MC 531; Vt-139; DVD-2
Caroline, Nancy L. Papers of Nancy L. Caroline, 1905-2007: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Processing of this collection was made possible by a gift from the Edward, Frances
and Shirley B. Daniels Fund, and from the estate of Nancy L. Caroline.
Call No.: MC 531; Vt-139; DVD-2
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Caroline, Nancy L.
Title: Papers of Nancy L. Caroline, 1905-2007
Quantity: 23.27 linear feet (52+1/2 file boxes, 1 folio+ box) plus 2 folio folders, 1 folio+ folder, 2 oversize
folders, 1 supersize folder, 5 objects, 1 videotape, 1 DVD, 67 photograph folders,
2 folio photograph folders, 1 folio+ photograph folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English, German, Hebrew, and Yiddish.
Abstract: Papers of Dr. Nancy Caroline, pioneer in the training of paramedics and emergency
medical technicians. Caroline worked in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and in Israel and
Accession numbers: 2003-M88, 2004-M46, 2005-M30, 2006-M64, 2006-M157, 2007-M163. Accession numbers 2006-M157 and 2007-M163 were added in May 2017.
These papers were given to the Schlesinger Library by the estate of Nancy Caroline
in July 2003, with additional donations from her mother, Zelda Caroline, and her brother, Peter Caroline, between April 2004 and August 2007.
Processed: January 2006
By: Susan Earle
Access. Unrestricted, except that personal information in #43.7 is closed until January
1, 2052; in #45.2 until January 1, 2030; in #45.4 until January 1, 2053; and in #46.22
until January 1, 2038 An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual material.
Copyright in the papers of Nancy L. Caroline is held by the President and Fellows
of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection
may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. For reproduction of all or some of the papers for dissemination via the internet
the permission of the donor's literary executor is required.
Nancy L. Caroline. Papers, 1905-2007; item description, dates. Collection MC 531,
folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge,
Nancy Lee Caroline, daughter of Leo and Zelda Caroline, was born on June 27, 1944,
in Newton, Massachusetts. From a young age, Caroline had a strong social conscience
and a strong sense of her identity as a Jew; these two qualitites informed many of
the professional and personal choices she made throughout her life. She began her
medical career while still a teenager, as a photographer and lab worker at Massachusetts
General Hospital, and received her B.A. in linguistics from Radcliffe College and
her M.D. from Case Western Reserve University in 1966 and 1971, respectively. After
carrying out residencies at University Hospitals and the Veterans' Administration
Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, Caroline began a fellowship in critical care medicine
at the University of Pittsburgh. In 1974, the university received a grant from the
United States Department of Transportation to create a curriculum for nation-wide
emergency medical services; this project was overseen by Dr. Peter Safar, but much
of the work was delegated to Caroline, who also served as advisor to President Gerald
Ford on emergency medical services.
Safar also recruited Caroline as medical director of the Freedom House Enterprises
Ambulance Service, which provided emergency medical care to the city of Pittsburgh.
The ambulance service had been established in 1967, to provide an opportunity for
underprivileged African Americans to train as paramedics; the organization had encountered
police opposition and financial and administrative difficulties and was on the brink
of collapse when Caroline became involved. Despite Caroline's successful rehabilitation
of the service, funding was cut in 1975, when the city of Pittsburgh decided to launch
its own ambulance service. In 1976, Caroline became deputy director of the emergency
department of Shadyside Hospital in Pittsburgh. During the 1970s Caroline met Dr.
Eugene L. Nagel, who was head of the City of Miami (Florida) Fire Rescue and Paramedic
Vision and who was one of the developers of the Biocom modulator, a device that transmitted
EKG readings from an ambulance to a hospital. He arranged for her to visit Magen David
Adom, the Israeli counterpart of the Red Cross, in the late 1970s.
In 1977, Caroline immigrated to Israel, where she began work as the first medical
director of Magen David Adom. Caroline developed a training program which enabled
emergency workers to respond to terrorist attacks within minutes, but she experienced
some frustrations with Magen David Adom and left in 1981. She served as medical consultant
to several hospitals before relocating, in 1982, to Nairobi, Kenya, to become Senior
Medical Officer of the African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF). At AMREF,
she managed the Flying Doctors emergency service, conducted classes for health workers
throughout Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and southern Sudan, and wrote a weekly health
advice column, "Ask Dr. AMREF," for the The Standard, Kenya's main daily newspaper. During this time she also served as a medical consultant
for the League of Red Cross Societies, writing a handbook on basic life support and
running a Red Cross seminar on first aid for African nations. She also worked with
the Ethiopian Orthodox Church to provide better nourishment and health care to children
in over 600 orphanages, and developed a non-profit organization, Agro-Africa Limited,
which set up small-scale agricultural projects to provide assistance to victims of
Kenya's massive droughts. In addition, Caroline served as director of medical programs
for the American Joint Distribution Committee in Addis Ababa, overseeing medical projects
in the Gondar Province.
Returning to Israel in 1987, she served as medical consultant for the Center for Educational
Technology and for AMREF, developing training materials in emergency medicine and
writing correspondence courses for rural health workers in Africa. She also served
as an adjunct professor at the University of Pittsburgh's medical school, and, on
a volunteer basis, as a doctor and medical advisor for Magen David Adom, the Department
of Oncology at Chiam Sheba Medical Center, and Tel Hashomer Hospice. In 1995, concerned
about the limited care provided patients with advanced cancer, she founded the Hospice
of the Upper Galilee; this hospice cared for her when she herself became ill with
cancer. In 2002, she married geneticist and molecular biologist Lazarus Astrachan,
whom she had first met while in medical school. She died at home in Metulla, Israel,
of multiple myeloma on December 12, 2002.
Caroline wrote numerous books and articles, primarily in the field of emergency medical
services. In 1979, her book, Emergency Care in the Streets, became the first, and, for a decade, the only, resource for paramedic care; several
editions of this book have been published. The following is a list of additional books
written by Caroline.
