New England Women's Club. Records, 1843-1970: A Finding Aid Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
© 1997 Radcliffe College
Call No.: MC 178/M-145
Note: CLOSED. USE MICROFILM. REQUEST AS: M-145.
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Creator: NEW ENGLAND WOMEN'S CLUB, 1868-
Title: Records, 1843, 1849, 1857-1970
Quantity: 5 cartons, 2 file boxes, 1 folio box, 4 folio+ folders, 1 oversize folder Photographs:
folio box, 1 folio folder
Abstract: Minutes, correspondence, reports, etc., of the New England Women's Club, one of the
oldest women's clubs in the United States.
Reprocessed: April 1997
By: Bert Hartry
Accession number: 72-21
The records of the New England Women's Club were given to the
Schlesinger Library by the club in 1972.
Access. Unrestricted. Originals are
closed; use microfilm (M-145).
Copyright. Copyright is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College
for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held
authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns. Researchers must obtain the written permission
holder(s) of copyright and the director of the Schlesinger Library before publishing
from materials in the collection.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
The New England Women's Club, one of the oldest women's clubs in the United States, had its beginnings in February 1868 at a meeting at the house of Dr. Harriot K. Hunt. The first public
meeting, which officially initiated the life of the club, was held on May 30, 1868.
Severance (the first president) and Julia Ward Howe explained the purposes of the
providing a meeting-place for women outside their homes, giving them new knowledge
inspiration for their work at home and outside, and uniting their efforts in various
Beginning that autumn, the club held weekly meetings from November to May, with speakers
subjects in literature, history, music or art, or on such topics of current interest
as suffrage, needy children, industrial schools,homes for
the poor, and cooperative kitchens. Speakers included both club
members (Ednah Dow Cheney, Julia Ward Howe, Mary Peabody Mann, Elizabeth P. Peabody, et al.) and such prominent contemporaries as William Henry
Channing, James Freeman Clarke, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, and
Henry and William James. Men, including some of those named, were associate members,
the club was managed entirely by women, at a time when it was radical for women to
outside the home or even to call their association a club.
Among the early projects of the club or its committees were a report on needlewomen in Boston; a Friendly Evenings
Association, which provided a comfortable meeting-place for working women for
about a year, when the project was taken over by the newly-established Women's
Educational and Industrial Union; a Horticultural School for Women; the Dress Reform Rooms established and run by the Dress
Reform Committee to make and sell "hygienic" garments for women; and
work by the Education Committee that led to the election of four women to the Boston School Committee in 1874.
On the cultural side there were, in addition to the many lectures, "poetical picnics,"
contributions by members; annual lunches to honor astronomer
Maria Mitchell; celebrations of Margaret Fuller's birthday; dramatic
performances; and regular classes in English literature, botany, physiology, and languages.
club's history of cultural and philanthropic activities has continued to the present.
The papers in this
collection presented a challenge to the processor and the microfilmer. Some of the
particularly in the volumes, was difficult to film, due to such problems as faded
ink, creased and
brittle newsprint, staining caused by scotch tape, glue, and discolored newsprint,
that may cause gutter shadow, and, in scrapbooks, glued-in, multi-paged, folded, and
items. It was impossible to film the last or back page of some items, because they
were glued to
All dates and other information added by the processor are in square brackets.
Unnumbered volume and notebook pages containing text, and some multipaged letters,
were numbered by the processor to aid the microfilmer, the proofreader, and researchers.
Blank volume pages numbered by the printer were filmed only when opposite a page
Loose items found between pages of notebooks or other volumes were filmed where
Some reports were handwritten on the reverse side of previously used paper. With a
exceptions only the ms. side was filmed.
