Lothrop, Samuel K. Papers 1915-1962: A Finding Aid
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Archives, Harvard University
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Location: Peabody Museum Archives
Call No.: 996-20
Repository: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Archives, Harvard University
Creator: Samuel K. Lothrop
Title: Lothrop, Samuel K. Papers 1915-1962
Quantity: 4.2 linear feet (10 document boxes)
Abstract: This collection contains papers documenting Samuel K. Lothrop's research and work
in Peru, Panama, Guatemala, Mexico, Chile, Tierra del Fuego, Costa Rica, Nicaragua,
Puerto Rico and Colombia. Also included are correspondence and reports concerning
the Institute of Andean Research as well as Lothrop's surveillance work for the U.
S. Military Intelligence Department during World War I.
These papers were found in Peabody Museum offices and were accessioned in 1996.
Janelle Asplund and Ghyaelaine Young-Wales ; edited by Sarah Demb, Archivist
Unrestricted except for Box 7 Military Intelligence Documents.
- Lothrop, Samuel K. and Joy Mahler Lothrop Papers, 1911-1992. 996-27
- Album of photographs from Lothrop Collection of lower South America
(Argentina and Chile) #34-99
- Photographs of archaeological
sites and artifacts from Peru #45-09
- Negatives by S.K.
Lothrop of sites and sculptures in Honduras #47-23
- Photograph album from S.K. Lothrop's expedition to Pachacamac,1944-47 #49-22
- Photographic negatives of
- Photographs and some negatives of S.K. Lothrop
expeditions ca. 1920-1940 PA-IN 20-08
- Photographic album of Peabody Museum expedition to HondurasPA-IN 20-19
- Photographic album with views of volcanoes in El SalvadorPA-IN 20-30
- Photographs of S. K. Lothrop's trip through Costa Rica, 1948-1950 PA-IN 20-31
- Photos from S. K. Lothrop's collection from Cocle and Varaguas,Panama 1929-1947 PA-IN 20-32
- Photograph albums of Guatemalan sites from S.K. Lothrop collection, 1926-1933 PA-IN 20-33
- Album of photographs and
drawings of artifacts from the Minor Keith collection PA-IN 20-36
- Photograph album (and negatives) from S.K. Lothrop's expedition to Panama PA-IN 20-38
- Photograph and postcard album of pre-Columbian
artifacts from Mexico PA-IN 20-39
- Negatives (in rolls) by
S.K. Lothrop of Chavina, Chavin,Nayca, Palmar, and Zap PA-IN 30-08
- Photographs by S. K. Lothrop of Tierra del Fuego PA-IN 30-11
- Six photograph albums of Peruvian sites from the S. K. Lothrop Collection PA-IN 30-13
- Photograph album with images from near Callejon de
- Photograph album with
images from Lothrop expedition to Chile PA-IN 30-16
Samuel K. Lothrop had a long affiliation with the Peabody Museum that lasted from
1915-1960. After completing his Ph.D. in anthropology at Harvard University, he was
appointed the Director of the Museum's celebrated Central American Expedition 1916-1917.
Lothrop was an Associate in Anthropology from 1919-1934. In 1935 he was promoted to
Research Associate in Anthropology for Middle America, a post which he kept until
1940 when he was named Assistant Curator in Middle American Archaeoiogy. Lothrop was
designated Curator of the same department in 1943 and in 1947 became Curator for Andean
Archaeology; a post which he held until 1960.
In addition to his work for the Peabody Museum, Lothrop also conducted and participated
in explorations for the Carnegie Institute, the Museum of the American Indian (Heye
Foundations), and the Institute for Andean Research. During his involvement with these
various institutions, Lothrop traveled to much of Central and South America, including
Argentina, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto
Rico, and Tierra del Fuego. With the material gathered from his expeditions, Lothrop
authored both anthropological and archaeological studies, including: Tulim: an Archaeological Study of Eastern Yucatan, (1924); Pottery of Costa Rica and Nicaragua (1926); Pottery Types and their Sequence in El Salvador (1927); Indians of Tierra del Fuego (1928); Indians of the Parama (1931 ); Atitlan: An Archaeological Study of the Borders of Lake Atitlan, Guatemala (1933); Zacualpa: A Study of Quiche Artifacts (1936) Cocle: An Archaeological Study of Central Panama (Part I & Part II) (1937, 1941); Inca Treasure as Depicted by Spanish Historians (1938).
