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A-77; M-35

Blackwell family. Papers of the Blackwell family, 1784-1944 (inclusive), 1832-1939 (bulk): A Finding Aid

Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University


Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Digitization of this collection in 2014 was made possible by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Record Commission.

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: A-77; M-35
Repository: Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Creator: Blackwell family
Title: Papers of the Blackwell family, 1784-1944 (inclusive), 1832-1939 (bulk)
Date(s): 1784-1944
Date(s): 1832-1939
Quantity: 2.71 linear feet (6 file boxes, 1 half file box) plus 7 folders of photographs, 1 folio+ folder)
Language of materials: Materials in English.
Abstract: Chiefly papers of Congregational minister Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell, as well as papers and photographs of other family members.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession numbers: 35, 299, 558, 70-9
The Blackwell family papers were given to the Schlesinger Library in November 1959, January 1963, and February 1970 by Ethel Blackwell (Jones) Whidden, and in April 1961 by the Suffrage Archives.

Processing Information:

Re-processed: May 1979
By: Madeleine Bagwell Perez

Access Restrictions:

Access. Originals are closed; use digital images. Or, use microfilm M-35.

Conditions Governing Use:

Copyright. Papers created by the Blackwell family are in the public domain. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


The papers of the Blackwell Family have been microfilmed; a positive film copy is available for the use of readers. The original manuscripts are closed to research.
For a description of the contents of the collection, see the Inventory (pages 4-10). The following list indicates the folder numbers and which reels they appear on. Please refer to this folder and reel information as you use the Inventory. When requesting microfilmed material, please use the microfilm number, M-35, and the reel number.
  • Folders 1-13: M-35, Reel 1
  • Folders 14-55: M-35, Reel 2
  • Folders 56-87: M-35, Reel 3
  • Folders 88v.-113: M-35, Reel 4
  • Preferred Citation:

    Blackwell family Papers, 1784-1944; item description, dates. A-77, folder #. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

    Related Material:

    There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Blackwell family Papers, 1832-1981 (MC 411), Blackwell family Papers, 1835-1963 (A-145), Blackwell family Additional papers, 1851-1972 (MC 715), Alice Stone Blackwell Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1885-1950 (WRC 17-21), and Edna Lamprey Stantial Papers, 1836-1985 (MC 733).


    The most prominent members of the Blackwell family were Elizabeth (1821-1910) and Emily (1826-1910), among the earliest woman doctors and founders of the New York Infirmary and College for Women; their brother Henry Browne Blackwell (1825-1909), his wife Lucy Stone (1818-1893), and their daughter Alice Stone Blackwell (1857-1950), known for their leading roles in the abolition, woman suffrage, and prohibition movements; and their sister-in-law Antoinette Louisa (Brown) Blackwell (1825-1921), wife of Samuel Charles Blackwell (1823-1901), the first woman ordained as a minister in the United States and an active speaker on behalf of abolition, woman's rights, and prohibition.


    The collection is arranged in number series:


    This collection of Blackwell family papers contains correspondence, writings, of Congregational minister Antoinette Louisa (Brown) Blackwell, as well as papers and photographs of other Blackwell family members. It is arranged in three series.
    Series I. ANTOINETTE LOUISA (BROWN) BLACKWELL (1825-1921), 1846-1921, (#1-58, 121f+), includes a typescript of "Antoinette Brown Blackwell, The First Woman Minister," dictated by Antoinette Louisa (Brown) Blackwell to Mrs. Claude U. Gilson; other partial biographies and writings; and correspondence. A complete version of Antoinette Louisa (Brown) Blackwell's autobiography can be found in #3-10; #12-14 (given by the Suffrage Archives) contain only the forward and chapters 1-8. The correspondence includes letters of Antoinette Louisa (Brown) Blackwell to family members and friends, but consists mainly of letters to her from friends (Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Gerrit Smith, et al.).
    Series II. FAMILY PAPERS, 1784-1948, (#59-113), contains correspondence between the family members named above as well as the five daughters of Antoinette and Samuel Blackwell. There are also journals of Anna Blackwell, 1880-1885, and of Emily Blackwell, 1850-1866; the diaries of Samuel Blackwell, 1835-1837, 1840-1852; the memoirs of Dr. William B. Brown (brother of Antoinette Louisa (Brown) Blackwell), written in 1902; and miscellaneous papers on the work of Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell.
    Series III, PHOTOGRAPHS, ca.1900-ca.1935, (#114-120), includes portraits of Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Elizabeth Blackwell, Lucy Stone, and others, and pictures of suffrage parades. The photographs were microfilmed not with A-77 but with the Library's photograph collection. The photographs are also digitized and available online.

    Container List

    Container List

    Additional Index Terms

    Antislavery movements
    Family records
    Women clergy--United States
    Women in science
    Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
    Women physicians
    Women social reformers
    Women's rights
    Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906
    Association for the Advancement of Women
    Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950.
    Blackwell, Anna, active 1875-1876
    Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown, 1825-1921
    Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910
    Blackwell, Emily, 1826-1910
    Blackwell, George Washington, 1832-1912
    Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909
    Blackwell, Kitty Barry 1848-1936
    Blackwell, Samuel Charles, 1823-1901
    Blatch, Harriot Stanton, 1856-1940
    Booth, Mary L. (Mary Louise), 1831-1889
    Brown, Charlotte Emerson, 1838-1895
    Brown, William B.
    Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
    Channing, W. H. (William Henry), 1810-1884
    Chapin, Augusta Jane, 1836-1905
    Cheney, Ednah Dow Littlehale, 1824-1904
    Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888
    Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
    Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895
    Gordon, Kate M., 1861-1932
    Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872
    Hall, Florence Howe, 1845-1922
    Hanaford, Phebe A. (Phebe Ann), 1829-1921
    Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911
    Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910
    Howland, Emily, 1827-1929
    Jacobi, Mary Corinna Putnam, 1842-1906
    Jones, Agnes Blackwell
    Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice, 1820-1905
    May, Abby W. (Abby Williams), 1829-1888
    Mayhew, Florence Blackwell
    Mitchell, Maria, 1818-1889
    Oberlin College
    Richards, Ellen H. (Ellen Henrietta), 1842-1911
    Shuler, Nettie Rogers, 1862-1939
    Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902
    Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893
    Willard, Frances E. (Frances Elizabeth), 1839-1898