- National Training Course, Emergency Medical Technician, Paramedic: Course Guide, 1977
- Workbook for Emergency Care in the Streets (with James C. McClintock), 3rd edition, 1987
- Ambulance Calls: Review Problems for the Paramedic, 3rd edition, 1991
- CPR for All: An Illustrated Manual of Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) in
Adults, Children, and Infants (with Ilan Yeshua), 1991
- Emergency Medical Treatment: A Textbook for EMT-As and EMT-Intermediates, 1991
- A Manual for Instructors Adapted to Emergency Medical Treatment, 3rd edition, 1991
- Workbook for Emergency Medical Treatment: Review Problems for EMTs: With Answers, 1991
- Handbook of Prehospital Medications, 1995
- Study Guide for Emergency Care in the Streets, 5th Edition, 1995
- Handbook of Palliative Care (with Alexander Waller), 2nd edition, 2000
- Nancy Caroline's Emergency Care in the Streets, 6th edition, 2008.
The collection is arranged in seven series:
- Series I. Family papers
- Series II. Biographical and personal
- Series III. Writings
- Series IV. Correspondence
- Series V. Professional
- Series VI. Photographs
- Series VII. Addenda
This collection documents Caroline's private and professional life, and provides information
on the Freedom House Ambulance Service and on the development of emergency medical
care in Israel and Africa. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, school
notes, essays, newspaper columns, articles, and other writings, photographs, school
yearbooks, and memorabilia, including wooden objects and sixteen buttons and a ribbon
originally attached to a 3.5"x28" strip of fabric. There is material in German, Hebrew,
and Yiddish. The bulk of the folder headings were created by Caroline; those folder
headings created by the processor appear in square brackets.
Additional material received in 2006 and 2007 (accession numbers 2006-M157 and 2007-M163)
was added to the collection in May 2017. These materials are housed in Series VII.
Addenda (#49.1-54.11, F+D.1), PD.65-PD.70, and PD.1f+; single items were added to
#14.15, 15.1, 15.2, 40.7, and 45.13.
Series I, Family papers (#1.1-1.11, OD.1), consists of family trees, and correspondence,
essays, poems, and clippings related to members of Caroline's extended family, including
her parents, brother Peter, sister-in-law Sally, and nieces Rebecca and Melinda. The
series is arranged chronologically.
Series II, Biographical and personal (#1.12-14.10, 48.1m-48.2m, FD.1-FD.2, OD.1, 47F+B.1v),
consists of four subseries, arranged chronologically, except where noted.
Subseries A, Biographical (#1.12-1.17), consists of Caroline's curricula vitae and
other items providing information about her life.
Subseries B, Personal (#1.18-3.6, 48.1m-48.2m, FD.1-FD.2, OD.1, 47F+B.1v), consists
of personal items kept by Caroline, such as a coloring book she designed with her
brother, visas, passports, and political buttons. Also included are two scrapbooks
covering Caroline's life until approximately 1971. These include childhood Valentines,
report cards, letters of sympathy on the death of Leo Caroline, and photographs of
friends and of neighborhoods in Boston and Cleveland. (Several photographs of Boston's
West End are included, as well as Caroline's essays on the demise of that neighborhood.)
The scrapbooks also include clippings on local and national events, and items related
to Caroline's involvement in the civil rights movement, such as her ticket to the
15th anniversary convention of the Americans for Democratic Action in 1962.
Subseries C, Diaries ( #3.7-9.9), offers a detailed look at Caroline's life from the
age of 10 to 52. Entries provide information on her schooling; her thoughts about
family and religion, particularly her identity as a Jew; her feelings for Israel;
work; and romantic relationships. Included is a moving description of her trip to
Atlanta in April 1968, to attend Martin Luther King Jr.'s funeral. Pages and entries
in several volumes have been torn out, presumably by Caroline. Several folders include
clippings in Hebrew or Yiddish. This subseries is closed until December 31, 2012.
Subseries D, Schoolwork and research (#9.10-14.11, OD.1), consists primarily of notes
for courses taken at Radcliffe. Also included are school yearbooks, elementary and
high school report cards, Caroline's own childhood assessments of her elementary school
accomplishments, her undergraduate thesis and correspondence regarding the possibility
of its publication, notes on experiments undertaken in medical school, and records
dealing with medical boards and licensing. The subseries is arranged in the following
groupings: elementary and high school, college, leukemia research (including an unpublished
novel), and medical school and licensing.
Series III, Writings (#14.12-16.15), consists of two subseries.
Subseries A, Articles (#14.12-15.9), contains published articles with supporting correspondence.
Topics range from the curative powers of chicken soup to death with dignity, to emergency
medical response to a terrorist attack. Some rejection slips are also included here.
Subseries B, Other writings (#15.10-16.15), consists of poetry and prose by Caroline,
including an unpublished novel, essays on the professors and doctors who played key
roles in her life and on experiences in hospital work, memories of her childhood home,
other autobiographical writings, some rejected articles, and publicity material for
her books. This subseries is arranged chronologically.
Series IV, Correspondence (#16.16-40.5, 48.3m, OD.1), consists of three subseries.
Subseries A, By correspondent (#16.16-31.3, 48.3m, OD.1), includes correspondence
with Caroline's mother, brother, and eventual husband, as well as with friends and
former teachers. (Correspondence with some of these individuals also appears in Subseries
C.) The subseries provides detailed information about Caroline's work, difficulties
she encountered, and her feelings about Israel. Some letters sent to Zelda Caroline
by other individuals are also included here. The subseries is arranged alphabetically.
Subseries B, Correspondence with publishers (#31.4-35.8, OD.1), is arranged chronologically
and consists of correspondence with Little, Brown and Company and other publishers
of Caroline's books. Correspondence with co-writers and editors is also included.
Caroline's brother Peter provided cartoon illustrations for Ambulance Calls: Review Problems in Emergency Care, and some correspondence focuses on that.
Subseries C, General correspondence (#35.9-40.5), consists of correspondence with
a variety of individuals, some of whom are also represented in Subseries A. Some overlap
with Subseries B also exists. Correspondence with cousins and other relatives is included
here. The subseries is arranged chronologically.
