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MC 528

Palache family. Papers of the Palache family, 1839-2006 (inclusive), 1895-1988 (bulk): A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

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Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College


Processing of this collection was made possible by a gift from Mary and Michael Gellert.

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MC 528
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Palache family
Title: Papers of the Palache family, 1839-2004 (inclusive), 1895-1988 (bulk)
Date(s): 1839-2004
Date(s): 1895-1988
Quantity: 18.14 linear feet (43 + 1/2 file boxes) plus 1 folio folder, 2 folio+ folders, 1 oversize folder, 2 photograph folders, 9 audiotapes)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Papers of mineralogist Charles Palache, his wife Helen (Markham), and their three daughters; Jeannette (Palache) Barker, a teacher; Mary (Palache) Gregory, an architect; and Alice (Palache) Jones, a banker.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession numbers: 2003-M85, 2003-M148, 2005-M61, 2006-M49, 2006-M78, 2008-M56
The papers of the Palache family were given to the Schlesinger Library by Judith Palache Gregory between July 2003 and April 2008.

Processing Information:

Processed: March 2006, materials added and finding aid revised December 2006 and April 2008.
By: Johanna Carll

TERMS OF USE:

Access. Collection is open for research. An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual material.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers of Palache family members is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Palache Family Papers, 1839-2004; item description, dates. MC 528, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

BIOGRAPHY

Charles Palache, son of James and Helen (Whitney) Palache was born in San Francisco, California, on July 18, 1869. He received a B.S. (1891) and a Ph.D. (1894) from the University of California at Berkeley. He joined the Harvard faculty in 1896 as an instructor in mineralogy and was promoted to assistant professor in 1902 and to professor in 1910. He was also served as head of the mineralogy department and curator of the Mineralogy Museum at Harvard. In 1937, he was awarded the first Roebling Gold Medal. He was president of the Geological Society of America (1937), of the Mineralogy Society of America (1921), and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He married Helen Markham on August 15, 1899. Helen (Markham) Palache, daughter of Edward Willoughby and Ann Eliza (Woodruff) Markham, was born in Coldwater, Michigan, on March 28, 1869. She moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts to teach at the Buckingham School, a girls' school organized by her sister, Jeannette (Markham) Scudder. In 1897, she met Charles Palache at one of the dances held at the school for younger members of the Harvard faculty. Charles and Helen had three daughters, Eliza Jeannette (Palache) Barker, Mary (Palache) Gregory, and Alice (Palache) Jones. Helen died on October 27, 1949; Charles on December 5, 1954.
Eliza Jeannette (Palache) Barker, known as Jeannette, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on August 22, 1900. She received her A.B. from Bryn Mawr College (1922), and her M.A. from Radcliffe College (1927). She taught at several schools including the Buckingham School and the Emma Willard School. She married Russell Barker on September 7, 1936. Russell Harold Barker was born in Jefferson, Iowa, on February 8, 1901. He received a B.A. from Northwestern University and a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin. He taught English literature at Williams College, Cornell University, and Russell Sage College, before retiring in 1966. During World War II, he worked for the Office of War Information and spent two years in Switzerland organizing an American library. Jeannette and Russell had a daughter, Susan (Barker) Gutterman, born on August 5, 1937. Russell died on January 1, 1978; Jeannette on February 22, 1998.
Mary (Palache) Gregory was born in Weston, Massachusetts, on August 19, 1902. She graduated from Bryn Mawr College (1924) and from the Cambridge School of Architecture and Landscape Design (1927). She worked for landscape architects Rose Greely and Beatrix Farrand in New York City and for architect Fred Keck in Chicago. She also worked independently as an architect. In 1959, she went to Italy to study palette-knife watercolor painting with J.W. Cox. She continued to paint for the rest of her life. She married Charles Gregory on December 26, 1928. Charles Oscar Gregory, son of Louis L. and Grace (Spencer) Gregory, was born in Derby, Connecticut, on April 22, 1902. He received his B.A. (1924) and law degree (1926) from Yale University. He taught law at the University of Wisconsin, the University of Chicago, and the University of Virginia. He was solicitor of labor for the United States Department of Labor from 1936-1937, during which time he briefly served as Acting Secretary of Labor. During World War II, he was a public member of many War Labor Board panels, dealing with disputes between employers and unions. During the Korean War, he was a member and later chairman of the National Enforcement Commission, which enforced the national wartime wage stabilization program. In 1953, sponsored by the Carnegie Foundation, he spent the summer visiting law schools in Australia. He was awarded a visiting professorship by the University of London in 1967. He published Labor and Law (1946), wrote numerous articles for law journals, and co-authored Labor Law: Cases, Materials and Comments with Harold A. Katz, and Cases and Materials on Torts with Harry Kalvern, Jr. Mary and Charles had two children: David Palache Gregory, born on September 20, 1930; and Judith Palache Gregory, born on February 26, 1932. Charles died on March 24, 1987; Mary on February 14, 1996.
Alice (Palache) Jones was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on April 12, 1907. She received her A.B. from Bryn Mawr College in 1928. She worked at Scudder, Stevens, & Clark (1928-1930), was executive director of the National Committee on Federal Legislation for Birth Control (1930-1933), and Fiduciary Trust Company (1933-1974), where she rose to the position of senior vice president. She was director of the Dreyfus Third Century Fund, an investment fund; a trustee of the North Salem (N.Y.) Free Library; a member and chairman of the North Salem Planning Board; and a member of the Bryn Mawr board of directors. She married Russell Kennedy Jones, an advertising executive and co-author of The Cruising Cookbook, on December 21, 1954. Russell died on October 3, 1986; Alice on June 12, 1989. They had no children.

