Dodge, Jane Gay, 1881-1963. Papers of Jane Gay Dodge, 1861-1951: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: A-20.
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Jane Gay Dodge, 1881-1963
Title: Papers of Jane Gay Dodge, 1882-1951
Quantity: .21 linear feet (1/2 file box) plus 2 oversize volumes, 1 reel microfilm M-69)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Mainly two volumes of photographs and letters compiled by E. Jane Gay, who was official
photographer on a 1889-1893 expedition to appartian tribal lands among the Winnebagos
of Nebraska and the Nez Perces of Idaho.
Accession number: 51-74
This collection was given to the Schlesinger Library by Jane Gay Dodge in 1951.
Re-processed: January 1983
By: Christine C. Marshall
Access. Originals closed; use digital images. Volumes 1o-2o are also available on
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Jane Gay Dodge is held by the President
and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers
in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Jane Gay Dodge Papers, 1882-1951; item description, dates. A-20, folder #. Schlesinger
Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
The bulk of this collection concerns E. Jane Gay, Jane Gay Dodge's aunt. The daughter
of Ziba Gay (1796-1864), and Mary (Kennedy) Gay (1798-1873), Gay was born in 1830
in Nashua, New Hampshire. She was educated in New York, where she was a classmate
of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923). She left New York in the 1850s and, with
Catherin Melville, opened a school for young ladies in Macon, Georgia, in 1856. When
the school closed in 1860, Gay moved to Washington, D.C., where she and Catherin Melville
administered a school for young children. From 1861 until the end of the Civil War,
Gay worked with Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802-1887); as a result, she came into possession
of some of Dix's correspondence, which was eventually passed on to Dodge and is included
in this collection. After the Civil War, E. Jane Gay was a tutor to President Andrew
Johnson's grandchildren and then worked as a clerk in a deadletter office (1866-1883).
Sometime before 1888, Gay renewed her friendship with Alice Cunningham Fletcher and
in 1889 accompanied Fletcher when she was made a special agent for the U.S. Department
of the Interior to apportion tribal lands among the Winnebagos of Nebraska and the
Nez Perces of Idaho. Gay mastered the techniques of photography in the summer of 1888
and consequently was able to serve as official photographer for the expedition (1889-1893).
Gay then lived in Washington until 1906, when she and another niece, Emma Jane Gay
(1859-1924), visited Europe. During their stay in England, Gay and Emma Jane Gay produced
Choup-nit-ki, With the Nez Perce, 2 hand-bound volumes of photographs and letters describing Gay's and Fletcher's
work among the Indians and social conditions on the frontier in the late 19th century.
Gay decided to remain in Winscombe, Somerset, England, with her friend, Dr. Caroline
Sturge, and died there in 1919. For further information about Alice Cunningham Fletcher,
see the article in Notable American Women, volume I (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971).
The collection is divided into 2 parts: the first part deals primarily with E. Jane
Gay's life while the second part consists of letters to Dorothea Lynde Dix. The first
part of the collection contains biographical sketches by Jane Gay Dodge, of E. Jane
Gay, and Alice Cunningham Fletcher. The most interesting and informative items in
this section are the 2 hand-bound volumes of photographs and copies of letters written
by E. Jane Gay and Alice Cunningham Fletcher re: their trip to the Nez Perce Indian
territory, where Alice Cunningham Fletcher apportioned land to the Indians. The rest
of the collection contains correspondence from Francis La Flesche, the "adopted" son
of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, to Jane Gay Dodge and Emma Jane Gay, Jane Gay Dodge's
cousin, and letters to Dorothea Lynde Dix from various people.