Series V, Professional (#40.6-46.25, FD.1, OD.1-OD.2, Vt-139, DVD-2, Mem.1-Mem.5),
consists of six subseries, arranged chronologically, except where noted.
Subseries A, Freedom House Ambulance Service (#40.6-41.7, Mem.22), describes the development,
activities, and eventual demise of the ambulance service. Detailed descriptions of
daily ambulance runs and types of patients encountered are also included.
Subseries B, Israel (#41.8-42.7, OD.1, SD.1, Mem.1-Mem.2), is arranged first with
correspondence and other documents related to Caroline's decision to immigrate to
Israel, and her work for, and frustrations with, Magen David Adom, followed by material
documenting other aspects of her work in Israel. Included are fragments from a katyusha
rocket which almost hit her in 1981. Some material in this subseries is in Hebrew
Subseries C, Africa (#42.8-45.10, OD.1-OD.2, Mem.3-Mem.5), documents Caroline's work
in various regions of Africa. Included are her health column, "Ask Dr. AMREF," correspondence
with the African Medical and Research Foundation and other agencies, surveys and health
care materials drawn up for Ethiopian orphanages, and materials related to a massacre
in Kenya's Northeast Province. These include a detailed account of the massacre and
Caroline's efforts to provide aid. The series is arranged with folders related to
specific organizations and locales appearing first, followed by more general material.
Subseries D, Conferences and speeches (#45.11-46.1), consists of presentations given
by Caroline, and conference programs and announcements.
Subseries E, Awards, honors, and memorials (#46.2-46.10, FD.1, Vt-139, DVD-2), includes
honors and awards Caroline received during her lifetime, as well as tributes accorded
her after her death.
Subseries F, General (#46.11-46.25, OD.1), includes material related to Caroline's
work at Shadyside Hospital as well as letters of recommendation.
Series VI, Photographs (#PD.1-PD.70, PD.1f+), includes numerous images of Caroline
and family, friends, and colleagues. Photographs of Caroline and emergency workers
in Pittsburgh and in Israel and Africa are included, as well as disturbing images
of victims of a massacre in Kenya. A number of photograph albums focus on Caroline's
farming initiatives in Africa.
Series VII, Addenda (#49.1-54.11, F+D.1), consists of material sent to the library
in 2006-2007, much of which was retained after Caroline's death by her mother and
Eugene Nagel. The bulk of it consists of letters from Caroline to her mother and Eugene
L. Nagel, as well as articles by and about Caroline, eulogies and obituaries.
- Series I. FAMILY PAPERS
- 1.1. Family trees [charts], n.d.
- OD.1. Removed from #1.1: chart
- 1.2. [Leo Caroline], 1951
- 1.3. [David, Frances, Bella, Hugh, and Nancy Stearns], 1963-2001 (scattered), n.d.
- 1.4. [Rabbi Joseph Soloveitchik], 1972, 1992
- 1.5. [Peter Caroline], 1975, 1982, 1984, n.d.
Negative removed to #PD.62; slide removed to #PD.61.
- 1.6. [Rebecca Caroline], 1982, 1995, n.d.
- 1.7. [Melinda Caroline], 1983, 1994
- 1.8. [Albert, Richard, and Esther Sudhalter], 1983-1984, 1999, n.d.
- 1.9. [Caroline family reunion], 1985.
Includes reference copy of photograph; original in #PD.45.
- 1.10. [Schoenwald family], 1988-2002, n.d.
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.45.
- 1.11. [Sally Caroline], 1994
- Series II. BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL
- Subseries A. Biographical
- 1.12. [Clippings (includes German)], 1973-2001, n.d.
- 1.13. [Curricula vitae], 1977, n.d.
- 1.14. Document summaries [list of articles by Caroline], 1997
- 1.15. [Personal data], n.d.
- 1.16. [Biographical information], n.d.
- 1.17. [Summary of clinical training], n.d.
- Subseries B. Personal
- 47F+B.1v. Scrapbook, 1918, 1946-1971, n.d.; includes photographs.
- 1.18. Loose items from scrapbook, 1963-1970, n.d.
Includes reference copy of photograph; original in #PD.45
- FD.1. Removed from #1.20: sheet music and print
- 1.22-2.5. Items from dismantled scrapbook, 1954-1963, n.d. (7 folders)
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.46-PD.54 and #PD.64f.
- OD.1. Removed from #2.1-2.2: scrapbook pages
- 2.6. Photocopy of scrapbook (#1.22-2.5, now dismantled), 1954-1963, n.d.
- 2.7. Loose items from #1.22-2.5, 1954-1961, n.d.
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.55.
- 48.1m. Removed from #2.7: 2 buttons
- 48.1m-1. Newton North High School Riley House button. Round white with green image of leprechaun
waving stick in right hand. Green text bending around image, "Riley House."
- 48.2m. Sixteen political buttons and one ribbon, originally attached to 28"x3.5" strip of
fabric, 1956, 1962-1964, n.d.
- 48.2m-1. Mel King button. Round black with white text, "Mel King says...I Have a Dream Too!"
with two white lines under too.
- 48.2m-2. Edward J. McCormack, Jr. United States Senate campaign button. Round blue with yellow
text, "McCormack for U.S. Senator."
- 48.2m-3. Peace button. Round white with red text, "Work for Peace or Wait for War."
- 48.2m-4. Sane Nuclear Committee. Round white with red image of mushroom cloud with white X
through it. Red text reads, "Prevent Nuclear War Join Sane Nuclear Committee, UN-8-8340"
- 48.2m-5. Mel King Boston School Committee button. Round black with white text, "Melvin H. King
for School Committee."
- 48.2m-6. Anti-Barry Goldwater button. Round gold with black text, "Goldwater in 1864."
- 48.2m-7. Galvin Massachusetts State Senator campaign button. Round white with blue and white
text, "Vote Galvin State Senator." Round yellow tag with black Americans for Democratic
Action (ADA) logo stamped on both sides.
- 48.2m-8. Massachusetts Democratic State Convention aide ribbon, 1962. White with green text,
"Mass. Democratic State Convention" with green bars with white text near top and bottom.
