Lightfoot, Judith, 1937-2006. Papers of NOW officer Judith Lightfoot, 1971-1977: A
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
These papers were processed under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Call No.: MC 485
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Judith Lightfoot, 1937-2006
Title: Papers of NOW officer Judith Lightfoot, 1971-1977
Quantity: 2.92 linear feet (7 file boxes) plus 1 supersize folder, 1 photograph folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Papers of National Organization for Women officer Judith Lightfoot, NOW chair.
Accession number: 78-M62
These papers were given to the Schlesinger Library by Judith Lightfoot in May 1978 in honor of her mother, Dorothy Waterman Gumpert.
Processed: October 2002
By: Johanna Carll
As of December 2015, written permission of the National Organization for Women (NOW)
is no longer required for access to folders #1.7-7.10.
Copyright. Copyright in papers created by Judith Lightfoot while an officer of the
National Organization for Women (NOW) is held by NOW. Copyright in other papers in
the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Judith Lightfoot. Papers of NOW officer Judith Lightfoot, 1971-1977; item description,
dates. MC 485, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University,
Judith Gumpert Lightfoot Cormack, an administrator and systems consultant and former
chair of the National Organization for Women (NOW), was born May 22, 1937, in New
York City. She received her undergraduate degree in philosophy from Hunter College
in New York. Lightfoot worked as office manager for an architectural designer (1959-1964),
for IBM Australia Ltd. (1964-1968), as chair of the Data Processing Department at
Greenleaf College (1968-1969), commercial projects manager for Computone Systems Inc.
(1969-1971), rational product manager for accounts payable, fixed assets and inventory
control at Management Science America, Inc. (1971-1973), and administrator for Summit
Medical Center (1973-1974). In 1974, Lightfoot began working as a freelance systems
Lightfoot's involvement in the women's movement began when she joined the Atlanta
chapter of NOW in 1970. She was elected NOW's Southern Regional Director in 1971,
and served as Chair-One of the National Board of Directors from 1973-1975. Lightfoot
was a convener of the Georgia Women's Political Caucus. She was appointed to the Georgia
Commission on the Status of Women in 1972. In addition to her women's rights activities,
Lightfoot was on the Board of Directors of the Atlanta Young Women's Christian Association
(YWCA) and the Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC). She was also a member
of Leadership Atlanta.
The collection is arranged in seven series:
- Series I. Personal Papers (#1.1-1.6)
- Series II. Chronological NOW Correspondence (#1.7-2.7)
- Series III. Alphabetical NOW Correspondence (#2.8-4.10)
- Series IV. NOW Conferences and Meetings (#4.11-6.5)
- Series V. NOW Chapter and Region Correspondence (#6.6-7.10)
- Series VI. NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund (LDEF) (#7.11-7.13)
- Series VII. Other Organizations (#7.14-7.22)
This collection contains mostly correspondence with some minutes, reports, and printed
material. It is arranged in seven series.
Series I, Personal Papers (#1.1-1.6), contains resumes, transcripts of speeches by
Lightfoot, correspondence relating to Lightfoot's job search in 1974, personal correspondence,
and a photograph of Lightfoot.
Series II, Chronological NOW Correspondence (#1.7-2.7), contains administrative correspondence
concerning NOW procedures. Also included are reports, memoranda, financial statements,
ballots, and printed material. Topics of correspondence include the "split" in 1975
Series III, Alphabetical NOW Correspondence (#2.8-4.10), contains correspondence on
a variety of topics, including computerization of the NOW national office systems,
the NOW-led Sears boycott, and the NOW "split." In the mid-1970s, two factions were
vying for control of NOW, the Majority Caucus and Womansurge, of which Lightfoot was
part. The correspondence demonstrates the conflicts between the two groups as well
as the response of various chapters to the dispute.
Series IV, NOW Conferences and Meetings (#4.11-6.5), contains correspondence, minutes,
agendas, and printed material from board meetings and national conferences. Also included
here are ballots concerning issues such as by-law changes and changing meeting dates,
which were a source of conflict. Records are organized chronologically.
Series V, NOW Chapter and Region Correspondence (#6.6-7.10), contains correspondence
relating to administrative issues, such as chapter names, regional conferences, and
some responses to the Majority Caucus. They are grouped alphabetically by region (Eastern,
Midwest, Southern, Western), and, within each region, alphabetically by state.
