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MC 213; M-23

O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948. Letters from Kate Richards O'Hare, 1919-1920: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Call No.: MC 213; M-23
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Kate Richards O'Hare, 1877-1948
Title: Letters from Kate Richards O'Hare, 1919-1920
Date(s): 1919-1920
Quantity: .21 linear feet (1/2 file box)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence and photograph of Kate Richards O'Hare, socialist organizer and prison reformer.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession number: 75-15
The letters of Kate Richards O'Hare were deposited in the Schlesinger Library by George Blackwell in January 1975.

Processing Information:

Processed: January 1975
By: Katherine Kraft

Conditions Governing Access:

Access. Originals are closed; use microfilm M-23.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Kate Richards O'Hare as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Preferred Citation:

Kate Richards O'Hare Letters, 1919-1920; item description, dates. MC 213, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.


Kate Richards O'Hare, Socialist organizer and prison reformer, opposed United States participation in World War I, as did most other Socialists; she lectured throughout the United States on "Socialism and the World War" during 1917, and was arrested on July 17 in Bowman, North Dakota for allegedly saying "that the women of the United States were nothing more or less than brood sows, to raise children to get into the Army and be made into fertilizer." Although O'Hare denied the charge, she was indicted and found guilty under the Espionage Act and sentenced to five years in the Missouri State Penitentiary, entering prison on April 15, 1919; her sentence was commuted on May 29, 1920.


This signed volume, entitled "Dear Sweethearts" is a collection of mimeographed letters from Kate Richards O'Hare to her family, written during her incarceration from April 1919 to May 1920. In these letters O'Hare discusses conditions of life and work in the prison; her fellow inmates; her family and friends; politics; books; the psychology of women and developments in psychoanalysis; and her religious and political beliefs. The volume also contains a photograph of O'Hare with her children.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

World War, 1914-1918--Protest movements
Antolini, Gabriella, 1900-1984
Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926
Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940
O'Hare, Francis Patrick