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MC 408; T-248

Deming, Barbara, 1917-1984. Papers of Barbara Deming, 1886-1995: A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

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Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College


The collection was processed in 1992 in part with funds from Deming's estate given by the executor, Blue Lunden.

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MC 408; T-248
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Barbara Deming, 1917-1984
Title: Papers of Barbara Deming, 1886-1995
Date(s): 1886-1995
Quantity: 33.57 linear feet (80 + 1/2 file boxes) 33 photograph folders, 3 folio folders, 6 folio+ folders, 3 oversize folders, 1 supersize folder, 5 audiotapes)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, etc., of Barbara Deming, feminist lesbian author and activist.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession numbers: 88-M152, 88-M173, 89-M58, 90-53, 91-M66, 2000-M115, 2009-M247, 2014-M19, 2016-M37
The papers of Barbara Deming were given to the Schlesinger Library between October 1988 and December 2009 by her literary executor, Judith McDaniel, in April 1991 by Mary Meigs, in February 2014 by Sky Vanderlinde, and in February 2016 by Beth Dingman. Those accessions given in July 2000, December 2009, February 2014 and February 2016 (2000-M115, 2009-M247, 2014-M19, 2016-M37) were added to the collection in February 2014 and February 2016 and are represented in Series VI, and in #258a..

Processing Information:

Processed: September 1992
By: Kim Brookes
Updated and additional materials added: February 2014,February 2016
By: Anne Engelhart

TERMS OF USE:

Access. Unrestricted.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Judith McDaniel retains copyright in Barbara Deming's writings, including school papers, throughout her lifetime. Copyright in correspondence and other writings is held by the individual writer or publisher, or her/his heirs or assigns.
Copying. Unrestricted.

Preferred Citation:

Barbara Deming Papers, 1886-1995; item description, dates. MC 408, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

