A-162; A/H827; A/H827a
Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue, 1830-1908. Papers, 1834-1959: A
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
This collection was reprocessed and microfilmed under a grant from
The George F. and Sybil H. Fuller Foundation, Worcester, Massachusetts.
© 1981 Radcliffe College
Call No.: A-162; A/H827; A/H827a
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: HARRIET GOODHUE HOSMER, 1830-1908
Quantity: 2.09 linear ft.(5 boxes, 4
oversize folders, 1 supersize folder, 8 reels of microfilm (M-60))
Abstract: Correspondence, photographs, drawings, etc., of Harriet Goodhue Hosmer, sculptor
1598, 69-22, 72-20, 78-M49, 81-M265, 81-M266
This collection of the papers of sculptor and inventor Harriet Goodhue Hosmer and
papers of her friend and biographer, Cornelia (Crow) Carr, were given to the Schlesinger
by Mrs. Carr's granddaughter,
Mrs. Delmar Leighton,
1972, 1978, and 1981.
Access. Unrestricted. Originals are closed; use microfilm M-60.
Harriet Goodhue Hosmer (October 9,
1830-February 21, 1908), was born in
Dr. Hiram Hosmer
Sarah (Grant) Hosmer.
Her mother, brothers, and sister died when she was a young child and she was
raised by her father, who encouraged her in out-of-door activities. She thus grew
up with a
strong love for the outdoors, and perhaps for this reason was always in good health.
At sixteen, HGH was sent to the home-school of Mrs. Charles Sedgwick of Lenox, where
was allowed the freedom to continue her interest in nature and where she met such
artistic figures as Fanny Kemble, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Ralph Waldo Emerson. In
atmosphere her interest in art, and particularly in sculpture, developed. She also
Crow (WC), father of her best friend Cornelia Crow, who became her first benefactor
In 1850, through the influence of WC, HGH went to
St. Louis, Missouri,
to study anatomy under the direction of
Dr. Joseph Nash McDowell,
head of the medical school of the state university. At the end of the semester, she
returned to Boston and that summer produced her first sculpture, Hesper, in her home
Watertown. In the fall of 1852, encouraged by the actress, Charlotte Cushman, with
was to live, HGH went to Rome. The English sculptor, John Gibson, took her on as a
studied with him until she established a studio of her own six years later.
Throughout her career HGH took part in the social life of the English and American
in Rome and Florence. Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, Sir Frederick Leighton,
Alwyne Compton, Lady Marianne Alford, Adelaide (Kemble) Sartoris and the
William Story family
were among her special friends. The many visitors to her
studio included royalty from many countries in Europe. She spent the summers with
the English aristocracy at their homes in England.
HGH made several trips back to the United States: in 1857 to exhibit Beatrice Cenci;
1860, when her father became seriously ill; and in 1864, when she returned to exhibit
New York and Boston. The following are HGH's major works:
- Hesper, 1852
- The Clasped Hands of Mr. and Mrs. Browning, 1853
Fountain of Hylas and the Water Nymphs,
Fountain of the Sirens,
Bust of Wayman Crow,
Queen of Naples,
Fountain of the Mermaid's Cradle,
- The Staghound, n.d.
- African Sibyl, partially completed, n.d.
HGH produced little sculpture after 1885, but spent most of her time visiting friends
England and America, giving an occasional lecture. She lived the last years of her
devoting virtually all her time and energy
to attempts to create a perpetual motion machine. This work reflected a life-long
mechanical devices and other inventions; she had tried to perfect a technique for
out of limestone. HGH died in 1908.
Harriet Hosmer, Letters and Memories
(HH,LM), edited by Cornelia Crow
Carr (CCC), was published in 1912. For other biographical information, see the article
Notable American Women
(Cambridge, Mass., 1971), which includes a list of additional
sources. See also
Hosmeriana: A Guide to Works by and about Harriet G. Hosmer,
Joseph L. Curran,
1975 (available at the Schlesinger Library,
730/H32c). Other HGH papers are listed in
Women's History Sources
and London, 1979).
