Hall, Fanny Southard Hay, 1872-1968. Papers, 1860-1967: A Finding Aid Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Updated October 2013
© 2003 President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MC 497
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
FANNY SOUTHARD HAY HALL, 1872-1968
2 file boxes, 3 oversize volumes, 2 folio+ folders, 1 supersize folder, and 11 photograph
Abstract: Writings, letters, scrapbooks, and photographs of prison reformer Fanny Southard (Hay)
Hall documenting her childhood and family life, civic work in Cleveland, and social
work in New York City during the Depression.
91-M189, 91-M218, 2002-M145, 2013-M181
These papers were given to the library by Anne D. Moore between October and November 1991, by Dennis S. Moore in 2002, and by Anne M. Orlando in 2013.
Copyright. Copyright in papers created by Fanny Southard (Hay) Hall is held by the
President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in
other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs
or assigns. Researchers must obtain the written permission of the holder(s) of copyright
and the director of the Schlesinger Library before publishing quotations from materials
in the collection.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Fanny Southard (Hay) Hall was born September 26, 1872, to Malcolm and Virginia (Southard)
Hay. She was one of nine children (six of whom survived childhood), including Virginia,
Lucy, Edith, Margaret, and Southard. She attended St. Agnes School in Albany, N.Y.,
and Bishop Thorpe School in Bethlehem, Pa. On April 11, 1896, she married Keppele
Hall, Princeton graduate and electrical engineer, in Trenton, N.J.
The Halls lived in Maine and Massachusetts before moving to Dayton, Ohio, where, during
the flood emergency of 1913, FSHH took part in relief efforts undertaken by the American
Red Cross. She also became involved in the suffrage movement, and was a member of
the board of directors of the Woman's Suffrage Association of Montgomery County, Ohio.
She was a member of the Ohio delegation marching in the 1913 suffrage parade in Washington,
D.C. During the years before the war, the Halls moved frequently, living in Philadelphia,
Bangor, Maine (where FSHH continued her Red Cross work), Springfield, Ohio, and South
Lancaster, Mass. During World War I, the Halls lived in Washington, D.C., where Keppele
Hall was stationed.
After the war, the Halls moved to Cleveland, where Keppele Hall served as production
manager for Joseph & Feiff Company. Upon moving to Cleveland, FSHH decided she desired
her "own career," and became actively involved in a number of Cleveland civic associations.
Appalled by her observations of police brutality during her suffrage work, she joined
the Women's City Club, and became chair of its courts committee. The courts committee
called for an elected public defender, the establishment of a women's bureau within
the police department, and the construction of a new courthouse and prison. She worked
with numerous other organizations, many of which focused on issues relating to crime
and prison reform. She served as treasurer of the Ohio Committee on Penal Conditions
and as a board member for the Legal Aid Society and Consumers' League of Ohio. She
also participated in the Cleveland Association for Criminal Justice and the League
of Women Voters. In 1923, FSHH became the first American woman to serve as foreman
of a grand jury. An active member of the Women's Council for the Promotion of Peace,
she was instrumental in organizing a 1924 peace parade in Cleveland. In addition to
her civic work, FSHH published the diary of her great aunt, Lucy Ann Higbee, in 1924.
The Halls moved to New York City in 1926, and Keppele Hall died suddenly of influenza
shortly thereafter. FSHH remained in New York, but she lost a great deal of money
in the stock market crash of 1929,and subsequently worked as a home visitor for the
Emergency Work Bureau. She continued her civic work as a member of the New York Women's
Club and the Consumer League. She retained her lifelong interest in the criminal justice
system, and was a frequent visitor to the Reformatory for Women at Framingham, Mass.
FSHH died in Brattleboro, Vt., in June 1968.
Additional material received in 2013 was added to the collection in October 2013.
This material is housed in #PD.11.