BIOGRAPHY

Barbara Deming, author and activist, was born on July 23, 1917, in New York City, the daughter of admiralty lawyer Harold S. Deming (1883-1954) and former singer Katherine (Burritt) Deming (1891-?). The second of four children, Deming had three brothers: MacDonald, Quentin (Chip), and Angus (Bim). She grew up in New York City and on South Mountain Road in New City, N.Y., west of the Hudson River. The Poors (writer Bessie Breuer, painter Henry Varnum III, and their daughter, writer Annie) lived on the same road in New City. Bessie and Annie became Deming's lifelong friends.
Deming attended a Quaker school from kindergarten through high school. When she was sixteen she fell in love with a friend of her mother's, Norma Millay (sister of Edna St. Vincent); they were involved for about two years, probably until Deming left for college. Although she had long-term relationships with several women and lived, as she said, as a lesbian, Deming did not "come out" publicly until she was in her fifties.
Deming looked back on this event, falling in love for the first time, as a doubly significant moment: when she realized that she was a lesbian, and when she began to write. Writing served as an outlet to express lesbian feelings frowned upon by society, and as a process through which, as she said, "I struggle to know more truly or to affirm more stubbornly what it is that I feel and that I know--or intend" (Kalliope; see #14). In a 1984 interview, she described her writing as a kind of activism. Another form of activism that, in hindsight, she said she had undertaken was "as a woman and a lesbian...to claim my life as my own, to affirm that it didn't belong to the patriarchs, it belonged to me" (Ms.; see #5). Decades of such personal activism prepared her for the public political activism that she undertook in the 1960s.
Deming majored in drama at Bennington College in Vermont (B.A., 1938) and earned an M.A. from Cleveland's Western Reserve University (later Case Western Reserve) in 1941. She worked as a stage manager at Mercury Theatre in New York City for a winter term during college and for two months the winter after graduation. She co-directed the Bennington stock theater during the summers of 1938 and 1939, and was a teaching fellow at the Bennington School of the Arts the summers of 1940 and 1941. In the late 1930s she began to write essays about plays and the theater. She wrote poetry throughout her life.
Perhaps as the result of a job at the American Film Center in New York City in the spring and summer of 1942, Deming's interest in the stage was augmented by an interest in movies. As an analyst for the Library of Congress (LC) film project (1942-45), she worked at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In the late 1930s and early 40s, along with the jobs listed here, Deming did editorial work for Bessie Breuer Poor, William Scott Publishers, and others, and sometimes worked as a secretary.
In 1945, Deming decided to become a full-time freelance writer. Through the 1950s, her film reviews and some theater pieces and poems were published in New Directions, Chimera, Wake, Voices, Vogue, Partisan Review, The New Yorker, Charm, City Lights, Paris Review, Hudson Review, Tulane Drama Review, and other periodicals. Many of her short stories, poems, and books did not reach print until the early 1970s, however, especially those that analyzed social values. She finished Running Away from Myself: A Dream Portrait of America Drawn from the Films of the Forties, based on viewings she began when she worked for LC, in 1950, but it was not published until 1969.
In the 1940s, Deming began a love relationship with a fellow Bennington graduate, Vida Ginsburg. Ginsburg was a professor at Bard College during some of their years together. Deming and Ginsburg lived together for eight years. Her brother Quentin also fell in love with Ginsburg, however, and, once Deming gave him her "blessing," he courted Ginsburg and they were married in 1949. By 1947, Deming had moved from New York to New City. With money from her maternal grandmother and from her father, she traveled to Europe from June 1950 through the following July, spending most of her time in Italy and Greece. When she returned to the U.S., she began a "fictional" chronicle of her emotional and physical travels, which included falling in love with Annie Poor (not reciprocated), and becoming a friend of Truman Capote and others. Friends who read the first chapter responded unfavorably; Deming later realized that they were embarrassed for her because she "revealed [herself] in it as a lesbian" (Kalliope; see #14). Deming put the book aside until 1972, when she began ten years of work writing it, and several more trying to get it published.