- 1vo-2vo. Choup-nit-ki, With the Nez Perce. Excerpts of letters from E. Jane Gay and Alice Cunningham Fletcher, originally written
1889-1893, copied with her illustrations, decorations, and photographs by E. Jane
Gay. Hand bound (leather) by Emma Jane Gay in London, 1909. Choup-nit-ki, With the Nez Perce. Excerpts of letters from E. Jane Gay and Alice Cunningham
Fletcher, originally written 1889-1893, copied with her illustrations, decorations,
and photographs by E. Jane Gay. Hand bound (leather) by Emma Jane Gay in London, 1909
- 4-6. PHOTOGRAPHS PHOTOGRAPHS
- 4. Photographs of E. Jane Gay and Alice Cunningham Fletcher
- 5. E. Jane Gay photo album, "Reminiscent Bits," Virginia, c.1890, with typescript poem.
- 6. E. Jane Gay photo album, "Where We Camped," Idaho, 1889, with manuscript poem.
- 7-9. Correspondence and miscellaneous Correspondence and miscellaneous
- 7. Francis La Flesche to Emma Jane Gay and Jane Gay Dodge re: Alice Cunningham Fletcher's
illness, death, and will, 1923-1926; includes Francis La Flesche's will, typed letter,
signed from George Russell, 1927.
- 8. Alice Cunningham Fletcher's will, and re: will. Includes index cards re: Alice Cunningham
Fletcher's work on Indian culture and "An act to provide for the sale of a part of
the reservation of the Omaha tribe of Indians in the State of Nebraska. . . ," 1882,
- 9. Correspondence, 1939, re: death of Chief Joseph (Nez Perce); also 4 PHOTOGRAPHS of
Chief Joseph monument.
- 10-14. Correspondence to Dorothea Lynde Dix Correspondence to Dorothea Lynde Dix
- 10. "Biographical sketches of people who wrote to Dorothea L. Dix," compiled by Jane Gay
- 11. Dorothea Lynde Dix's signature; 2 autograph letters, signed from E[lizabeth] Blackwell,
n.d.; autograph note, signed from W. Longfellow, n.d.
- 12. 1861. Includes: Charles Sumner (January 14); Frances Seward, wife of William H. Seward
(May 1); pass issued to Dorothea Lynde Dix by Simon Cameron, Secretary of War (May
10); Mrs. Harrison Gray Otis (May 11); George Hughes Hepworth (July 2); Washington
Atlee (August 22); L.M. Bonaparte (October 2).
- 13. 1863-1865. Includes: Eben Norton Horsford (February 17, 1863); Joseph Hooker (signature)
(April 29, 1863); Horace Binney, Jr. (July 17, 1863); A.D. Bache (1863); A.D. Bache
(January 20, 1864); Mary (Ashton) Livermore (June 18, 1864); torn letter from Fortress
Monroe re: President Lincoln's visit to Leitz Point (April 20, 1864); John J. Cronin
(May 2, 1865); 3 envelopes, "From the President of the United States": 1864, with
John Hay signature; (2), with J.G. Nicolay signature (1865).
- 14. 1868-1877. William Wilson Corcoran (May 30, 1868); Francis Elias Spinner, Treasurer
of the United States (January 13, 1870); Francis Elias Spinner (January 31, 1870);
To Reverend Doctor Bellows from Mary Carpenter re: Dorothea Lynde Dix (October 15,
Indians of North America--Government relations--1869-1934
Nebraska -- Social conditions
Nez Percé Indians
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, Female
Women in science--United States
Atlee, Washington L., 1808-1878
Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867
Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910
Bonaparte, L. M.
Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889
Corcoran, W. W. (William Wilson), 1798-1888
Cronin, John J.
Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923
Gay, E. Jane, 1830-1919
Gay, Emma Jane, 1859-1924
Hay, John, 1838-1905
Hepworth, George H. (George Hughes), 1833-1902
Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879
Horsford, Eben Norton, 1818-1893
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932
Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905
Nicolay, John G. (John George), 1832-1901
Otis, Sally Foster
Russell, George W.
Seward, Frances Miller
Spinner, Francis Elias, 1802-1890
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874
Thaw, Mary Copley