These papers have been divided into three series:
, Personal (#1.1-1.16), contains writings, notes, an account book of Fanny and Keppele
Hall, and correspondence. Most of the personal information in these papers comes from
memoir written by FSHH in 1961, which describes her Red Cross work during the 1913
Dayton Flood and her participation in the Washington, D.C., suffrage parade of the
same year. It also recounts her civic work in Cleveland during the early 1920s, the
death of her husband, and her work for the Emergency Work Bureau. Information about
FSHH's childhood can be gained from her unpublished autobiographical story, "A Child's
Eye View of Father," which describes her relationship with her father, Malcolm Hay,
and his death. Some genealogical information exists in The Diary of Lucy Anne Higbee
, a diary kept by FSHH's aunt. This version of the diary contains notes about FSHH's
family tree as well as an inscription by FSHH to Keppele Hall. FSHH's interest in
religion and spirituality is reflected in her annotated prayer book and a notebook
from a series of spiritualist lectures. Information about the years following FSHH's
move to New York and the death of her husband is limited. Evidence that FSHH retained
her interest in the prison and justice system can be found in "The True Story of Virginia,"
an article FSHH published in The Witness
in 1962 about a resident of the Reformatory for Women at Framingham, Mass. Researchers
interested in FSHH's personal life should also view the three scrapbooks in Series
II, which contain some personal information, including letters from publishers and
friends regarding the Higbee diary, as well as statements of Gertrude Williams and
FSHH related to their witnessing of police brutality during a 1919 protest by supporters
of Russia in New York City.
The bulk of Series II
, Volunteer and Professional Work (#F+D.1-2.16), relates to FSHH's civic work in Cleveland
during the early 1920s. It contains a notebook, correspondence, and three scrapbooks
including letters, clippings, memorabilia, photographs, and printed material. In addition,
there are four notebooks from FSHH's years at the Emergency Work Bureau in New York.
They offer detailed descriptions of her visits to the homes of unemployed workers.
These notes appear to correspond to the questionnaire in #2.9.
, Photographs (#PD.1-PD.11), contains photographs of mostly family and friends and
documents FSHH's travels with her husband Keppele Hall. Also included are photographs
of the 1913 Washington, D.C., suffrage parade and the delegates from Dayton, Ohio.
In some cases, original phrases and folder titles have been retained. Quotes have
been used to distinguish these phrases and titles from those provided by the processor.
- Series I. PERSONAL
- 1.1v. Prayer book, Steps to the Altar, with notes, 1860, n.d.
- 1.2. Clippings, prayers, religious instructions removed from #1.1v, 1887, n.d.
- 1.3. Notebook containing notes, short stories, and a sketch by FSHH, 1880s
- 1.4. Personal identification information for FSHH from Webster's Dictionary, ca.1914
- 1.5v. Account book of Fanny and Keppele Hall, 1923-1928
- 1.6v. Notebook: "Mr. Greenfine's Lectures on Pythogorian [sic] Doctrine," Cleveland, 1922
- 1.7v. The Diary of Lucy Anne Higbee: inscription and notes by FSHH, and clipping, 1924
- 1.8. Letter (copy) from Oliver Traver re: selling of The Diary of Lucy Ann Higbee, 1924, removed from #1.7v.
- 1.9. Notes re: genealogy of Higbee family, n.d., removed from #1.7v.
- 1.12. Letters from friends to FSHH re: "A Child's Eye View of Father," 1960
- 1.13. "Opinions of 'Child's Eye'" : letters from publishers, 1960-1961; includes FSHH's
- 1.14. "A Child's Eye View of Father": letters from publishers, 1960-1967; includes FSHH's
- 1.15. "Looking Backward," memoir, 1961
- 1.16. "The True Story of Virginia," by FSHH. Part one and two, published by The Witness, with introduction by Miriam Van Waters, July-August, 1962
- Series II. VOLUNTEER AND PROFESSIONAL WORK
- F+D.1. "Relief" armband from American Red Cross; American flag with 48 stars, n.d, removed
- SD.1. Ohio state flage, suffrage banner, n.d.
- State flag of Ohio presented to delegates to the 1913 Washington, D.C. suffrage parade.
See digital image.
- 2.1. Notes re: Ohio state flag from 1913 suffrage parade; printed and drawn illustrations
of Cleveland city crest, n.d., removed from #SD.1.
- 2.2v. Notebook re: notes from FSHH's work for various Cleveland organizations, including
the Consumer League of Ohio, and the courts committee of Women's City Club. Includes
notes from lecture series sponsored by Women's City Club and notes from interviews
with judges and lawyers related to courts committee project to study need for public
- 2.3. Cleveland Association for Criminal Justice: clipping re: CACJ and FSHH, removed from
- 2.4. Courts committee, Women's City Club, Cleveland: letters and notes, 1922, n.d.