Series VI, NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund (LDEF) (#7.11-7.13), contains correspondence,
and printed material relating to LDEF's activities and Lightfoot's role as ex-officio
to LDEF. There is also a photograph of Lightfoot in a group.
Series VII, Other Organizations (#7.14-7.22), contains correspondence, minutes, and
printed material relating to various other organizations. They are arranged alphabetically.
Folder headings are those of Lightfoot unless otherwise noted; archivist's headings
and notes are in square brackets. All printed material by or about Lightfoot, as well
as all printed material with annotations, has been kept in the collection. Other NOW
publications and reports, except those created by Lightfoot, were transferred to the
NOW records in the Schlesinger Library. Non-NOW printed material produced by mainstream
organizations and publications was discarded; leaflets and other ephemera of small,
transient organizations were retained.
- Series I. PERSONAL PAPERS
- 1.1. [Judy Lightfoot biographical information], n.d.
Includes reference copy of photograph; original in #7.23.
- 1.2. [Clippings, includes correspondence], 1972-1974
- 1.3. Speeches [includes correspondence], 1973
- 1.4. Speeches [includes correspondence], 1974-1975
- 1.5. [Job search correspondence], 1974
- 1.6. [Personal correspondence], 1974-1975; includes letters from Sam Nunn, Herman E. Talmadge,
Ben B. Blackburn.
- Series II. GENERAL NOW CORRESPONDENCE
- 1.7. [NOW correspondence], 1971
- 1.8. [NOW correspondence], 1972
- 1.9-1.11. [NOW correspondence], 1973
- 1.12-2.2. [NOW correspondence], 1974 (3 folders)
- 2.3+. Notes from NOW board meeting removed from #2.2
- 2.4. [NOW correspondence], 1974
- 2.5-2.7. [NOW correspondence], 1975
- 2.8. [NOW correspondence], 1976; includes uncataloged photograph.
- Series III. ALPHABETICAL NOW CORRESPONDENCE
- 2.9. [Board correspondence], 1974
- 2.10. [Board Orientation Committee], 1974
- 2.12. Computerization, 1972-1973
- 2.13. [Computerization], 1974
- 3.1-3.2. Dues issues, 1975
- 3.3. ERA correspondence, 1972, 1975
- 3.4. Executive Director [Jane Plitt], 1974-1975
- 3.5. Expenses (Lightfoot), 1974-1975
- 3.6. [Wilma Scott Heide correspondence], 1973
- 3.7. International program, 1974
- 3.8. National office, 1974-1975
- 3.9. [Personnel and Procedures Committee], 1973-1974
- 3.10. Personnel and Procedures Committee, 1974-1975
- 3.11. Research Committee, 1973
- 3.12. Sears boycott, 1974-1975
- 3.13. Southern Bell, 1974
- 3.14. ["Split" correspondence], 1975
- 3.15-3.16. ["Split," chapter response], 1975
- 4.1. ["Split"] hate mail, 1975
- 4.2. ["Split," Majority Caucus], 1975
- 4.3-4.4. ["Split," Jane Plitt, re: her job performance], 1974
- 4.5. ["Split"] Jane Plitt, 1974-1975
- 4.6. ["Split," Womansurge], 1975-1976
- 4.7. Task forces, 1972-1974
- 4.8. [Task Force on Higher] Education, 1972-1974
- 4.9. [Task Force on Women and] Religion, 1973-1974
- 4.10. [Task Force on] Reproduction and Family correspondence, 1973-1976
- Series IV. CONFERENCES AND MEETINGS
- 4.11. NOW [Board] minutes, 1971-1973
- 4.12. NOW Board meeting, Chicago, 1973
- 4.13. NOW Board meeting, San Francisco, 1973
- 5.1. NOW Board meeting, St. Louis, 1973
- 5.2. NOW Board training session, 1973
- 5.3. NOW International Feminist Planning Conference, 1973
- 5.4. [NOW mail ballots], 1973
- 5.5. [NOW National Conference], 1973
- 5.6. NOW pre-[national] conference board meeting [Houston], May 1974
- 5.7-5.8. NOW National Conference, Houston, Texas, May 1974
- 5.9. NOW Board meeting, Washington, D.C., February 1974
- 5.10. [NOW Board meeting, Princeton, New Jersey], April 1974
- 5.11. [NOW] Board meeting, Boston, August 1974