This collection contains more than
750 ms. letters, the great majority written by HGH to WC, CCC, and other members of
Crow/Carr family. Only a few letters written by WC and CCC are included. There is
substantial number of letters from both Charlotte Cushman (CC) and Fanny Kemble (FK)
HGH or the Crow/Carr family. Many other well known people wrote to HGH, including
B. Anthony, Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning,
Lydia Maria Child,
John Gibson, Sir Frederick Leighton, Maria Mitchell and Harriet Beecher Stowe.
The collection contains HGH's writings (speeches, reminiscences,
articles and essays),
and clippings. Also included are drafts, notes and transcriptions CCC used in
editing HH,LM. The originals (letters, poems, reminiscences) of some of the transcriptions
to be found in various parts of this collection.
The papers provide information about HGH, her life and her art, about her many
acquaintances and the social scene in Rome and England, and about her long, close
with the Crow/Carr family. There is some material concerning HGH's inventions, including
artificial marble, and some concerning the "art fraud" accusation: that HGH did not
her own sculpting. CC's letters to CCC contain interesting information about her struggle
The collection is arranged in two series: I. Harriet Goodhue Hosmer, and II. Crow/Carr
Family. Series I contains personal and biographical material, letters to HGH,
The correspondence is arranged alphabetically by writer, with only selected names
listed in the
inventory. Most other material is arranged chronologically, with undated items at
the end of each
group. Series II contains letters from HGH, FK and CC (includes
and clippings) to the Crow/Carr family, from HGH to others, to CCC from others,
and others to others. This correspondence is grouped by writer, with subgroups by
each arranged chronologically. It should be noted that HGH frequently used a rebus,
a hat, in
place of a signature and FK a fan; when writing to HGH, CC often signed herself "Ma"
Adelaide (Kemble) Sartoris "Mar".
The last folders of Series II contain items removed from a
probably kept by CCC, or perhaps by her daughter, Hatty. Most of this material is
correspondence to, from, or about HGH. It also includes a notebook (#183) kept by
given to HGH. See the inventory for a complete listing.
- SERIES I. Harriet Goodhue Hosmer, #1-90.
- SERIES II. Crow/Carr Family, #91-185.
A card for each of
the following appears in the card catalogue:
Agassiz, Elizabeth (Cary), 1822-1907
Marianne Margaret (Compton), 1817-1888
Anthony, Susan Brownell,
Ashburton, Lady Louisa (Stewart-Mackenzie), 1827-1903
Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910
Elizabeth (Barrett), 1806-1861
Browning, Robert, 1812-1889
Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881
Child, Lydia Maria (Francis), 1802-1880
Clay, Henry, 1777-1852
Caroline (Anderson) (Lady Alwyne)
Crow, Wayman, 1808-1885
Cushman, Charlotte, 1816-1876
Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882
Fields, Annie (Adams), 1834-1915
Fremont, Jessie (Benton), 1824-1902
Gladstone, William Ewart, 1809-1898
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894
Hoxie, Vinnie (Ream), 1847-1914
Irwin, Agnes, 1841-1914
Kemble, Frances Anne (Fanny),
Layard, Sir Austen Henry, 1817-1894
Layard, Lady Enid
Leighton, Sir Frederick, 1830-1896
Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891
Moulton, Louise (Chandler), 1835-1908
Naples, Queen of (Maria Sophia Amelia), 1841-1925
Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-1894
Peruzzi, Edith W (Story)
Queen Isabella Association
Sartoris, Adelaide (Kemble), 1814-1879
Sedgwick, Catherine Maria, 1789-1867
Story, Maud Waldo
Story, William Wetmore, 1819-1895
Harriet (Beecher), 1811-1896
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874
Whiting, Lilian, 1859-1942
Whitney, Anne, 1821-1915
Americans in Italy
Andersen, Hans Christian, 1805-1875
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858
Europe--Description and travel
Everett, Edward, 1794-1865
Harriet Hosmer, Letters and Memories
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882
Speeches, addresses, etc.