In 1954, Deming met artist Mary Meigs at the Poors'. They became lovers and lived together in Wellfleet, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod and in a rustic house in Somerset County, Maine, until 1969. Deming traveled in Mexico in 1953 and again in 1956, and in 1959 Deming and Meigs went on a "world trip" that included Israel, Japan, and India. Upon her return, Deming began to read the writings of Mohandas Gandhi; his ideas of active pacifism and nonviolent resistance to injustice struck a chord and served as her bridge to public political activity
Deming realized that Gandhi's philosophy of satyagraha (which she translated as "clinging to the truth") made sense of her life up to that point. A three-week trip to Cuba in 1960 opened her eyes to the vast gulf between Cuban reality and the Cuba portrayed in the U.S. media; she saw too that Cubans wished to be free of United States intervention. These revelations led her to attend a sixteen-day training program in nonviolent methods run by The Peacemakers in New London, Connecticut, in August 1960. There she met a number of Committee for Nonviolent Action (CNVA) activists who were protesting the Polaris submarine. Among such people, and in their movements, she finally found a sense of community and meaning.
That same year, 1960, Deming wrote her first journalistic essays, based on her experiences in Cuba; one was published in The Nation. She became active in the national and New England Committee for Nonviolent Actions and the War Resisters League (WRL). She began taking part in nonviolent actions against nuclear weapons testing and for unilateral disarmament. Her ability to analyze literature and film and their social and historical context had been evident in her reviews and other work. She now used this talent to write essays about current events. These writings were published much more rapidly than her earlier pieces, appearing in such magazines as The Nation, The Catholic Worker, CNVA Bulletin, Liberation (for which she was an editor, 1962-69), and WIN.
Because there does not yet exist a chronicle of Deming's life as an activist for peace and civil rights in the 1960s, the following information is provided in some detail to help make sense of these papers. In May 1961 Deming spent a week participating in protests in Pennsylvania and Maryland. In October she briefly joined, and wrote articles about, the San Francisco to Moscow Walk for Peace. In late 1961 she attended a conference near Beirut, Lebanon, to establish a World Peace Brigade for Nonviolent Action. The first of Deming's many experiences in prison came in March 1962, after a sit-in against nuclear testing in New York City, when she spent time (probably a day) in the Women's Detention Center. Later that year she participated in a Nashville to Washington, D.C., Walk for Peace, which, upon Committee for Nonviolent Action's decision to integrate it, turned into an interracial walk for peace.
Deming was involved in Women Strike for Peace, and attended its hearings before the United States House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) in April 1963. In May, she was in the South, arranging accommodations for the Quebec-Washington-Guantanamo Walk for Peace (QWGWP), when lone integration walker William Moore was shot to death. She went to Birmingham to join the demonstrations led by Martin Luther King, Jr., and was jailed there. In October she joined the Quebec-Washington-Guantanamo Walk for Peace; since it was integrated, this walk was also a civil rights march once it reached the South. Deming was arrested for handing out leaflets in Macon, Georgia, in November. On January 27, 1964, Deming, Yvonne Klein, Mary Suzuki, Kit Havice, Ray Robinson, and others were arrested and imprisoned; Deming left the walk after she was released on February 22. After she recuperated from the rigors of jail, she began to write what became Prison Notes (1966).
