Schiffer, Clara Goldberg, collector. Clara Goldberg Schiffer print collection documenting
working women, 1861-1999 (inclusive), 1861-1897 (bulk): A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: Gr-11
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Clara Goldberg Schiffer
Title: Clara Goldberg Schiffer print collection documenting working women, 1861-1999 (inclusive),
Quantity: 1.38 linear feet (1 folio+ box) plus 1 folio, 1 folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: 19th century prints of women's work in the United States and abroad.
Accession numbers: 98-M185, 2000-M108, 2002-M17
These addenda were collected by Clara Goldberg Schiffer and given to the Schlesinger Library between October 1998 and January 2002. These
images are addenda to a larger collection (Gr-10) given to the library between 1988
Processed: November 2002
By: Jane S. Knowles
Copyright. Harvard University makes no representation that it is the owner of the
copyright in any part of this collection; permission to publish must be obtained from
the owner(s) of the copyright (the author or her/his transferees, heirs, legatees,
or literary executors).
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Clara Goldberg Schiffer print collection documenting working women, 1861-1999; item
description, dates. Gr-11, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard
University, Cambridge, Mass.
There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Clara Goldberg Schiffer
print collection documenting working women, 1839-1994 (Gr-10.
Clara Goldberg Schiffer (A.B. Radcliffe College, 1932 and M.A. George Washington University,
1939), health program analyst for the United States Department of Heath and Human
Services, developed an interest in the history of women and work, and over the years
compiled a large collection of images of women's work culled from the 19th century
The collection consists of electrotype and photomechanical prints, largely from the
19th century pictorial press, photographs, clippings, and pamphlets illustrating women's
work in the United States and abroad. Women are depicted in the traditional occupations
open to them: agriculture, factories, laundry, needlework, and school teaching. Additionally
they are shown selling at U.S. Sanitary Commission fairs, cooking, nursing, studying
design, and taking dictation on Edison's phonograph.
The collection is arranged in three series:
Series I, Prints of United States Subjects (#1f+-9f+), consists of illustrations of
women's employment from Harper's Weekly, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, The Courier Journal, The Saturday Evening Post, Appleton's Journal of Medicine, Christian Herald and Signs of Our Times, Our Daily Fare, and The Inland Printer.
Series II, Prints of Non-United States Subjects (#10f+), consists of scenes of women
workers in France and Great Britain.
Series III, Other formats (#11f-12), consists of pamphlets and photographs of women
suffragists, a woman aircraft worker during World War II, and a telephone operator.
- SERIES I. UNITED STATES SUBJECTS
- 1.1f+-1. Agricultural occupations: "Picking Peaches in Delaware," Harper's Weekly, 14 September 1878, page 728.
- 1.1f+-2. Agricultural occupations: "Going to the Spring," Harper's Weekly, 14 August 1880, page 520. Artist: J.G. Brown. Hand colored.
- 1.1f+-3. Agricultural occupations: "In the Hop Fields of Central New York," Harper's Weekly, 21 September 1881, page 644. Artist: W. St. John Harper. Multiple images.
- 1.1f+-4. Agricultural occupations: Poultry farming. The Courier-Journal, 21 November 1909.
- 1.2f+-1. Art: "Pennsylvania-The Philadelphia School of Design for Women," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 15 January 1881, page 332. Artist: Walter Goater. Hand colored.
- 1.2f+-2. Cityscapes: "Life under the Dumps in New York City," Harper's Weekly, 14 November 1885, pages 747-749. Artist: W.P. Snyder.
- 1.2f+-3. Cooking: "A New England Kitchen," Hearth and Home, 22 July 1871, page 561. Hand colored.
- 1.3f+-1. Factories: "Bogus Butter-Making. The Process by Which Butterine and Oleomargarine
Are Manufactured," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 22 March 1884, page 77. Artist: C. Bunnell. Hand colored.
- 1.3f+-2. Factories: Candy manufacturing. The Saturday Evening Post, 25 March 1950.
- 1.3f+-3. Factories: Canning. "The Oyster Trade of Baltimore-Scenes along the Pratt Street Wharfs-Women
Opening Oysters for Canning," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 11 October 1873, page 69. Artist: George Lovie. Hand colored. Multiple images.
- 1.3f+-4. Factories: Canning. "New Jersey-Growing American Industries-The Process of Canning
Fruits and Vegetables at Moorestown," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Supplement, 18 October 1879, page 115. Artist: Walter Goater. Hand colored. Multiple
- 1.3f+-5. Factories: "Condensed Milk-What It Is, Where and How Made-A Visit to Borden's Factory
at Brewster Station, New York,"Frank Leslie's Illustrated Magazine, 12 April 1879, page 92. Hand colored. Multiple images.
- 1.3f+-6. Factories: Silk manufacture. Appleton's Journal of Medicine, 8 May , page 180. Hand colored. 2 images.
- 1.3f+-7. Factories: "American Industries-Silk Culture in Alabama," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 17 August 1878, page 408. Artist: A. Berghaus. Hand colored. Multiple images.
- 1.4f+-1. Fairs: "Ladies in Attendance in Regulation Costume at the Metropolitan Fair," Harper's Weekly, 23 April 1864, page 257, "Book Department," page 260, "International Department,"
page 264. Multiple images.