United Kingdom--Social life and customs
For a list of the contents of A-162, see the
inventory that follows. For a description of A/H827 and A/H827a, see HOLLIS, Harvard’s
Folders 1-20: M-60, Reel 1
Folders 21-50: M-60, Reel 2
Folders 51-98: M-60, Reel 3
Folders 99-112: M-60, Reel 4
Folders 113-125: M-60, Reel 5
Folders 126-136: M-60, Reel 6
Folders 137-154: M-60, Reel 7
Folders 155-185: M-60, Reel 8
Folders A/H827 and A/H827a: M-60, Reel 8
When requesting microfilmed material, please use the microfilm number, M-60, and the
- 1. Two small Harriet
Goodhue Hosmer collections, A/H827 and A/H827a were also microfilmed; they appear
end of the last reel.
- 2. Dates, notes and page numbers have been written on some items by a number of
people, including HGH and CCC. In arranging the material the processor accepted dates
by others and left undated material that was grouped with dated items where it was.
and other information added by the processor are in square brackets.
- 3. The pages of some items were numbered to aid the microfilmer, the proofreader,
researcher. Blank pages were not numbered.
- 4. Letters of one or more pages with either the salutation or signature missing, as
smaller portions of letters, have been counted in the inventory as fragments.
- 5. The photographs in this collection have been microfilmed with the Library's
photograph collection; the film is available at the Schlesinger Library.
- 6. Many letters in the collection were written on flimsy paper. When both sides of
sheets were used the text frequently shows through; these letters are extremely difficult
to read in
- 7. Only a selection of HGH's plays, stories and poetry was microfilmed. The material
filmed (see #43-46 and #57-63) is extremely difficult to handle and read: some is
in the form of
very rough drafts or notes on small scraps of paper; some pages were pinned together
long strips; notes were pinned over existing text; there is extensive overlapping
of text, with in
some places writing on both sides of a sheet; ink (often smudged) and very faded pencil
on the same pages (sometimes written over erased text); and the handwriting is frequently
illegible. Micro-filming would have been very expensive and the resulting frames extremely
confusing to the reader. The material is available to researchers at the Schlesinger
- 8. Some of the material filmed has problems similar to those mentioned in #7 (above):
e.g., various colors of ink, pencil, and blue pencil often were used on the same page;
erased notes appear both in the margins and the body of some texts; and both pen and
notes are sometimes smudged. Targets inform the researcher about some of the worst
but it was impossible for the processor to note them all.
- CC: Charlotte Cushman
- CCC: Cornelia (Crow) Carr
- LC: Lucien Carr, (CCC's husband)
- WC: Wayman Crow
- HGH: Harriet Goodhue Hosmer
Harriet Hosmer, Letters and
Memories, edited by CCC
- FK: Fanny Kemble
- SERIES I. Harriet Goodhue Hosmer
Personal and biographical,
Biographical material, including "...best notice of me that ever was written...,"
copied by HGH,
1873 or 1875.
Articles about HGH, including "Harriet Hosmer, A
Biographical Sketch," by L[ydia] Maria Child,
The Ladies Repository,
1861, also 1911, 1943,
Articles including material about HGH; one is about
spiritualism; also mentioned are her inventions and the art fraud accusations.
1898, 1919, 1959,
Lists of pupils, Mrs. Sedgwick's School,
"Rules and Regulations of the
Tarantula Bower Female Association,"
1868, 1884, 1900.
Queen Isabella Association, including three ALS to
HGH from Isabella Beecher Hooker and
Eliza Allen Starr,
and share certificates; also clippings about the Isabella exhibitions in Chicago and
See also #83o.
two recitals in which HGH participated,
- 8. Calling cards, including one from Mr. [James Russell]
Lowell, unidentified notes, hat pin made from the King of Naples' uniform button (not
HGH to her father,
- 23-24. Others to others.
- 23. Sarah W. Hosmer
(HGH's mother) to
Mary B. Kittredge, 1834.
Marmontel Corbaz and Antonin
to ?, n.d. 18 ALS
- 25+-71. By HGH: drawings, speeches, writings.