Text in top bar reads, "1962" and bottom reads "Aide."
- 48.2m-9. Endicott Peabody Massachusetts Governor campaign button. Round white with blue-shaded
image of Endicott Peabody in center. Red arch over image with white text reads, "Peabody"
and red and blue text under image reads, "Democrat for Governor."
- 48.2m-10. Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver United States Presidential election campaign button,
1956. Round white with blue text on top and blue with white text on bottom, "Stevenson
- 48.2m-11. We shall overcome button. Round white with green and white image of globe with white
and black hands clasped in front of it. Green text at top reads, "We shall overcome."
- 48.2m-12. Americans for Democratic Action button. Round blue with white text, "ADA."
- 48.2m-13. Americans for Democratic Action buttonhole pin. Shield-shaped white enamel with blue
torch and blue and white text, "ADA."
- 48.2m-14. Edward Brooke campaign button. Round green white text and white banner with green
text, "I Believe in Brooke."
- 48.2m-15. Julius Ansel Boston Mayor Campaign button, 1963. Round white with red and blue text,
"Ansel for Mayor."
- 48.2m-16. Endicott Peabody campaign button. Round white with black and white image of Endicott
Peabody in center and red text bending around image reading, "Time for Peabody."
- 48.2m-17. Mario O. Umana Massachusetts Attorney General campaign button, 1962. Round white with
black and white image of Mario O. Umana in center and blue text bending around image,
"Umana Attorney General"
- 2.8. Nancy Caroline "legal document" [re: consumption of candy and fried foods], 1957
- 2.9. Temple Israel Commencement and Consecration Services programs [with references to
Nancy, Leo, and Zelda Caroline], 1957-1960
- 2.10. Temple Israel Bulletins [with references to Leo and Nancy Caroline], 1957-1966
- 2.11. Selected quotations, 1963, n.d.
- FD.2. Soc. Rel. 120 Coloring Book. Written, produced, and thrust upon the unsuspecting public
by Nancy Caroline and her brother, Peter, of that ilk. March 25, 1963
- 2.12. [International certificate of vaccines], 1970-1986
- 2.13. Passports, 1970-2001; includes photographs.
- 2.14. [Controlled substances registration], 1976
- 2.15. [Helen Larson article, with reference to poem written by Caroline], 1976
- 2.17. Visa application, 1977; includes photograph.
- 2.18. Identification cards, 1977, 1982; includes photograph.
- 3.1. Nancy Caroline membership and business cards, 1988-1992, n.d.
- 3.2. [Tom Powers article], 1994; includes uncataloged photograph.
- 3.3. [Peter Safar: Careers in Anesthesiology (photocopy of title pages, inscribed to Caroline)], 2000
- 3.4. Business cards, addresses, n.d.
- 3.5-3.6. Amharic and Hebrew notes, n.d.
- Subseries C. Diaries
- 9.2. [Journal entries], 1960-1997 (scattered)
- 9.3-9.5. Diaries: visits to Israel, 1970-1977
- 9.6. Aliyah journal, 1977
- 9.7-9.8. Wajir diaries, 1984
- 9.9. Nairobi diary (in Hebrew), 1986
- Subseries D. Schoolwork and research
- 9.10. [Nursery school letter], 1948
- 9.11. [Elementary and high school evaluations], 1952-1956
- 9.12. [Temple Israel Religious School reports], 1954-1957
- 9.13. [Temple Israel Religious School letter and certificate], 1959-1960
- 9.14. [Grade reports], 1957-1960
- 9.15. [High School paper], 1961
- 9.16v. Newtonian: Newton High School yearbook, 1962
- 9.17. [Letter from Temple Israel Religious School re: admission to Radcliffe], 1961
- 9.18. Radcliffe Freshman Register, Class of 1965
- 9.19. Comparative Literature: Folklore, 1961
- 9.20. "Epic (Finley)" Humanities notes, 1961-1962
- 10.2. Mythic Patterns in the Bible, 1962
- 10.3. [College essay], n.d.
- 10.4. Student loan repayment agreement, 1962
- 10.5. Seminar, 1962; includes Social Relations paper, 1963
- 10.6-10.7. Anglo-Saxon I and II, 1962-1963
- 10.8-10.10. Child Development, 1962-1963
- 10.11. Slavic Folklore, 1963
- 10.13. Psychology of Language, 1964
- 10.14-11.1. Schizophrenic Language, 1964, n.d. (2 folders)
- 11.2-11.3. Biology, 1964-1965
- 11.4-11.6. Physics, 1964-1965
- 11.7. Shakespeare, 1964-1965
- 11.8. [Academic records: includes Phi Beta Kappa induction and correspondence re: medical
school], 1964-1966, n.d.
- 11.9-11.10. Linguistics, 1965-1966
- 11.11-11.12. Social Relations, 1965, n.d.
- 11.13. Schizophrenic speech: correspondence re: writing of thesis, 1963-1966
- 11.14. Schizophrenia and psychosis: general, 1965
- 12.1. Schizophrenic speech: papers, 1965-1966, n.d.
- 12.2. Aphasic Language I, n.d.
- 12.3. 'Nonsense' Language; Linguistics; Formal Analysis, n.d.
- 12.4-12.5. Thesis: Full of Sound and Fury: A Study of Deviant Language, 1966?
- 12.6. [Correspondence re: possible publication of thesis], 1967-1973
- OD.1. Removed from #12.6: schedule
- 12.7v. Harvard-Radcliffe yearbook, 1966
- 13.1. Radcliffe commencement program, 1966
- 13.2-13.5. Certificates, diplomas, and licenses, 1966-2001
- FD.1. Removed from #13.2: licenses
- 13.6-13.8. [Research notes], 1966-1968, n.d.
- 13.9-14.1. The Great Experiment, volumes III-V, 1968-1969 (3 folders)
- 14.2. Volume VI: The Human Leukemia Virus and Other Stories, 1967-1969
- 14.3. NOV-Susceptibility in FV(?) Leukemic Mice and Other Attempts, n.d.; includes uncataloged
- 14.4-14.5. The Leukemia Cure, 1970; includes two typescripts, one with letter to Peter Safar.
