Hall, Fanny Southard Hay, 1872-1968. Papers of Fanny Southard Hay Hall, 1860-1967:
A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: MC 497
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Fanny Southard Hay Hall, 1872-1968
Title: Papers of Fanny Southard Hay Hall, 1860-1967
Quantity: .83 linear feet (2 file boxes) plus 3 oversize volumes, 2 folio+ folders, 1 supersize folder, and
11 photograph folders)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Writings, letters, scrapbooks, and photographs of prison reformer Fanny Southard (Hay)
Hall documenting her childhood and family life, civic work in Cleveland, and social
work in New York City during the Depression.
Accession numbers: 91-M189, 91-M218, 2002-M145, 2013-M181
These papers were given to the library by Anne D. Moore between October and November 1991, by Dennis S. Moore in 2002, and by Anne M. Orlando in 2013.
Processed: June 2003
By: Paula Aloisio
Copyright. Copyright in papers created by Fanny Southard (Hay) Hall is held by the
President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in
other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Fanny Southard Hay Hall Papers, 1860-1967; item description, dates. MC 497, folder
#. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
Fanny Southard (Hay) Hall was born September 26, 1872, to Malcolm and Virginia (Southard)
Hay. She was one of nine children (six of whom survived childhood), including Virginia,
Lucy, Edith, Margaret, and Southard. She attended St. Agnes School in Albany, New
York, and Bishop Thorpe School in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. On April 11, 1896, she
married Keppele Hall, Princeton graduate and electrical engineer, in Trenton, New
The Halls lived in Maine and Massachusetts before moving to Dayton, Ohio, where, during
the flood emergency of 1913, Hall took part in relief efforts undertaken by the American
Red Cross. She also became involved in the suffrage movement, and was a member of
the board of directors of the Woman's Suffrage Association of Montgomery County, Ohio.
She was a member of the Ohio delegation marching in the 1913 suffrage parade in Washington,
D.C. During the years before the war, the Halls moved frequently, living in Philadelphia,
Bangor, Maine (where Hall continued her Red Cross work), Springfield, Ohio, and South
Lancaster, Massachusetts. During World War I, the Halls lived in Washington, D.C.,
where Keppele Hall was stationed.
After the war, the Halls moved to Cleveland, where Keppele Hall served as production
manager for Joseph & Feiff Company. Upon moving to Cleveland, Hall decided she desired
her "own career," and became actively involved in a number of Cleveland civic associations.
Appalled by her observations of police brutality during her suffrage work, she joined
the Women's City Club, and became chair of its courts committee. The courts committee
called for an elected public defender, the establishment of a women's bureau within
the police department, and the construction of a new courthouse and prison. She worked
with numerous other organizations, many of which focused on issues relating to crime
and prison reform. She served as treasurer of the Ohio Committee on Penal Conditions
and as a board member for the Legal Aid Society and Consumers' League of Ohio. She
also participated in the Cleveland Association for Criminal Justice and the League
of Women Voters. In 1923, Hall became the first American woman to serve as foreman
of a grand jury. An active member of the Women's Council for the Promotion of Peace,
she was instrumental in organizing a 1924 peace parade in Cleveland. In addition to
her civic work, Hall published the diary of her great aunt, Lucy Ann Higbee, in 1924.
The Halls moved to New York City in 1926, and Keppele Hall died suddenly of influenza
shortly thereafter. Hall remained in New York, but she lost a great deal of money
in the stock market crash of 1929,and subsequently worked as a home visitor for the
Emergency Work Bureau. She continued her civic work as a member of the New York Women's
Club and the Consumer League. She retained her lifelong interest in the criminal justice
system, and was a frequent visitor to the Reformatory for Women at Framingham, Massachusetts.
Hall died in Brattleboro, Vermont, in June 1968.
These papers have been divided into three series:
Series I, Personal (#1.1-1.16), contains writings, notes, an account book of Fanny
and Keppele Hall, and correspondence. Most of the personal information in these papers
comes from memoir written by Fanny Southard Hay Hall in 1961, which describes her
Red Cross work during the 1913 Dayton Flood and her participation in the Washington,
D.C., suffrage parade of the same year. It also recounts her civic work in Cleveland
during the early 1920s, the death of her husband, and her work for the Emergency Work
Bureau. Information about Hall's childhood can be gained from her unpublished autobiographical
story, "A Child's Eye View of Father," which describes her relationship with her father,
Malcolm Hay, and his death. Some genealogical information exists in The Diary of Lucy Anne Higbee, a diary kept by Hall's aunt. This version of the diary contains notes about Hall's
family tree as well as an inscription by Hall to Keppele Hall. Hall's interest in
religion and spirituality is reflected in her annotated prayer book and a notebook
from a series of spiritualist lectures. Information about the years following Hall's
move to New York and the death of her husband is limited. Evidence that Hall retained
her interest in the prison and justice system can be found in "The True Story of Virginia,"
an article Hall published in The Witness in 1962 about a resident of the Reformatory for Women at Framingham, Mass. Researchers
interested in Hall's personal life should also view the three scrapbooks in Series
II, which contain some personal information, including letters from publishers and
friends regarding the Higbee diary, as well as statements of Gertrude Williams and
Hall related to their witnessing of police brutality during a 1919 protest by supporters
of Russia in New York City.