Many multipaged letters conclude at the top or sides of page one, or another page
not the last. The page with the ending was not refilmed, so researchers must return
The film was proofread by the Schlesinger Library and corrections made where
Copies of this microfilm (M-145) may be borrowed on interlibrary loan from the
Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, 10 Garden Street, Cambridge,
Folders 1-5: M-145, Reel 1
Folders 6-8: M-145, Reel 2
Folders f.b. 2 -12: M-145, Reel 3
Folders 13-22: M-145, Reel 4
Folders 23-26: M-145, Reel 5
Folders 27-29: M-145, Reel 6
Folders 30-32: M-145, Reel 7
Folders 33-39: M-145, Reel 8
Folders 40-44: M-145, Reel 9
Folders 45-48: M-145, Reel 10
Folders 49: M-145, Reel 11
Folders 50-55: M-145, Reel 12
Folders 56-73: M-145, Reel 13
Folders 74-93: M-145, Reel 14
Folders 94-114: M-145, Reel 15
Folders 115-142: M-145, Reel 16
Folders 143-159: M-145, Reel 17
Folders 160-177: M-145, Reel 18
The NEWC records
are divided into five sections:
- I. History
- II. Secretaries' records
- III. Programs
- IV. Membership
- V. Financial records
The collection provides a detailed record of board, annual and social meetings, 1868-1963;
biographical information on some of the leading members; lists of members and officers;
programs, calendars, financial records (1891-1963), and reports of officers, committees
classes, for many of the years of the club's existence; a small amount of correspondence;
documentation of the difficulties encountered by the Dress Reform Committee (#73-75)
the financial crisis of 1899 (25v); and papers on the relationship of the NEWC to
the Massachusetts Federation of Women's Clubs from the latter's founding
in 1893 (#119).
Series I, History (#1v-21f), consists of the following in the order listed: regulations,
and constitution; lists of officers, nominations, and ballots;yearbooks, 1880-1970; Historian's records, and other historical
information; and photographs.
Series II, Secretaries' records (#22-57), includes the recording secretary's minutes
Directors, annual, and Monday afternoon meetings) and annual reports, and reports
corresponding secretary. The records of the recording secretary also contain membership,
committee, and class information, and financial reports: e.g. treasurer's, auditor's,
Series III, Programs (#58-120), includes four sections: committee reports; class reports;
projects, which include papers read to the club, programs for performances, meeting
announcements, original charades, book and travel talks, and the Horticultural School
Women; and correspondence, reports, etc., re: NEWC's relations with other women's
The meetings arranged by the Discussion Committee (#70-72) covered a variety of topics:
e.g. cycling for women, literature, foreign travel, manners, crime, politics,
suffrage, immigration, public education, education for girls, and paid work for women.
the committee's annual reports give a cursory description of topics discussed, others
Papers read to the club (#106-108) also cover a variety of topics and they include
condition of women in Massachusetts" by Lucy Stone. Those by Julia Ward Howe include
about the Department of Woman's Work at the World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial
Exposition (New Orleans, 1884-85); most of the rest are about the NEWC and the women's
Series IV, Membership (#121-144), contains, in the following order: membership lists,
membership proposals and applications, each section arranged chronologically; and
a section of
documents by and about individual members. This last section is arranged alphabetically.
Series V, Financial records (#145-177), includes three sections: treasurer's records
consist of the following five sub-sections (each arranged chronologically): reports
annual, and monthly), receipt and expenditure ledgers, checks and checkbooks, budgets,
donations made by NEWC; auditor's reports; Reserve Fund which consist of the following
sub-sections (each arranged chronologically): reports, bank records, and correspondence.
There are also financial records in the yearbooks (series I), the secretary's records
and in the finance committee papers (series III).
Researchers following up on names or subjects listed in the added entries should be
that much of the relevant documentation can be found in the board, annual, and regular
minutes and in committee reports.
Many file units listed as volumes in the 1973 inventory of these records have now
placed in folders for preservation purposes, and are numbered accordingly.
- Series I. HISTORY
- 1v. "Rules and Regulations," 1868-1882: includes by-laws. Also used as guest book for Old Home Week, 1907, and Massachusetts Federation reception for delegates of General Federation of
Women's Clubs, 1908.
- 2. Constitution, bylaws, regulations, 1868,
1958, n.d. Bylaws Revision Committee: meeting minutes, 1899.
- 3. Lists of officers, nominations, ballots, 1871-1959 (scattered).
- Folio box 2 - 10v: Historian's records
- 9. Historian's annual reports, 1901-1965 (scattered)
- 10v. "Diary," 1921-1926. Mainly
monthly programs and clippings; includes PHOTOGRAPHS.
