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H MS c14

Jackson, Hall, 1739-1797. Papers, 1771-1810 (inclusive), undated: Finding Aid.

Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)

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Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)

© President and Fellows of Harvard College


Preservation and description was supported by the Arcadia-funded Colonial North American Project at Harvard University.

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: H MS c14
Repository: Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)
Creator: Jackson, Hall, 1739-1797.
Title: Hall Jackson papers
Date(s): 1771-1810 (inclusive), undated.
Quantity: 0.09 cubic feet (1 flat storage box)
Language of materials: Papers are in English.
Abstract: The Hall Jackson papers, 1771-1810 (inclusive), undated, principally consist of correspondence from Hall Jackson (1739-1797) between 1771 and 1790 to his patients and other physicians regarding medical cases and remedies. There is also a small number of nineteenth century records generated by Dr. William Perry (1788-1887), a Harvard College and Harvard Medical School graduate who was in possession of the Jackson papers.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

The Hall Jackson papers were gifted to the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine by Frances Dudley Shepard in 1971. (Accession number 1970/m/54. Frances Dudley Shepard. 1971 April 14.)

Custodial History:

The Hall Jackson papers came into the possession of William Perry at an unknown date and descended through his family before they were gifted to the Harvard Medical Library.

Processing Information:

Processed by Brooke McManus, 2016 January.
Processing staff in the Center for the History of Medicine analyzed, arranged, and described the papers, and created a finding aid to improve access in 2016. The collection was described in a card catalog at an earlier date; the folder titles, as previously devised by staff, were retained.
Please note that the following abbreviations have been used: "A.L." for autographed letter; "A.L.s." for autographed letter signed; "A.MS." for autographed manuscript; and "MS.D." for manuscript document.

Conditions Governing Access:

Access requires advance notice. Contact Public Services for further information.

Conditions Governing Use:

The Harvard Medical Library does not hold copyright on all the materials in the collection. Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be directed to Public Services. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from Public Services are responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations that hold copyright.

Preferred Citation:

Hall Jackson papers, 1771-1810 (inclusive), undated. H MS c14. Harvard Medical Library, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Related Papers in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Center for the History of Medicine

Biographical Note

Hall Jackson, honorary M.D., Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, was a physician practicing primarily in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. During the American Revolutionary War, he served as a surgeon to New Hampshire regimental troops. Jackson was also the first American surgeon to perform couching, an operation to remove cataracts, and he headed several smallpox inoculation hospitals in Massachusetts and New Hampshire.
Hall Jackson was born in Hampton, New Hampshire, on 11 November 1739 to Sarah and Clement Jackson (1705-1788), also a physician. The family moved to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1749. Jackson studied medicine with his father, after which he studied surgery in London hospitals for a year. In 1763, he returned to Portsmouth, where he opened an apothecary shop and established his medical practice.
Jackson frequently performed smallpox inoculations, and he oversaw smallpox hospitals in Portsmouth, as well as in Charlestown and Marblehead, Massachusetts. After the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, Jackson volunteered his services as a regimental surgeon; he was appointed chief surgeon to the New Hampshire troops in the Continental Army in 1775.
In 1786, he published a text on diphtheria, Observations and Remarks on the Putrid Malignant Sore-Throat. After reading English physician William Withering's (1741-1799) book on the use of purple foxglove (digitalis purpurea) in treating dropsy (congestive heart failure), Jackson wrote to him requesting seeds from the plant, which he distributed to other physicians in the United States.
Jackson was inducted as an honorary fellow in the Massachusetts Medical Society in 1783, and he was awarded an honorary M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 1793. He was also one of the founding members of the New Hampshire Medical Society (1791).
Jackson married Mary Dalling Wentworth (1743-1805) in 1765, and they had two children who lived to adulthood, Theodore (1766-1784) and Mary Jackson Symmes (1769-1808). He died on 28 September 1797 from a fever brought on by a fractured rib sustained in a carriage accident.

Resources on Hall Jackson

Series in the Collection

Scope and Content

The Hall Jackson papers, 1771-1810 (inclusive), undated, principally consist of correspondence from Hall Jackson (1739-1797) between 1771 and 1790 to his patients and other physicians regarding medical cases and remedies. There is also a small number of nineteenth century records generated by Dr. William Perry (1788-1887), a Harvard College and Harvard Medical School graduate who was in possession of the Jackson papers.
Correspondents include Dr. Edward Augustus Holyoke (1728-1829), A.B., Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and English physician William Withering (1741-1799), with whom Jackson wrote about the use of purple foxglove in treating dropsy, and the family members of patients, including a boy on whom he proposed to perform a leg amputation.
There are also two manuscripts not created or collected by Jackson consisting of notes taken by William Perry on a lecture probably given by Harvard Divinity School professor Henry Ware on human physiology. Perry received his A.B. from Harvard and was a physician in Exeter, New Hampshire.
Papers are entirely in English.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Amputation -- New Hampshire -- History -- 18th century.
Congestive heart failure -- History -- 18th century.
Digitalis (Drug) -- History -- 18th century.
Edema -- History -- 18th century.
Materia medica.
Medical care -- New England -- History -- 18th century.
Medicine -- Case studies.
Medicine -- Formulae, receipts, prescriptions.
Patients.
Physicians -- New Hampshire -- 18th century.
Purple foxglove -- History -- 18th century.
Amputation -- history.
Digitalis Glycosides -- history.
Edema -- history.
History of Medicine.
Materia Medica -- history.
Medical Records.
Medicine -- 18th century.
Patient Care -- history.
Pharmaceutical Preparations.
Birmingham (England).
Portsmouth (N.H.).
Lecture notes.
Correspondence.
Physicians.
Holyoke, Edward Augustus, 1728-1829.
Perry, William, 1788-1887.
Withering, William, 1741-1799.
Harvard Medical School -- Students
Jackson, Hall, 1739-1797.

med00232