- 14.6. Case Western Reserve University commencement invitation, 1971
- 14.7. Academic Records: boards in medicine, correspondence, 1973-1978
- 14.8. Medical school loan, 1974
- 14.9. Academic Records: internship, 1974-1977, n.d.
- 14.10. Letters re: medical license renewal, 1979-1980
- Series III. WRITINGS
- Subseries A. Articles
- 14.12. [Articles, poem, and book reviews], 1964-1998; includes chicken soup article.
- 14.13. [Chicken soup article: letters to the editor, including Caroline and cartoon], 1976-1997
- 14.14. Articles co-written with E. Frederick Wheelock, 1968-1970, n.d.
- 14.15. "Death with Equanimity," 1976-1977
- 14.16. "The Decline of Wonder," 1975-1976
- 15.1. "Dying in Academe," 1972-1976; includes clippings.
- 15.2. "Medical Care in the Streets," 1968, 1975-1977
- 15.3. "Medical Care in the Streets" reprint requests, 1977, n.d.
- 15.4. "An Offense Punishable by Life," 1975-1977; includes draft and related paper.
- 15.5. "Paramedic Training in the United States," 1975
- 15.6. "Quo Vadis Intensive Care: More Intensive or More Care?," 1977
- 15.7. "Quo Vadis, Rampart One?," 1976-1977
- 15.8. Rejection slips [and letters], 1967-1978 (scattered), n.d.
- 15.9. "Will the Real Paramedic Please Stand Up?," 1976
- Subseries B. Other writings
- 15.10-15.12. [Poetry and prose], 1961-1996, n.d.
- 16.1-16.2. Recollections of 71 Montvale Road, 1968
- 16.3. [Unpublished articles and papers], 1970-1983, n.d.
Includes reference copy of photograph; original in #PD.56.
- 16.4. [Papers on emergency medical services], 1976
- 16.5. [Good Fences article and correspondence], 1977
- 16.6. "Resurrection in Pittsburgh: The State of the Art," 1977
- 16.7. Woman M.D. [letter and draft article], 1977
- 16.8. Life Supporting Resuscitation and First Aid: A Manual for Instructors of the Lay Public, 1981?
- 16.9. The Deaths of Lazarus Doe, n.d.
- 16.10. Guidelines for Disaster Management, n.d.
- 16.11. [Medical essays], n.d.
- 16.12-16.13. Teachers, n.d.
- 16.14. Review of book by Caroline, 1993
- 16.15. [Publicity for Caroline's books], 1980, 2002, n.d.
- Series IV. CORRESPONDENCE
- Subseries A. By correspondent
- 16.16-17.1. Correspondence logs, 1982-2001 (2 folders)
- 17.2. Abram, Polska Kaplan, 1960, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
- 17.3-19.3. Astrachan, Lazarus, 1996-2002; includes uncataloged photographs.
- 19.4-19.5. Baum, Gerald, 1974-1998
- 19.6-19.7. Ben-Dor, Shmuel (includes Hebrew or Yiddish), 1974-1990, n.d.
- 20.1. Bluestone, Naomi, 1961, 1994-1995, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
- 20.2. Brumberg, Ed, 1961-1963
- 20.3-20.4. Burke, John, 1966-2002, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.56.
- 20.5. Caroline, Leo, 1955
- 20.6. Caroline, Peter, 1953-2002, n.d.
See also Subseries B.
- 48.3-1. Removed from #20.6: Cancer Zodiac symbol medallion
- 20.7. Eulogies: letters to Nancy and Zelda Caroline, 2000-2003
- 20.8. [Birthday, Valentine, and Hanukkah cards from Zelda Caroline], n.d.
- 20.9-21.7. From Zelda Caroline to Nancy Caroline, 1955-2002 (scattered), n.d. (10 folders)
- 21.8. From Nancy Caroline to Zelda and Leo Caroline, 1955, n.d.
- 22.1-23.8. From Nancy Caroline to Zelda Caroline, 1964?-1998 (16 folders)
- 23.9-25.5. Caroline, Zelda, 1998-2002 (13 folders)
- 25.6. "Manny: personal effects," de Sota y Curiel, Victor Manuel, 1972-1975, n.d.
- 25.7. To Eideman, Elaine, 1982-1987, n.d.
- 26.1. Gorsline, John, 1970-2002, n.d.
- 26.2. [Gorsline, John to Zelda Caroline], 1983, 2002
- 26.3. [From "Granny" and "Grandma"], n.d.
- 26.4. Gravenstein, Joachim, 1974-2002.
Includes reference copy of photograph; original in #PD.56.
- 26.5. Jakobson, Svatava, 1966-1987, n.d.
- 26.6. Letter re: Svatava Jakobson, 1997.
Includes reference copy of photograph; original in #PD.57.
- 26.7. Lerner, Ed and Goldstein/Sargon, Miriam, 1962-1975
- 26.8-26.11. Letters to Israel, 1982-1987
- 26.12. Mairs, Nancy, 1986-1996, n.d.
- 27.1. Medalie, Jack, n.d.
- 27.2. Most, Steve, 1963-1970
- 27.3-27.9. Mulligan, Wallace, 1982-2002, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
Also reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.57.
- 27.10. [Mulligan, Wallace to Zelda Caroline], 2003, n.d.
- 27.11-28.5. Nagel, Eugene, 1975-2002, n.d. (6 folders); includes uncataloged photographs.
Also includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.57.
- 28.6-29.2. Prentiss, Geoffrey, 1961-1977, 1979, n.d. (4 folders)
- 29.3. Ross, Chuck and Amy, 2002, n.d.; includes uncataloged photograph.
- 30.3-30.5. Schoenwald, Audrey and Jonathan, 1964-1966, 1977-2002, n.d.
- OD.1. Removed from #30.5: drawing
- 30.6. Shapiro, Robert, 1960-1963
- 30.7. Stearns, Frances and David, 1955
- 30.8-30.10. Storey, Patrick, 1981-2002, n.d.