Although she continued to be concerned about civil rights, in 1966 Deming's focus shifted to the war in Vietnam. That spring, she, A.J. Muste, Brad Lyttle, and others went to Saigon, seat of the U.S.-supported South Vietnamese government, to stage a protest. They were expelled from the country. At the end of the year, she went with three other American women to North Vietnam to meet Ho Chi Minh and members of the National Liberation Front, and to tour areas devastated by United States forces. When she spoke against the war, she made a point of criticizing "our" rather than "the U.S." government.
In October 1967 Deming took part in a demonstration at the Pentagon, where she was one of many arrested but was not sent to jail. For three weeks during the summer of 1968, Deming lived in the Poor People's Campaign's Resurrection City, organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. That October she went to Baltimore to support the "Catonsville Nine," on trial for burning selective service records.
By 1968, Deming was having some difficulties in the relationships among Deming, Mary Meigs, and artist Marie-Claire Blais. She renewed her acquaintance with Jane Gapen (Watrous) Verlaine, a fellow Bennington graduate, painter, and writer. They began to fall in love and Deming moved to North Carolina to be with Verlaine. An ugly custody battle erupted between Verlaine and her ex-husband Oscar, who vehemently disapproved of Verlaine's new relationship. In 1969 Deming and Verlaine, and eventually the children, moved to Monticello, New York.
In October 1971, on the way to the National Conference of the War Resisters League in Athens, Georgia, Deming was in a serious automobile accident. As a result she spent eight months in a body cast. She never fully recovered and henceforth pursued her activism, which continued to be publicly political, through her writing.
In the early 1970s, Deming developed a radical feminist consciousness. Although she refused to repudiate men or become a separatist, she saw "sexism [as] the root of imperialism" and therefore the "fundamental political struggle" (Ms.; see #5). Eradicating sexism, she believed, would not only end wars but also free men and women alike. She and Verlaine helped organize a branch of Women Against Violence Against Women in Monticello. Deming came out publicly as a lesbian, and began to write about women's and lesbian issues in left-wing and feminist publications (including Sinister Wisdom and Quest). She never lost her interest in nonviolent tactics, however, and urged feminists to use them. In 1976, Deming and Verlaine moved to Sugarloaf Key, Florida, for Deming's health, and helped build a feminist community comprised of several households. After she received an inheritance (perhaps from a paternal aunt) in the late 1970s, Deming founded Money for Women, which provided grants and loans to feminist projects in arts and education. After Deming's death it was renamed the Money for Women/Barbara Deming Memorial Fund.
In 1983 Deming joined the last part of the Feminist Walk of the New York City Women's Pentagon Action, organized by the Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice (Romulus, New York); with other women who revealed their names only as "Jane Doe" she served her final jail sentence. Early in 1984, Deming was diagnosed with ovarian cancer. After several attempts at treatment, including conventional and holistic medicine, and friends' circles, spells, and incantations, Deming realized that she was soon to die. Rather than "die discreetly," she spent two weeks putting her affairs in order, calling friends and family, and "dancing toward death." She died at home on Sugarloaf Key on August 2, 1984.
For a discussion of Deming's literary style and philosophy, see the introduction to We Are All Part of One Another: A Barbara Deming Reader. For Deming's reflections on her life's work and thought, see the interviews with her, #4-8, 11at-14, which were published in Ms., Kalliope, and Feminary; the last was reprinted in Pam McAllister's Reweaving the Web of Life: Feminism and Nonviolence, Philadelphia: New Society, 1982. For Deming and Jane Verlaine's discussion of being gay before the Stonewall riots (1969), see the film Silent Pioneers. For Mary Meigs' account of their life together, see Lily Briscoe: A Self Portrait. For a recording of "Living Her Life: Homage to Barbara Deming, Activist," the tribute to Deming held at the Schlesinger Library in October 1990, request audiotape T-196. There is also an oral history with Deming regarding her theater work in the Mercury Theatre/Theatre Union Project at Columbia University's Oral History Research Office.

