Emerson, Eugenie Homer, 1854-1940. Papers of Eugenie Homer Emerson and Marian Clarke
Nichols, 1806-1953: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: MC 212
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe
Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Eugenie Homer Emerson, 1854-1940
Title: Papers of Eugenie Homer Emerson and Marian Clarke Nichols, 1806-1953
Quantity: 3.34 linear feet (8 boxes)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Papers of Eugenie Homer Emerson and her niece, Marian Clarke Nichols, and other members
of the Emerson and Nichols families.
Accession number: 739
These papers were found in the home (on Mt. Vernon Street, Boston) of Rose Standish
Nichols upon her death. Her nephew, Sidney N. Shurcliff, gave them, with her books, to the Bryn Mawr Booksale; Mr. and Mrs. Lyman H. Butterfield then separated the papers from the books and gave the former to the Schlesinger Library
(then the Women's Archives) in April 1964.
Processed: January 1975, March 1976
By: Nancy Wagner, Eva Moseley
Access. Collection is open for research.
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Eugenie Homer Emerson and Marian Clarke
Nichols as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their
authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Eugenie Homer Emerson and Marian Clarke Nichols Papers, 1806-1953; item description,
dates. MC 212, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University,
There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see the Nichols-Shurtleff family
Papers, 1780-1953 (A-170
), and the Nichols-Shurtleff family Additional papers, 1758-2006 (MC 766
Eugenie Homer was born into a prominent Boston family and traveled in Europe (1878-1879),
with her sister and brother-in-law, Augusta and Augustus St. Gaudens, the latter a
sculptor. In 1896 she married Oliver Pomeroy Emerson (1845-1938), a minister, and
went with him to Hawaii. Marian Clarke Nichols (1873-1953), niece of Emerson, was
active in civil service reform nationally and especially in Massachusetts.
Eugenie Homer was born in 1854, the fourth of the five children of a well-to-do Boston
family. She traveled extensively in Europe during her early twenties, describing her
travels in letters to her family; during 1878-1879 she visited various cities with
her sister and brother-in-law, Augusta St. Gaudens and Augustus St. Gaudens, the latter
a well-known sculptor. In about 1890 she began to write from the family home in Roxbury
to the Reverend Oliver Pomeroy Emerson (1845-1938) in Hawaii, describing visits with
family and friends, plays, concerts, her work with a girls' club, the artists she
met through Augustus St. Gaudens, and discussing the annexation of Hawaii. After her
marriage to Oliver in 1896 she wrote to her family, especially to her mother, from
Hawaii. In the correspondence with her sister Augusta and her cousin Mary Elizabeth
Homer Emerson, much attention is devoted to health and illness. Also included in the
papers of Eugenie Homer Emerson are letters to Eugenie from various family members;
papers (1806-1867) of Sidney Homer; and correspondence and other papers of the Emerson
The papers of Marian Clarke Nichols (1873-1963), daughter of Elizabeth Fisher Homer
and Arthur Howard Nichols, cover the period 1821-1953, and include her diaries while
traveling in Europe in 1891 and again in 1893-1894; family correspondence and photographs;
and papers and lantern slides on civil service reform. Marian Clarke Nichols was active
in both the Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association
and on the Committee on Civil Service Reform of the Massachusetts State Federation
of Women's Clubs; she served the latter as secretary, 1909-1918, and chairman, 1918-1923.
She was also active in the National Civil Service Reform League and collected addresses
made to the League by well-known speakers. The Nichols-Shurtleff Family Collection
(A-170) contains papers of Marian Clarke Nichols which complement those in this collection.
- Box 1: Folders 1-11
- Box 2: Folders 12-19
- Box 3: Folders 20-28
- Box 4: Folders 29-31, Vols. 1-10
- Box 5: Folders 33-36, Vols. 11-18
- Box 6: Card file of the Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform
- Box 7: Glass negatives and Lantern slides (D-14 - D-127)
- Box 8: 98 glass lantern slides (D-128 - D-225)
- Series I. EUGENIE HOMER EMERSON, 1854-1940.
- A. Letters from Eugenie Homer Emerson.