Lothrop also served in the U.S. Military Intelligence Department, working as an intelligence
agent during World War I. Some of the papers pertaining to this work are contained
in the archives, but may remain closed for a period of years to protect the privacy
- Series I. Peru. Lothrop's research on Peru. Includes Lothrop's article Gold Artifacts of Chavin
Style, the third in a series of articles on Peruvian metal-work. Lothrop traveled to Peru
in 1941-1944 for the Institute of Andean Research.
- Series II. Panama. Material
pertaining to Lothrop's Cocle: An Archaeological Study of Central Panama, which Lothrop researched in Panama while on expedition for Harvard in 1930, 1931,
1933, 1940. The remaining material relates to sites other than Cocle, including Venado
- Series III. Guatemala and Mexico. Documents Lothrop's travels to Guatemala for
Harvard in 1915-1917, for the Museum of the American Indian in 1924, 1926, and 1928,
for the Carnegie Institute of Washington in 1932-1933. During his time in Guatemala,
collected material for his books, Zacualpa: A Study of Quiche Artifacts and Atitlan: An Archeological Study of the Borders of Lake Atitlan, Guatemala. The remaining material encompasses research about the Mexican Cenote at Chichen Itza,
Lothrop appears to have been preparing for Alfred M. Tozzer, and on Mexico in general.
- Series IV. Chile and Tierra del Fuego. Materials related to Lothrop's trip for
the Museum of the American Indian to Tierra del Fuego in 1924-1925. While there he
researched his book Indians of Tierra del Fuego, with the help of the Bridges
brothers (Lucas and William) who lived on the island. Also includes various material
where Lothrop carried on excavations at Compania Baja, near La Serena in 1929 and
- Series V. Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Colombia. Material pertaining to Lothrop's
work Pottery of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, published in 1926. Lothrop later led expeditions to Costa Rica for Harvard in 1948-1949.
Puerto Rican material pertains to Lothrop's travels for Harvard in 1915. Remaining
Nicaragua and Colombia does not appear to have resulted from any trips Lothrop took
of these two countries.
- Series VI Institute of Andean Research. Records
pertaining to Lothrop's work with on behalf of the Institute of Andean Research (I.A.R.),
organization of North and South American archaeologists and ethnologists whose goal
facilitate the exchange of research. Lothrop was a founding member and officer (in
capacities) for the Institute from its establishment in 1936 until c. 1962. He traveled
Institute to Peru in 1941-1944, during which time he worked on the Paracas Project
Julio Tello of the Museo de Arquelogico de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. After Tello's death
1948, Lothrop coordinated the completion of the Paracas report with Rebecca Carrion
of Lima's Museo Antropologia y Arqueologia.
- Series VII. Military Intelligence Documents. Documents and correspondence related
to Lothrop's service
for the U.S. Military Intelligence Department during World War I. Lothrop conducted
surveillance on Germans and pro-Germans in Central and South America. Also included,
material regarding Franz Boas' condemnation of scientist spies. This material may
to protect the privacy of individuals.
- Series VIII. Miscellaneous People and
Places. Biographical information about various people with whom Lothrop was associated
material regarding various places with which Lothrop was interested, connected, or
- Series IX. Miscellaneous Files Includes sketches, drawings, photographs,
memos, reports, articles.
The materials in this accession are organized by geographic region, according to Lothrop's
archaeological work. The following places are represented: Peru, Panama, Guatemala,
Mexico, Chile, Tierra del Fuego, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico and Colombia.
Also included are correspondence and reports concerning the Institute of Andean Research
as well as Lothrop's surveillance work for the U. S. Military Intelligence Department
during World War I. Researchers are also directed to search the "miscellaneous files"
for materials related to Lothrop's work and professional correspondence.
- Series: I. Peru
- Box 1
- 1.1. M.A.I. [Museum of the American Indian] Gold: photos, paste-ups for book
- 1.2. M.A.I. Peruvian Gold: photos of Peruvian gold objects.