BOOKS BY BARBARA DEMING

ARRANGEMENT

The collection is arranged in six series:

SCOPE AND CONTENT

Barbara Deming's papers consist primarily of her correspondence, and also include her writings and some material she collected.
The papers document Deming's activities, thoughts, and friendships. They provide an overview of her early writings and a complete view of her writing and attempts to publish after the late 1960s. For more about her earlier work, see the papers Deming gave to Boston University's Twentieth Century Collection in the early 1970s; these include articles on movies and theatre, correspondence about her trips to Vietnam, and papers used in writing Prison Notes (including logs kept by other prisoners in the Albany City Jail), Running Away from Myself, Wash Us and Comb Us, Revolution and Equilibrium, and the poems in We Cannot Live Without Our Lives.
This collection provides information about numerous female and male writers, publishers, photographers, painters, and political activists from the early 1940s through the early 1980s, mostly in the United States. The papers document the peace movement in the 1960s and its use of nonviolent direct action in the 1960s, particularly the War Resisters League, the Committee for Nonviolent Action, and Women Strike for Peace. The papers also shed light on the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and the women's movement of the 1970s and 80s. The anti-pornography movement is well documented through Deming's files on Women Against Violence Against Women and other organizations. Documentation of lesbian activists and women witches is scattered throughout the collection. For Burritt family genealogical information see #496.
Because correspondence appears throughout the collection, the processor has prepared an index of selected individual and organizational correspondents, which appears at the end of this finding aid. Although the name index does not include subjects, it is useful for topical research, as one can look up the names of people and organizations involved in a given subject.
The original order of the collection and Deming's file divisions have been maintained almost in their entirety. Deming kept separate alphabetical, chronological, and writings files; older folders that she had segregated, perhaps to make room for new ones, were reintegrated. Because it appears that Deming kept most organizational and subject files in the alphabetical sequence in Series II, any such files not already in that series were moved there. Almost all folder headings are based closely on Deming's. "[Sic]" follows those that are unusual or that shed additional light on the reasoning behind her filing practices; titles that appear to have little to do with a folder's contents or that are particularly odd are in quotation marks. The arrangement of the collection reflects the unity of all aspects of Deming's life: her personal, political, and professional life were integrated and cannot be separated. For information about any aspect, researchers are advised to peruse the entire finding aid.
A few of the files in Series I, II, and III were kept jointly by Deming and Vida (Ginsburg) Deming, Mary Meigs or, especially, Jane Verlaine; they therefore contain letters those women wrote and received. Some of the files kept partially or entirely by Verlaine are #47-55, 57-59, 76, #298, 636f+-655, 676-702. Most dried flowers and leaves were removed. Deming marked some folders, "Not for B.U. [Boston University]." In some cases this meant that she was retaining the file for her own work; in others, that she wished to keep its contents private during her lifetime. Only in the latter cases have the words "not for B.U." been included in the folder heading.
Before Judith McDaniel transferred these papers to the Schlesinger Library, she and her assistants compiled a database describing the contents of the folders. Copies of the information sheets they prepared on each folder appear in Box 1. McDaniel donated photocopies of some material to the Lesbian Herstory Archives in Brooklyn, New York.
Series I, Biographical (#1-83), contains articles about and interviews with Deming (including an audiotape), correspondence, engagement calendars, programs, clippings, and some bills and other financial material. In addition to a biographical overview, this series provides information about Deming's daily life, Jane and Oscar Verlaine's custody battle, and houses owned by Deming with Mary Meigs or Verlaine. Many of the engagement calendars were published by organizations with which Deming was involved (e.g., the War Resisters' League) and some contain longer, journal-like entries, correspondence, or notes; the few blank pages were discarded.
Series II, Alphabetical correspondence (#84-723o), includes letters to Deming; carbon copies, drafts, and some originals of her letters; notes from telephone conversations; and poems and other writings. There are also letters to others that were forwarded to Deming; correspondence prepared for publication; drafts, articles, poems, and other writings by correspondents; clippings, flyers, programs, posters, and other printed material from and about organizations and individuals; and photographs of Deming, her correspondents and others, some taken by professional women photographers. Many of the correspondents and authors are notable; see the index at the end of this finding aid.
For Deming these were not only files of personal and business correspondence, but also subject files. Some folders contain only clippings or a single letter; letters from the same person may appear under her name and under the names of one or more organizations or projects. Additional correspondence appears throughout the collection; consult the index at the end of this finding aid.
The folder titles include the names that Deming used on her folder headings, as she wrote them (i.e., not necessarily a person's formal or full name); many folders include correspondents not listed in her titles. Dates were added by the processor, as were the names of recipients of letters not from Deming; these names are not in the index. Many of Deming's "see also" notes have not been retained as they are reflected in the index. Deming kept most files in reverse chronological order; the processor reversed the order, but did not attempt to put letters in precise chronological order.
Correspondence between Mary Meigs and Deming that Meigs donated was not interfiled; see #415-20. Because Deming often kept carbon copies, many of the letters Meigs received from her are duplicated in Deming's files.