- 11. Miscellaneous histories, ca. 1914-1961 (scattered), n.d. Includes information re: club name, rooms.
- 14. Articles re: NEWC, 1897-1908
- 15. 50th anniversary: history of "Second Quarter Century,"
read by Mary H. Ladd, 1918
- 16. 100th anniversary: ticket, program, 1968
- 17. Disassembled scrapbook:
mainly clippings (including obituaries), also poems,Laura E. Richards letter, 1935-1970.
- 18o. NEWC Roll of Honor, n.d.
- 19vf-21f: PHOTOGRAPHS.
See also #55.
- 19vf-20vf: Photograph albums
- 19vf. 1868-1908:Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louisa May Alcott, Alice Stone
Blackwell,Henry Brown Blackwell, Ednah Dow Cheney,
James Freeman Clarke, Lidian Jackson Emerson, Ralph Waldo
Emerson, Charles Follen, William Lloyd Garrison, William Lloyd
Garrison, Jr., Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Julia Ward Howe, Samuel Gridley
Howe, Harriot K. Hunt, Mary A. Livermore, Abigail
Williams May, Maria Mitchell, Louise Chandler Moulton, Lucia M. Peabody, Julia A.
Lucy Stone, Booker T. Washington, Kate Gannett Wells, John
Greenleaf Whittier, Marie Elizabeth Zakrzewska, et al. Also photographs of No. 3 Tremont
Place in 1876, English literature class
- 20vf. 1910-1941: Portraits of club
officers, members; cast of a play; some group pictures. Includes Julia Ward Howe,
Holman Ladd, Anne Lauriat Read, May Alden Ward, et al.
- Series II. SECRETARIES' RECORDS
- 22-54: Recording secretary
- 22-38: Minutes. Most of Board of Directors, some regular and annual
meetings; includes annual reports.
- 22. Feb. 18, 1868 - May 3, 1873
- 23v. May 31, 1873 - May 7, 1881
- 24v. May 28, 1881 - May 2, 1891
- 25v. May 30, 1891 - Jan. 28, 1901
- 26v. Nov. 6, 1899 - May 14, 1900
- 27v. Feb. 2, 1901 - Dec. 29, 1910
- 28v. Feb. 18, 1911 - May 24, 1919
- 29v. Oct. 4, 1919 - May 1925
- 31v. May 18, 1925 - Nov. 2, 1935
- 32v. Dec. 7, 1935 - Dec. 6, 1948
- 33v. Jan. 3, 1949 - May 7, 1956
- 34. Nov. 5, 1956 - May 11, 1957
- 35. Nov. 4, 1957 - May 23, 1958
- 36. Nov. 3, 1958 - May 1, 1961
- 37. Nov. 6, 1961 - May 6, 1963
- 39-51v: Minutes. Most of "regular" (Monday
afternoon) meetings, some annual.
- 39-41: Informal minutes
- 39v. Record
Book of the "Weekly Social Meetings," Nov. 6, 1868 - Feb. 27, 1871.
Includes history from February 18, 1868; poems by Julia Ward Howe et
al.; reports of talks by JWH, Ednah Dow Cheney, James Freeman Clarke, Ralph Waldo
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, William James, Mrs. Horace Mann,
Maria Mitchell, Elizabeth P. Peabody, Josiah Quincy; poem honoring
- 40. 5 small notebooks, May 30, 1868 - June 3,
- 41. 16 "Club Journals," Nov. 6, 1882 - May 24,
- 42-51v: Includes clippings, programs
- 42v. Apr. 5, 1900 - May 12, 1902
- 43v. Nov. 3, 1902 - May 9, 1904
- 44v. Nov. 7, 1904 - May 25, 1907
- 45v. Nov. 11, 1907 - May 9, 1910
- 46v. Nov. 7, 1910 - Dec. 30, 1912
- 47v. Jan. 6, 1913 - Dec. 27, 1915
- 48v. Jan. 3, 1916 - May 28, 1923;
includes 1923-1924 ballot.
