzer, Anita, 1894-1975
Porter, Sylvia Field, 1913-1991
Randolph, Bessie Carter, 1885-1966
Reid, Helen Rogers, 1882-1970
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
Sachar, Libby E.
Schlesinger, Elizabeth Bancroft, 1887-1977
Scott, Frances K.
Sherwin, Ella M.
Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-1995
St. George, Katherine
Swing, Raymond Gram, 1887-1968
Tead, Ordway, 1891-1973
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972
Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965
Wiley, Anna Kelton, 1877-1964
Woodhouse, Chase Going, 1890-1984
Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947
World Center for Women's Archives
Wriston, Henry M. (Henry Merritt), 1889-1978
Young, Josephine Edmonds