- 1. To her family, 1869-1876
- 2. To her family, October 1878-December 1879
- 3. To her family, 1888-1895
- 6. To her mother (Mary Elizabeth Homer), 1897
- 7. To her mother (Mary Elizabeth Homer), 1898-1899
- 8. To Oliver P. Emerson, 1890-1893
- 9. To Oliver P. Emerson, 1894
- 10. To Oliver P. Emerson, 1895
- 11. To Oliver P. Emerson, 1896-1898
- 12. To Oliver P. Emerson, 1899
- 13. To Oliver P. Emerson, 1900-1909
- 14. To Augusta and Augustus St. Gaudens (some written by Oliver P. Emerson), 1897-1902
- 15. To Cousin Lizzie (Mary Elizabeth Homer Emerson), n.d.
- B. Letters to Eugenie Homer Emerson.
- 16. From Joseph Homer (brother), 1867-1899
- 17. From Mother, 1869-1881
- 18. From Mother, 1881-1895
- 19. From Mother, 1896-1898
- 20. From Cousin Lizzie, 1877-1909
- 21. From members of the Emerson family congratulating Eugenie on her engagement, October
- 22. From friends and cousins, 1914-1930: Cousin Alice, Louise Burch, Martha Clark, Elizabeth
Dorr, Martha Homer
- C. Miscellaneous.
- 23. Business papers and correspondence of Sidney Homer, 1806-1867
- 24. Emerson family: correspondence, marriage certificate, funeral sermon, etc., 1837-1865
- 25. Correspondence between Gertrude Kimball and Eugenie Homer Emerson, 1870-1873, 1896
- 26. Letters of recommendation for Thomas Homer (Eugenie Homer Emerson's brother), 1907-1908
- 27. Correspondence between Sidney and Louise Homer and Eugenie Homer Emerson, 1916-1938;
also newsclippings and Winslow Homer obituaries.
- 27a. Photographs of the Sidney Homer family (stored in file drawer)
- 28. Letters (from John Graham Brooks, Caroline Hazard, et al.) congratulating Oliver P.
Emerson on the publication of Pioneer Days in Hawaii, and reviews of the book, 1928-1937
- Series II. MARIAN CLARKE NICHOLS, 1873-1953
- A. Personal.
- Vol. 1. Diary, May 22 - July 22, 1891
- Vol. 2. Diary, July 24 - October 11, 1891
- Vol. 3. Diary, October 12 - November 12, 1891
- Vol. 4. Diary, November 13 - December 31, 1891.
Diaries for 1892, and also 1883-1887, in Nichols-Shurtleff Papers, A-170.
- Vol. 5. Notebook of lecture notes for philosophy course with George Santayana, February -
- Vol. 6. Diary, November 2, 1893 - January 25, 1894; includes 23 photos of Italy
- Vol. 7. Diary, January 26 - March 30, 1894; includes 9 photos of Italy
- Vol. 8. Diary, March 31 - July 18, 1894; includes 11 photos of Italy
- Vol. 9. Diary, July 19 - September 1, 1894; includes 3 photos of Italy
- Vol. 10. Notebook of copied quotations and poems, one dated May 1905, most n.d.
- 29. Correspondence. Marian Clarke Nichols to or from family and friends, 1889-1952. Also
obituary (newsclipping) of Marian Clarke Nichols, 1953.
- 30. Miscellaneous correspondence, including letters to Elizabeth Fisher Homer Nichols
(one from Pauline Agassiz Shaw) and doctor's bill for Rose Standish Nichols
- 31. Invitations to (1839, n.d.)
- 31a. Two photographs of Charles Gordon Atherton (1804-1853), United States Congressman
and Senator. Sketch of the Life of Joseph Warren Homer, read at the Massachusetts Charitable Society, December 5, 1863, by Sidney Homer,
President. Inscribed by Grandma Homer to Marian Clarke Nichols, December 1890.
- 32. Photographs: Marian Clarke Nichols in childhood [and two in later years?] Rose Standish
Nichols and Marian Clarke Nichols with their Austrian friend, Baroness Erggelet, Salzburg,
July 1894. Family pictures, August 1898. Miscellaneous travel and family photographs,
n.d. and unidentified.
FILED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS.
- B. Civil service reform activities.
