Bernays, Doris Fleischman, 1892-1980. Papers of Doris Fleischman Bernays, 1914-1977:
A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© 1986 President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: 1072--77M211
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: Doris Fleischman Bernays, 1892-1980
Title: Papers of Doris Fleischman Bernays, 1914-1977
Quantity: 1.42 linear feet (1 carton, 1 file box) plus 2 oversize folders
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, photographs, etc., of Doris Fleischman Bernays, author,
editor, feminist, and public relations consultant.
Preliminary inventory: March 1986
By: Anne Engelhart
Accession numbers: 1072, 1217, 70-10, 74-5, 77-M211
The papers of Doris (Fleischman) Bernays were given to the Schlesinger Library in
1966, October 1967, February 1970, January 1974, and December 1977.
Access. Collection is open for research.
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Doris Fleischman Bernays is held by
the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright
in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Doris Fleischman Bernays Papers, 1914-1977; item description, dates. 1072--77M211,
folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute,
There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Doris Fleischman Bernays
Additional papers, 1915-1978 (86-M79
The daughter of Samuel and Harriet (Rosenthal) Fleischman, Doris Elsa (Fleischman)
Bernays was born in New York City on July 18, 1892. She graduated from the Horace
Mann School in 1909 and in 1913 received her bachelor's degree from Barnard College.
Upon graduation she took a job as a reporter for the New York Tribune, where she served successively as assistant women's page editor and assistant Sunday
editor. An ardent feminist, she wrote on many issues of concern to women and was
a participant in the first Women's Peace Parade in New York in 1917.
In 1919 Doris Fleischman Bernays left newspaper work to join her future husband, Edward
L. Bernays, in his new public relations firm in New York. It was largely through
their pioneering efforts that the principles, practices, and ethics of the new profession
of public relations were established. The firm went on to advise many important men,
women, and organizations, including Dwight Eisenhower, Sigmund Freud, and Henry Ford.
Doris Fleischman Bernays and Edward L. Bernays were married in 1922; they had two
daughters. Doris Fleischman Bernays set a precedent in 1923, when the United States
State Department issued her the first passport to a married woman under her maiden
name. She continued to use her maiden name until 1955, when she decided that the
continually required explanation was too much of a nuisance.
Doris Fleischman Bernays contributed articles to the Ladies' Home Journal, the American Mercury, the Saturday Reivew of Literature, McCall's, and other periodicals. She was the editor of An Outline of Careers for Women (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1919), and a contributor to America As Americans See It (1932) and to Varied Harvest (1953), an anthology of writings by Barnard College graduates. In 1955 she published
her bestselling memoir, A Wife Is Many Women (New York: Crown).
Doris Fleischman Bernays was the vice-president of the Edward L. Bernays Foundation,
president of the Woman Pays Club, and vice-president of the Lucy Stone League. A
member of Women in Communications (the National Society of Women in Journalism and
Communications), she received its highest honor, the National Headliner Award, in
1972. In 1961 Doris Fleischman Bernays and Edward L. Bernays moved to Cambridge,
Massachusetts, where Doris Fleischman Bernays died following a stroke on July 11,
This collection consists of Doris Fleischman Bernays's correspondence, writings, source
notes for A Wife Is Many Women, and background material on equal pay, household employment, and the status of women.
The correspondence is largely professional; the bulk of it covers the genesis and
development of A Wife Is Many Women (1949-1955) and Doris Fleischman Bernays's work with the Lucy Stone League (1950-1952),
the Woman Pays Club (1956-1973), and Women in Communications (1971-1973). The writings
include typescripts of stories and articles, clippings of articles and book reviews,
and a portion of an unpublished science fiction novel.
Folder headings are the donor's; information in brackets has been added by the processor.
- Carton 1: 1-42
- Box 2: 43-55
- 1.Professional correspondence and writings. [Letters to Doris Fleischman Bernays re:
her work at the New York Tribune, 1914-1932; includes "Philosophy and Menthol."]
- 2.Professional correspondence and writings. [Clippings of articles by Doris Fleischman
Bernays in New York Times, etc., 1914-1916]
- 3o.Professional correspondence and writings. [Clippings of articles by Doris Fleischman
- 4.Professional correspondence and writings. Detective--old [typescript and manuscript
of story, 1929, 1931]
- 5.Professional correspondence and writings.
McCall's--servants [ts. of article, correspondence re: "Domestic Situations--Not Wanted,"
- 6.Professional correspondence and writings. Servants--comments--McCall's [correspondence, 1945-1946]
- 7.Professional correspondence and writings. ["The Mother Who Lost Her No," children's
story, typescript, 1946]
- 8.Professional correspondence and writings. ["Pleasant Dreams, Dr. Gay," typescript,
- 9.Professional correspondence and writings. "Heartless Melitia" [typescript, evaluation,
clippings, 1948, 1958]
- 10.Professional correspondence and writings. American Mercury [correspondence re: "Notes of a Retiring Feminist," 1948-1949, 1955; includes article.]