- 1.3. Peruvian metal-work
- Article: Gold Artifacts of Chavin Style
- Field Notes: "Chavina Field Notes/Agra
- Misc. articles, correspondence, pamphlets, photos, maps,
notes, and a bibliography
- 1.4. Metallurgical analyses by William Root
- 1.5. Nazca, Peru (map and notes)
- 1.6. Pachacamac and Cajamarquilla, Peru
- Letter from Dr. Julio C. Tello (in
- Letter from Lothrop (in Spanish)
- 1.7. Benavides Family (manuscript)
- 1.8. Correspondence re: Chavin, Peru
- Change of provenance for Cleveland Museum
of Art nose ring
- Juan Dalmau's Chavin collection
- Carbon 14 dating for "Gold Artifacts of Chavin Style"
- 1.9. Correspondence from Louis Stumer re: Vista Alegre site
- 1.10. Miscellaneous correspondence from 1941-1953
- 1.11. Miscellaneous
- "Peruvian Tapestry Technique Shown at P.M."
- Paracas textile
- On modern day Lima (in Spanish)
- Series: II. Panama
- Box 2
- 2.1. Correspondence re: Cocle, Panama–Sitio Conte
- Pre-Cocle digs
- Potential expedition in 1950 (?)
- Conflict with Miguel Conte, who took offense at Eleanor Lothrop's book Throw Me A Bone for supposed untruths she told about his family (in Spanish)
- Allegations that Cocle excavations were carried on in secret
Alden Mason's excavation in 1940 for the University of Pennsylvania
- 2.3. Cocle, Panama--Sitio Conte
- Field notes: "Sitio Conte/Grave I-31-E=Grave 5/Grave
- "Preliminary Report of Cocle
Expedition, February-May, 1930" by L. Lorne Wedlock
- "List of equipment..."
- Contract (in Spanish) with Hector Conte Bermudez
- Misc. notes, photos, pamphlets, maps
- 2.4. Venado Beach, Canal Zone
- "Field note references and final
changes in numbering skeletons"
- Photo: labeled "The
treasure tree, 1951"
- 2.5. Chiriqui
- Letter from Matt Sterling re: digging in Panama near Utive and at Barriles site
- Reports: "Account of a Visit to the Huacals or Ancient Graveyards of Chiriqui"
by John Bateman; "Sur un Crane Precolombien de la Province de Chiriqui"
- Photos: Chiriqui gold (for sale in Panama, 1925)
- Postcard of Chiriqui gold and of dawn of Volcan Baru
- 2.6. Panama Historical Sources (notes)
- 2.8. Material re: Batea decorating in Cocle style
- 2.9. Miscellaneous materials
- Objects found in 1902 in digging trench near Panama City
- "Museo Nacional Panama , 1960" (see letter from Rusty Mitchell)
- Series: III. Guatemala and Mexico
- Box 3
- 3.1. Correspondence re: Zacualpa
- From Tello re: Zacualpa disk (in Spanish)
- From Caso (including photos), Butler, Dieseldorff (including sketches), Termer re:
responses to Zacualpa
- Permission to quote from Zacualpa
- 3.2. Correspondence from Padre Rossback (with whom Lothrop stayed while in Guatemala, and
who had a collection of specimens form Zacualpa)
- 3.4. Quirigua, Guatemala: misc.
- Morley's notes re: Stela T and U, 1922
- Drawing: Stela at Quirigua
- 3.5. Correspondence re: calendar
- From E.P. Dieseldorff re: various calendars, as they relate to Cocle, Tulum, and Zacualpa (including a
report: "Kunst und Religion der Mayvoelker," and two articles: "Eine Knochenroehre
mit Mayaornameneten" and "Maya-Zeitrechung und Deutsche Zeitung, Guatemala")
- From Oliver LaFarge re: Guatemalan calendar
- From A.V. Kidder re: Guatemalan calendar (and Chama vase)
- 3.6. Correspondence re: Chichicastenanago, Guatemala: misc.
- 3.7. Guatemalan textiles (Lothrop's own collection)
- Notes: "Guatemalan textiles, SKL, 1928"
- Catalogue: "collection of Guatemalan textiles"
- Correspondence re: exhibit of textiles at Cranbrook Institute of Science, Michigan
- 3.8. Guatemala: tourist pamphlets
- 3.9. Guatemala: misc.