- 30.11. Sudhalter, Carol to Zelda and Leo Caroline, 1955
- 31.1-31.2. Waller, Alex (includes Hebrew or Yiddish), 1994-2002, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
Also includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.58.
- 31.3. Wheelock, Frederick, 1969-1972, 2002, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
- Subseries B. Correspondence with publishers
- 31.4-31.6. Little, Brown and Company: Emergency Care in the Streets, 1975-1981, n.d.
- 31.7. [Correspondence with journal editors], 1977-1978
- 31.8. [Little, Brown and Company: Caroline's condensed version of correspondence], 1977-1979
- 31.9-33.8. Little, Brown and Company: general correspondence (includes Hebrew or Yiddish), 1977-1994
(15 folders); includes uncataloged photographs.
Slides removed to #PD.61.
- OD.1. Removed from #33.1: poster
- 34.1. Little, Brown and Company: Sarah Boardman, 1979-1980
- 34.2-34.4. Little, Brown and Company: Ambulance Calls, 1979-1981, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
- 34.5. Little, Brown and Company contracts, 1979-1986
- 34.6-35.1. Butterworth/Heinemann (includes Hebrew or Yiddish), 1993-2002, n.d. (6 folders)
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.58.
- OD.1. Removed from #34.7: schedule
- 35.2. Butterworth/Heinemann: Susan Pioli as agent, 2002
- 35.3. Little, Brown and Company, Lippincott, 1995-1997, 2002
- 35.4-35.5. Emergency Care in the Streets: co-authors, 1996-2002, n.d.
- 35.6-35.7. Emergency Care in the Streets: Lippincott, 1996-2002, n.d.
- 35.8. Correspondence re: Palliative Care in the Streets, 2nd edition, 1999
- Subseries C. General Correspondence
- 35.9. General correspondence, "early 1960s," 1956, 1961-1973, n.d.; includes letter from
Campbell Soup Company.
- 35.10-40.5. General correspondence (includes Hebrew or Yiddish), 1974-2002, n.d. (32 folders);
includes uncataloged photographs.
Also includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.58.
- Series V. PROFESSIONAL
- Subseries A. Freedom House Ambulance Service
- 40.6. Freedom House ambulance service, 1968-1978, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs
and photocopy of plaque.
Also includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.58.
- 40.7. Freedom House articles and correspondence, 1972-1979.
- 41.1-41.2. Freedom House debriefing, memos, 1974-1977, n.d.; includes uncataloged photographs.
- 41.3. [Article on Pennsylvania's emergency medical services plan], 1975
- 41.4. Freedom House Ambulance 30-Year Anniversary and Community Celebration, compilation
of clippings, 1997-1998
- 48.3-2. Removed from #41.4: Freedom House ambulance attendant trainee badge
- 41.5. A Few Days in the Life of Freedom House Enterprises, n.d.
- 41.6. A Year in the Life of the Freedom House Enterprises Medical Director, n.d.
- 41.7. [Calls with City of Pittsburgh Medical Intensive Care Unit service], n.d.
- Subseries B. Israel
- 41.8. Aliyah: Dr. Jack Medalie, 1971-1974
- 41.9. Aliyah: Israel, 1976-1977
- 41.10. Aliyah: Magen David Adom: Ron Rozin, 1976-1979
- 41.11. Correspondence: Aliyah and Magen David Adom, 1977-1980, n.d.
- 41.12. Magen David Adom [correspondence regarding contract], 1977-1980
- 41.13. Summary of Magen David Adom operation at the terrorist attack, 1978
- 41.14. ARMDI [American Red Magen David for Israel], 1978-1979, n.d.
- SD.1. Removed from #41.14: map of Magen David Adom stations
- 41.15. Proposal for the reorganization of Magen David Adom in Israel, 1979
- 41.16. [Photocopy of plaque honoring Caroline for contributions to Magen David Adom], 1980
- 41.17. [Magen David Adom salary slips], n.d.
- OD.1. Removed from #41.17: charts
- 41.18. [Response to Coastal Road disaster: essays and clippings], 1978, n.d.
- 41.19. Emergency medical lecture at Ben Gurion University, 1978-1980
- Mem.1-Mem.2. Two rocket fragments. "The Katyusha rocket fragments that almost got me (missed my
head by centimeters and pierced the wall behind me to a depth of 3 inches," June/July
FILED WITH MEMORABILIA.
- 41.20-41.21. CET [Center for Educational Technology; mainly correspondence regarding joint editing
of medical book], 1988-1991, 1998-2000, n.d
- 42.1. Health Ministry emergency medicine, 1994
- 42.2. [Nancy Caroline] Hospice of the Upper Galilee, 1995, n.d.
- 42.3. [The Israeli Ambulance Service], 1996
- 42.4. [Essays on Israel], n.d.
- 42.5. [Hebrew or Yiddish clippings], 1978-1995, n.d.
- 42.6. [Clippings: Israel, with references to Caroline and Magen David Adom], 1979, 1988
- 42.7. [Hebrew or Yiddish documents], 1979-2000 (scattered), n.d.
- Subseries C. Africa
- 42.8. Job inquiries: Africa and Third World, 1967-1982
- 42.9-42.10. AMREF [African Medical and Research Foundation] activities, 1982-1984
- OD.2. Ask Dr. AMREF column, 1983-1984
- 42.11. Correspondence: AMREF, 1988-1990, n.d.
- 42.12-42.13. American Joint Distribution Committee, 1978, 1986-1989, n.d.
- 43.1-43.2. American Joint Distribution Committee: Ethiopia: journals and work materials, 1979,
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.59.
- 43.3-43.4. American Joint Distribution Committee Project proposals/plans, 1986-1987, n.d.
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.59.
- 43.5. American Joint Distribution Committee project: teaching materials and course plans,
- 44.2. Agricultural potential at ten orphanages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church-Council
on Child Care, 1985
- 44.3. Condition of children in Ethiopian Orthodox Church-Council on Child Care orphanages,
- 44.4. Medical status of children at eighteen orphanages of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church-Council
on Child Care, 1986
- 44.5. Proposal for community based health-care system at Ethiopian Orthodox Church-Council
on Child Care orphanages, 1986?