- 25+-26. Drawings.
drawings," St. Louis,
The Death of the Dryads,
chimney piece, for Lady Ashburton, Melchet Court, . "Miss Adelaide Kemble, 'Tis
Norma!' (Act 2, sc. last), copied
from a drawing by H. Hosmer," n.d. "human figure," n.d. Fountain, n.d.
- 27-30. Speeches.
- 27. "Lecture 1st--On the Hen," [c. 1848].
History of the Browning clasped hands, Chicago,
HGH's ms., two ts. versions
invitation to the talk, notes by HGH and others re:
1889, 1902, 1911, 1942.
Watertown Woman's Club,
on her childhood, n.d.
Chicago, about art and Rome, n.d.
- 31-36. Reminiscences: notes, drafts, and other material
[for a book?], mostly n.d.
See also #166 and #170.
- 31. "Preface," "Fate and I."
Places and friends, including Robert Browning,
and Sir Frederick ("Fay") Leighton.
- 33. Friends: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Hans
Christian Andersen, and Lady Louisa Ashburton.
"Castle Ashby" and "Compton Wynates," homes of
Lady Alwyne Compton, includes article, "Compton Wynates," by
Alice Dryden,The Pall Mall Magazine,
- 35. "Stalking," re: stalking deer.
1891, 1894, 1900.
- 37f+-44. Plays.
"1975: A Prophetic Drama," performed in
"Seti: or the Magic Mirror," two cc. of the same
version, adapted by
- 39. "Seti: or the Magic Mirror," Act I, cc., earlier
- 40. "The Vision: or Judgment Day of Mrs. Dante," n.d.
- 42-44. "Our Neighbors or Two Generations."
- 43. Notes and rough draft, n.d. NOT FILMED
- 44. Notes and rough draft, n.d. NOT FILMED
- 45o-49. Stories, including notes, rough drafts, all n.d.
- 45o. "The Strange Case of Sheriff
Malathorne, Mr. Barbright and Anthony Hickman." NOT FILMED
- 46. "Apuleia: A True Story of Art and Rome." NOT FILMED
- 47. "Apuleia: A True Story of Art and Rome."
- 49. "A Steeple Chase with Death."
- 50-53. Poetry,
See also #167 and #171.
Written at Mrs. Sedgwick's School, includes poems by
- 51. "Lines addressed to my beloved little sister upon
receiving a pair of beautiful slippers worked by her own hands, March 7, 1882," draft
"Argument," written for the birthday of Lady
Ashburton, draft and final copy, May
"A Reminiscence, written to be read at the banquet
given Miss [Susan B.] Anthony on her 70th birthday,"
[February 15, 1890].
"A Card Party at 1600 Prairie Avenue, February 18, 1890." "Boots," 1893.
- 54-56. Poetry,
arranged by title or first line.
- 54. C-J:
"Call Me Early?”; "Falling Star"; "Greeting, To Maysie upon coming home from her marriage";
"Hail Columbia," dedicated to Marshall Field; also a clipping of a poem.; "Hail Columbia";
always swore..."; "In Memoriam"; "June 26th"; "Call Me Early?"
- 55. L-P: "Lines on beholding Lord Brownlow's beautiful
design...," two versions; "Oft in the Stilly Night"; "Perhaps you thought..."
- 56. S-T: "Sitting on Stile"; "So come ye forth and
greet..."; "Song of the Spirit of Morn," read by Fanny Kemble.; "Sweet Pal-an, A";
"To a Rose";
"To her umbrella"; "The Waking Hours"; "Zephyr"
- 57-63. Poetry,
- 57-59. Drafts and notes. NOT FILMED
- 60-63. Miscellaneous notes on scraps. NOT FILMED
Letters to the editor,
ms. and clippings (also related ms. notes about apparitions),
1860, 1877, 1897, 1900,
"The Process of Sculpture,"
"Art," October 7,
"Incompetent Critics," n.d.; Untitled, concerns a conversation with Thomas Carlyle;
re: art criticism, n.d.
- 67. HGH's description of the design she entered in the
competition for the Lincoln monument, n.d.
- 68. Notes on the effect of clay and plaster, n.d.
- 69. Notes on Michel Angelo [sic], n.d.