- Vol. 11. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Women's Auxiliary
[Annual] Report, 1902-1911
- 33. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Membership
lists, 1910-1911, with notes re donations and dues
- 34. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Membership
lists, 1912-1915 with notes re donations and dues
- Vol. 12. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Dues and
donations records, 1922
- Vol. 13. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Dues and
donations records, 1923-1924
- Vol. 14. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Secretary's
account book, December 1909 - January 1913
- Vol. 15. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Library lending
- Vol. 16. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Treasurer's
records, 1927-1934, Beacon Hill Assocation [branch of Women's Auxiliary]
- 35. Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association. Publications,
notes, invitations, and tickets of Women's Auxiliary and branches, most n.d.
See also Box 7.
- Vol. 17. Committee on Civil Service Reform, Massachusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs.
Minutes, September 1910 - April 1920
- Vol. 18. Committee on Civil Service Reform, Massachusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs.
Minutes, October 1920 - January 1923
- 36. National Civil Service Reform League. Addresses (printed) to the League, 1895-1914,
including speeches by Charles William Eliot, Richard Henry Dana (both presidents of
the League), and Charles Evans Hughes.
- Box 7:. Card file of the Women's Auxiliary of the Massachusetts Civil Service Reform Association.
See also Box 5.
- C. Daguerreotypes and Lantern Slides
- D-1. Daguerreotypes: "Aunt Grace Low." Name written in the hand of Arthur Howard Nichols.
- D-2. Daguerreotypes: Aunts Grace Low and Susan Smith.
- D-3. Daguerreotypes: Henry Augustus Nichols.
- D-4. Daguerreotypes: Wife of Leonard J. Nichols.
- D-5. Daguerreotypes: Holt cousin of Arthur Howard Nichols (Marian Clarke Nichols's father)?
- D-6. Daguerreotypes: Deacon Thwing of Salem St. Church.
- D-7. Daguerreotypes: Mary Pinkerton Crombie.
- D-8. Daguerreotypes: "Probably Bible Class of Charles Nichols at the Salem St. Church."
- D-9. Daguerreotypes: Unidentified woman.
- D-10. Daguerreotypes: Unidentified man, probably a Nichols.
- D-11. Daguerreotypes: Unidentified man and woman.
- D-12. Daguerreotypes: Unidentified young woman.
- D-13. Daguerreotypes: Unidentified woman (1/2 plate, 4" x 6" daguerreotype).
- 37. Daguerreotypes: Three fashion plates, 1821, 1825.
- D-14 - D-46. Glass negatives: Thomas Nast cartoons on civil service reform (D-23 cracked)
- D-47 - D-60. Glass negatives: Texts on the spoils system and on the meaning and practical consequences
of civil service reform before and during World War I (D-53 broken)
- D61 - D-67. Glass negatives: Portraits of United States Presidents and civil service reformers.
Remarks by a president on civil service and office-seeking.
- D-68 - D-98. Glass negatives: Texts on the scope and purpose of civil service law and application
of the law. (D-84 broken)
- D-99 - D-114. Glass negatives: Workers and civil servants at work (D-107 broken)
- D-115 - D-117. Glass negatives: Children doing physical exercises
- D-118 - D-121. Glass negatives: Unidentified portraits and views (D-119 broken)
- D-122 - D-124. Lantern slides: Thomas Nast cartoons (same as D-18, D-19, D-21) (all broken)
- D-125 - D-127. Lantern slides: Views of postal workers, firemen, and text on government efficiency
- D-128 - D-161. Glass lantern slides: Texts on civil service administration and reform
- D-162 - D-176. Glass lantern slides: Illustrations from books and Thomas Nast cartoons on civil service
- D-177 - D-225. Glass lantern slides: Photographs of civil servants at work, c. 1910 (firemen, postmen,
sanitation men); includes a few scenes of Boston.Several are copies of illustrations
Civil service reform
Europe--Description and travel
Families--Health and hygiene
Massachusetts--Social life and customs
Voyages and travels
Women--Societies and clubs
Brooks, John Graham, 1846-1938
Hazard, Caroline, 1856-1945
Massachusetts Civil Service Association
Massachusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs
National Civil Service League
Nichols, Marian Clarke, 1873-1953
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907
Santayana, George, 1863-1952
Shaw, Pauline A. (Pauline Agassiz), 1841-1917