Series III, Chronological correspondence (#724-958o), contains letters to Deming, carbon copies, drafts, some originals of her letters, and notes from telephone conversations. As in Series II, there are also letters to others that were forwarded to Deming; drafts, manuscripts, and printed writings by correspondents; clippings, flyers, maps, programs, and other printed material from and about organizations and individuals; photographs of Deming, her correspondents, and others, some taken by professional women photographers; and a paper crane, purple cord, four-leaf clovers and other objects, most sent as tokens of luck or for their magical properties to help Deming recover from cancer.
Many correspondents who appear in this series also appear in Series II and elsewhere in the collection. The correspondence from before 1970 that appears in this series tends to be less personal than that in Series II. After the early 70s, however, Deming was less diligent in filing correspondence alphabetically; the more recent correspondence is therefore more personal. This series includes letters Deming wrote and received while abroad, in jail, or in the hospital, and correspondence regarding her work as a writer in the 1940s and 1950s.
Most files, particularly from the early 1960s on, were in rough reverse chronological order; in most cases the processor simply reversed the order. When files were not in any apparent order, or when they contained letters grouped by correspondent, the processor usually left them in their original order and left the dates as Deming had them; there are many letters without dates, but there is generally no reason not to accept her dates as recorded on the folders. Letters from files labeled "answered" or "answer" but dating from different years were refiled into folders with the same labels for the appropriate years. Files kept in years when Deming was not able to maintain them (e.g. 1983-1984) were put in order by month. Most month divisions, however, are approximate; when searching for a letter written in a particular month of a particular year, it is best to check the whole year.
Series IV, Writings (#959-1394), is divided into six subseries. Each subseries consists primarily of drafts and notes, most of them typed, that Deming kept in the process of writing; each also includes correspondence, most with publishers and editors. Subseries IV.B-IV.E also contain printed articles by Deming and others, reviews and critiques, and material regarding submission for publication. Folders containing submission material may include correspondence, drafts of writings, copies of the submissions, or printed copies of the work; the inventory does not distinguish among these possibilities. Submissions are especially numerous in Subseries IV.B. There is additional correspondence regarding Deming's writings in Series II and III; consult the index under the names of editors or publishers.
Subseries IV.A, For schools/courses, contains papers and notes Deming wrote during high school, college, and graduate school.
Subseries IV.B, Poems. Deming kept multiple carbon copies of many of her poems, presumably so that she could send them to friends and prospective publishers. Only one copy of each was kept unless a second copy was part of a collection Deming was preparing.
Subseries IV.C, Specific pieces and projects, includes drafts and final copies, etc. of stories, essays, articles, plays, speeches, and pamphlets. Similar material appears in Series II and III and usually is not noted in the folder list.
Subseries IV.D, Film, includes the summaries and analyses Deming wrote while working for the Library of Congress, as well as promotional material for many of the movies in question. Deming retained an extensive file of promotional photographs; they were sent to the Film Still Archive at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. This subseries also includes material about Running Away from Myself, the book Deming based on her film research.
Subseries IV.E, Books, contains preparatory material and correspondence for most of Deming's books. For Which Way is North (unpublished in that form), see Subseries IV.B. For Running Away from Myself, see Subseries IV.D. For more documentation of Deming's work on Prison Notes and perhaps on On Revolution and Equilibrium, see her collection at Boston University. Several of Deming's books were compilations of correspondence and of earlier work. Originals and carbon copies of correspondence she prepared for publication appear in this subseries, Subseries IV.C or IV.D, or Series II, depending on how Deming labeled the files; such correspondence is included in the index. Writings Deming published in several places appear here if Deming labeled the file with the book title; otherwise they appear in Subseries IV.C. Such duplication has not been cross-referenced.
Subseries IV.F, Journals and notes, includes daily diaries in which Deming chronicled her activities and thoughts; outlines and drafts for unidentified, or perhaps unpublished, writing projects (which she labeled "notes"); and notes she wrote during movies, lectures, sit-ins, and other events, and while in jail. Some files in this subseries were labeled "Notes, poems," "Journal in progress," or "Journal, poems"; most had been refoldered by the donor. Material similar to that in Subseries IV.F. that could be identified with a particular work appears with that work. This subseries contains almost all the documentation of Deming's travels that appears in this collection. For her diaries and notes while in Italy, Greece, and elsewhere in Europe, see #1231-35 in Subseries IV.E.
Series V, Writings by others (#1396-1421), contains manuscripts of poems, plays, stories, essays, and books by Deming's friends and acquaintances. It is arranged in alphabetical order by authors' last names. Some may have sent their work to Deming when she was an editor, or because she was helping make grant decisions for Money for Women; some wanted her comments, or thought that she would be interested in their topics. Some folders include correspondence or Deming's comments. Every series in this collection (particularly Series II) includes similar material, but Deming kept this set separate. These writings have been kept with Deming's papers because their subject matter is related to that of the collection. Copies of works published in the mainstream press were discarded, however.
Series VI. Addenda received between July 2000 and February 2014 (#1422-1509, T-248.2 - T-248.5), contains photographs, mostly of family members from earlier generations, as well as photographs used in Prisons That Could Not Hold; family correspondence, including many letters written to her aunt Eleanor, 1896-1945; Deming's personal correspondence including letters to Mary Meigs while Deming was in jail, with Deming's publishers, and with friends at the end of her life; writings by Deming; financial records including her wills and income taxes, the latter reflecting her sources of income, investment choices, and her stance as a war tax resister; and audiotapes.