- 11.Professional correspondence and writings. Roads [typescript drafts of uncompleted
science fiction book, 1950s]
- 12.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Very early correspondence, [1949-1954]
- 13.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Very early correspondence, 
- 14.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Very early correspondence. [Publicity]
- 15.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Joyce Lubold 
- 16.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Miscellaneous [1955-1956]
- 17.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Benn Hall [publicity arrangements, 1955]
- 18v.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Chronology of A Wife Is Many Women [re: evolution, publication, publicity, 1956]
- 19.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Outlines [of untitled autobiography, n.d.; typescript of chapters, n.d.]
- 20-22o.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Duplicates of clips and ads [1955-1957]
- 23.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Production order file
- 24.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. Introduction (source material) [1948-1953]
- 25.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. "The Magic Aye"--introduction (not used)
- 26.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. Housewife (source notes)
- 27.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. Housewife (not used)
- 28.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. "Horse and Buggy" (not used)
- 29.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. Money (not used)
- 30.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. "Knife and Fork Judgments" (source material) [1949;
includes ration books.]
- 31.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. "Knife and Fork Judgments" (not used)
- 32.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. Double (not used) [re: chapter on working with husband;
- 33.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. "Butterfly in Armor--Love" (not used)
- 34.Professional correspondence and writings. [Re: A Wife Is Many Women.] Source material and notes. Servant problem--notes not used [1950-1969]
- 35.Professional correspondence and writings. Book reviews--recent [correspondence, typescript
drafts of reviews, articles, 1968-1972]
- 36.Other correspondence. Mary Beard/Bernays [1952-1953; includes article and speech by
Mary Beard, 1947, 1950.]
- 37.Other correspondence. Horace Mann, class of 1909 [clippings, class list, correspondence
re: reunion, 1951]
- 38.Other correspondence. [Re: dispute over Barnard College student living with male student,
- 39.Lucy Stone League. Survey on name [correspondence re: changing name of Lucy Stone
League, 1950-1952; also general correspondence, history, bylaws, etc.]
- 40.Lucy Stone League. Equal pay luncheon, Nov. 20, 1951 [talk by Frieda Miller, program,
- 41.Lucy Stone League. Equal pay [clippings, 1950]
- 42.Woman Pays Club. Correspondence, [1956-1962, n.d.; includes photograph and letters
from Caroline Simon]
- 43.Woman Pays Club. Correspondence, [1968-1973, n.d.]
- 44.Woman Pays Club. [Membership lists, newsletters, bylaws, 1957-1970]
- 45.Woman Pays Club. [Clippings, 1959-1960]
- 46. Washington conference/Equal pay [news releases, program of National Equal Pay Conference,
March 31, 1952]
- 47. WIC [Women in Communications (founded as Theta Sigma Phi): newsletters, correspondence,
- 48. Headliner Award--Houston [speech, correspondence re: Theta Sigma Phi award, 1971-1972]
- 49. Music committees [correspondence re: Community Music Center of Boston, Chromatic Club
of Boston, 1970-1973]
- 50. [Speech at Radcliffe Club re: career in public relations, n.d.; letters from Caroline
Simon re: Schlesinger Library, 1969-1970; "Progression" (poems), 1977.]
- 51.Notes, correspondence re: Doris Fleischman Bernays's research. Equal pay activities
- 52.Notes, correspondence re: Doris Fleischman Bernays's research. Household employment--data
- 53.Notes, correspondence re: Doris Fleischman Bernays's research. Frustrated [notes re:]
myths and preconceptions and nonsense [re: status of women]
- 54-55.Notes, correspondence re: Doris Fleischman Bernays's research. [Notes from readings,
The following catalog entries represent persons, organizations, and topics documented
in this collection.
An entry for each appears in the Harvard On Line Library Information System (HOLLIS)
and other automated bibliographic
databases. THIS IS NOT AN INDEX.
Bernays, Edward L., 1891-1995
Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958
Equal pay for equal work
Household employees--United States
Lucy Stone League
Manuscripts for publication
Married women--Legal status, laws, etc.
Miller, Frieda S.
Public relations consultants
Simon, Caroline K. (Caroline Klein)
Woman Pays Club
Women authors, American
Women editors--United States
Women in Communications, inc.
Women journalists--United States.
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
The following items have been removed from the collection:
- Matrix, summer and fall 1971, summer 1972, winter 1972-1973; deposited in the Schlesinger
Library book division, March 1986.
- Duplicate printed material re: Doris Fleischman Bernays; deposited in the Schlesinger
Library biography file, May 1986.
- Clippings, newsletters, and other printed material re: status of women, women in advertisements,
equal pay for women, etc., ca. 1945-1972; deposited in the Schlesinger Library subject
file, May 1986.
- Leather pouch for ration coupons; returned to Edward Bernays, May 1986.