- Certificate granting Lothrop permission to excavate in Guatemala, 1922
- Notes: "Peten-C.L. trip, 1922"
- Bibliography: "Tikal Project, 1956-1961"
- Letter from Francis B. Richardson re: Tiquisate pottery head
- Report: "The Archeology of Guatemala" by Franz Termer
- Drawings: Slateware jar from San Agustin Acasaguastlan, Guatemala"
- Photos: Guatemalan specimens, secured by Lothrop in Nova Scotia
- Minutes of meeting of Carnegie Institute re: work being done in Guatemala
- Pamphlets: "Arte Precolombina de Guatemala, "Fotos de Salvador Toscano"
- Articles: "Ferrocaril Oriental de Guatemala," "Monografias de Guatemala," "Prehistoric
- Reviews of Zacualpa and Atitlan
- 3.10. The Cenote of Sacrifice, Mexico
- Lothrop's manuscript notes
- Metallurgical analyses of gold from the Cenote
- 3.11. Correspondence re: Cenote, Mexico
- Analysis of small copper bell
- Authenticity of articles from Cenote west of Campeche
- From Tozzer re: Willard collection, dating of Maya period at Chichen, personal
- From William Root re: metallurgical analyses
- From A.V. Kidder re: copper bells
- 3.12. Chichen Itza Cenote, Mexico
- Lothrop's manuscript notes
- 3.13. Mexico
- Report: "Tipo de Teotihuanacan o Telteca"
- From Dudley Easby re: Mexican gold
- From J. Alden Mason re: Sue Vaillant's stolen Mexican gold ornaments
- Series: IV. Chile and Tierra del Fuego
- 4.1. Tierra del Fuego: geography
- Photos of Fuegian forests
- On sheep in Tierra del Fuego
- "Geografia de la Tierra del Fuego"
- On volcanic activity and glacial retreat in Patagonia
- 4.2. Tierra del Fuego: maps
- Sketch map of track across Tierra del Fuego
- North coast of Beagle Channel, showing Yaghan camp sites and place names (including
list of spelling of names for maps)
- Puerto Mejillones shell heaps
- Location of shell heaps on channel between Gable Island and Tierra del Fuego
- 4.3. Tierra del Fuego: Bridges Family
- Pamphlet: "Museum [M.A.I.] Expedition to Tierra del Fuego"
- Material re: Tehuelche horse-hide robes and Guanaco skin robes purchased at Punta
Arenas (the acquisition of which is described in the above pamphlet)
- Reviews of Lucas Bridges' book Uttermost Part of the Earth by Gannett, Seligman, and Lothrop (including letter from Ann Roberts about Lothrop's
- Excerpt from Thomas Bridges' (Lucas and William's father) writings, sent to Lothrop
fromLucas (?) Bridges
- List of questions from Lothrop to ?
- Manuscript: "A Short Account of Tierra del Fuego and Its Inhabitants" by Thomas Bridges
- Notes on Bridges' manuscript
- Letter from Lucas (?) Bridges to Lothrop re: masles among the Ona
- 4.4. Tierra del Fuego -- Yaghan and Ona: misc.
- Model of Yaghan initiation lodge
- Yaghan pumice polishing stone
- Postcard book of Ona Indians
- Notes--misc. (in two small notebooks)
- Indices of Yaghan and Ona measurements
- Pamphlet: "Noticias Historicas del Museo Regional "Mayorino Borgatello"
- "Junius Bird ends 6 month Study Among Yaghans at Tierra del Fuego"
- "Investigation in Tierra del Fuego"
- Amos Bird's explorations of islands near Cape Horn
- Review (?) of The Indians of Tierra del Fuego (in German)
- Summaries of "Mythologie und Weltanschanung der Yaghan" and "Die Geheime Ingendweihe
der Yaghan und Alakaluf auf Feuerland"
- 4.5. Publication: "Die Feuerland Indianer" (in German)
- 4.6. Straits of Magellan: misc.
