Inman, Mary, 1894-1986. Papers of Mary Inman, 1940-1983: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: 78-M137--87-M142
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Mary Inman, 1894-1986
Title: Papers of Mary Inman, 1940-1983
Quantity: 5 linear feet (5 cartons) plus 1 folio folder, 1 oversize volume, 2 audiocassettes)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, financial and medical records, photographs, etc., of Mary Inman, trade
union organizer, Marxist theorist, and author.
Accession numbers: 78-M137, 87-M82, 87-M142
The papers of Mary Inman were given to the Schlesinger Library by Mary Inman in July,
August, and November 1978, and by her executor, Helen Turner, in May and September 1987.
Preliminary inventory: November 1992
By: Jennie Guilfoyle
Access. Collection is open for research. An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Mary Inman is held by the President
and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library or whomever. Copyright
in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Mary Inman Papers, 1940-1983; item description, dates. 78-M137--87-M142, folder #.
Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Mary Inman, Communist and crusader for women's rights, was born Ida May Inman on June
11, 1894, in Burnside, Kentucky, to James Jett and Mildred (Taylor) Inman. Inman was
the last of her parents' nine children; her mother and an older sister died by the
time she was thirteen, leaving Inman to manage the household for her father and five
brothers. She did this until 1917, when she married James Frank Ryan. Their union
was a happy one and lasted until his death in 1959.
When Inman was sixteen, she became a member of Eugene V. Debs's Socialist Party. After
her marriage, she took a job, joined the Railroad Workers' Union, and spent several
years doing trade union organizing. She lived more than half her life in California,
first in Los Angeles and then in Long Beach. After moving there, she became an active
member of the Communist Party although she drew censure from some Party members for
her advocacy of women's rights.
Inman's efforts to incorporate women's rights with Marxism began in 1934, when she
read Clara Zetkin's pamphlet, Lenin on the Woman Question. She urged various party leaders to write a document which would help women organize
themselves as a labor force. When no one responded to her call, she rented an office
and wrote her first book, In Woman's Defense. She adopted the pen name Mary Inman, which she used from then on with most people
outside her immediate family.
Inman spent the rest of her life writing articles, pamphlets, and many letters and
giving speeches insisting that women's work in the home is a necessary form of labor
that deserves wages and unions. Her writings include the newspaper, Facts for Women, which she edited and published from 1943 to 1946, and the pamphlet, The Two Forms of Production under Capitalism.
The collection includes correspondence with family, friends, and fellow Communists;
other letters concerning her ideas and writings; a number of family documents, Mary
Inman's financial and medical records, and other personal documents; two audiotapes;
notes for and copies and proofs of her various writings; photographs; a scrapbook
of newspaper articles; and numerous pamphlets and articles she saved, most dealing
with Marxism and feminism. With the exception of materials relating to Facts for Women
and In Woman's Defense, most of the collection dates from the last twenty-five years
of her life.
The papers have been arranged in three series:
Series I, Personal and biographical (#1-90), includes autobiographical writings by
Inman; her birth and marriage certificates and other personal documents; audiotapes;
photographs, financial records for Inman, James Frank Ryan, and Inman's sister, Florence
Anderson; and correspondence, both personal and business.
Series II, Writings (#91-164), includes copies of Inman's newspaper, drafts and published
copies of her books and articles, speeches, lectures, correspondence relating to her
writings, and notes and quotations.
Series III, Writings by others (#165-180f), consists of articles and pamphlets written
by others and saved by Inman.
- Carton 1: 1-46
- Carton 2: 47-90
- Carton 3: 91vo-119v
- Carton 4: 120v-156
- Carton 5: 157-179
- Series I. PERSONAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL
- 1. Autobiographical writings
- 2. Mary Inman's birth certificate and marriage license, etc.
- 3at. Mary Inman's talk at her 86th birthday party, June 8, 1980; includes an autobiographical
account and readings of poems by members of the Industrial Workers of the World.
REQUEST AS T-205, reel 1.