- 49v. Oct. 29, 1923 - Jan. 25, 1937
- 50v. Feb. 1, 1937 - Jan. 5, 1948
- 51v. Jan. 12, 1948 - Apr. 30, 1956
- 52-54: Recording secretary's annual reports, all by
Lucia M. Peabody
- 54. Printed, 1869, 1873, 1893
- 55-57: Corresponding secretary's reports
- 55. 1908-1962 (scattered);
includes letter re: photograph albums (#19vf, 20vf).
- 56-57: Notebooks (fragile)
- Series III. PROGRAMS
- 58-96: Committee reports.
See also #22-38, 52-54.
- 58. Admissions, 1924-1958
See also #124-126.
- 59. Amendments, 1900; n.d.
- 60. Art, 1924-1961 (scattered)
- 61. Art and literature, 1875, 1889-1903.
See also #60, 86.
- 62. Business, 1910-1940 (scattered)
- 67. Correspondence, National and Foreign, 1873-1876, 1894
- 69. Current History, 1923-1924, 1933-1962 (scattered)
- 70-72: Discussion Committee
- 70. 1877-1883: clippings from Woman's Journal
- 73-75: Dress Reform
- 73. 1874-1876; includes clippings, n.d.
- 74-75: Correspondence (from Sara E.
Brown,Phebe Mitchell Kendall,Helen C.
Lewis, Lucia M. Peabody, Caroline M. Severance, Henrietta S.T.
Wolcott, Abba Goold Woolson, et al.)
- 75. Nov. 1875 - Oct. 1876, n.d.
- 76-79: Education
- 79. 1923-1924, 1933-1962
- 80. Entertainment, 1900-1962
- 81-84f+: Finance.
- 83. 1930-1940, 1950-1962, n.d.
- 84f+. Analyses of receipts and expenses, 1918-1937
- 85. House, 1900-1909, 1926-1962,
n.d. Includes inventory of club rooms.
- 86. Literature, 1923-1963?
See also #61.
- 87. Membership, 1938-1939, 1958-1962.
See also #121-144.
- 89. Press, 1932-1940 Press and Printing, 1960-1961, n.d.
- 90. Printing, 1900-1918 (scattered), 1932-1939.
See also #55.
- 91. Scholarship, n.d.; Social Activities, 1934-1961 (scattered), n.d.
- 92-96: Work Committee
- 94-96: Reports
- 96. 1900-1962 (scattered), n.d.
- 97-105: Class reports
- 98. Art and literature, 1932-1933
- 99. Current literature, 1932-1940
- 101-103: English literature
- 101. 1884, Dec. 11, 1888 - Feb. 3, 1892
- 102. Feb. 10, 1892 - Dec. 1, 1897
- 103. Dec. 1, 1897 - Apr. 29, 1903,
- 104. French, 1939-1940; German, 1933-1940, n.d.
- 105. Physiology, 1883; Poetry, 1933-1939; Practice contract, 1934-1937.
- 106-116: Projects
- 106-108: Papers read to club
- 106. ca. 1869-1873, 1911, n.d., by Ednah Dow Cheney, Lucy Stone,
Abigail W. May, et al.
- 107-108: By Julia Ward Howe
- 107. 1873-1907? (scattered)
- 109. Programs for performances, 1898-1900, n.d.
- 110. Meeting announcements with program information, 1900-1931, 1969, n.d.
- 111. Original charades by NEWC members, 1906
- 112. Book and travel talks, 1956-1962, n.d.
- 113. Poems and songs by Charlotte W. Hawes, James Freeman Clarke, John J. Loud et al., 1895-1897, 1908, n.d.
- 114-116: Horticultural School for Women.
See also #92-96.
- 114-115: Minutes; includes bylaws, officers,
- 114. Feb. 23,
1870 - Feb. 11, 1871
- 115. Mar. 3, 1871 - Jan. 13, 1885.
Includes Act of Incorporation, correspondence, 1885?-1886.
- 116. First annual report, Jan. 9, 1871, printed. Also 1944 letter re: NEWC donation of books to Massachusetts Horticultural Society.
- 117-120: Other women's organizations
- 117. Correspondence, 1871-1903
(scattered), n.d. Includes 1898 letter re: change in "nightwalking" law, also list of other clubs.
