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MC 524

Granger, Dorothy Shipley, 1899-1998. Papers of Dorothy Shipley Granger, 1914-1998 (inclusive), 1937-1978 (bulk): A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

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Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College


Processing of this collection was made possible by a gift from Mary and Michael Gellert.

Descriptive Summary

Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: MC 524
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Dorothy Shipley Granger, 1899-1998
Title: Papers of Dorothy Shipley Granger, 1914-1998 (inclusive), 1937-1978 (bulk)
Date(s): 1914-1998
Date(s): 1937-1978
Quantity: 20.52 linear feet (48 file boxes, 1 card file box) plus 1 folio folder, 1 oversize folder, 1 supersize folder, 1 audiotape, 4 objects, 14 photograph folders)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Papers of Dorothy Shipley Granger, suffragist, women's rights activist, radio producer, and Baltimore civic leader.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession numbers: 99-M115, 99-M141, 99-M156, 2000-M175, 2002-M146
These papers were given to the Schlesinger Library by the estate of Dorothy Shipley Granger in August and September 1999; by Jim Kenneally in October 1999; and by Audrey B. and Miles Davis in November 2000 and October 2002.

Processing Information:

Processed: June 2005
By: Johanna Carll

TERMS OF USE:

Access. Collection is open for research. An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual material.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in papers of Dorothy Shipley Granger is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Dorothy Shipley Granger Papers, 1914-1998; item description, dates. MC 524, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

SEPARATION RECORD

Donor: Dorothy Shipley Granger estate
Accession numbers: 99-M115, 99-M141, 99-M156, 2000-M175, 2002-M146
Processed by: Johanna Carll
The following items have been removed from the collection:

BIOGRAPHY

Dorothy Shipley Granger was born in Sykesville, Maryland, on January 19, 1899. The daughter of Rosalie Digges and Samuel David Shipley, she was educated at St. Joseph's Academy (McSherrystown, Penn.), Cornell University, the University of Miami at Coral Gables, and the New York School of Interior Decoration. She married Henry Raynor Granger (d. April 14, 1977), a mechanical engineer, on June 1, 1920; they had no children. She was an interior decorator and buyer for May Co. department stores (1928-1939); an insurance underwriter for Provident Mutual Life Insurance Company (1939-1944); a freelance public relations consultant (1944-1950); and public relations director for the City of Baltimore Bureau of Sanitation (1950-1969), where she instituted the first "Litterbug" campaign in Maryland and the "Clean-Up Charlie" clubs in city schools. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, she produced and moderated award-winning radio programs devoted to civic affairs.
In 1943, Granger established the American branch of the St. Joan's Society, an organization of Catholic women interested in equal rights. She fought for the right of women to serve on juries, and was a public advocate of the Equal Rights Amendment, supporting it before it was adopted by the platform committees of both political parties. Other organizations in which she played an active role include the Maryland chapter of the National Woman's Party, the Maryland chapter of American Women in Radio and Television, and the Women's Association of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra.
Deeply devoted to her family, Granger served as secretary, treasurer, and president of the "Shipley Clan," and was given the title Dean of the Shipleys of Maryland in 1981. An ardent genealogist, she edited the 1968 volume, The Shipleys of Maryland, which, along with Granger's other genealogical records, can be found at the Historical Society of Carroll County, Maryland. Granger was in the process of compiling a supplement to the family history at the time of her death on December 13, 1998.

ARRANGEMENT

The collection is arranged in eight series:

SCOPE AND CONTENT

The collection contains correspondence, biographical writings, membership lists, minutes, reports, radio scripts, financial records, speeches, printed material, etc. Most materials were filed in "accordion files" with subject designations, such as "National Woman's Party" and "Women's Association of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra." These general files usually contain correspondence, membership lists, printed material, etc. Many of the accordion files also contained subject files in their own folder, which the archivist kept intact. Folder headings in general are those of Dorothy Granger. Folder titles appearing in square brackets were created by the archivist to designate files created out of the approximately one linear foot of material that arrived at the library unfoldered. The archivist created the arrangement of the files.
Series I, Biographical and personal (#1.1-8.4, 49CB, FD.1, Mem.1-Mem.2), contains biographical writings, clippings, correspondence, membership lists, minutes, reports, printed material, etc., relating to Granger's activities outside of her work and organizational activities. It is divided into two subseries.
Subseries A, Biographical and personal (#1.1-3.4, 49CB, FD.1, Mem.1-Mem.2), contains biographical writings and clippings detailing Granger's life. There is also correspondence, membership lists, minutes, reports, printed material, etc., relating to her involvement in Corpus Christi Roman Catholic Church in Baltimore, Md., as well as the alumni association of St. Joseph's Academy. Folders are arranged with general biographical materials first, followed by clippings, Corpus Christi materials, and St. Joseph's Academy materials.
Subseries B, Correspondence (#3.5-8.4), contains correspondence with Granger's friends and family. The correspondence in this subseries relates to material found in other series, including the Women's Association of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra and the National Woman's Party. Granger created several overlapping alphabetical files containing personal correspondence. As a result, there are several files for each letter of the alphabet, often covering similar date ranges, which were kept intact to reflect Granger's filing system. Granger filed correspondence alphabetically, but a large number of letters were either found loose in the boxes or in folders labeled "to be filed" and did not contain last names, so the archivist arranged these letters in rough chronological order and listed them at the beginning of the subseries. Filed with Gloria Shipley Wolfe's correspondence is a diary Wolfe, Granger's sister, kept when she was seventeen years old. The bulk of the correspondence is arranged alphabetically.
Series II, Professional (#8.5-10.9), contains correspondence, financial records, reports, speeches, printed material, etc., relating to Granger's work with May Co.'s Baltimore department store, Provident Mutual Life Insurance Company, and as public relations director for the Baltimore Bureau of Sanitation. Among the materials relating to her work with the Bureau of Sanitation are printed material and speeches relating to Baltimore's "Clean-up Charlie" campaign, which encouraged children to clean up litter in their neighborhoods. Materials are arranged chronologically.
Series III, Radio (#10.10-18.7, T-324.1), contains correspondence, schedules, scripts, clippings, membership lists, minutes, notes, etc., relating to Granger's work as a producer and host of radio shows about civic issues and her involvement with American Women in Radio and Television. Files are arranged in two subseries.
Subseries A, General (#10.10-15.10, T-324.1), contains correspondence, schedules, scripts, clippings, notes, etc., relating to Granger's role as producer and host of civic-themed radio shows. Much of her work on "Clean City" and "A Better Baltimore" appear to have been part of her duties as public relations director for the Baltimore Bureau of Sanitation. Files are arranged with those relating directly to the radio shows first, followed by an alphabetical subject file of people and topics involved, or at least considered for use in the shows.
Subseries B, American Women in Radio and Television (AWRT), 1953-1972 (#15.11-18.7), contains correspondence, membership lists, minutes, notes, by-laws, etc. The AWRT's purpose was to help women become "greater commercial assets to their stations, networks, and employers; to promote cooperation between various broadcasting fields; and to increase opportunities for women in the broadcasting field." The material in this collection focuses on the activities of the Maryland chapter, although there is some national conference material. Folders are arranged alphabetically.
Series IV, Feminist activities (#18.8-30.8, OD.1, SD.1, Mem.3-Mem.4), contains correspondence, minutes, by-laws, member lists, printed material, clippings, etc., relating to Granger's efforts to change the laws governing the status of women in society. Files are arranged in six subseries.
Subseries A, Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) (#18.8-19.7), contains correspondence, printed materials produced by a variety of organizations, and lists. The correspondence relates to most of the organizations found in this subseries. Files are arranged alphabetically.
