Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910. Papers, 1857-1961: A Finding Aid Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
© 1997 Radcliffe College
Repository: Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Note: ORIGINALS CLOSED. USE MICROFILM. REQUEST AS: M-133.
Call No.: A-24/M-133
Creator: JULIA (WARD) HOWE, 1819-1910
Quantity: .75 linear
foot, 1/2 file box, 1 folio box
Accession number:49-14, 51-44
These papers of Julia (Ward) Howe were given to the Schlesinger Library in 1949 and 1951 by Rosalind Richards JWH's
granddaughter. The nine scrapbooks were microfilmed in 1980 under a grant from The George F. and Sybil H. Fuller Foundation, Worcester, Massachusetts. The
remainder of the collection was prepared for microfilming in October 1989 by Bert Hartry and
was microfilmed as part of a Schlesinger Library/University Publications of America project.
Copyright. Copyright is held by Radcliffe College for the Schlesinger Library.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the librarys usual procedures.
Julia (Ward) Howe, perhaps best known as the
author of the "Battle Hymn of the Republic," was also active in and widely
respected for her leadership in a variety of fields; in her later life she was hailed as the "Grand
Old Woman of America." Born in New York City, JWH was tutored at home, attended day
school, and was an avid student. In 1843 the married Samuel Gridley Howe, director of the
Perkins Institution for the Blind, Boston. SGH did not approve of married women's involvement
in public life; JWH therefore spent the next two decades bringing up six children and studying,
reading, and writing. Some of her poetry was published anonymously and a play, Leonora,
or the World's Own, was produced in New York (1856).
In the autumn of 1861 JWH and SGH were in Washington, D.C., which was filled with
recruits preparing for war. At the suggestion of her good friend and minister, James Freeman
Clarke, JWH wrote new words to the soldiers' favorite march, "John Brown's Body." The poem
was published in the Atlantic Monthly in February 1862and soon
the "Battle Hymn of the Republic" was the most popular song in the North.
After the Civil War, JWH became active in women's causes. She helped found the New
England Woman Suffrage Association (1868) and in 1869 became a leader, along with Lucy
Stone, of the American Woman Suffrage Association; she served as president of the
Massachusetts (1870-78, 1891-93) and the New England (1868-77, 1893-1910) associations,
and was one of the founders of the Woman's Journal. JWH was also extremely
active in the women's club movement; she was a founder (1868) and president of the New
England Women's Club and of the Association for the Advancement of Women (founded
1873), a convenor of the General Federation of Women's Clubs (1890), and first president of its
An effective speaker, JWH was invited to lecture and preach all over the United States.
Many of her lectures were published. She also published numerous poems and articles, was a
frequent contributor to the Woman's Journal, edited Sex and Education (1874), and published two books: Memoir of Samuel Gridley Howe
(1876) and Life of Margaret Fuller (1883). She was the first woman elected to the
American Academy of Arts and Letters (1908). She died of pneumonia in 1910.
For additional biographical information see the articles in Notable American
Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge, Mass., 1971), and Dictionary of American
Biography (New York, 1932), which include lists of additional sources.
This collection contains
correspondence, photographs,memorials, nine scrapbooks, and writings, including
reminiscences, speeches, and travel letters. The scrapbooks contain
mainly clippings, articles about JWH, her husband, and family; articles, poems, amd lectures by
JWH; poems and stories by three daughters; many articles about the "Battle Hymn of the
Republic;" and some correspondence.
The papers provide information mainly about JWH and her family, the woman suffrage
struggle, the women's club movement, the Association for the Advancement of Women, and the
New Orleans World Exposition (1884-1885).
The collection is arranged in the following groups: letters by JWH, letters to JWH, material
concerning the New Orleans Exposition, JWH speeches and writings, memorials, miscellaneous,
and scrapbooks. Within each group the arrangement is chronological. The scrapbooks were not
kept in chronological order and their dates therefore overlap; many of the clippings are not
identified as to source or date.
