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H MS c291

Paul, Oglesby, 1916-. Papers, 1867-2008 (inclusive), 1980-2004 (bulk): Finding Aid.

Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)

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Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: H MS c291
Repository: Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)
Creator: Paul, Oglesby, 1916-
Title: Oglesby Paul papers,
Date(s): 1867-2008 (inclusive),
Date(s): 1980-2004 (bulk).
Quantity: 6.5 cubic feet (4 records center cartons, 1 half size letter manuscript box, 8 oversized boxes, and 1 flat oversized folder)
Language of materials: Records are in English.
Abstract: The Oglesby Paul papers, 1867-2008 (inclusive), 1980-2004 (bulk), consist of records generated by Oglesby Paul (1916-2007) throughout the course of his career as a cardiologist, cardiological researcher, and an historian. Paul wrote biographies of Paul Dudley White (1886-1973) and Francis Weld Peabody (1881-1927), as well as a history of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (1999). Other material includes records from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (1973-1982), which Paul headed, and reprints, awards, and memorabilia collected by, and awarded to, Paul. The collection also includes correspondence, research notes, manuscript drafts, reprints, photocopies of research articles, plaques, diplomas, photographs, and slides.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Gifted to the Center for the History of Medicine by Rodman Paul, March 2008.

Processing Information:

Processed by Hanna Clutterbuck, July 2011.
Processing staff in the Center for the History of Medicine refoldered and described material and created a finding aid to improve access. Where folder titles existed in the original collection, they were transcribed onto new folders; new titles were created as necessary for unfoldered or untitled material. Material in three-ring binders was removed and put in folders, framed items unframed and filed in folders, and plaques and other memorabilia placed in oversized boxes. A small amount of material comprising newspaper clippings and quotations collected by Paul was determined to be too moldy to be retained and was discarded; some mildewed records were wrapped in acid free paper and boxed separately. An audio cassette tape determined to be blank was discarded.

Conditions Governing Access:

Access requires advance notice. Harvard University records (as found in Series I and Series III) are restricted for 50 years. The end of the restriction period is noted with each folder. Researchers may apply for access to restricted records. Consult Public Services for further information.
The Papers are stored offsite. Researchers are advised to contact Public Services for more information concerning retrieval of material.

Conditions Governing Use:

The Harvard Medical Library does not hold copyright on all the materials in the collection. Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be directed to Public Services. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from Public Services are responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations that hold copyright.

Preferred Citation:

Oglesby Paul papers, 1867-2008 (inclusive), 1980-2004 (bulk). H MS c291. Harvard Medical Library, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Related Records in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Center for the History of Medicine

Biographical Notes

Oglesby Paul (1916-2007), A.B., 1938, Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts; M.D., 1942, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, was an instructor and Professor of Medicine at the University of Illinois, Chicago; Chief of Medicine, Professor of Medicine, and Vice President for Health Sciences at Northwestern University's Passavant Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois; Dean of Admissions for Harvard Medical School from 1977 to 1982; Professor of Medicine in the Cardiovascular Division of the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, from 1977 to 1986; and Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School. A clinical cardiologist, Paul worked on preventative cardiology, correlating changes in diet and behavior with improvements in cardiac outcomes.
Oglesby Paul was born in 1916 in Milton, Massachusetts. He attended Milton Academy, Harvard College, and Harvard Medical School. After receiving his medical degree, Paul interned at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Boston, before going on active duty with the United States Navy during World War II. He spent three years with the Navy, largely on the U.S.S. Daly, a destroyer in the Pacific. At the end of the war, Paul returned to Boston and MGH to complete his medical training and work with cardiologist Paul Dudley White (1886-1973). In 1948, Paul moved to Chicago to join the faculty of the University of Illinois. During the 1950s, Paul worked at what became the Presbyterian-St. Luke's Hospital in Chicago and served on the clinical faculty of the University of Illinois, becoming a full clinical professor of medicine in 1962. In 1963, he joined the faculty at Northwestern University's Passavant Memorial Hospital. While at Passavant, Paul combined the positions of Chief of Medicine, Professor of Medicine, and Vice President for Health Sciences. In 1977, Harvard Medical School Dean Daniel C. Tosteson (1925-2009) invited Paul to return to Harvard Medical School as Director of Admissions, a position he held until 1982. Paul also taught in the Cardiovascular Division of the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital from 1977 until 1986. He retired in the 1990s.
Paul was an active researcher throughout his career, doing work with Paul Dudley White in the 1940s and, during the 1950s, heading a group of twenty-five physicians in the Western Electric Study of lifestyle and cardiac outcomes, the findings of which helped to set standards for "healthy" behaviors. In the 1970s, Paul was the principle investigator of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, correlating changes in diet and behavior with improvement in cardiac risk. Paul served as president of the American Heart Association in 1960 and, from 1964 until 1967, was chairman of the Subspecialty Board on Cardiovascular Disease. After his retirement, Paul remained active in the Harvard community, assisting with fund-raising for the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, and continuing his work as an active alumni class agent, helping Harvard alumni stay in touch with their alma mater, arranging class reunions, and fund-raising among his classmates. As a historian, Paul authored two books, Take Heart, a biography of cardiologist Paul Dudley White, and The Caring Physician: The Life of Francis W. Peabody, as well as a privately published history of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Leadership: A Short History of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital.
Paul married Marguerite Black in 1943; she predeceased him in 1979. He later married Jean Lithgow Paul (no relation) in 1981. Paul had two children from his first marriage, Marnie and Rodman; and three stepchildren, James, Douglas, and Patricia. Paul died on 22 December 2007, of a heart attack at the age of ninety-one.

Series and Subseries in the Collection

Scope and Content

The Oglesby Paul papers, the bulk of which date between 1980 and 2004, principally reflect Paul's work as an historian interested in the lives of physicians and the history of Boston, Massachusetts medical institutions. The collection is divided into four series: Series I. Professional Records, 1921-2001; Series II. Publication Files and Associated Research Records, 1867-2001; Series III. Personal Papers, 1933-2008; and Series IV. Awards, Memorabilia, and Assorted Visual Materials, 1956-2001.
The majority of the collection consists of Paul's research and writing records, including notes, photocopies of journal articles and excerpts from books, correspondence with publishers, manuscript drafts, galley proof sheets, permission requests, and scrapbooks containing reviews of Take Heart, Paul's biography of Paul Dudley White. Other writing projects are also represented, including Paul's biography of physician Francis Weld Peabody, a history of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, and professional articles and talks on cardiological issues. Papers also include: records of Paul's fund-raising for the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine during the early 1980s, which focused on ensuring the processing of the papers of Paul Dudley White; materials from Paul's work with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (1973-1982), which tracked cardiology subjects to correlate changes in diet and behavior with changes in cardiac risk; and materials from Paul's volunteer work as a class agent for Harvard College and Harvard Medical School, including fund-raising and event organization conducted among his fellow alumni. Awards and memorabilia in the collection include a poster signed by Richard Nixon and photographs of Paul attending an event in Washington, D.C. at the White House with John F. Kennedy, Jr., and Jacqueline Kennedy.
Materials are entirely in English.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Cardiologists -- Biography
Cardiology -- History -- 20th century
Hospitals -- Massachusetts -- History
Physicians' writings
Negatives (photographic)
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Paul, Oglesby, 1916-
Peabody, Francis Weld, 1881-1927
White, Paul Dudley, 1886-1973
Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine
Peter Bent Brigham Hospital -- History
Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial Research Group

med00148