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H MS c241

Lewis, Frederic Thomas, 1875-1951. Papers, 1663, 1711-1951: A Finding Aid.

Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)


Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: H MS c241
Repository: Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine)
Creator: Lewis, Frederick Thomas, 1875-1951.
Title: Frederic Thomas Lewis Papers, 1663, 1711-1951.
Date(s): 1663, 1711-1951.
Quantity: 1.7 cubic feet (1 record carton, 1 document box, 1 half document box, 1 half legal document box)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: The Frederic Thomas Lewis Papers, 1663, 1711-1951, document the research, teaching, and professional activities of Frederic Thomas Lewis, James Stillman Professor of Comparative Anatomy at Harvard Medical School.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

The Frederic Thomas Lewis Papers were acquired by the Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.

Processing Information:

Processed by Mark Vassar, April 2002.
Processing Note: The collection was arranged in four series. Items within folders were not reorganized. Duplicate materials were discarded. The colleciton was previously numbered GA 49.

Conditions Governing Access:

Access requires advance notice. Consult the Public Services Librarian for further information.

Conditions Governing Use:

The Harvard Medical Library does not hold copyright on all the materials in the collections. Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be directed to the Public Services Librarian. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from the Public Services Librarian are responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations that hold copyright. Reference Services and Access Information.

Preferred Citation:

Frederic Thomas Lewis papers, 1663, 1711-1951. H MS c241. Harvard Medical Library, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Boston, Mass.

Related Materials

Related collections in the Center for the History of Medicine include:
For more information on related materials, consult the Public Services Librarian.


Frederic Thomas Lewis (FTL) was James Stillman Professor of Comparative Anatomy at Harvard Medical School where his research focused on embryology, the development of veins and blood vessels, and the history of the development of the microscope. The son of Charles Sanford Lewis and Nettie Farnum (Brown) Lewis, he was born in Cambridge, Mass. on 18 March 1875. FTL entered Harvard College in 1893 and, having completed the required courses for a bachelor's degree, spent his fourth year at Harvard College in advanced courses in biology. He was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1897 with special honors in natural history and, based on the advanced courses he had completed in biology, was awarded a Master of Arts degree in 1898. He entered Harvard Medical School (HMS) in 1897 and received the MD in 1901. He married Ethel May Stickney on 30 July 1904, and they had one child.
Following graduation FTL returned to HMS as Austin Teaching Fellow in Embryology in 1901. He remained at HMS, becoming an Instructor in Histology 1902-1906, Assistant Professor of Embryology 1915-1931, and James Stillman Professor of Comparative Anatomy 1931-1941. In 1941 he retired as Emeritus.
During his first two decades at HMS, FTL's research in embryology focused on the development of veins and lymphatic vessels. In later years he investigated the shapes and patterns of epithelial cells, concluding that physical factors and geometrical principle governed the arrangement of such polyhedral bodies. He contributed chapters regarding the development of the digestive system for a volume entitled Human Embryology edited by Keibel and Mall in 1910. He became the author of a widely used textbook, Histology (based on Stohr's Histologie), first published in 1906.
During his years at HMS, FTL became an authority on the history and development of the microscope; he researched, cataloged, and expanded the collection of microscopes left to HMS by Professor Harold C. Ernst. He collected many books, pamphlets, letters, and artifacts pertaining to the history of medicine and mounted exhibits on anatomy, embryology, and histology in the corridors of the Department of Anatomy.
FTL also maintained active memberships in a number of professional organizations, acting as editor of The American Naturalist 1907-1908, and associate editor of The Anatomical Record 1908-1921. While a member of the American Association of Anatomists he served on the executive committee 1909-1913, as vice-president 1914-1916, and as president 1936-1938. He was a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Royal Microscope Society. He was both a councillor 1913-1926 and vice-president 1926-1929 of the Boston Society of Natural History. FTL died at his home in Waban, Massachusetts on 2 June 1951, at the age of 76.

Series Arrangement


Eleven folders of photographs and photographic prints listed in the collection are housed in box 3. Oversize items are housed in box 4 and in one oversize folder is housed separately.

Scope and Content Note

The Frederic Thomas Lewis Papers, 1663, 1711-1951, are the result of Lewis's administrative, teaching, and research activities at HMS faculty member. Records include notes, correspondence, catalogs, course exams, and photographs from his research on both the history of medicine and the microscope, as well as his administrative and teaching activities at HMS. The FTL Papers also includes FTL's 17th and 18th century letters and notes collected for his study and exhibits of the history of medicine; these items appear in Series IV.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Harvard Medical School--Study and teaching.
Medical education.
Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926
Ernst, Harold C. (Harold Clarence) 1856-1922.
Lewis, Frederick Thomas, 1875-1951.
Minot, George Richards, 1885-1950.
Minot, Charles Sedgwick, 1852-1914.
Boston Medical Library.
Harvard Medical School. Dept. of Anatomy.