- 70. Notebook containing essays and notes on a variety of
subjects, including: "Sculpture in Our Day," "Sensation," "Environment," "Prudery,"
- 71. Miscellaneous notes and sayings, n.d.
Clippings and articles, c.1854-1912
includes ms. extract, c.1854-1912
About HGH, including clippings concerning art
frauds; also about the Queen Isabella statue, including "Facsimilie of the Letter...
to the Queen Isabella Association...,"
About art and literature,
About Louisa, Lady Ashburton,
Miscellaneous, including obituary of
the 109th meeting of the
article re: Lady Marianne Alford, "Women's Work at the Harvard
Helen Leah Reed,
- 87-90. Works by others and miscellaneous.
- 87. Drawings,
- 88. Poetry,
1859, 1864, 1901;
Because It was a Woman's,
Agnes M. Manning,
paper read before the
- 89. "Telling a Story," ts., author unknown, n.d.
Includes a p.c. of Nathaniel Hawthornes's house,
- SERIES II. Crow/Carr family
- 91. WC to CCC, 1860, 1868. 2 ALS
- 92. Hiram Hosmer
1853, 1858, 1868.
- 93-146. HGH to Crow/Carr family.
HGH to WC, Mrs. Wayman Crow, daughter Emma,
- 93. 1851-1856.
12 ALS, 1 ANS
- 97. 1861-1863,
also excerpts copied
by CCC? 8 ALS
- 99. 1865.
22 ALS, 1 fragment
- 105. 1873-1875,
Mrs. Wayman Crow,
n.d. 2 ALS, 1 fragment
HGH to CCC,
- 110. 1848-1851.
12 ALS, 2 fragments
10 ALS, 1 fragment
- 113. 1857-1859.
11 ALS, 1
- 116. 1865-1866. 11 ALS, 1 fragment
- 118. 1869.
4 ALS, 1 fragment
- 119. 1871.
12 ALS, 1 fragment
- 120. 1873, 1875.
12 ALS, 4
- 121. 1876-1877.
5 ALS, 1
16 ALS, 2
- 126. 1887-1889.
18 ALS, 1
- 135. "Late letters," from Watertown, n.y. 11 ALS
- 136. "Late letters," from Watertown, n.d. 17 ALS
- 137. "Late letters," from Watertown, n.d. 15 ALS
- 138. February-July, n.y. 17 ALS
- 139. August-December, n.y. 15 ALS, 1 fragment
- 140. From Chicago, n.y. 9 ALS
- 141. From Chicago, n.d. 14 ALS
- 144. To LC, CCC's husband, 1879, n.d. 4 ALS
Harriet Hosmer Carr,
CCC's daughter and HGH's goddaughter,
To Isabel Wayman Carr, CCC's daughter,
- 147-159. Others to Crow/Carr family.
Thomas Hart Benton Statue; Copy, in HGH's hand,
of letter to her from the legislative commission,
June 15, 1860;
copy of her response to the commission, with a note to LC on reverse,
June 22, 1860;
Jessie Benton Fremont (THB's daughter): ALS to WC, concerning unveiling of
statue; with enclosure listing family and others who should receive invitations,
- 148-150. FK.
See also #159.
ALS, 2 ANS
and clippings, c. 1860-1916.
- 155. To CCC, n.d. 5 ALS, 5 ANS, 3 fragments
3 ALS, 1
1876, 1906, 1916,
- 159. Others to CCC. 13 ALS; Elizabeth Cary Agassiz,
n.d.; Sarah Butler (FK's daughter), 1852, n.d.; Annie Fields, n.d.; Agnes Irwin, 1897;
Mercer, n.d.; E.M. [?], 1868.; Elizabeth [Palmer] Peabody, n.d.; Emma Stebbins, n.d.