- Note: "Passages of Straits of Magellan"
- Correspondence re: Fuegian clothing
- "Gold Mining in the Magellan Territory
- "The First Attempt at Settlement in the Far South"
- On Junius Bird expedition
- 4.7. Chile--Araucanians: misc.
- Photos: Araucanian wood carvings
- "Coleccion Araucana de F. Leop[old?] Cornely (including two letters (in Spanish) about
photos, and receipt)
- "New Discoveries of Primitive Man in Chile"
- "Life Among the Araucanians"
- "Vidas y costumbres de los indigenas araucanos en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX"
- "Valios Coleccion Autoctona con Recuerdos del Legendario Arauco" (in Spanish)
- "Los ultimos Araucanos" (in Spanish)
- "Los Araucanos y Santiago de Tesillo" (in Spanish)
- Misc.: clippings, cartoon, postcard, etc.
- 4.8. Chile--Richard E. Latcham (of Museo Nacional de Historia Natural in Santiago)
- Series of seven articles in "South Pacific Mail"
- Lothrop's notes from Latcham, 1915, 1924
- Letter from Latcham to Lothrop re: continuing work in Diaguita territory
- 4.9. Chile--correspondence from Mary Slusser re: resumption of Diguita study
- 4.10. Chile--drawings of sherds and pottery designs
- 4.11. Chile--drawings of Diaguita pottery
- 4.12. Chile: misc.:
- Hammer and wedge from Chuquicamata , Chile
- Stone statue from Quemchi Island, Gulf of Ancud, Chile
- "Museum specimens, Santiago"
- "Flight from Santiago...May, 1930"
- "Excavations near La Serena, 1929"
- "Excavations at Compania baja" (2 envelopes of negatives)
- Tracing of pottery pipe from Taltal
- Series: V. Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Colombia
- Box 5
- 5.1. Correspondence re: Pottery of Nicaragua and C. R.
- 5.2. Material re: Pottery of Nicaragua and C.R.
- Drawings: "Objects of the National Museum of Managua " (including letter)
- "Outline of Classifications of Costa Rican pottery"
- 5.3. Costa Rica -- Pacific Area: photos
- 5.4. Filadelfia, Costa Rica: misc.
- Photo negatives (three envelopes) and photos (one envelope)
- Note cards: "G.P. Putnam Collection"
- Notes: list of names, "left in Filadelfia," "Verill site," "El Burro"
- Catalogue: Costa Rica, 1948
- 5.6. Costa Rica: misc.
- "Notes on the Archeology of Guanacaste, C.R." by Lothrop
- Peabody Museum's continuing field work in C.R.
- "Carl Hartman and his place in history of archeology" by John Rowe
- "Hachas Prehispnicas Costarricenses" by Carlos Aguilar (in Spanish)
- "The Case of the Stone Spheres" by Alexander Ebin
- Certificate of Lothrop's smallpox vaccination
- 5.7. Correspondence re: Nicaragua
- 5.8. Thesis: "Ethnology of Early Puerto Ricans" by R. W. Lothrop, 1920
- 5.9. Puerto Rico: misc.
- Letter to Eleanor Lothrop from Adolfo de Hortos re: Puerto Rican archeology
- Manuscript: "Archaeological Sites in P. R. " by R. W. and S. K. Lothrop, 1915-1916
- Drawing: piece in Izquierdo collection
- Notes and sketches on large index cards
- Sketch: dance ground on Vivi River, above Utuado, P.R.
- Photo: Esperanza shell heap, P.R., 1916
- 5.10. Colombia--Quimbaya: misc.
- Two letters to Lothrop from Dudley Easby re: Quimbaya pieces
- Report: "Memorandum on a Collection of Small Gold Objects from Quimbaya tomb" by John
- 5.11. Colombian Gold
- Letter from Lothrop to Jose Perez de Berrados re: the latter's book, Orfebreria Prehispanica
- Photos: Copper stirrups from Yumbo, Colombia; various gold objects
- List: "Collections of Colombian Gold in U.S."