ARRANGEMENT

The collection is arranged in six series:

SCOPE AND CONTENT

The collection contains correspondence, scrapbooks, diaries, appointment books, sketch books, watercolor paintings, etc., documenting the lives of two generations of the Palache family. Materials arrived at the library unfoldered. Many letters had been tied into bundles and labeled with rough dates by an unknown member of the Palache family. Several items were identified through notes provided by Judith Palache Gregory. While there are no letters from Katharine Hepburn, the progression of her career is documented throughout the correspondence between members of the Palache family and many of their friends, most of whom seem to have known Hepburn. Folder titles were created by the archivist.
Series I, Genealogies and photographs (#1.1-1.8, PD.1-PD.2, T-325.5-9), contains two Palache family genealogies with brief family histories, family trees, and photographs. The Markham family material includes several folders of notes, correspondence, and partial family trees. A brief Markham family tree can be found in "The Palache Years: Cambridge Years" (#1.2). Also included in this series is a correspondence index created by Judith Palache Gregory identifying people she thought were likely to appear in the collection. The index identifies which family member the individual was connected to and the nature of their relationship.
Series II, Charles and Helen (Markham) Palache (#1.9-10.13), contains clippings, sketch books, correspondence, etc. Additional materials relating to Charles Palache were donated to the Harvard Archives by Mary (Palache) Gregory. This series is arranged in three subseries.
Subseries A, Biographical and personal (#1.9-1.15), contains clippings about Charles and Helen, Helen's sketch books, passports, writings by Charles, and a list of some expressions Helen's children remember her saying often. Materials are arranged chronologically.
Subseries B, Family correspondence (#1.16-10.4), mainly contains letters from family members, although there are occasional copies of outgoing letters from Charles and Helen. Letters from their daughters include accounts of visits with family members in California, trips abroad, their time as students at Bryn Mawr College, and their respective professional experiences. Letters from Mary and Jeannette also detail their experiences as wives and as mothers of small children. Other family members write about life in California; vacations in locations throughout the United States and abroad; and relate general family news, such as births, marriages, illnesses, and deaths. Letters from Charles' nephews, James and John Garber Palache include accounts of fighting in World War I. Letters following James' death on May 15, 1918, include accounts from John of going to James' grave in France and letters from their father, Whitney, detailing his attempts to learn details of James' death. Folders are arranged alphabetically by author.
Subseries C, Friends correspondence (#10.5-10.13.), contains a small amount of correspondence to Helen and Charles from non-family members. Folders are arranged chronologically.
Series III, Russell H. and Jeannette (Palache) Barker (#10.14-21.18), includes correspondence, diaries, scrapbooks, sketch books, watercolor paintings, school workbooks, address books, etc. It is arranged in three subseries.
Subseries A, Biographical and personal (#10.14-13.6), includes diaries, scrapbooks, sketch books, watercolor paintings, school workbooks, address books, etc., mainly relating to Jeannette. Jeannette's early diaries, scrapbooks, and baby book contain information about her sister Mary's infancy and childhood.
Subseries B, Family correspondence (#13.7-16.14), includes letters from family members, as well as occasional letters from Jeannette and Russell. Most of the letters are from members of Jeannette's family, especially her parents and sisters. Her parents' letters include news about various family members as well as friends in Cambridge. Letters from Mary and Alice include accounts of trips they have taken, their time at Bryn Mawr College, their professional lives, books they have read, and news about common friends. Mary's letters also contain news about her children and her husband, Charles. Alice's letters often contain information about the "Palache family trust," and offer financial advice. Letters from Russell to Jeannette include a small number of courtship letters and accounts of his work during World War II for the Office of War Information. Letters from other family members detail life in California. Folders are arranged alphabetically by author.