- 1.4f+-2. Fairs: "The Fair Movement in the Loyal States," Our Daily Fare, 14 June 1864, pages 41-48.
- 1.4f+-3. Government employees: "The United States Treasury - Exterior and Interior," Harper's Weekly, 19 October 1861, page 665. 2 copies. Multiple images.
- 1.5f+-1. Immigrants: "Examining Newly-Arrived Immigrants in the Main Hall, Ellis Island, New
York," [Christian Herald] and Signs Of Our Times, 7 April 1897.
- 1.5f+-2. Laundry: "Washing-Day among the Acadians on the Bayou, Lafourche, Louisiana," Harper's Weekly, 20 October 1866, page 657. Artist: A.R. Waud.
- 1.5f+-3. Laundry: "Wash Day," The Inland Printer . Photographer: John H. Tarbell
- 1.6f+-1. Needlework: "The War-Making Havelocks for the Volunteers," Harper's Weekly, 29 June 1861, page 401. 2 copies.
- 1.6f+-2. Needlework: "Cheap Clothing-The Slaves of the 'Sweaters'," Harper's Weekly, 26 April 1890, page 333. Hand colored.
- 1.6f+-3. Needlework: [Hatshop in New York City], The Saturday Evening Post, 10 March 1945.
- 1.7f+-1. Nursing: "The Work of the Hospital Saturday and Sunday Association," Harper's Weekly, 3 January 1891, page 13. Artist: Jessie Shepherd.
- 1.7f+-2. Parish Work: "Parish Work at St George's," Harper's Weekly, 2 May 1885, page 277. Artist: W.P. Snyder.
- 1.7f+-3. Peddlers: "The Peddler's Wagon," Harper's Weekly, 20 June 1868, page 393. Artist: C.G. Bush. Hand colored.
- 1.8f+-1. School teaching: "Boston, Mass. - The Winthrop Street Industrial School. - The Dressmaking
Department," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 25 April 1874, page 105. Artist: E.R. Morse. Hand colored.
- 1.8f+-2. School teaching: "A Cold Morning in a Country School-House," Harper's Weekly, 13 February 1875, page145. Artist: F.S. Church. Hand colored. 2 copies.
- 1.8f+-3. School teaching: "New York.- Closing Exercises at the New York Institution For the
Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, at Carmansville," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 12 July 1879, page 305. Hand colored.
- 1.8f+-4. Schoolteaching: "Massachusetts. The Kindergarten in the North-End Industrial Home,
Boston," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 4 June 1881, page 229. Artist: Charles Upham. Hand colored.
- 1.9f+-1. Servants: "The Ice Industry of New York," Harper's Weekly, 30 August 1884, page 562. Artist: F. Ray. Hand colored.
- 1.9f+-2. Telecommunications: "Edison's Perfected Phonograph," Harper's Weekly, 9 June 1888, page 416. Hand colored.
- SERIES II. NON-UNITED STATES SUBJECTS
- 1.10f+-1. France: "The World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago. The Normandy Cider-Press in
the Midway Plaisance," Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly, 7 September 1893, page 150.
- 1.10f+-2. Great Britain: "Haymaking," Harper's Weekly, Supplement, 5 August 1876, page 645. Artist: Lionel Smith.
- SERIES III. OTHER FORMATS
- 11f-1. Woman Suffrage Headquarters, Ohio. Women of Ohio Appeal to the Men of Ohio for the
Vote, photograph, c. 1912.
- 11f-2. Women in Wartime. "Smoke Break for a Lady at an Airplane Factory," photograph, c.
- 11f-3. Telephone worker, photograph, April 1946.
- 12-1. "What Have Women Done?": photo essay by the San Francisco Women's History Group, ca.
- 12-2. Patterns of History, 1835-1899, pamphlet containing patterns based on garments from
the State Historical Society of Wisconsin's Costume Collection, ca. 1999
African-American women--Pictorial works
Boston (Mass.)--Pictorial works
Charities--United States--Pictorial works
Childcare workers--Pictorial works
Dressmakers--United States--Pictorial works
New York (N.Y.)--Pictorial works
Philadelphia (Pa.)--Pictorial works
Women artists--Pictorial works
Women cannery workers--Pictorial works
Women--Employment--Great Britain--Pictorial works
Women--Employment--United States--Pictorial works
Women household employees--United States--Pictorial works
Women in agriculture--Pictorial works
Women in charitable work--Pictorial works
Women in education--Pictorial works
Women teachers--Pictorial works
Working class--Great Britain--Pictorial works
Working class--United States--Pictorial works.
Berghaus, A., illustrator
Brown, J. G. (John George), 1831-1913, illustrator
Bunnell, C., illustrator
Bush, C. G. (Charles Green), 1842-1909, illustrator
Church, Frederick S. (Frederick Stuart), 1842-1924, illustrator
Goater, Walter, illustrator
Harper, W. St. John (William St. John), 1851-1910, illustrator
Lovie, George, illustrator
Morse, E. R., illustrator
Ray, F., illustrator
Shepherd, Jessie, illustrator
Smith, Lionel, illustrator
Snyder, W. P., illustrator
Tarbell, John H., illustrator
Upham, Charles, illustrator
Waud, A. R., illustrator