- 5. James Frank Ryan's personal documents, including birth and death certificates
- 6. Game patent of Mary Inman and James Frank Ryan, 1958
- 7. Legal documents for Florence and Lee Anderson, including birth and death certificates
- 8. Documents re: ownership of 2709 E. 8th St., Long Beach, Calif.
- 9. Writings by Mary Inman on persecution by neighbors
- 10. Photographs: Mary Inman, family, friends, home, 1921-1980, n.d.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 11. Clippings about Mary Inman
- 13. Medical prescriptions, notes, and information
- 14. Wallet and union membership book
- 17. Magazine subscriptions
- 18. Financial. Business records re: Vandermark property, 1957-1978
- 19. Financial. Correspondence re: Vandermark property, Marathon Oil Company, 1959-1967,
- 20. Financial. Correspondence re: Belle Vandermark case, 1959, 1961
- 21. Financial. Tax returns, 1950-1978
- 22. Financial. Tax returns for sister, Florence Anderson, 1943-1958
- 23. Financial. Financial record books, 1944
- 24. Financial. Telephone Employees' Credit Union financial records
- 25. Financial. Homestead claims and realtors' requests for 2705 E. 8th St., Long Beach,
- 26. Financial. Miscellaneous
- 27. Correspondence. Mary Inman to mother, 1941
- 28. Correspondence. Teddy and Faye Allen, 1970-1976
- 29. Correspondence. Gertrude Anderson, 1962-1971
- 30. Correspondence. Susan B. Anthony II, 1940-1942
- 31. Correspondence. Herbert and Bettina Aptheker, 1940-1941, 1961-1962, 1978
- 32. Correspondence. George and Ruth Bishop, 1969-1982
- 33. Correspondence. Elisabeth Mann Borgese, 1965-1966
- 34. Correspondence. Hope and Jim Busby, 1968-1982
- 35. Correspondence. Elsie and Jack Crane, 1965-1966
- 36. Correspondence. Samuel Adams Darcy, 1965-1966, 1972
- 37. Correspondence. Cathy Dreyfuss, 1973
- 38. Correspondence. Arline Flood, 1963-1970
- 39. Correspondence. Arline Flood, 1971-1978
- 40. Correspondence. Reverend Stephen Fritchman, 1960-1976
- 41. Correspondence. Harrison George, 1940-1941, 1947, n.d.
- 42. Correspondence. Harrison George, 1940-1941
- 43. Correspondence. Barbara Hadley, 1940-1941
- 44. Correspondence. Lorna Hall, 1973
- 45. Correspondence. Mildred Inman (cousin), 1964-1977
- 46. Correspondence. Marguerite Joseph, 1972-1977
- 47. Correspondence. Bertha Keaton, 1961-1966
- 48. Correspondence. Jay D. Keaton, 1970-1982
- 49. Correspondence. Kay Landon, 1966-1971
- 50. Correspondence. Adele Liskov, 1974-1976
- 51. Correspondence. Hyman Lumer, 1972-1973
- 52. Correspondence. Hadassah Marsh, 1941.
Includes reference copy of photograph; original photograph in #10.
- 53. Correspondence. Elsa Maxwell, ca.1941
- 54. Correspondence. Holland Roberts and Elsa Peters Morse, 1961-1964
- 55. Correspondence. Holland Roberts and Elsa Peters Morse, 1965-1972
- 56. Correspondence. Effie Moses, 1941
- 57. Correspondence. Fred Muller, 1973-1974
- 58. Correspondence. Howard Parsons, 1970-1974
- 59. Correspondence. Naomi Rutledge, 1973-1977
- 60. Correspondence. Ellen Ryan (sister-in-law), 1959, 1961
- 61. Correspondence. Gladys Ryan (sister-in-law), 1969-1981
- 62. Correspondence. Dan Shephard, 1976-1980
- 63. Correspondence. Cleo Sims, 1941
- 64. Correspondence. George Sims, 1973-1975
- 65. Correspondence. George Sims, 1976-1977
- 66. Correspondence. Dr. Harry Steinmetz, 1972
- 67. Correspondence. Gertrude Stoughton, 1941, 1956
- 68. Correspondence. Anna Louise Strong, 1942
- 69. Correspondence. The Nation, 1966-1976
- 70. Correspondence. Schlesinger Library, 1978
- 71. Correspondence. Smithsonian Institution, 1978-1981
- 72. Correspondence. United States Post Office, about delivery of "Communist propaganda,"
- 73. Correspondence. First Unitarian Church of Los Angeles, 1960-1982
- 74. Correspondence. Unitarian-Universalist Fellowship of Long Beach, 1978-1980
- 75. Correspondence. United Nations Section on the Status of Women, 1967-1970, 1972
- 76. Correspondence. Mary Inman to USSR. Stalin, 1946
- 77. Correspondence. Mary Inman to USSR. Brezhnev, 1967
- 78. Correspondence. Mary Inman to USSR. USSR Embassy, 1967
- 79. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters from Mary Inman, 1939-1967
- 80. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters from Mary Inman, 1967-1974
- 81. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters from Mary Inman, 1975-1979, n.d.