Subseries C, Friends correspondence (#16.15-21.18), contains correspondence with Jeannette and Russell's friends and acquaintances. Virginia Vitzthum, a friend of Jeannette, details life in Haiti in the 1930s; the disappearance of her husband, possibly involving Nazis; and her difficulties in adapting to life in Vermont as a single mother. Paul Dozier, a doctor in Philadelphia, writes of his struggles with alcoholism. Storer B. Lunt recounts his travels around the world. Charles T. Caddock writes detailed accounts of his various jobs as an educator, including his time as a mentor for the Saudi Arabian princes Mohamed and Saud Faisal and Abdullah Thaneyan. He writes of his experiences while working for the War Division of the U.S. Department of Justice during World War II. As they got older, Jeannette and Russell exchanged accounts of failing health, deaths, and reminiscences of the past with their friends. Folders are arranged alphabetically. Letters from correspondents represented only by a small number of letters have been filed under the last name of the correspondent in general alphabetical files at the end of this subseries. Letters from correspondents whose last names are not known have been filed as "unknown."
Series IV, Charles O. and Mary (Palache) Gregory (#22.1-40.15, FD.1, F+D.1-F+D.2, OD.1, T-324.1-4), contains correspondence, diaries, clippings, sketch books, appointment books, watercolor paintings, etc. It is arranged in three subseries.
Subseries A, Biographical and personal (#22.1-28.9, 44.1-44.9, FD.1, F+D.1-F+D.2, OD.1, T-324.1-4), contains clippings; Mary's diaries, sketch books, appointment books, watercolor paintings, etc. Sketches by Mary include architectural drawings as well as artistic sketches. While most of the material in this subseries relates to Mary, there are also some of Charles' writings, and school notebooks, as well as clippings and articles about him at the end of the series. Also included are notes, photographs, audio recordings, and a partial transcript from Mary and Charles's 50th wedding anniversary, at which their grandchildren performed a musical and dance interpretation of "The Owl and the Pussycat," by Edward Lear.
Subseries B, Family correspondence (#28.10-34.3), includes letters from family members, as well as occasional letters from Mary and Charles. Letters from Mary's parents provide news about Jeannette and Alice, life in Cambridge, and details about their failing health. The correspondence also recounts the details of Charles' decision in 1952 to move Charlottesville, Virginia to be near Mary and Charles. Letters from Jeannette recount visits with relatives in California; trips to Europe, Mexico, and Haiti; her experiences at Bryn Mawr College; her experiences as a wife and mother; and the year she lived in Switzerland with Russell and Susan while Russell helped establish an American library. Alice's letters detail her visits with relatives in California; her experiences at Bryn Mawr College; her trip to Europe with Katharine Hepburn; the challenges she faced in her professional life; and family financial business. Letters with Charles' family detail his mother's, and later his sister's, failing health. One of the most frequent correspondents in the 1970s and 1980s is Probyn Gregory, Mary and Charles' oldest grandchild. He recounts his years studying at Oberlin College and the years spent trying to establish himself in the music industry in Los Angeles. Folders are arranged alphabetically by author.