The bulk of Series II, Volunteer and Professional Work (#F+D.1-2.16), relates to Hall's
civic work in Cleveland during the early 1920s. It contains a notebook, correspondence,
and three scrapbooks including letters, clippings, memorabilia, photographs, and printed
material. In addition, there are four notebooks from Hall's years at the Emergency
Work Bureau in New York. They offer detailed descriptions of her visits to the homes
of unemployed workers. These notes appear to correspond to the questionnaire in #2.9.
Series III, Photographs (#PD.1-PD.11), contains photographs of mostly family and
friends and documents Hall's travels with her husband Keppele Hall. Also included
are photographs of the 1913 Washington, D.C., suffrage parade and the delegates from
In some cases, original phrases and folder titles have been retained. Quotes have
been used to distinguish these phrases and titles from those provided by the processor.
Additional material received in 2013 was added to the collection in October 2013.
This material is housed in #PD.11.
- Series I. PERSONAL
- 1.1v. Prayer book, Steps to the Altar, with notes, 1860, n.d.
- 1.2. Clippings, prayers, religious instructions removed from #1.1v, 1887, n.d.
- 1.3. Notebook containing notes, short stories, and a sketch by Fanny Southard Hay Hall,
- 1.4. Personal identification information for Fanny Southard Hay Hall from Webster's Dictionary, ca.1914
- 1.5v. Account book of Fanny and Keppele Hall, 1923-1928
- 1.6v. Notebook: "Mr. Greenfine's Lectures on Pythogorian [sic] Doctrine," Cleveland, 1922
- 1.7v. The Diary of Lucy Anne Higbee: inscription and notes by Fanny Southard Hay Hall, and clipping, 1924
- 1.8. Letter (copy) from Oliver Traver re: selling of The Diary of Lucy Ann Higbee, 1924, removed from #1.7v.
- 1.9. Notes re: genealogy of Higbee family, n.d., removed from #1.7v.
- 1.10-1.11. "A Child's Eye View of Father" (Fanny Southard Hay Hall's memoir of father, Malcolm
Hay): drafts with notes, n.d.
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.2.
- 1.12. Letters from friends to Fanny Southard Hay Hall re: "A Child's Eye View of Father,"
- 1.13. "Opinions of 'Child's Eye'" : letters from publishers, 1960-1961; includes Fanny Southard
Hay Hall's notes.
- 1.14. "A Child's Eye View of Father": letters from publishers, 1960-1967; includes Fanny
Southard Hay Hall's notes.
- 1.15. "Looking Backward," memoir, 1961
- 1.16. "The True Story of Virginia," by Fanny Southard Hay Hall. Part one and two, published
by The Witness, with introduction by Miriam Van Waters, July-August, 1962
- Series II. VOLUNTEER AND PROFESSIONAL WORK
- F+D.1. "Relief" armband from American Red Cross; American flag with 48 stars, n.d, removed
- SD.1. Ohio state flage, suffrage banner, n.d.
- 2.1. Notes re: Ohio state flag from 1913 suffrage parade; printed and drawn illustrations
of Cleveland city crest, n.d., removed from #SD.1.
- 2.2v. Notebook re: notes from Fanny Southard Hay Hall's work for various Cleveland organizations,
including the Consumer League of Ohio, and the courts committee of Women's City Club.
Includes notes from lecture series sponsored by Women's City Club and notes from interviews
with judges and lawyers related to courts committee project to study need for public
- 2.3. Cleveland Association for Criminal Justice: clipping re: the Cleveland Association
for Criminal Justice and Fanny Southard Hay Hall, removed from #2.2v, ca.1922
- 2.4. Courts committee, Women's City Club, Cleveland: letters and notes, 1922, n.d.
- VO.1. Scrapbook of clippings, correspondence, reports, etc., re: Fanny Southard Hay Hall's
volunteer work for various Cleveland organizations, including the Women's City Club,
the courts committee of the Women's City Club, and the Legal Aid Society of Cleveland,
1922-1923, n.d. Also includes clippings re: Fanny Southard Hay Hall's service as foreman
of grand jury, as well as clippings and typed statements by Fanny Southard Hay Hall
and Gertrude Willams re: their witnessing police brutality during protest by supporters
of Russia in New York City, 1919, and PHOTOGRAPHS, n.d.
