Briggs, Lloyd Cabot (1909-1975) Papers,
1930-1975, inclusive: A Finding Aid
Peabody Museum Archives
Repository: Peabody Museum Archives, Harvard University
Call No.: 975-32
Location: Peabody Museum Archives
Title: Briggs, Lloyd Cabot
Date(s): 1930-1975 (inclusive)
Creator: Lloyd Cabot Briggs
Quantity: 3.3 linear
feet (8 boxes)
Abstract: The papers include
personal and professional correspondence; Briggs' manuscripts on North Africa, Tuareg
and weapons, and peoples of the Sahara; research notes; photographs; watercolors;
drawings. A series of "miscellaneous" folders contains the notes of Carleton Coon,
anthropology notes and materials relating to the 3rd Pan African Congress on Prehistory,
Preliminary inventory by Victoria Swerdlow, 1987; completion of processing by Brooke
Boston Univesity Class of 2011; 2010; edited by Patricia H. Kervick, Associate Archivist; 2010.
These papers were donated
by the Estate of Lloyd Cabot Briggs in 1975.
Restrictions on access: none
Restrictions on use:
Briggs was an anthropologist who specialized in the prehistory of northwest Africa,
but was also
interested in the ethnology of Saharan peoples, especially the Tuareg. LLoyd Cabot
the son of Lloyd Vernon Briggs and Mary Tilotson Cabot Briggs. His father was a prominent
Boston psychiatrist. A graduate of Harvard (B.A. 1931, M.A. 1935, Ph.D. 1952), Briggs
Research Fellow in North African Anthropology at the Peabody Museum from 1952 until
death in 1975. He was also affiliated with the Museum through the American School
Prehistoric Research, of which he was an active member from the late 1940s until his
From 1967 on, Briggs served as the chairman of the anthropology department at Franklin
College in New Hampshire, and from 1970 he was a technical consultant to the Laboratory
Applied Anthropology, University of Paris. Briggs left his ethnographic collection,
library, and professional papers to the Peabody Museum. Briggs' publications include:
Living Races of the Sahara Desert (1958), Tribes of the Sahara (1960), Archaeologicial Investigations near Tipasa, Algeria (1963), and No More
for Ever (1964), with N. L. Guede. He was honored by France with the Ordre du Merite,
Saharien (1960) for his African studies.
- Doucette, Scott, Lloyd Cabot Briggs, 1909-1975,
- Anthropology News, Issue 7. September 1975. p. 4.
Lloyd Cabot Briggs papers include professional and personal correspondence; Briggs'
manuscripts on North Africa, Tuareg kinship and weapons, and peoples of the Sahara;
notes; photographs; watercolors; and ink drawings. A series of "miscellaneous"
contains the notes of Carleton Coon (possibly relating to The Races of Europe,
1939), physical anthropology notes (including reference to "Disharmony in Negro"),
materials relating to the 3rd Pan African Congress on Prehistory, 1955.
In the same
accession, there are related ethnographic objects from the Tuareg people of Algeria,
tents and tent poles, mats, saddles, lock boxes, amulets, bracelets, rings, necklaces,
embroidered velvet wedding dress. Supporting documentation in the accession file
includes field correspondence, objects lists, an article by Briggs, and photographs
of the artifacts.
- American School of Prehistoric Research (ASPR) Records,
- Peabody Museum Accession File #975-32
- Box 1
- 1.1 Certificate electing Briggs to
Anthropological Society of Harvard dated Nov. 15, 1930, signed by John Otis Brew.
- 1.2 Berber Encyclopedia No. 14 (Union
Internationale des Sciences Prehistoriques et Protohistoriques). Contents: Africa,
Ahl Azzi, Air
ou Asben, Alfa, Ampsaga, Ane, Anthropology (Maroc), Asir, Ait, Atta, Azakka. In French.