- 82. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters to Mary Inman, 1940-1947
- 83. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters to Mary Inman, 1950-1962
- 84. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters to Mary Inman, 1964-1969
- 85. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters to Mary Inman. From family, 1965-1977
- 86. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters to Mary Inman, 1977-1983
- 87. Correspondence. Miscellaneous letters to Mary Inman. Form letters, 1960-1980, n.d.
- 88. Correspondence. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1963-1964
- 89. Correspondence. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1969-1971
- 90. Correspondence. Miscellaneous correspondence, 1972-1978
- Series II. WRITINGS
- 91vo. Scrapbook with articles by and about Mary Inman, 1940-1941; includes PHOTOGRAPH.
- 92. Photographs: Chicago Peace Mobilization conference?, removed from #91vo, n.d.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 93. Lectures and speeches. KFVD radio scripts, 1939-1940
- 94. Lectures and speeches. Workers School materials, 1940-1941
- 95. Lectures and speeches. Lecture by Mary Inman, "Women's Role in the Present Crisis,"
- 96. Lectures and speeches. Miscellaneous speeches
- 97. Articles on women and Marxism. Pamphlet, "13 Years of C.P.U.S.A Misleadership on the
Woman Question," 1949 (2 annotated copies)
- 98. Articles on women and Marxism. "How Different Are Men and Women?" n.d.
- 99. Articles on women and Marxism. "The Importance of Marxism to Women," n.d.
- 100. Articles on women and Marxism. "Can the Strangling Hand of Browder Revisionism Be
Removed from the Throats of Women in these Perilous Times?" 1962
- 101. Articles on women and Marxism. "The Fight within the Progressive Movement to Organize
- 102. Articles on women and Marxism. "The Woman Question in the USA," n.d.
- 103. Articles on women and Marxism. "The Plot to `Drive the Communists Out of Public Life
and the Democrats Out of Office' as Agents of a Foreign Power," n.d.
- 104. Articles on women and Marxism. "Maternity as a Social Function," in Political Affairs, 1973; also letter to Mary Inman.
- 105. Articles on women and Marxism. Short articles on women and Marxism, n.d.
- 106. Re: Declaration of Discrimination Against Women, 1972. Notes and drafts for letter
- 107. Re: Declaration of Discrimination Against Women, 1972. Letter to Morris Rubin, Carey
McWilliams, Gilbert Harrison, and Gus Hall asking for support
- 108. Appeal to C.P.U.S.A. to withdraw endorsement of Landy's Marxism and the Woman Question, 1975
- 109. Mary Inman's newspaper, Facts for Women, 1943
- 110. Mary Inman's newspaper, Facts for Women, 1944-1946
- 111. Mary Inman's newspaper, Facts for Women. Correspondence, 1943-1947, n.d.
- 112. Mary Inman's newspaper, Facts for Women. Copyrights, 1943-1946
- 113. In Woman's Defense. Drafts. Chapters
- 114. In Woman's Defense. Drafts. Chapters
- 115. In Woman's Defense. Drafts. Pages 1-155
- 116. In Woman's Defense. Drafts. Pages 156-320
- 117. In Woman's Defense. Drafts. Chapters 1-17
- 118. In Woman's Defense. Drafts. Chapters 18-33
- 119v. In Woman's Defense. Paperback copy, 1940
- 120v.-121v. In Woman's Defense. Two hardback copies, 1940
- 122. In Woman's Defense. Book marks advertising In Woman's Defense.