Subseries B, National Woman's Party, 1926-1950 (#19.8-25.11, OD.1, SD.1, Mem.3), contains correspondence, minutes, by-laws, member lists, printed materials, clippings, etc., relating to both the national and Maryland chapters of the National Woman's Party. The bulk of the materials document the period of 1945-1947, during which time Granger was part of a group of national council members who tried to change the leadership of the party. They convened a convention at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C., where a new slate of officers were elected. Claiming that the convention was illegal, the original leadership refused the newly elected officers access to the headquarters building. The issue of rightful leadership eventually went to court, where the ruling went in favor of the original leaders. Granger and her cohorts were forced to resign. Files are arranged with national materials first, followed by Maryland chapter materials, and those relating to the Business and Professional Women's (BPW) Council, a unit of the Maryland chapter devoted to securing complete equality for women.
Subseries C, Mayflower Club, 1947-1949, 1973-1974 (#26.12-27.2), includes correspondence, minutes, notes, financial records etc. The Mayflower Club was formed by the members of the National Woman's Party who were part of the failed leadership change. The group was dedicated to paying off the debt the women incurred in their legal battle to claim leadership of the party. While the group also had the goal of working for equality for women, the records in this collection only document their efforts to pay off their debt.
Subseries D, St. Joan's International Alliance, 1941-1948, 1960, 1989 (#27.3-27.24), includes correspondence, membership lists, constitution, financial records, etc., relating to establishment of the United States branch of the international organization dedicated to organizing Catholic women to fight for equality for women. Files are arranged alphabetically.
Subseries E, Maryland Women's Council, 1946-1965 (#28.1-29.11), includes correspondence, by-laws, member lists, financial records, etc. The Maryland Women's Council was an organization whose purpose was to establish a forum for women's organizations both political and non-partisan to discuss and act upon legislation that pertained to women.
Subseries F, Jury service (#29.12-30.8, Mem.4), contains correspondence, participant lists, clippings, etc., relating to the successful bid to pass legislation that would allow women to serve on jury duty in Maryland.
Series V, Women's Association of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, 1934-1991 (#30.9-40.13, 49CB), contains correspondence, member lists, minutes, by-laws, clippings, etc. The Woman's Association was a group that assisted in ticket sales and fundraising for the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, as well as organizing events, including opening night receptions and free concerts at a local public library. Files are arranged alphabetically.
Series VI, Other women's groups (#40.14-45.8), includes correspondence, membership lists, by-laws, printed material, clippings, etc., relating to three groups: the Business and Professional Women's Club of Baltimore, dedicated to promoting women's interest in business and advancing women in professional fields; the Friendship Association, dedicated to promoting friendship among local service groups; and the Advertising Women's Club of Baltimore, dedicated to promoting women's interest in advertising and advancing women in advertising and relating fields. Much of the material relating to these groups documents the planning involved in hosting a luncheon, dinner, or fundraiser. Folders are arranged alphabetically.
Series VII, Community activities (#45.9-48.17), contains correspondence, member lists, notes, printed material, financial records, etc., relating to Granger's involvement with committees dedicated to improving or showcasing Baltimore and Maryland. Also included in this series are records relating to the Maryland Committee to elect Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman. Folders are arranged alphabetically.
Series VIII, Photographs (#PD.1-PD.14), contains photographs and negatives of Granger's social, feminist, and professional activities. Particularly well documented are various "Clean-up Charlie" events, the 1966 Women's Advertising Club of Baltimore's Woman of the Year award (given to Granger), and the International Broadcasters' Conference hosted by the Baltimore branch of the American Women in Radio and Television. Most of the photographs were taken by the City of Baltimore and, with the exception of a date, are unidentified. Photographs are arranged with general photographs first, followed by a listing of folders relating to specific topic, and catch-all folders of photographs removed from earlier series.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Audiotapes
Baltimore (Md.)--Politics and government
Baltimore (Md.)--Social conditions
Baltimore (Md.)--Social life and customs--20th century
Catholic women--United States
Civic leaders--Maryland
Equal rights amendments--United States
Feminism--United States
Jury selection--Maryland
Maryland--Social life and customs--20th century
Photographs
Refuse and refuse disposal--Maryland--Baltimore
Sex discrimination against women--Law and legislation--United States
Women broadcasters--Maryland
Women in advertising--United States
Women in radio broadcasting
Women jurors--Maryland
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Women--Societies and clubs
Women--Southern states
Women's rights--Maryland
Women's rights--United States
Ambrose, Alma Harrison
American Women in Radio and Television Inc.
Babcock, Caroline L. (Caroline Lexow), 1882-1980
Baltimore (Md.). Bureau of Sanitation--Officials and employees
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra. Women's Association
Berrien, Laura M.
Frenkil, Margaret
Friendship Association
Maryland Women's Council. LinkMay Co.--Employees
Mayflower Club
National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs
National Woman's Party
National Woman's Party. Maryland Branch
Paul, Alice, 1885-1977
Pollitzer, Anita, 1894-1975
Provident Mutual Life Insurance Company of Philadelphia--Employees
St. Joan's International Alliance. United States Section
Stevens, Doris, 1888-1963
Whitehurst, Sara A.
Women's Advertising Club of Baltimore

sch00357