[OASIS] Harvard University Library
OASIS: Online Archival Search Information System
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HMS.Count:med00117View HOLLIS Record   Frames Version
Questions or Comments   Copyright Statement

On July 1, 2018, OASIS will retire. It will be replaced by HOLLIS for Archival Discovery. Please explore.
H MS c313

Butler, Allan Macy. Papers, 1916-1986 (inclusive), 1930-1969 (bulk): Finding Aid.

Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)


Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

The Allan Macy Butler papers were processed with grant funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, as awarded and administered by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR), 2009.

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: H MS c313
Repository: Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)
Creator: Butler, Allan Macy
Title: Allan Macy Butler Papers,
Date(s): 1916-1986 (inclusive),
Date(s): 1930-1969 (bulk)
Quantity: 7.5 cubic feet (7 records cartons and 1 document box).)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: The Allan Macy Butler Papers, 1916-1986 (inclusive), 1930-1969 (bulk), are the product of Butler's work as a pediatrician, researcher, academic, and political activist, including positions as Chief of the Children's Medical Service at Massachusetts General Hospital and Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School from 1942 to 1960.

Processing Information:

Processed by Michael P. Dello Iacono and Cheryl Ostrowski, May 2009.
Processing staff in the Center for the History of Medicine analyzed, arranged, and described the records and created a finding aid to improve access to the collection. To enhance preservation, processing staff re-housed the collection and, where necessary, removed rusted staples and paper clips, and photocopied documents onto acid-free paper. Records in plastic bags and canvas binders were re-housed in acid-free folders. All folder titles were transcribed from the originals. Duplicate records and records that did not meet the collection policy of the Center for the History of Medicine were discarded.

Conditions Governing Access:

Access requires advance notice. There are no restrictions on this collection. Contact the Public Services Librarian for further information.
The Papers are stored offsite. Researchers are advised to contact reference staff for more information concerning retrieval of material.

Conditions Governing Use:

The Harvard Medical Library does not hold copyright on all the materials in the collection. Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be directed to the Public Services Librarian. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from the Public Services Librarian are responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations that hold copyright.Reference Services and Access Information.

Preferred Citation:

Allan Macy Butler Papers, 1916-1986 (inclusive), 1930-1969 (bulk), H MS c313. Harvard Medical Library, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Biographical Notes/Historical Notes

Allan Macy Butler (1894-1986), LittB, 1916, Princeton University; MD, 1926, Harvard Medical School, was Chief of the Children's Medical Service at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston and Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School from 1942 to 1960. An early believer in reform of the American 'fee-for-service' health care system, Butler advocated for government-paid medical care for the elderly and for low-income people, making him a pioneer in health maintenance services.
Allan Macy Butler was born in Yonkers, New York on April 3, 1894. Upon graduating from Princeton University, Butler served in Europe in World War I in both the British and American armies. He returned to the United States to work as a bond salesman and labor negotiator prior to entering Harvard Medical School in 1922. Butler was appointed Chief of the Children's Medical Service at Massachusetts General Hospital and Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, positions he held from 1942 to 1960. From 1960 to1962, following his retirement from Massachusetts General and Harvard, Butler helped establish the Community Health Association in Detroit, Michigan's first official prepaid health care program based on preventive medicine. He also served as Director of Clinical Services and Chief of Pediatrics of the Metropolitan Hospital, Detroit. From 1962 to 1968, Butler held several teaching and consulting positions, among which were: Special Consultant to the Bureau of Maternal and Child Health of the California State Department of Public Health; Consultant for the Head Start program in Washington, D.C.; Lecturer in the Department of Pediatrics at Stanford University; and Director of Medical Education at St. Luke's Hospital, San Francisco. Butler was also part of a small resident staff at the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions in Santa Barbara, California, a policy institute that sought to broaden the public debate on a number of issues, including war, democracy, dissent, and community action.
Butler's professional appointments often fell in line with his political activities. Throughout his career, he actively contributed to professional publications, both as an editor and writer. In 1937, as the Associate Editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, Butler wrote a series of articles making recommendations on improving health care delivery in the United States, which were met with resistance. The American Medical Association opposed any changes to the current system, saying that Butler's proposal was a step toward socialized medicine. In 1940, he was forced to resign. Butler was a dedicated opponent of the Vietnam War and a supporter of abortion rights, nuclear disarmament, and nonviolent resistance. He was put on trial for participating in Un-American activities under the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950.
Butler contributed to advancements in pediatric medicine through his research in fluid and electrolyte metabolism (derived from life-raft studies conducted during World War II), metabolic disorders, and treatments for diarrhea and dehydration. He received the American Pediatric Society's highest award, the John Howland Medal, in 1969.
In 1921, Butler married Mabel Churchill, daughter of American novelist Winston Churchill, and had three children: Margaret Butler, Beverly Butler, and Allan Butler, Jr. Butler died at his home in Tisbury, Massachusetts in 1986.

Series and Subseries in the Collection

Scope and Content

The records in this collection were created by Dr. Allan Macy Butler during the course of his career as a physician, lecturer, professor, activist, and contributing member of professional organizations from 1930 to1969. The collection includes correspondence, court reports and transcripts, news clippings, administrative records, article drafts, reports, meeting minutes, committee records, conference materials, lectures and speeches, notes, military records, medical notebooks, research data, charts, drawings, and photographic prints resulting from Butler's activities as a physician, lecturer, professor, and contributing member of professional organizations in Massachusetts, Michigan, and California. Also contains records generated from Butler's political activities, including involvement in nuclear policy and disarmament movements, health care and medical insurance reform, the Vietnam War, the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950, nonviolent resistance, abortion, and population control.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Butler, Allan Macy