- 123. In Woman's Defense. Correspondence, 1940-1941
- 124. In Woman's Defense. Copyright renewal, 1967
- 125. Woman-Power, 1942. Draft
- 126. Woman-Power, 1942. Draft. Chapters 1 and 2
- 127. Woman-Power, 1942. Draft. Chapters 3 and 4
- 128. Woman-Power, 1942. Draft. Chapters 5 and 6
- 129. Woman-Power, 1942. Draft. Chapters 7 and 8
- 130. Woman-Power, 1942. Draft. Chapters 9 and 10
- 131. Woman-Power, 1942. Draft. Chapter 17
- 132. Woman-Power, 1942. Revised galley proofs
- 133. Woman-Power, 1942. Paperback copy, 1942
- 134. Woman-Power, 1942. Copyright renewal, 1970
- 135. Correspondence re: Mary Inman's publications. Book orders, 1940-1942, n.d.
- 136. Correspondence re: Mary Inman's publications. Re: Woman-Power, 1942-1944
- 137. Correspondence re: Mary Inman's publications. Re: Facts for Women, In Woman's Defense, and Woman-Power, 1940-1948
- 138. Correspondence re: Mary Inman's publications, 1964-1977
- 139. The Two Forms of Production Under Capitalism, 1964. Draft
- 140. The Two Forms of Production Under Capitalism, 1964. 2 paperback copies
- 141. Drafts of unpublished book, Woman and the Basic Fraud. Chapters 1-9
- 142. Drafts of unpublished book, Woman and the Basic Fraud. Chapters 10-20
- 143. Drafts of unpublished book, Woman and the Basic Fraud. Chapters 21-32
- 144. Drafts of unpublished book, Woman and the Basic Fraud. Chapters 32-41
- 145. Drafts of unpublished book, Woman and the Basic Fraud. Chapters 1-12
- 146. Drafts of unpublished book, Woman and the Basic Fraud. Chapters 12-24
- 147. Drafts of unpublished book, Woman and the Basic Fraud. Chapters 24-41
- 148. "The Road to Plenty," chapters 1-13
- 149. "The Road to Plenty," pages 115-255
- 150. Drafts of chapters on women's subjugation under capitalism
- 151. Early writings on women
- 153. Notes for writings. Re: women
- 154. Notes for writings. Re: Marxist theory
- 155. Notes for writings. Re: homosexuality
- 156. Notes for writings. After 1964
- 157. Notes for writings. By Mary Inman?
- 158-160. Notes for writings. Miscellaneous
- 161. Notes and quotations. General
- 162. Notes and quotations. General
- 163. Notes and quotations. Quotations from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin
- 164. Notes and quotations. Quotations from news articles
- Series III. WRITINGS BY OTHERS
- 165. Letters, writings re: George Gallagher, 1941-1946
- 166. By Harrison George. Book, The Crisis in the C.P.U.S.A. ,1947
- 167. By Harrison George. Writings on women
- 168. By Harrison George. Draft of "The Question of the Housewife in the Present Situation"
- 169. Book, New Soviet Legislation on Marriage and Family, by P. Sedvgin
- 170. Articles by Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, John Williamson, and Margaret Cowl
- 171. Articles re: women and housework
- 173. Writings re: Bernadette Doyle
- 174. Miscellaneous. Various writings by others
- 175. Miscellaneous. Literature from the California Youth Legislature, 1941
- 176. Miscellaneous. Pamphlets
- 177. Miscellaneous. Pamphlets
- 178. Miscellaneous. Articles
- 179. Miscellaneous. Articles
- 180f. Miscellaneous. Soviet Woman, 1971
Women and socialism--United States
Women labor union members--United States
Women's rights--United States
Aptheker, Herbert, 1915-2003
Strong, Anna Louise, 1885-1970