There is related material at the Schlesinger Library. See Julia Ward Howe Family Papers, 1787-1984 (MC 272
) and Howe family Additional papers, 1758-1984 (MC 730
The following catalog entries
represent persons, organizations, and topics documented in this collection. An entry for each
appears in the Harvard On Line Library Information System (HOLLIS) and other automated
Elliott, Maud (Howe), 1854-1948
Hall, Florence Marion
Homans, E.L. (Mrs. Charles)
Richards, Laura Elizabeth (Howe), 1850-1943
Julia (Holmes), 1839-1930
Whiting, Lilian, 1847-1942
Wolcott, Henrietta L. T.
Association for the Advancement of Women
of the Republic
Cheney, Ednah Dow (Littlehale), 1824-1904
Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888
Howe, Samuel Gridley, 1801-1876
New England Women's Club
New Orleans World
MICROFILM OF COLLECTION
- Several years before the
Julia Ward Howe papers were filmed as part of a UPA/SL project, the scrapbooks were
microfilmed under a grant from The George F. and Sybil H. Fuller Foundation because they were
frequently requested by researchers and because both the volumes and the material they contain
were in fragile condition. Some or all of the following conditions apply to each scrapbook.
- 1. For a description of each volume see inventory.
- 2. The scrapbooks were not kept in any particular order (chronological or other), either
among or within themselves.
- 3. In some scrapbooks, pages had been numbered in an upper corner, but many numbers
were missing because the brittle paper had crumbled. The processor filled in missing numbers
and numbered the pages of the remaining volumes. The numbers are in square brackets and were
added to aid the microfilmer, the proofreader and the researcher. Blank pages were not
- 4. Many items, particularly ones at the edge of a page, are incomplete due to the brittle
state of both the paper and the clippings.
- 5. Some items were not microfilmed in their entirety, but only the page(s) by or about
JWH, and the title page where necessary to establish name and date of publication.
- 6. In some cases clippings overlap only slightly and were glued down and/or extremely
fragile; it was thus impossible to fold back the top item and film the one underneath.
- 7. The two photographs in the scrapbooks have been microfilmed with the Library's
photograph collection; the film is available at the Schlesinger Library. They were refilmed as
part of this project, but, because they are on the photograph film, the film and focusing
techniques used are those suitable for text rather than photographs.
- 8. Loose items found inserted between pages are marked accordingly.
- 9. In some instances extra items were glued on or between scrapbook pages. Some are
continuations of the material on the numbered page; others are unrelated items. These pages
were filmed, whenever possible, in the order in which they are to be read. Where necessary to
avoid confusion, items underneath were masked before filming.
1-4: Letters by JWH
1. ALsS: James Freeman Clarke,
[1869?]; Mr. Powell, 1870; Monsieur Audebez (in French, written by?, corrected and signed by
JWH), 1871; Mrs. Daggett, 1871; Mrs.Thomas, 1875
2. 24 ALsS, 1 fragment, to Ednah Dow Cheney, 1876-90
3. 27 ALsS to Ednah Dow Cheney, 1891-1902
4. 4 ALsS: Mrs. Johnson, 1899; Mrs. Wolcott, 1899; Mrs.
Bigelow, 1907; Mary Howe, 1909
5. 12 ALsS to JWH from E.L. (Mrs. Charles) Homans,
6-7: Re: New Orleans World Exposition, 1883-85. See
6. 6 ALsS to JWH: Edward Atkinson, 1883; Julia Holmes
Smith, M.D., 1884; Mrs. John Lucsa, 1884; Henrietta L.T. Wolcott (2) ; Josephine R.
7. Printed JWH letter re: women journalists, 1884;
includes JWH speech (ms.) 1885, JWH report (ms.), n.d.
8-18: Speeches and writings
8-16: By JWH (ms. unless otherwise noted), 1877-1919 (scattered),
8. Travel letters to Chicago
Tribune, ts. copies, 1877-78
9. Address (incomplete) written for National suffrage
Convention, Baltimore, 1906; introduction by Florence Howe Hall.
10. Two reminiscences: Harriet, Duchess of Sutherland
and Madam [Dewitt] Clinton; written by Maud Howe Elliot, 1906?