- 1.3 Manuscripts: outline of
"Climate and Adaptation in the Sahara"- Brigg's chapter for Damon's Physical Anthropology;
review of Charles LeCoeur's Mission au Tibesti by Briggs (multiple copies); style
contributors from Harvard University Press; handwritten copy of Brigg's chapter; strips
with bibliographical references.
- 1.4 Letter to Briggs dated July 20, 1965 from a Joseph Harrington re: State of the U.S.
Supreme Court, i- answer to Briggs July 8th letter expressing displeasure st the recent
Also enclosed: article by Paul C. Bartholomew on Warren Court, photocopies of Brown
Board of Education and Plessy vs. Fergusen.
- 1.5 "Material for a Study of the Social Organization of the Kel, Ahaggar by
Marceau Gast"- typed manuscript; in French; handwritten note on the cover ("texte
published in Libyca, Algers 374").
- 1.6 Manuscripts in 3 manila folders; a) "Night Crawlers for Sale; A Cultural Study of
Smalltown, N. H." by Peter Wenz, ed. L.C. Briggs, in Occasional Papers in Anthropology,
Nathaniel Hawthorne College Vol. 1 No. 1; b) copy of summary and conclusion of same;
another copy of same.
- 1.7 Typescript (annotated) of "Torch: A History of the American Landings in North Africa"
Briggs; photocopy of newspaper clipping, June 2, 1951, "Herald Tribune Names Coster
- 1.8 Exam
notes, etc. ; Anthro exam dated June 15, 1932 (Oxford written on bottom of 2 detached
correspondence from Harvard Graduate School Office re: Commencement tickets 1952;
to Briggs giving grades in Anthro 27, postmarked October 27, 1937; stapled notes,
on top "LCB- Lecture notes from Coon ca 1937"; bibliography for Andean Archaeology,
8 notes for same (South American Archaeology) and Anthro 5 (Dr. Coon).
- 1.9 Photocopy of NYTimes article
2/26/67"Spanish Sahara Focus of Rivalry."
- 1.10 Two letters from the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New
Hampshire dated September and October of 1967 re: Briggs' inquiry regarding of Colonial
- 1.11 Typed
manuscript (in French), "Le Chameau d' Afrique" (manila envelope labeled "Camels"
Maurice Perquist removed) .
- 1.12 Two picture postcard booklets: a) Recuerdo de Santillana del Mar; b) Abadia de
Santo Domingo de Silos; photocopy of newspaper clipping, "Anthropology and the Empire:
Need of an Institute of Colonial Studies."
- 1.13 5 x 8 cards: books and references on spears, guns, arm rings, daggers, etc.
of North Africa
- Box 1a
- Briggs bibliographic cards (previously housed in Box 1, Folder
- Box 2
- 2.1 Code A sheets for describing crania: Peabody Museum of
Harvard University- cranial observations and indices (2 sheets are dated May 1953).
- 2.2 Photocopy of "A Study
of the Ancient Speech of the Canary Islands" by John Abercromby, LLD from African
- 2.3 Notice
announcing (plus copy of) Briggs' lecture at University of Paris, Applied Anthropology
1970; manuscript copy entitled "Prehistoric Indian Skeletons from N. H." with attached
those to receive reprints; guide from Harvard U. Press for authors 1970; sheet of
about proofs from the American Anthropologist with key of correction symbols.
- 2.4a Manuscripts, articles.
- a. Paper "Descent, Inheritance and Succession Among the
Tuareg of the Ahaggar" by Briggs and Marceau Gast, along with a letter of acceptance
President Sol Tax dated October 20, 1972
From the Journal of African History IV, 3 (1963): 341-353- reprint "13th and
14th Century Kings of Mali
- c. Same as (a) with
correction as noted on attached letter to Sol Tax dated October 24, 1972
- d. In French- "Age of the Tomb of Tin Hinan, Ancestor of the Tuareg of
Hoggar" by Gabriel Camps (?); also reprint by Marceau Gast "Temoignages Nouveaux sur
Hinans, Ancetre Legendaire des Tuareg Ahaggar" plus 2 letters to Briggs (dated Oct.
and May 2, 1974) from AH Whiteford re: Queen Tin Hinan and 16mm films by Tyrell of
- e. Issue of Libyca with a note "a propos
du" tomb of Tin Hinan
- f. 15 photocopies of
Briggs/Gast paper for Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences.
