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MC 196

Rogers, Edith Nourse, 1881-1960. Papers of Edith Nourse Rogers, 1854-1961 (inclusive), 1881-1961 (bulk): A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

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Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MC 196
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Edith Nourse Rogers, 1881-1960
Title: Papersof Edith Nourse Rogers, 1854-1961 (inclusive), 1881-1961 (bulk)
Date(s): 1854-1961
Date(s): 1881-1961
Quantity: 10.43 linear feet (25 boxes) plus 2 folio folders, 1 folio+ folder, 2 oversize folders, 2 supersize folders,15 reels of microfilm (M-57), 6 phonograph records,1 motion picture, 1 object)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, speeches, photographs, etc., of Edith Nourse Rogers, Republican Congresswoman.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 1332
The papers of Edith Nourse Rogers were deposited with the Schlesinger Library in February 1968 by the Veterans Administration Hospital, Bedford, Massachusetts.
Oversize scrapbooks (volumes 3o-47o), consisting mainly of clippings re: Edith Nourse Rogers were microfilmed in 1980 under a grant from The George F. and Sybil H. Fuller Foundation, Worcester, Massachusetts, and returned to the donor. Volumes 1o and 2o, re: Rogers, were also returned.

Processing Information:

Processed: March 1974
By: Katherine Gray Kraft

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research, with the exception of volumes 1o-2o, which were returned to the donor and volumes 3o-47o, which are available only on microfilm (M-57). An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual material.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Edith Nourse Rogers as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Edith Nourse Rogers Papers, 1854-1961; item description, dates. MC 196, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

SEPARATION RECORD

The following materials were returned to the Veterans' Administration Hospital in Bedford, Massachusetts by the Schlesinger Library.

BIOGRAPHY

Edith Nourse Rogers, Republican Congresswoman from the Fifth District of Massachusetts, was born March 19, 1881 in Saco, Maine. She graduated from Rogers Hall School in Lowell, Massachusetts and Madame Julien's School in Paris, France. In 1907 she married John Jacob Rogers, who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1913 until his death in 1925. During World War I, Rogers served in France and England on a special assignment from President Wilson to survey medical care of wounded American soldiers, and was also a Red Cross nurse in France. In 1922, following four additional years of Red Cross work in Walter Reed Hospital, Rogers was appointed by President Harding as his personal representative to oversee the care of disabled veterans. She was reappointed to this position by President Coolidge in 1923 and President. Hoover in 1929. Rogers again served overseas during World War II, inspecting soldiers' care, under a special assignment from President Roosevelt.
Mrs. Rogers was elected to the United States House of Representatives during the 69th Congress, on June 30, 1925, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband. She was re-elected to every successive Congress, and died in office on September 10, 1960. Legislation attributed to Rogers includes the improvement of the American Foreign Service; the establishment of the Women's Army Corps (WAC); the enactment of the G.I. Bill of Rights; the enactment of the bill for Korean Veterans Benefits; the establishment of a permanent Nurse Corps for veterans; and many other laws providing aid and assistance to permanently disabled American war veterans.
Although forced to give up her position on the Foreign Affairs Committee upon assuming the Chairmanship of Veterans' Affairs, Mrs. Rogers continued her interest in United States foreign policy. She vigorously opposed Vice President Nixon's proposal to intervene in Indochina in 1954 because she fervently believed that, "If America is to strike a blow at Communism, it must be struck at Moscow, the heart of Communism." She was a strong supporter of Senator Joseph McCarthy, and of military predominance, and opposed the admittance of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations; other favorite causes included highway safety, cancer research, and legislation to help Massachusetts' Fifth District.
Congresswoman Rogers received awards and citations from veterans' and other groups, including the American Legion's Distinguished Service Medal. She was the recipient of honorary degrees from Tufts College, Bates College, Staley College, Washington College of Law, and the Lowell Textile Institute.

ARRANGEMENT

SCOPE AND CONTENT

This collection includes correspondence received by Edith Nourse Rogers as Chairman of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee, and correspondence with constituents; analyses of Roger's voting record in Congress; speeches in the House, over radio, before veterans' and other groups, and for various events; campaign material; citations and awards; photographs; newsclippings; and sympathy letters concerning her death.

CONTAINER LIST

INDEX

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Anti-communist movements
Inter-American Conference on Problems of War and Peace (1945 : Mexico City, Mexico)
Labor laws and legislation
Lowell (Mass.)--Politics and government
Massachusetts--Politics and government
Nurses
Politics, Practical
Politicians
Speeches
Veterans--Medical care
Women in war
Women--Political activity
World War, 1939-1945--Medical care
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Female
American Liberty League
American Legion
Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906
Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950
Burke, Arleigh A., 1901-1996
Collins, John F., 1919-1995
Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933
Coolidge, Grace Goodhue, 1879-1957
Daughters of the American Revolution
Dewey, Thomas E. (Thomas Edmund), 1902-1971
Dirksen, Everett McKinley
Disabled American Veterans
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
Federal Employees Veterans Association
Forrestal, James, 1892-1949
Fuller, Alvan Tufts, 1878-1958
Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923
Herter, Christian Archibald, 1895-1966
Hobby, Oveta Culp, 1905-1995
Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1902-1985
Martin, Joseph W. (Joseph William), 1884-1968
McCarthy, Joseph, 1908-1957
McCormack, John W., 1891-1980
Miller, Frieda S.
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994
Page, William Tyler, 1868-1942
Pearson, Drew, 1897-1969
Powell, Rose Arnold, 1876-1961
Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961
Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
Rogers, John Jacob, 1881-1925
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892-1979
Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994
Taft, Robert A. (Robert Alphonso), 1889-1953
Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972
United States. Army. Women's Army Corps
United States. Congress. House
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Veterans' Affairs
United States. Veterans Administration
Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States
Weeks, Edward, 1898-1989
Women's Field Army (U.S.)
Women's Overseas Service League

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