11. "Bits of remembrances," 1907: Alfred University; New Orleans; On women
12. 1909: "A Greeting to the Suffrage Meeting from JWH"
(ts.), Mar. 15; "The Case for Woman Suffrage," The Outlook, Apr. 3; Re: "Mothers' Peace Day
Celebration," The Peacemaker, June
13. "How I wrote the Battle Hymn of the Republic"; also
article by Maud Howe Elliott, Ladies' Home Journal, May 1919.
14. Anti-slavery speech, (pp. 6-7 missing), n.d.
15. Address to Civic League, Newport, R.I.,, n.d.
16. "Flesh and Spirit (Women)," n.d.
17. About JWH: "Julia Ward Howe," Blanche Elliott, The Hesperian, April-June 1900; "Woman and War: Julia Ward
Howe's Peace Crusade," Edwin D. Mead, Oct. 1914; Excerpt from letter of Rosalind Richards to
E.B. Borden, Women's Archives, ts. copy, Jan. 22, 1959; "Julia Ward Howe", Ellen M. Mitchell,
18v. Julia Ward Howe, Poet, Priestess, Prophet,
May 27, 1819-1899. "To Mrs. Julia Ward Howe on her Eightieth Birthday, with the
faithful devotion of Lilian Whiting."
19. Memorials:Program, Memorial Exercises in Honor of
JWH, Symphony Hall, Boston, Jan. 8, 1911, also clipping; TLS to Major H[enry] L. Higginson
from Joe Mitchell Chapple (The Howe Memorial Association), re: Boston park in honor of JWH
and Samuel Gridley Howe, June 16, 1916; Program, "Commemoration Ceremony Honoring
JWH and the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Battle Hymn of the Republic," Washington,
D.C., Nov. 18, 1961; Re: 3 drawings of JWH (clipping), n.d.
20. Miscellaneous: Article, "Maud Howe," The Book
Buyer, July 1889;1893: New Year's card from Frances E. Willard;
JWH lecture notice; By-Laws, Women's Rest Tour association; Two mechanical engravings:
JWH, Maud Howe, n.d.; Three halftones; JWH (2), Henry M. Howe (1), n.d.
21v-30vf: Scrapbooks, 1857-1941. Mainly clippings:
about JWH; poems, articles, and lectures by JWH and others (including her daughters); also
about prominent people, suffrage, women's clubs, conventions, etc. Some items other than
clippings are liste below.
5 ALsS to JWH, 1888-90, n.d.; "The Royal Guest," ms. JWH poem, n.d.; Hand drawn map of
Greece, Samuel Prescott Hall (grandson), n.d.; Programs: "An Evening with Authors and
Composers," 1890, "Authors Day", 1892
22v. 1867-92, ms. itinerary, n.d.
23v. 1869, 1894, 1903-41:
Facsimile of a JWH ALS to Miss Florence M. Brooks, ca. 1909; Corrected
typescript of JWH biography, n.d.; Unsigned AL to "My dear Mr.
Roosevelt," re: "Battle Hymn of the Republic," n.d.
24. 1887-1940 (scattered); Loose material removed from
23v; Invitation to Maud Howe's wedding, 1887 JWH 70th birthday
tributes, 1889 Correspondence re: JWH portrait, 1912
25v. 1881-1910: TLS to JWH from International League
of Press Clubs, re: JWH article for Bohemia, 1902; Corrected proof pages of JWH's preface to a book on "...the value of simplicity," 1905
26. 1886-99 (pages were removed from scrapbook): Invitation to the 70th birthday celebration of Oliver
Wendell Holmes, 1879 ; JWH: ms. draft of poem, n.d.
27v. 1886-87, 1896-1908: Reprint
of JWH biography with extensive information about the Ward and
Cutler families, n.d.
28f. 1890-98 (pages were removed from scrapbook):
"Divorce Laws in All the States," address by Nellie V. Mark, M.D., Association for
the Advancement of Women,Nov. 1895
29f. 1891-99 (pages were removed from scrapbook): The
Julia Ward Howe number of The Woman's Journal, May 27, 1899
30vf . 1910-11: Memorial service programs, 1910 ; Ts. copy of Theodore Roosevelt letter to Maud Howe Elliott, 1911; 2
ms. notes, re: JWH, probably written by Lillian Whiting, n.d.