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MC 227

Holway, Amy Richardson, 1894-1949. Papers of Amy Richardson Holway, 1917-1949: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MC 227
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Holway, Amy Richardson, 1894-1949
Title: Papers of Amy Richardson Holway, 1917-1949
Date(s): 1917-1949
Quantity: .42 linear feet (1 file box)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, diaries, notes, etc., of Amy Richardson Holway, missionary and teacher.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 1115
The papers of Amy Richardson Holway were deposited with the Schlesinger Library in January 1967 by her sister-in-law, Hope Holway.

Processing Information:

Processed: June 1976
By: Lou Ann Walker


Access. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Amy Richardson Holway as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Existence and Location of Copies:

Folder #3 is available on microfilm. Please request as M-59, reel 974, no. M16.

Preferred Citation:

Amy Richardson Holway Papers, 1917-1949; item description, dates. MC 227, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.


Amy Richardson Holway, missionary and school principal in China, was born in East Sandwich, Massachusetts in 1894, and was graduated from Sandwich High School in 1912 and then from Mount Holyoke College. In 1917 she went to Shanghai as a missionary; she was principal of the Mary Bridgman Normal School during the 1920's, but was replaced by a Chinese when the Republic was established in 1927. She remained at the school as a teacher, however, until a severe illness caused her to return to the United States. Holway brought with her one of her pupils, E-oong (Helen) Gaw: she wanted E-oong to have an American, Christian education so that she could return to China as a missionary.
E-oong was graduated with honors from Mount Holyoke College, attended Yale University and there married Wu-chi Liu; together they returned to China as university professors, but numerous difficulties, described in E-oong's correspondence with Hope Holway, led to their eventual return to the United States.
Amy Holway, after returning from China, taught at Rhode Island State College and later at Merrill-Palmer School in Detroit, Michigan; at the same time she did post-graduate work, earning a doctorate in education from Harvard just before her death in 1949.


This collection consists of Amy Holway's letters to her family and of diaries and notes she made while in China; a biographical sketch of Amy Holway; and notes about E-oong and her daughter. In addition to the originals, there are typed transcripts of almost all the letters and documents in the collection.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

China--Social life and customs
Chinese--United States
Women missionaries
Mary Bridgman Normal School (Shanghai, China)