- 118. "Report of the 1st year of the Women's
International Peace Society,Manchester,”1873.Association for the Advancement of Woman: : 19th
annual convention souvenir booklet, 1891.
- 119. General Federation of Women's Clubs: report by Julia
Ward Howe et al. on joining the Federation, 1891; correspondence, 1891-1902, 1965.
- 120. Massachusetts and Boston clubs, 1930-1966 (scattered), n.d.: proposal for making NEWC "a club including delegates
from the clubs of Greater Boston" delegates list, reports, annual meeting program,
- Series IV. MEMBERSHIP
- 121-123: Membership lists, most with addresses. Includes new, life, and honorary
- 122. 1868-1907, n.d.; includes necrology , list of possible speakers.
- 123. 1870s?-1912 (notebooks)
- 124-126: Proposed members and sponsors, new
- 126. 1966, n.d.; includes
- 127. Miscellaneous correspondence, ca. 1944,
- 128-144: By and re: individual members; includes
biographical information, correspondence.
- 128. Ednah Dow Cheney, 1895, 1905, n.d. Includes letter from Henry L. Shrewsbury about voting rights for African Americans; EDC
memorial meeting booklet.
See also folio box 2, #19vf, 39, 61, 106,
- 129. Alice Turner Curtis. Letters
to Mabel Marsh by and about ATC, 1956-1959.
See also #135.
- 130. Mary Parker Dunning. Poem, "The Rubaiyat
of the New England Women's Club,”1969.
See also #17.
- 133. Harriot Kezia Hunt: 2 pp. of her will (copy), 1871.
See also #19vf.
- 134. Mary Leighton. Christmas
poem, n.d., photograph, 1937.
- 135. Mabel Marsh. Re: Boston Herald editorial, 1956; NEWC correspondence, 1955-1958.
See also #129.
- 136. Lucia M. Peabody. Unsigned essay (fragment) re:
LMP, 1919; note, n.d.
See also folio box 2,
#19vf, 22-25v, 39-41, 52-54, 74-75, 115.
- 137. Anne Lauriat Read, 1939-1951
See also #17, 20vf, 140.
- 140. May Alden Ward. Letter to ALR, memorials, 1917-1918, n.d.
- 142. "Helen Augusta Whittier, 1846-1925. A Memorial."
- Series V. FINANCIAL RECORDS
- 145-164: Treasurer's records
- 145. "Report of Committee appointed to consider the relative duties of Financial
Committee and Treasurer," 1902
- 146f+. Multi-year reports, 1892-1927
- 147-149f+: Annual reports
- 147. 1899, 1923-1951 (scattered)
- 148. 1900-1941 (printed); includes
some Reserve Fund and auditor's reports.
- 149f+. 1921-1961 (scattered)
- 150. Six-month reports, 1934-1939, 1947
- 151f+-152: Monthly reports
- 153v-154v: Receipt and expenditure ledgers
- 154v. 1945-1949; includes dues
- 155-158: Checks and checkbooks
- 155. Checks, Apr. 1947 - Apr. 1948
- 156v-158: Checkbooks
- 156v. May 1954 - Dec. 1957
- 158. Feb. 1961 - Dec. 1963;
includes 2 cartoons about women and money.
- 160-161: Donations made by NEWC:
acknowledgements and receipts
- 160. 1891-1968 (scattered), n.d.
- 161. Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute:
correspondence by and re: NEWC scholarship student, 1901-1905
- 162. Bills, receipts, 1901-1910, 1961-1962
- 163. Correspondence re: Mary Holman Ladd bequest,
dues, etc., 1900, 1937-1962 (scattered), n.d.
- 164. Miscellaneous, 1938-1939,
n.d.; includes tribute to treasurer, Mrs. C.S. Angell.
- 165. Auditor's reports, 1924-1962
- 166-177: Reserve Fund.
See also #148.
- 166-169: Monthly and annual reports, investment
- 166. 1907-1940 (scattered)
- 168. Nov. 1953 - May 1957
- 169. May 1957 - May 1962, n.d.