- 44.6. Ethiopian Orthodox Church-Council on Child Care: proposal to establish farming enterprises
at children's homes, n.d.
- 44.7-44.8. League of Red Cross Societies, 1981-1986
- 44.9-44.10. Wajir: donors etc.; 1983-1986, n.d.; includes Barney Frank, Edward Kennedy et al.
Slides removed to #PD.61.
- 44.11. Wajir: correspondence with Kenyan government, 1984-1986
- 44.12-45.1. Wajir: irrigation pumps, agronomy, miscellaneous equipment, 1984-1986, n.d. (2 folders)
- OD.1. Removed from #44.12: architectural plan
- 45.3. Wajir: A Relief Survey, n.d.
- Mem.3. Wooden spoon "carved for me by elderly (Moslem) Somali after massacre of his tribe,"
FILED WITH MEMORABILIA.
- 45.5. "The Last Jews of Eritrea," essay with letter, 1986
- 45.6. Integrated Village Development in Ethiopia, n.d.
- 45.7. Agro-Africa, 1986-1988, n.d.; includes prospectus.
- 45.8. Clothesline to Africa, 1985
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.60
- 45.9. Africa, general, 1981-1984
- 45.10. [Clippings: Africa, with references to Caroline], n.d.
- Mem.4. Wooden jar, with lid, n.d.
FILED WITH MEMORABILIA.
- Mem.5. Small wooden sculpture, n.d.
FILED WITH MEMORABILIA.
- Subseries D. Conferences and speeches
- 45.12. [Letter re: Baltimore conference], April 1975
- 45.13. [Society of Critical Care Medicine talk], 1975-1976
- 45.14. Baltimore conference on emergency medical services and traumatology conference and
- 45.15. [Los Angeles talk], 1976
- 45.16. [Conference programs], 1976, 1989
- 45.17. First International Conference on First Aid at the scene of an accident, June 1979,
Oslo, Norway, 1978-1979.
Slides removed to #PD.61.
- 46.1. [Keynote address, Washington DC], 1989.
Slides removed to #PD.61.
- Subseries E. Awards, honors, and memorials
- 46.2. Supporting documents for Israel Prize nomination, 1969-1986
- 46.3. [Nomination for Pittsburgh University Hospital Hall of Fame], 1976
- 46.4-46.5. "Speaker of the Knesset" prize, including letters of recommendation, supporting materials,
prize ceremony booklet, 1985-1997, n.d.
- FD.2. Certificate: Knesset prize, 1997
- Vt-139.1. Videotape of ceremony: Knesset prize, 1997. 120 minutes?
REQUEST AS Vt-139, reel 1.
- 46.6. [Radcliffe College Alumni Recognition Award: correspondence], 1990
- 46.7. [Tributes to Caroline and her books], 2002-2005
- 46.8. [The Pioneers of EMS: Legends, Leaders, Visionaries; includes Caroline], 2003
- 46.9. [Magen David Adom Nancy Caroline Paramedics library], 2004, n.d.
- OD.1. Removed from #46.9: architectural plan (includes Hebrew or Yiddish)
- DVD-2.1. Opening ceremony: Nancy Caroline Paramedics Library, 2005. 120 minutes.
REQUEST AS DVD-2, reel 1.
- 46.10. Nancy Caroline Research Fellowship, n.d.
- Subseries F. General
- 46.11. [Peter Safar material], 1968-1976, n.d.
Negatives removed to #PD.62.
- 46.12. Letters of recommendation, 1971-1980, 1986, n.d.
- 46.13. [Operative notes: Caroline's first surgical operation], 1972
- 46.14. [Hospital notes], 1972-1973
- 46.15. Letters of appointment, 1975-1999 (scattered)
- 46.16. [Agreement between Shadyside Hospital and Caroline], 1976
- 46.17. Responses to letters of resignation, 1976-1977
- 46.18. Letters from patients, 1976-1977, n.d.
- 46.19. Letters re: possible jobs, 1976, 1979
- 46.20. [Emergency room administration, planning (includes Hebrew or Yiddish)], 1976-1989,
- OD.1. Removed from #46.20: charts
- 46.21. Voice of Shadyside Hospital, 1977
- 46.23. [Emergency medical services: international], 1978-1980, n.d.
- 46.24. [Progress report: improvement of Emergency Medical Services Pilot Study], 1980
- 46.25. [Emergency medical services development in the third world], n.d.
- Series VI. PHOTOGRAPHS
- PD.1-PD.5. Photograph album (dismantled), 1905-1983?; includes Caroline family and friends, Eugene
Nagel and family, Johnny Cash, and David Stearns (Caroline's uncle) as child.
- PD.6f. Nancy Caroline age 2, 1946
- PD.7-PD.8. Images of Nancy Caroline, 1959-1997, n.d.
- PD.9-PD.11. Photographs, 1971-1986, n.d.; includes Victor Manuel de Sota y Curiel.
- PD.12-PD.13. Photograph album (dismantled): Freedom House, 1975; includes Peter Safar.
- PD.14-PD.16. Photograph album (dismantled): Israel and Kenya, 1980-1982; includes photographs of
- PD.17-PD.19. AMREF, 1982-1984
- PD.20-PD.24. Photograph album (dismantled): Kenya, 1982-1987
- PD.25. Photograph album (dismantled): Wajir, 1985; includes clipping.
- PD.26. Wajir slides, from #PD.25, 1985
- PD.27v-PD.30v. Photograph albums: Ethiopia, 1985-1987
- PD.31. Removed from #PD.27v and PD.30v: loose photographs and postcard
- PD.32. Family photographs, including photographs of Peter Caroline's residence, n.d.
- PD.33-PD.35. Black and white images, many of Cleveland, Ohio, n.d.
- PD.36. Israel: Magen David Adom, n.d.
- PD.37-PD.39. Photo albums (dismantled) re: farming in Africa, n.d.