- Article: South American gold-work
- Series: VI. Institute of Andean Research
- Box 6
- 6.1. Misc. correspondence 1936-1959
- 6.2. Correspondence re: Paracas [Peru] Project, 1941-1942
- 6.3. Material re: Paracas Project, 1941-1942
- Contract: Paracas Project
- Report: "of the Work of the Institute of Andean Research, 1941-1942"
- Article: "Las Ruinas de Paracas Fueron un Veradero Hallazgo Arqueologica" (in Spanish)
- Financial record: "Publicacion de la Obra: Paracas"
- 6.4. I.A.R. , 1958 meeting; letters, memos, notes re: I.A.R.'s membership policy
- 6.5. Material re: National Science Foundation grant for 1959-1962 research
- Application for grant (1959): "Interrelationships of New World Cultures"
- Project report on Guanacaste, Costa Rica by Michael Coe (1960)
- Memo: preparation of grant application (including application, summary of program,
and list of 1960 projects)
- Correspondence re: grant; minutes of I.A.R.'s Annual Meeting, 1960
- 6.6. Tello correspondence
- 6.7. Misc. correspondence about Tello
- 6.8. Article about and by Tello
- 6.9. Material re: Tello's death in 1947
- 6.10. Correspondence re: completion of Tello's Paracas Project
- Series: VII. Military Intelligence Documents
Lothrop served the U.S. Military Intelligence Department during World War I, conducting
surveillance on Germans and pro-Germans in Central and South America. This material
may be restricted to protect the privacy of individuals.
- Series: VIII. Miscellaneous People and Places
- Box 8a
- 8.1. Rollin S. Atwood ; Institute of Inter-American Affaris, University of Florida ; anthropologist
- Report: "Geographic Survey of the Highlands of Guatemala"
- Letter re: Honduran metate
- 8.2. Rebecca Carrion Cachot , director of Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arquelogia , Lima, Peru
- 8.3. Rebecca Carrion Cachot --articles about and by
- 8.4. William Crocker; University of Wisconsin; anthropologist--reports on Brazil
- 8.5. Karl Curtis (a.k.a. Don Carlos); archaeologist living in Panama (correspondence from)
- 8.6. LaVarre expeditions--articles
- 8.7. Oliver G. Ricketson; Carnegie Institution of Washington; archeologist
- Letter from Ricketson to Lothrop
- Material re: Ricketson's obituary, which Lothrop wrote
- Article re: Ricketson's travels in British Honduras
- 8.8. C. Spencer; anthropologist
- 8.9. E.G. Squier – excerpts from his scrapbook
- 8.10. Hermann von Walde-Waldegg; curator of University Museum, Boston College; anthropologist--articles
- Box 8b
- 8.11. Mejia Xesspe; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru; archeologist
- Letters (in Spanish) from
- 8.12. A.M. Tozzer – correspondence re: his obituary
- 8.13. Misc. correspondence 1879-1962
- 8.15. Bolivia
- Correspondence from Wendell Bennett (American Museum of Natural History, New York)
re: two Bolivian and one Venezuelan excavations
- Articles about Diez de Medina
- 8.16. Buenos Aires --articles (in Spanish) about 1925 expedition led by Lothrop
- 8.18. Ecuador
- Chart: "Cronologia Prehistorica del Ecuador"
- Report: Evans and Meggers in Ecuador
- 8.19. Honduras
- Field notes
- Peabody Museum Central American Expedition, 1917
- Letter from E.G. Squier re: Tenampua
- 8.20. Venezuela
- Photos and letter from Santiago Aguerrevere re: Venezuelan pictographs
- 8.21. Tulum, Yucatan: drawings
- 8.22. Tulum, Yucatan: misc.
- Outline: "Archeology of the East Coast of the Yucatan"
- Manuscript: "Tulum, 1916" chapters I and III
- Notes: "Relacion de Valladolid"
- Series: IX
- Box 9: Miscellaneous Files
- 9.1. Copy of notebook: "Central America, 1924"
- 9.2. Material re: debate over originary "Q" culture
- 9.3. Memo from Cultural re: didactic/ethnographic films
- 9.4. Lehmann translation from Doris Stone
- 9.6. Laguna, New Mexico: genealogies and map
- 9.10. "Etnografia de la Antigua Provincia del Uruguay"
- 9.12. Lothrop's biography
- Box 10: Miscellaneous Files (cont.)