- 5.12. [NOW mail ballots on proposed by-laws amendments], 1974-1975
- 5.13-6.1. NOW by-laws mail ballots, 1975 (2 folders)
- 6.2. [NOW ballots re: changing date of] May Board meeting, 1975
- 6.3. [NOW ballot re: changing date of April Board meeting], 1975
- 6.4. NOW National board meeting, Kansas City, 1975
- 6.5. NOW Board meeting, July 1975
- Series V. NOW CHAPTER AND REGION CORRESPONDENCE
- 6.6. [NOW] chapters, 1974
- 6.7. [NOW re: charters], 1974-1975
- 6.8. [NOW chapter correspondence] Eastern Region, 1974-1975
- 6.9. [NOW Eastern Region] New Jersey, 1974-1975
- 6.10. [NOW Eastern Region] New York, 1974-1975
- 6.11. [NOW Eastern Region] Pennsylvania, 1974-1975
- 6.12. [NOW Midwest Regional Conference], 1974
- 6.13. [NOW Midwest Region] Colorado, 1974-1975
- 6.14. [NOW Midwest Region] Illinois, 1974-1975
- 6.15. [NOW Midwest Region] Michigan, 1974-1975
- 6.16. [NOW Midwest Region] Ohio, 1974-1975
- 6.17. [NOW Midwest Region] Oklahoma, 1974-1975
- 6.18. [NOW Midwest Region] South Dakota, 1974-1975
- 6.19. [NOW Midwest Region] Texas, 1974-1975
- 6.20. [NOW Southern Regional Conference], 1973
- 6.21. [NOW] Southern Region, 1974-1975
- 6.22. [NOW Southern Region] Alabama, 1973-1974
- 6.23. [NOW Southern Region] Florida, 1973-1975
- 7.1. [NOW Southern Region] Georgia, 1974-1975
- 7.2. [NOW Southern Region: Georgia] Atlanta, 1974-1975
- 7.3. [NOW Southern Region: Kentucky] Louisville, 1974-1975
- 7.4. [NOW Southern Region] North Carolina, 1975
- 7.5. [NOW Southern Region] South Carolina, 1974-1975
- 7.6. [NOW Southern Region] Virginia, 1974-1975
- 7.7. [NOW chapter correspondence] Western Region, 1974-1975
- 7.8. [NOW Western Region] California, 1974-1975
- 7.9. [NOW Western Region] Oregon, 1974-1975
- 7.10. [NOW Western Region] Washington, 1974-1975
- Series VI. NOW LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND (LDEF)
- 7.11. NOW LDEF, 1972-1973; includes letter from McGeorge Bundy.
- 7.12. [NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund], 1974.
Includes reference copy of Lightfoot group photograph; original in #7.23.
- Series VII. OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
- 7.14. [Atlanta District Office Equal Employment Opportunity Commission], 1971-1973
- 7.16. Georgia Business and Industry Association, 1974
- 7.17. [Georgia Commission on the Status of Women], 1973, 1975
- 7.18. [Georgia Women's Political Caucus], 1972-1973
- 7.19. Leadership Atlanta, 1974
- 7.20. [The Midwest Academy], 1973, 1975
- 7.21. Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), 1974-1975; includes letter from Ralph
- 7.22. [United Negro College Fund], 1973
- 7.23. Photographs from #1.1 and 7.12.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
Equal rights amendments--United States
Office politics--United States
Sex discrimination against women--United States
Women--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Women's rights--United States
Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990
Blackburn, Ben B.
Heide, Wilma Scott, 1921-1985
National Organization for Women
National Organization for Women. Eastern Region
National Organization for Women. Ecumenical Task Force on Women and Religion
National Organization for Women--Employees
National Organization for Women. Midwest Region
National Organization for Women. Southern Region
National Organization for Women. Task Force on Higher Education
National Organization for Women. Task Force on Reproduction and Family
National Organization for Women. Western Region
NOW Majority Caucus
NOW Legal Defense & Education Fund
Sears, Roebuck and Company
Southern Christian Leadership Council
Talmadge, Herman E. (Herman Eugene), 1913-2002