CONTAINER LIST

INDEX OF SELECTED CORRESPONDENTS

This is primarily an index of writers of letters and other items sent to Deming; it includes recipients only for letters written by Deming. Printed and near-print material sent to Deming is indexed as correspondence. Information about persons and subjects is not indexed. The index is the product of work done by many people over many years and should not be seen as definitive or comprehensive.
Key:
The numbers refer to file units.
For correspondents with common names (e.g., Grace or Mary) who sometimes did not sign their complete names, the index, by indicating the folders in which there are fully identified letters, points to the portions of series in which they are likely to appear. If Deming kept correspondence with more than one person (e.g. spouses) in one folder, they generally appear in the index jointly. An organization's name is included in the index if its letterhead was used, a glance indicated that a letter was written in the course of the organization's business, or there is material issued by the organization. Substantive (and legible) notes Deming took during telephone conversations are included in the index as if they were letters from the person.
Although this is a name index and does not include information about the person or organization, it can be useful for topical research if one knows the names of people and organizations involved in a given subject: e.g., for information about the civil rights movement, see Ray Robinson or the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

African Americans--Civil rights
Albany (Ga.)--Race relations
Antinuclear movement--United States
Arts--Endowments
Appointment books
Audiotapes
Authors--United States
Cancer--Alternative treatment
Cape Cod (Mass.)--Social life and customs--20th century
Civil disobedience--United States
Civil rights demonstrations--United States
Demonstrations--Georgia--Albany
Demonstrations--New York (State)
Demonstrations--Vietnam--Ho Chi Minh City
Demonstrations--Washington (D.C.)
Draft resisters--United States
Essays
Family violence--United States
Feminism
Feminism and art
Feminist literature--United States
Feminist poetry
Feminist theater--United States
Feminists--United States
Florida Keys (Fla.)--Social life and customs--20th century
Gay liberation movement--United States
Gays--United States
New York (State)--Social life and customs--20th century
Greece--Description and travel
Italy--Description and travel
Journals (notebooks)
Lesbian couples--Massachusetts
Lesbian couples--New York (State)
Lesbian couples--Florida
Lesbians--United States
Lesbians' writings
Mexico--Description and travel
Motion pictures--History
Nonviolence
Pacifism
Pacifists--United States
Peace--Societies, etc.
Peace movements--United States
Poems
Pornography--Social aspects--United States
Publishers and publishing--United States
Underground press publications--United States
United States--Race relations
Vietnam--Description and travel
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements
War tax resistance--United States
WIN (Periodical)
Witchcraft--United States
Women artists
Women poets--United States
Women and peace
Women and spiritualism--United States
Women authors, American
Women political activists--United States
Women--Social conditions
Women--Societies and clubs
Women--Southern states
Women philanthropists--Florida
Women-owned business enterprises--United States
Women's periodicals, American
Women's rights- United States
World War, 1939-1945--Motion pictures and the war
Adams, Alice, 1926-1999
Albany Project
Alford, Emily Sweetser
Allees, Catherine
Alpert, Jane
American Friends Service Committee
Arnold, Edie Snyder
Baez, Joan
Balderston, Daniel, 1952-
Barnstone, Willis, 1927-
Becker, Norma
Bellessi, Diana, 1946-
Bentley, Eric, 1916-
Bentley, Joanne, 1928-
Bernikow, Louise, 1940-
Berrigan, Daniel
Bick, Barbara
Biren, Joan E.
Bissinger, Karl
Blais, Marie Claire
Blom, Gertrude Duby
Bolton, James
Bosco, Monique
Boucher, Sandy
Braden, Anne, 1924-2006
Brady, Maureen
Brandeis, Irma
Bridgman, David Gordon
Bromley, Ernest
Brown, Rita Mae