- 2.4b Manuscripts, articles, cont.
- g. Photocopied manuscript of Briggs' "Environment
and Adaptation in the Sahara" (Labeled #6- pp. 137-200) Galley sheets of same.
- h. Letter from National Center of Scientific Research-
Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences of Aix-en-Provence re: project of the Berber
- i. Photocopies of articles from
newspapers: New York Times Magazine Oct. 4, 1925 by Diana Bourbon on Tuaregs, New York Times article Oct. 13, 1925 on French-American Saharan Expedition (several
more articles on the expedition and tomb of Tin Hinan in Oct., Nov., and Dec.)
- 2.5 Photocopies of a ledger- birth
data 1949-1955, original box labeled "Ghardaia-Vital Statistics"
- 2.6 Various articles and clippings:
- a. Manila folder with clippings "On Algeria" from New York
Times,Boston Globe, Christian-Science Moniter, La
Meridional- La France, Provecal, 1966-1971
b. Manila folder with clippings "on France" from New York Times, Sunday Times 1966-1968, 1960, 1965
- c. Articles
from Illustrated London News on French African Archaeology 1949, 35, 34, 48-
plus article on prehistoric culture in Rhodesia
- d. Article from Science vol. 152 "Biological Nature of Man" – George Gaylord
- e. Clippings, articles etc. re: Marseille
site of St. Victor and its recent discoveries.
- 2.7 Published illustrations of Tuareg daggers and sword
- 2.8 Published illustrations of Tuareg
daggers and swords; manuscripts: Briggs' chapter on "Environment and Human Adaptation
the Sahara" for Damon's Physical Anthropology enclosed in book; letter and
sheets of comments on the chapter from Damon dated Oct. 13, 1930; a letter from Freidlander
about the publication of the book dated March 12, 1974; a letter from Williams about
taking over the book's publication dated July 25, 1973; and a letter from Freidlander
death dated August 8, 1973.
- 2.9 Lloyd Cabot Briggs Professional Library June 1975 (donated to the Tozzer Library)
- Box 3
- 3.1 Tuareg Photographs; several photographic prints of skeletal
excavations, mounds of an archaeological nature, skulls, a fragmented bowl (with negative),
from the Tomb of Tin Hinan a fertility figure, etc. Apparently from the French-American
Expedition. Various ethnographic shots of camels, natives, caravans, tents.
- 3.2 Tuareg Arms- unpublished
- 3.3 Tuareg Weapons and Raw
- 3.4 Tuareg
Weapons- data for publication
- 3.6 "Tuareg Misc." with newspaper clippings from Le Monde in French, on topics on
North Africa, the Sahara, Tuaregs, by Jean Lacoutre.
- Box 4
- 4.1 Documents
and manuscripts pertaining to Gordon Laing; original folder labeled Laing
- 4.2 Encyclopedie Berbere No.
12: Afalou-bou-Rhummel by M. C. Chamla. (Original envelope labeled Afalou-Chamla)
- 4.3 Letter to Briggs from
Al [Damon] re: Coon book review; letterhead Dept. of Anthropology, Harvard University,
Jan. 27, 1967 congratulating Briggs on his criticism ("How Not to Review a Book")
Buettner-Janusch's review of Coon's Races of Man- also a letter from J. O. Brew
dated Feb. 7, 1967 acknowledging his review of Coon's review with two copies of "How
Review a Book" attached.
- 4.4 Original envelope marked Ghardaia Jews. Handwritten letter in French (to Briggs?)
from Kleinknecht dated March 8, 1964 re: Briggs' publication of Jews of M'Zab
(much of the handwriting is illegible) - attached is copy of Les Juifs du M'Zab.