- VO.1. Scrapbook of clippings, correspondence, reports, etc., re: FSHH's volunteer work for
various Cleveland organizations, including the Women's City Club, the courts committee
of the Women's City Club, and the Legal Aid Society of Cleveland, 1922-1923, n.d.
Also includes clippings re: FSHH's service as foreman of grand jury, as well as clippings
and typed statements by FSHH and Gertrude Willams re: their witnessing police brutality
during protest by supporters of Russia in New York City, 1919, and PHOTOGRAPHS, n.d.
- 2.5. Items removed from #VO.1: plans for proposed Cleveland Hall of Justice, membership
cards, notes from courts committee of Women's City Club meeting, pamphlet and other
materials related to the Consumer's League of Ohio, 1922-1923, n.d.
- VO.2. Scrapbook of clippings, letters, telegrams, reports and other materials mostly related
to FSHH's volunteer work for various Cleveland organizations, including the Women's
City Club, the courts committee of the Women's City Club, and the Cleveland Association
for Criminal Justice, 1909-1926, n.d. Includes clippings, PHOTOGRAPHS, letters and
memorabilia from peace parade, campaign information for local candidates, and letters
from state senators to FSHH re: proposed child labor amendment. Also includes American
flag with 48 stars (see F+D.1), an American Red Cross recommendation for Hall, and
postcards and PHOTOGRAPHS from 1913 Washington, D.C., suffrage parade.
- VO.3. Scrapbook of clippings, letters, pamphlets and other materials related to FSHH's volunteer
work for various Cleveland organizations, including the Women's City Club, the courts
committee of the Women's City Club, the Women's Council for the Promotion of Peace,
the Ohio Committee on Penal Conditions, and the Cleveland Association for Criminal
Justice, 1919-1926, n.d. Also includes letters re: The Diary of Lucy Ann Higbee.
- 2.7-2.8. Loose items removed from #VO.3, 1924-1926, n.d.: letters and memorabilia re: Ohio
Committee on Penal Conditions, the Women's City Club, the Ohio Welfare Conference,
the Cleveland Association for Criminal Justice, the Legal Aid Society of Cleveland,
and the Consumers' League of Ohio. Also includes pamphlet re: Women's Bureau of the
Cleveland Police Department, poem tribute to FSHH, and letters re: the Halls' move
to New York City and The Diary of Lucy Ann Higbee.
- F+D.2. Loose item removed from #VO.3, 1924: instructions for marchers in the Women's Council
for the Prevention of Peace parade
- 2.9. Questionnaire used by home visitors for Emergency Work Bureau, New York City, ca.1930-1935
- 2.10v-2.11v. Notebooks re: Emergency Work Bureau home visits by FSHH, ca.1930-1935
- 2.12. Loose items removed from #2.11v, n.d.: notes from home visits
- 2.13v.-2.14v. Notebooks re: Emergency Work Bureau home visits by FSHH, ca.1930-1935
- 2.15. Loose items removed from #2.13v, n.d.: notes from home visits
- 2.16. Notes, pamphlet re: criminal justice system, 1950s. Also includes annual report of
Committee on Youth and Law of Women's City Club of New York, 1950-1951; letter from
Erwin N. Griswold to FSHH re: his book The Fifth Amendment Today, 1955.
The following catalog entries represent persons, organizations, and topics documented
in this collection. An entry for each appears in the Harvard On Line Library Information
System (HOLLIS) and other automated bibliographic databases. THIS IS NOT AN INDEX.
American Red Cross
Consumers' League of Ohio
Hall, Fanny Southard Hay, 1872-
Hall, Keppele, 1872-1926
Hay, Malcolm, 1842-1885
Higbee, Lucy Ann, d. 1853
Massachusetts Reformatory for Women (Sherborn, Mass.)
New York (N.Y.) Emergency Work Bureau
Ohio Committee on Penal Conditions
Van Waters, Miriam
Women's City Club of Cleveland
Women's Council for the Promotion of Peace
Cleveland (Ohio)--Social conditions
Criminal justice, Administration of--Ohio--Cleveland
Dayton (Ohio)--Flood, 1913
New York (N.Y.)--Social conditions
Prison reformers--United States