Subseries C, Friends correspondence (#34.4-40.15), contains correspondence from all phases of Mary and Charles' lives. Particularly prolific correspondents include Storer B. Lunt and Charles T. Caddock. Lunt was a close friend of Charles from Yale University and wrote often of his travels, books he had read, plays and movies he had seen, and news of common friends. Caddock's letters include detailed accounts of his various jobs as an educator and bureaucrat for the War Division of the U.S. Department of Justice during World War II. Other friends include professional colleagues of Charles who provide accounts of life in academia, including institutional politics. Later correspondence often contains exchanges of failing health, deaths, and reminiscences of the past. Folders are arranged alphabetically by author. Correspondence with individuals represented only by a small number of letters have been filed under the last name of the correspondent in general alphabetical files at the end of this subseries. Letters from correspondents whose last names are not known have been filed as "unknown."
Series V, Russell K. and Alice (Palache) Jones (#41.1-41.19), contains correspondence, clippings, notes, etc., relating primarily to Alice's early life. Letters from Jeannette and Mary document trips they took and their experiences at Bryn Mawr. Letters from other relatives contain news of family in California. There are also a few letters from John Garber and James Palache recounting their experiences fighting in World War I. Materials are arranged chronologically.
Series VI, Other family and friends (#41.20-43.10), contains sketches, diaries, letters, etc. Materials in this series were probably either inherited by or left behind while visiting to the family. It is also possible the letters were sent to members of the family to share news contained within them and were separated from the letters they were sent with. Materials are arranged in three subseries.
Subseries A, Jeannette (Markham) Scudder (#41.20-42.3), contains correspondence, diaries, sketches of a house the Scudders planned, etc. Folders are arranged chronologically.
Subseries B, Other family letters (#42.4-43.6), contains letters written to members of the extended Palache family not included in any other series in this collection. The letters are written mainly by other members of the family, including those who are the focus of another series in the collection. Letters are generally filled with information about the activities of members of the family. Folders are arranged alphabetically by recipient.
Subseries C, Charles T. Caddock and unidentified correspondence (#43.7-43.10), contains correspondence, a journal, and a sketchbook. Caddock was a student at the University of Wisconsin where he became friends with Russell Barker and Charles and Mary Gregory. Eventually, he became a friend of the entire Palache family. Included in this collection is a small amount of correspondence, a journal of his time spent house sitting in Jaffrey, New Hampshire, for the Gregorys, and book of sketches of Cape Cod possibly drawn by Caddock. Also included is a folder of fragmented letters with unidentifiable recipients and often unidentifiable authors. Folders are arranged chronologically.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Audiotapes
California--Description and travel
Cambridge (Mass.)--Social life and customs--20th century
Diaries
Haiti--Social life and customs--20th century
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Aging--Social aspects
Architects--United States
Artists--United States
Barker, Jeannette Palache, 1900-1998
Barker, Russell Harold, 1901-1978
Bryn Mawr College--Students
Businesswomen--United States
Caddock, Charles T., 1902-1985
Carver, Ruth Dyer, 1913-2004
College students--United States
Educators--United States
Families
Family records
Finance, Personal--United States
Fremont-Smith, Frances Eliot
Gregory, Branwen
Gregory, Charles O. (Charles Oscar), 1902-1987
Gregory, David P. (David Palache)
Gregory, Judith
Gregory, Mary Palache, 1902-1996
Jones, Alice Palache, 1907-1989
Gregory, Probyn
Gutterman, Susan Barker
Jones, Russell K., 1897-1986
Lansdale, Helen Palache, 1899-1980
Lunt, Storer B., 1897-1977
Motherhood--United States
Mothers and daughters--United States
Musicians--United States
Palache, Charles, 1869-1954
Palache, Eliza, 1860-1938
Palache, Helen Markham, 1869-1949
Parent and child--United States
Scudder, Jeannette Markham, 1862-1932
Sisters--United States
Sound recording industry
United States. Office of War Information
Voyages and travels
Women architects--United States
Women college students--United States
Women--Family relationships
World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives

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