- 4.5 Letter with handwritten
note on top 'Copy of a letter in the files of the American Consulate General at Algiers-
me 17 June 1950 by Arthur Allere, Vice-Consul-LCB' dated April 29, 1815, Washington
diplomatic matters concerning Algiers- signed Tobias Lear.
- 4.6 Original folder labeled 'Afalou plate'; negatives of
- 4.7 Original
envelope labeled "Sanusi-BG Martin"; manuscript of The Sanusi Brotherhood in Libya
and The Sahara, 1841-1911 Chapter IV with letter enclosed, with a letterhead of the
Indiana University Dept. of History, dated April 8, 1973 to Briggs from Brad Martin
comments on the chapter (to appear in Muslim Brotherhoods in 19th Century Africa- Cambridge University Press 1974)- also another letter to and from same as above
March 28 1973 re: comments and/or mention of sword that Briggs apparently questioned
about as to the inscription.
- 4.8 Folder labeled "Proposition D'INGE" containing: a) "Societe de Thanatologie" Paris
July 1901: Internal Standing Regulations; b) same as above: Statutes; c) "An American
Tuareg of the Oudalan" by Earl E. Hardie; d) "An Introduction to the Oudalan Province
Upper Volta Republic" by same.
- 4.9 "Sahara Data/Kinship"; genealogies, notes, articles
- 4.10 "Sahara Data/Kinship"; genealogies, notes, articles
- 4.12 Sheath of yellow lined
paper with statistical data (stature?) of Tuareg subjects
- 4.13 Cloth-bound ledger from pp. 125-182 in Arabic (?): writing
with English translation, enclosed in book, a yellow lined paper with Arabic and English
Miscellaneous (originally in 4 manila folders):
Handwritten note to "Beaver" (Briggs) from Carl Wakefield, Aug. 4, 1951 with a snapshot
in, written on back: Hancock (?) 1958 [Apparently found inside book (possibly Coon's
The Races of Europe 1939]
- b. Folded
papers (15) labeled on outside fold: L. Cabot Briggs- 25-IV-32- Social Anthropology
reads: "exactly 3 hours") seems to be a written examination
- c. Envelope labeled Accords d'Evian- copy supplied by the French Consulate General
in Boston, 1962- inside, an old photocopy paper with the treaty or cease-fire of March
also two news clippings on Bouet-Algerian pact
- d. Yellow lined paper labeled "Chapelle" and "Teda" with page numbers, notes, ethnographic
- 4.15 Miscellaneous Correspondence
- From Wilbur R.
Barnes, dated Sept. 4, 1970 to Briggs re: colored and white varieties of Bull Terriers
- From RVC Bodley dated Sept. 12, 1957 re:
thanks for lunch
- From George T. Goodspeed
(Goodspeed's Book Shop, INC. Boston) re: finding a good copy of Schaler's Sketches
dated Dec. 8, 1969
- From Laurence Wylie,
Cultural Attache (letterhead American Embassy, Paris, Foreign Service of the USA)
20, 1967 re: regrets from not being able to get together with Briggs
- On back of a telephone message sheet, note about French translation of
some book (handwriting illegible)
cards: M. Robert Lacoste, Resident Minister in Algeria, and George Souville, Director
Antiquities of Maroc
- Xmas card from Agnes
and Horace Miner with a note from Horace re: Briggs' farm in Algeria getting the "treatment";
Miner's publication on Algeria, anthropological meetings in Mexico; daughter Denise's
impending marriage to a senior ensign at Stanford, Miner's visit with Leakey, Zinjanthropus
- Letterheadof the American School of Prehistoric Research, Peabody Museum, from Hugh Hencken, Director introducing Horace Miner and his research on Algeria
dated Jan. 11, 1950
- Letterhead of the
International Committee on Urgent Anthropological and Ethnological Research at Vienna
March 7, 1960 re: committee Bulletins publishing Briggs' letter in one, research of
a Dr. Anna
Hohenwart among the Bedouin of Egypt, the unreliability of a book mentioned in the
bibliography of "The Living Races of the Sahara Desert" by Peter Fuchs, "The Land of the Veiled Men" letter signed by Heine-Geldern.