- 2.5. Items removed from #VO.1: plans for proposed Cleveland Hall of Justice, membership
cards, notes from courts committee of Women's City Club meeting, pamphlet and other
materials related to the Consumer's League of Ohio, 1922-1923, n.d.
- VO.2. Scrapbook of clippings, letters, telegrams, reports and other materials mostly related
to Fanny Southard Hay Hall's volunteer work for various Cleveland organizations, including
the Women's City Club, the courts committee of the Women's City Club, and the Cleveland
Association for Criminal Justice, 1909-1926, n.d. Includes clippings, PHOTOGRAPHS,
letters and memorabilia from peace parade, campaign information for local candidates,
and letters from state senators to Fanny Southard Hay Hall re: proposed child labor
amendment. Also includes American flag with 48 stars (see F+D.1), an American Red
Cross recommendation for Hall, and postcards and PHOTOGRAPHS from 1913 Washington,
D.C., suffrage parade.
- 2.6. Loose items removed from #VO.2, 1924-1926, n.d.: list of construction expenses for
the Hall's home; copies of letters by Hubert Crane re: Crane's war experience, 1918;
memorabilia from peace parade, 1924; membership cards, etc.
Includes reference copies of photographs; originals in #PD.8.
- VO.3. Scrapbook of clippings, letters, pamphlets and other materials related to Fanny Southard
Hay Hall's volunteer work for various Cleveland organizations, including the Women's
City Club, the courts committee of the Women's City Club, the Women's Council for
the Promotion of Peace, the Ohio Committee on Penal Conditions, and the Cleveland
Association for Criminal Justice, 1919-1926, n.d. Also includes letters re: The Diary of Lucy Ann Higbee.
- 2.7-2.8. Loose items removed from #VO.3, 1924-1926, n.d.: letters and memorabilia re: Ohio
Committee on Penal Conditions, the Women's City Club, the Ohio Welfare Conference,
the Cleveland Association for Criminal Justice, the Legal Aid Society of Cleveland,
and the Consumers' League of Ohio. Also includes pamphlet re: Women's Bureau of the
Cleveland Police Department, poem tribute to Fanny Southard Hay Hall, and letters
re: the Halls' move to New York City and The Diary of Lucy Ann Higbee.
- F+D.2. Loose item removed from #VO.3, 1924: instructions for marchers in the Women's Council
for the Prevention of Peace parade
- 2.9. Questionnaire used by home visitors for Emergency Work Bureau, New York City, ca.1930-1935
- 2.10v-2.11v. Notebooks re: Emergency Work Bureau home visits by Fanny Southard Hay Hall, ca.1930-1935
- 2.12. Loose items removed from #2.11v, n.d.: notes from home visits
- 2.13v.-2.14v. Notebooks re: Emergency Work Bureau home visits by Fanny Southard Hay Hall, ca.1930-1935
- 2.15. Loose items removed from #2.13v, n.d.: notes from home visits
- 2.16. Notes, pamphlet re: criminal justice system, 1950s. Also includes annual report of
Committee on Youth and Law of Women's City Club of New York, 1950-1951; letter from
Erwin N. Griswold to Fanny Southard Hay Hall re: his book The Fifth Amendment Today, 1955.
- Series III. PHOTOGRAPHS.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- PD.1. Southard and Hall families, n.d.
Glass negatives stored with glass negatives.
- PD.2. Photographs removed from #1.11
- PD.3v. Album of Fanny and Keppele Hall with family and friends, travels, 1896-1899, n.d.
- PD.4v. Album of Fanny and Keppele Hall with family and friends, travels, 1899-1905, n.d.
- PD.5. Photographs removed from #PD.4v, 1899-1905, n.d.
- PD.6v. Album of Fanny and Keppele Hall with family and friends, travels; includes 1913 Washington,
D.C., suffrage parade, 1906-1918, n.d.
- PD.7. Photographs removed from #PD.6v, 1906-1918, n.d.
- PD.8. Photographs removed from #VO.2, Cleveland Peace Parade, 1924
- PD.9. Fanny and Keppele Hall, n.d.
- PD.10. Probably Fanny Southard Hay Hall as an older woman, n.d.
- PD.11. Album of Fanny and Keppele Hall with family and friends, travels, 1917-1923, n.d.
Cleveland (Ohio)--Social conditions
Criminal justice, Administration of--Ohio--Cleveland
Dayton (Ohio)--Flood, 1913
New York (N.Y.)--Social conditions
Prison reformers--United States.
American Red Cross
Consumers' League of Ohio
Hall, Keppele, 1872-1926
Hay, Malcolm, 1842-1885
Higbee, Lucy Ann, -1853
Massachusetts Reformatory for Women (Sherborn, Mass.)
New York (N.Y.) Emergency Work Bureau
Ohio Committee on Penal Conditions
Women's City Club of Cleveland.
Women's Council for the Promotion of Peace