- 170-174: Bank records
- 170. Savings bank book, 1929-1948; State
Street Trust Co. statements, 1949-1952
- 171v-174: Checkbooks
- 171v. Dec. 1934 - Apr. 1948
- 172v. May 1948 - March 1954
- 173v. Mar. 1954 - Apr. 1958
- 174. Apr. 1958 - May 1962
- 175-177: Correspondence re: investments; includes
statements and transaction notices.
- 175. 1949-1955, with Minot, Kendall and Co. Inc.
- 176. 1950-1961, from various,
some re: bequest to NEWC
- 177. 1958-1959, from Hemphill, Noyes and Co.
includes the names of selected writers and recipients. Information about persons and
not indexed. Authors listed under additional catalog entries who were not correspondents
included. See inventory to the collection.
Key: No symbol = Writer; * = Writer and recipient; ~ = Recipient; fb2 = Folio box
The numbers refer to the folders.
- Brown, Sara E. 74*, 117~
- Channing, William H. fb2
- Cheney, Ednah fb2*, 128*, 143~
- Child, David Lee fb2~
- Clarke, James Freeman fb2~
- Converse, Susan Taylor 74, 75*
- Crocker, Lucretia fb2
- Curtis, Alice T. 129
- Diaz, Abby M. fb2
- Doggett, Kate N. 117
- Emerson, Ellen T. fb2
- Gardner, Isabella S. fb2
- Garrison, William Lloyd fb2
- Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute 161
- Howe, Julia Ward fb2*, 119~
- Kendall, Phebe M. 74, 75*
- Ladd, Mary H. 119
- Lewis, Helen C. 75*
- Livermore, Mary A. fb2
- Macdaniel, F.L. 117~
- Marsh, Mabel 129~, 135*, 163*
- May, Abigail W. fb2
- Parsons, Anna Q.T. fb2
- Peabody, Elizabeth P. fb2*
- Peabody, Lucia M. fb2, 74~, 75*, 115, 128*, 160~
- Perry, Olive A. 139~, 143~, 160~
- Phillips, Wendell fb2
- Read, Anne L. 140~
- Richards, Laura 17
- Ripley, George fb2
- Severance, Caroline M. fb2, 75
- Shrewsberry, Henry L. 128
- Sprague, Julia A. fb2~, 139
- Stantial, Edna L. 132
- Stone, Lucy fb2
- Van Duzen, J.D. 75*
- Ward, Mary Alden fb2, 48, 140
- Wells, Kate G. fb2
- Whittier, John Greenleaf fb2*
- Wolcott, Henrietta S.T. 74~, 75*
- Woolson, Abba G. 74, 75*
- Zakrzewska, Marie E. fb2, 143
The following catalog entries
represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. An entry
appears in the Harvard On Line Library Information System (HOLLIS) and other automated
bibliographic databases. THIS IS NOT AN INDEX.
Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-1888
Anagnos, Julia Romana
Channing, W.H.(William Henry), 1810-1844
Cheney, Ednah Dow (Littlehale), 1824-1904
Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888
Crocker, Lucretita, 1829-1886
Diaz, Abby Morton, 1821-1904
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882
Field, Kate, 1838-1896
Gardner, Isabella Stewart,
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1838-1909
General Federation of
Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (Va.)
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911
Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910
Hunt, Harriot Kezia, 1805-1875
James, Henry, 1843-1916
Ladd, Mary Holman, -1937?
Massachusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs
Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889
Moulton, Louise Chandler, 1835-1908
Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer, 1804-1894
Peabody, Lucia M., 1828-1919
Perry, Olive A.
Read, Anne Lauriat, 1856-1939
Ripley, George, 1802-1880
Severance, Caroline Seymour (Caroline Maria Seymour), 1820-1914
Sprague, Julia A.
Stantial, Edna Lamprey
Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893
Ward, May (Alden), 1853-1918
Wells, Kate (Gannett), 1838-1911
Whittier, Helen Augusta,
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892
Woolson, Abba Louise (Goold), 1838-1921
Marie E. (Marie Elizabeth), 1829-1902
(Mass.)--Social life and customs
Clothing and dress
Cycling for women
Horticulture--Study and teaching--Massachusetts
Women--Societies and Clubs
Women in politics--Massachusetts
Women volunteers in social services--Massachusetts
World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition
(1884-1885: New Orleans, La.)