- A short note with Columbia University
letterhead, dated April 14, 1961 from "Connie" (?)
- Letterhead of the University of Pennsylvania dated
8/20/61 with a recommendation of references on Introductions and Outlines of Linguistics
response to Briggs' request for sources on linguistics for his work, name signed illegibly
- Letterhead Columbia University, Nevis
Biological Station dated 6/1/66, name signed illegibly re: existence of urban folk
- From Claude
Bataillon, professor of French Institute of Latin America dated Nov. 9, 1963 re: Briggs'
of book on Saharan nomads that he edited
- Postcard from May K. Dulton to Miss Looie English, re: story to be published in a magazine.
- From Gordon T. Banks of Goodspeed's Book Shop dated
Oct. 15, 1963 re: letter from William Eaton, naval agent to Barbary
States of Tripolotan War, offering it to Briggs from $85.00; translation and photocopy
- Page 3 of a letter from Hugh Hencken (on top, Cambridge, April 6, 1948) re: note at the
bottom about "Carl" going to University of PA, Kluckhohn (also?), and the Dept. of
Anthropology "almost folded up"
- 2 letters dated
May 17 and June 14, 1972 from resp. Herbert E. Worthington, Exec.
Secretary, and Louis L. Stanton, Jr. Sec. of Union Club of New York,
re: Briggs' resignation of membership
Dec. 16, 1963 from Louis Bleeker (?) Zim of Florida, re: thanks from Briggs' reading
book and helping with it.
- Letterhead Brown's
Hotel, London dated Oct. 12, 1964 re: well-received by reviewers book Tuareg- contract
publication in England, and distribution in Africa; comment on scarcity of young people's
on Africa, etc. from Louis B. Zim.
- From the Journal of the American Oriental Society, assoc.
editor George F. Hourani dated Sept. 7, 1965 re: thanks for Briggs' review of "Survivances
Preislamiques en Pays Zaghawa" by Marie-Jose Turbiana of the Institute of Ethnology, Museum of Man.
- From the University of Montreal- Dept. of
Anthropology dated April 28, 1969 from Prof. Philip Smith re: apologies for omissions
published article of a reference from Briggs' Living Races of the Sahara Desert;
also the authenticity of H. Lhote's "Egyptian" rock painting, Lamberg-Karlovsky and
about the introduction of horses into Egypt by Hyksos.
- Spanish letter from Juan Vilar, dated Feb. 10, 1973 from the Universidad de Murcia
re: receiving note- telling of re-publishing his book on the Jews of Ghardaia- request
copy; calling attention to his own monograph oh Spanish Sahara; of "maja-reros" (ethnic
of Jewish origin).
- Letter dated Aug. 30,
1968-from (name illegible) of Essex England re: thought and discussion about doing
- Letter dated March 7, 1805, note "To Dr.
Mendrici-, p. 302, see also pp. 278, 274" re: renting a small vessel
- On the back of a small note card Centere Culturel Americain, thanking
Briggs (?) for his "cooperation in Ghardaia."
Letter dated Aug. 6, 1965 from the Journal of the American Oriental Society re:
recommendations for reviewers
titled "Survivances Preislamiques En Pays Zaghawa"
- Letter dated 7 May 1805, writing illegible
- 4.16 Miscellaneous; newspaper clippings, programs,
- Box 5
- 5.1 3rd Pan African Congress on Pre-history: Letters and photos
- 5.2 Corrections (?); 26 yellow lined
sheets with notes
- 5.3 Photos for Briggs from Tubingen, Germany; letters to L. C. Briggs (Nov. 12, 1954;
1940; Jun. 7, 1961; Mar. 12, 1958; May 2, 1958; Apr. 15, 1958; Oct. 13, 1958; Mar.