CCC to Mr. Cole (draft), re: HGH's patent for
artificial marble; with enclosure "Petrified Marbles," June 30,
161. HGH to Louisa, Lady Ashburton,
n.d. 2 ALS, 1
HGH to others, including a note to CC, and a "letter
of advice to Maysie on her marriage,"
1869?, 1892, 1898,
n.d. 8 ALS, 1
ANS, 6 fragments
Others to others. 9 ALS, 2 ANS, 2 extracts, 2
J. Beavington Atkinson
W[illiam] W[etmore] Story,
re: HGH and art fraud,
J. Beavington Atkinson to
F[rances] P[ower] Cobbe,
HGH and art fraud,
? to ? extract,
G. [Lady] Bloomfield
L[ouisa] Ashburton to ?, re: motor,
L[ouisa] Ashburton to Dear Sir, re: motor,
1878; A[rthur] P[ennhyn] Stanley
to Lady Ashburton, 187?;
to the Earl of Crawford,
? to Mrs. Cheney,
J[ames] A[nthony] Froude
to Lady Ashburton, n.y.;
R[alph] W[aldo] Emerson
to ?, n.y.; M.L.B. to My Dear Friend, n.d.
- 164-177. Harriet Hosmer, Letters and Memories,
edited by CCC. Ms. and ts. material used in preparation of book.
Letters to CCC from Lady Enid Layard and Florence
[Lady Alwyne] Compton (includes a poem by HGH addressed to Lady Alwyne),
Copies of letters from HGH to various people,
including CCC, WC,
- 166. Copies: Mrs. [Charles]
Sedgwick's New Year poem to HGH,
Letter from Rembrandt Peale
on the subject of publishing letters, n.d.; HGH reminiscences re:
donkey ride with
- 167-170. Copies of letters to HGH.
Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, also HGH letter
to CCC re: "...Browning's last unpublished poem!" and HGH's letter and poem in reply,
Including T[homas] Carlyle,
FK, J[ames] R[ussell]
Lowell, C[atherine] M[aria] Sedgwick, and Lilian Whiting,
- 169. A.H. [Sir Austen Henry] Layard, u
Frederick Leighton ("Fay"),
n.d.; also HGH's account of her first meeting with Leighton.
- 171. Poems
by HGH, also one
poem attributed to Miss Ticknor, 1857-1890, n.d.
Notes and drafts,
Clippings with related notes,
Note scraps, 1851, n.d.; miscellaneous,
Announcement of publication and reviews,
"Random Writings, being more letters from Harriet
- 179-181. Miscellaneous.
- 179. 12 small watercolors, unidentified artist, n.d.
Statue of Puck owned by
[Massachusetts] Library Association.
2 TLS to Mrs. Edward B. Weed [CCC's granddaughter] from the
"Harriet and the Browning Hands,"
Wingate Taylor, Yankee,
- 181. "Book of Extracts," n.d.
- 182-185. Removed from a scrapbook probably kept by
CCC or her daughter, Hatty.
HG: Pressed flower, "Given me by Pasta...July
" Pressed flower,
"Given me by Mr. Gibson...," n.d.; Signature,
ALS to "Dearest
Mother" [Mrs. Wayman Crow], n.d.; ALS to ?, n.d.; Unsigned note, n.d.; Signature,
Drawing of "Miss Hosmer" and "Miss Stebbins" riding, n.d.
To or re: HGH: ALS,
Charles M. Jenks,
Lyons [British ambassador] to
W[illiam Ewart] Gladstone
to HGH, 1878; ALS,
G[eorge] F[rederic] Watts
to HGH, 1885; ALS,
to HGH, with note from Lady
on verso, 1886; Envelope addressed to HGH, 1903; ALS,
to CCC, n.y.; ANS, Mrs. [Mary?] Howitt
to HGH, n.d.;
ALS (with portion cut out),
Edith Marion Story
to CCC, n.d.; ALS,
to CCC, n.d.; Fragment,
Matilda M. Hays
? to ?, n.d. Ms. notebook, "Given me by Mrs. Kemble...list of things she required
her different parts," n.d.
To WC, mentions HGH. 3 ALS;
Jessie Benton Fremont,
CCC: ANS, from CC,
ALS, CC to
Hatty [Hosmer Carr,
Ada S. LeStrange,
n.d.; ANS, from FK, n.d.;
Plate, Browning clasped hands and poem, n.d.; Card file box:
Elizabeth (Barrett) Browning
See also #183.