- PD.40-PD.42. [Assorted photographs], 1971-1974, n.d.; includes photocopies of diplomas.
- PD.44. Slides: Gondar Province, Ethiopia, n.d.
- PD.45. Photographs removed from # 1.9-1.10, 1.18-1.20
- PD.46. Photographs removed from #1.21-1.22
- PD.47. Photographs removed from #1.23
- PD.48. Photographs removed from #1.23, 2.1
- PD.49. Photographs removed from #2.1
- PD.50. Photographs removed from #2.2-2.3
- PD.51. Photographs removed from #2.3-2.4
- PD.52. Photographs removed from #2.4
- PD.53. Photographs removed from #2.5
- PD.54. Photographs removed from #2.5, 2.7
- PD.55. Photographs removed from #2.7, 3.8, 6.1-6.4
- PD.56. Photographs removed from #6.7-6.8, 7.2, 16.3, 20.3-20.4, 26.4
- PD.57. Photographs removed from #26.6, 27.5, 27.7, 28.3, 29.4, 29.8-29.9
- PD.58. Photographs removed from #30.2, 31.2, 34.6, 35.1, 39.1, 40.1, 40.4, 40.6
- PD.59. Photographs removed from #43.1, 43.3, 43.7
- PD.60. Photographs removed from #45.2, 45.4, 45.8
- PD.61. Slides from #1.5, 6.4, 29.8, 33.7, 44.10, 45.17, 46.1
- PD.62. Negatives from #1.5, 1.19, 46.11
- PD.63. Negatives, n.d.
Some related photographs in #PD.8, PD.12-PD.13, PD.42, PD.58
- PD.64f. Photograph collage from #2.5
- PD.65. Photographs: Class of 1960, Temple Israel Religious School?
- PD.66. Photographs: Caroline at college graduation, medical school graduation, in Israel,
- PD.67. Photographs: Caroline, 2000, n.d.
- PD.68. Photographs: Caroline with others, 1994-2000, n.d.
- PD.69. Photographs: Ethiopia, 1980s
- PD.70. Photographs: interiors of her house(s)? in Israel, n.d.
- PD.71f+. Photographs: album (disassembled): Kenya and Ethiopia, 1980s
- Series VII. ADDENDA
- 49.1. [Torchbearer, Temple Israel Religious School yearbook, 1960; certificates from junior high school,
- F+D.1. [Scrapbook (disassembled), 1958-2001]
- 49.2. [Items removed from F+D.1: articles by and about Caroline, clippings, letters, 1969-2003]
- 49.3. ["Reflections," New High School literary journal, 1960-1961]
- 49.4. [Articles re: Caroline, 1995-1997; also articles, program re: family members, 1991,
- 49.5. Eulogies for Nancy! (for my family), 2000-2003
- 49.6. [Obituaries, articles, correspondence re: Caroline's death, 2002-2007]
- 49.7. [Articles by Caroline, 1964-1990s, n.d.; also articles by others annotated by Caroline]
- 49.8. [Article by Caroline on the efficacy of chicken soup and letters in response, 1975-1976]
- 49.9. A Manual for Instructors Adapted to Emergency Medical Treatment, 2nd. edition, 1987?
- 50.1. [Articles re: Caroline's work in Israel, 1979-1988; also correspondence re: fundraising
for Magen David Adom, 2005-2006]
- 50.2. [Printed brochure re: Metulla, Israel, 1988; ARMDI (American Red Magen David for Israel)
testimonial luncheon, 1997; Hebrew publication recognizing Caroline et al., 1997]
- 50.3. [AMREF (African Medical and Research Foundation): International 5-year plan, 1979-1984;
AMREF in Action annual report, 1983; "Flying Doctor News," 1983, n.d.]
- 50.4. [AMREF (African Medical and Research Foundation): conference proceedings and manual
re: medical radio communications, 1980, 1982; article re: AMREF pilots, n.d.; decal
of Flying Doctors' Society of Africa]
- 50.5. ["Nagina Hospital and Public Health Report," Kisumu, Kenya, 1983]
- 50.6. [Articles re: Caroline's work in Africa, 1985-1986]
- 50.7. [Correspondence, 1979-2000, n.d.]
- 50.8. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1977]
- 50.9. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1978]
- 50.10. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1979]
- 50.11. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1980]
- 50.12. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1981]
- 50.13. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1982]
- 50.14. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1983]
- 51.1. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1984]
- 51.2. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, January-July 1985]
- 51.3. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, August-December 1985]
- 51.4. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1986]
- 51.5. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1987]
- 51.6. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda: postcards, 1987]
- 51.7. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1988]
- 51.8. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1989]
- 51.9. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1990]
- 52.1. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1991]
- 52.2. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1992]
- 52.3. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1993]
- 52.4. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1994]
- 52.5. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1995]
- 52.6. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1996]
- 52.7. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1997]
- 53.1. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, 1998]
- 53.2. [Caroline to her mother, Zelda, and others, 2002]
- 53.3. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1975-1976]
- 53.4. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1977]
- 53.5. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, January-April 1978]
- 53.6. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, May-December 1978]
- 53.7. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, January-June 1979]
- 53.8. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, July-November 1979]
- 53.9. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1980]
- 54.1. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1981]
- 54.2. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1982]
- 54.3. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1983]
- 54.4. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1984]
- 54.5. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1985]
- 54.6. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1986]
- 54.7. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1987]
- 54.8. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1988-1989]
- 54.9. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel: postcards, 1980s]
- 54.10. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 1990s; includes letters from Judith]
- 54.11. [Caroline mostly to Gene Nagel, 2000s; includes Nagel with others]
Ambulance service--United States
Israel--Emigration and immigration
Manuscripts for publication
Mothers and daughters--United States
Publishers and publishing--United States
Wajir District (Kenya)--Social conditions
African Medical and Research Foundation
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
League of Red Cross Societies
Little, Brown and Company
Magen Daṿid adom
Mulligan, Wallace J.
Nagel, E. (Eugene), 1924-
Safar, Peter, 1924-2003