Mar. 1, 1961;
- 5.4 Correspondence between Bill Howells and Briggs, letters from the Museum National D
Naturelle, 2nd Congress of Pan African Prehistory menu with signatures and drawings,
yellow lined paper, letters from various universities (including Harvard and Columbia
Universities), death notice (Dr. Sonya Bleeker), newspaper clippings, etc.
- 5.5 Harvard Alumni Bulletin; Letter from
Briggs to the Alumni Bulletin about Universities' responsibilities towards teachers
- 5.6 Letters,
reprint (L. C. Briggs, "Apercu de l'Anthropologie…"), 1949-51
- 5.7 Dept. of Anthropology; class notes, exams
- 5.8 Manuscript draft,
negative and prints re: "Beni-Messous"
- 5.9 Manuscripts and correspondence, postcard with image of man on a camel
- 5.10 Letters from Mission
San Xavier and Exeter College, Oxford (transferred from the Tozzer Library in 1981)
- 5.11 Tuareg sword
collection, letter from British Museum, manuscript of information with drawings and
- 5.12 "Materiaux
Pour 'Les Races Prehistoriques du Moghreb'" (probably by L. Cabot Briggs)
- Box 6
- 6.1 Notebook 1: Notebook entitled "General Observations" with papers by Frederick R.
Wulsin among others on topics in Prehistoric Archaeology of Northwest Africa
- 6.2 Notebook 2: Notes and data on
various African tribes, loose typed script entitled "L'Enterrement Au Sahara" and
into front of notebook
- 6.3 Bound packet: "Briggs' Mexican Collection" bibliographic cards listed by John Glass
- Box 7
- 7.1 No More Forever reviews, etc.
- 7.2 Smyth Site at Amoskeag in
Manchester, N. H.
- 7.3 Tribes of the Sahara reviews, etc
- 7.4 The Stone Age Race of Northwest Africa reviews, etc.
- 7.5 The Living
Races of the Sahara Desert reviews, etc
- 7.6 Original and copy of bibliography- L. C. B.
- 7.8 Holding file, contains manuscript entitled "Les
Populations Anciennes Du Sahara Et Des Regions Limitrophes" by Marie-Claude Chamla
- 7.10 Yellow lined sheets
(2) with notes and rubbings of daggers
- 7.11 Envelope entitled "Tuareg Sword Literature" (In German)
- 7.12 Envelope entitled "Dr. L. C.
Briggs, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge", copy of journal entries, letters,
photographs of jewelry
- 7.13 Stature Calculations
- 7.15 Tuareg Swords- Comments
- 7.16 The Paleolithic of Tangier, Morocco and envelope entitled
"Technical- ? Cranio-Facial Disharmony"
- Box 8
- 8.1 Notes re: Tin Hinan
- 8.2 Letter dated 25
June 1953, newspaper clipping (transferred from Tozzer Library)
- 8.3 Manuscript of unpublished Sahara article by L. C.
- 8.4 Manuscript
entitled "Le Sahara Italien" (removed from notebook with address: L. Cabot Briggs,
7 rue Pierre
Viala, Alger, Algerie
- 8.5 Weapons- Unpublished Data
- 8.7 Manuscript "Night Crawlers for Sale" by P. W. Wenz, edited by L. C. Briggs, 1967
- 8.8Vernon Briggs bio
- 8.9 The Journal of the Arms & Armour Society (2 books)
- 8.10 Lecture notes, by W. W. Howells
- 8.11 "Pre-Dynastic Culture of Egypt"
by W. W. Howells
- 8.12 "Mexico, Archaeology, Anthropology 10, 1929-30"
- 8.13 Fuji Islands statistics
- 8.14 "The Wild Tribes of Annam" by W. W. Howells
- Box 9
- 9.1 Notes entitled "Zoological classification of man"
- 9.2 Chapter III definitions
- 9.3 Notes entitled "China,
India, Mesopotamia, Anthro 18"
- 9.4 Notes entitled "Anthropology 9, Maya"
- 9.5 "Multivariate Analysis of Human Crania" by W. W. Howells