Buber, Martin, 1878-1965
Buckman, Gertrude
Burritt, Mary, 1923-
Cakars, Maris
Cantine, Holley R.
Capote, Truman, 1924-1984
Causse, Michèle
Cheney, Joyce
Chesler, Phyllis
Chomsky, Noam
Christiansen, G. S. (Gordon Secrist)
Citizens for Participation in Political Action (Mass.)
Coleman, Mary
Collins, Marjory, 1912-1985
Committee for Nonviolent Action
Community for Nonviolent Action (Organization)
Congress of Racial Equality
Conway, Mimi
Cooney, Robert
Crowell, Joan, 1921-
Cruikshank, Margaret
Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962
Daly, Mary, 1928-2010
Davidon, Ann Morrissett
Davidov, Marv
Davies, Diana, 1938-
De Gámez, Tana, 1920-
Dellinger, David T., 1915-2004
Deming, Angus
Deming, Katherine Burritt
Deming, Quentin
Deming, Vida Ginsberg
Desai, Narayan
Désy, Pierrette
DiGia, Ralph
Dingman, Beth
Dworkin, Andrea
Eames, Julie
Edgcomb, Gabrielle Simon
Elmer, Jerry
Farrell, James T. (James Thomas), 1904-1979
Farren, Pat
Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.)
Fergusson, Francis
Ferry, W. H. (Wilbur Hugh)
Finch, Margaret, 1932-
Fisher, Elizabeth
Forest, Jim (James H.)
Friede, Donald
Fritz, Leah, 1931-
Gallagher, Janet
Gapen, Jane
Gardner, K. (Kay)
Gitlin, Irving, -1967
Goodman, Paul, 1911-1972
Gore, Robert Brookings
Grier, Barbara, 1933-2011
Griffin, Susan
Hall, Emma Swan
Harding, Rosemarie Freeney
Harding, Vincent
Havice, Harriet Katherine
Hawley, Beatrice
Hayden, Tom
Hilderley, Jeriann, 1937-
Hinke, C. J.
Hite, Shere
Hoi Lien Hiep Phu N Viet Nam
Howe, Florence
Jay, Karla
Jezer, Mary
Johnson, Sonia
Kady, 1927-
Kanaga, Consuelo, 1894-1978
Karp, Lila
Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972
Keyes, Gene
Kiger, Peter
King, Ynestra
Kinoy, Arthur
Klein, Yvonne
Kracauer, Siegfried, 1889-1966
Laucks, I. F. (Irving Fink), 1882-
Lenya, Lotte
Levertov, Denise, 1923-1997
Linda Marie, 1943-
Lindsey, Karen, 1944-
Lynd, Staughton
Lyttle, Bradford
Macdonald, Barbara, 1913-2000
Malpede, Karen
Manahan, Nancy, 1946-
Markson, Elaine
McAllister, Pam
McDaniel, Judith
McReynolds, David
Mehrhof, Barbara
Meigs, Mary, 1917-2002
Merton, Thomas, 1915-1968
Merwin, W. S. (William Stanley), 1927-
Meyerding, Jane
Mikels, Elaine
Millay, Norma
Money for Women
Moonwoman, Birch
Morgan, Robin, 1941-
Movement for a New Society
Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967
Mygatt, Tracy D. (Tracy Dickinson), 1885-1973
Naeve, Virginia
Nathan, Otto, 1893-1987
National Interim Committee for a Mass Party of the People
National Organization for Women
Nell, Edward J.
Nelson, Juanita Morrow
New England Committee for Nonviolent Action
Page, Anita
Paley, Grace
Papworth, John
Philip, Cynthia Owen
Pitkin, E. Winifred
Poor, Anne, 1918-
Poor, Bessie Breuer
Poor, Henry Varnum, 1887-1970
Pratt, Minnie Bruce
Putnam, Wallace, 1899-1989
Québec-Washington-Guantánamo Walk for Peace
Ramstetter, Victoria
Raulerson, Clare
Rich, Adrienne, 1929-2012
Robinson, H. W. (Howard Waterhouse)
Robinson, Ray, Jr.
Robinson, Jo Ann, 1942-
Robson, Ruthann, 1956-
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962
Rule, Jane
Rush, Florence, 1918-
Russo, Vito
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987
Salstrom, F. Paul
Saxe, Susan
Segrest, Mab, 1949-
Sharp, Gene
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Sherman, Susan
Smith, Barbara
Smith, Grace Kellogg
Sorel, Barbara
Spaugh, Diane
Steinem, Gloria
Stembridge, Jane
Stoltenberg, John
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
Summers, Joseph H. (Joseph Holmes), 1920-
Suzuki-Hawkes, Mary
Swann, Robert S.
Swann, Marjorie
Swinton, Patricia Elizabeth
Troy, William, 1903-1961
Wagner, Anneliese, 1929-
War Resisters League
Warnock, Donna
Waronker, Lou
Warren, Robert Penn, 1905-1989
Webster, Barbara
Wertheim, Ellen
Willoughby, George, pacifist
Wilson, Dagmar
Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972
Wilson, Toña
Witherspoon, Frances, 1886-1973
Women Against Violence Against Women
Women's Encampment for a Future of Peace and Justice (1983 : Romulus, N.Y.)
Woodward, Beverly
Worthy, William, 1921-2014
Young, Allen

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