Kummel, Bernhard, 1919-1980. Bernhard Kummel papers: Guide.
Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Museum of Comparative Zoology,
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Location: Room J
Call No.: mcz00001
Repository: Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Museum of Comparative Zoology,
Creator: Kummel, Bernhard, 1919-1980.
Title: Bernhard Kummel papers,
Quantity: 17.57 cubic feet (24 boxes)
Abstract: Papers of Harvard geology professor and Museum of Comparative Zoology Curator of Invertebrate
Paleontology Bernhard Kummel.
234. Donated by Fred Collier of the Department of Invertebrate Paleontology; received: 3 March 1993.
After Kummel's death in 1980, most of his papers were donated by the family to the
Harvard University Archives. However, papers from his office in the department of
Invertebrate Paleontology of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ) were not transferred
to the Archives with the rest of the materials, as they were the property of the Museum.
There is no record as to whether the Harvard University Archives attempted to obtain
these papers. These papers remained in the department until 1993, when they were finally
transferred to the MCZ Archives at the Ernst Mayr (then MCZ) Library.
Processed by: Marina Dzidzigiuri, December 1994.
As given to the MCZ Library, the Kummel collection consisted of eight boxes of tightly
packed materials. Some of these materials were gathered together neatly in folders
and envelopes, while others were scattered throughout the boxes in complete disarray.
Researchers interested in viewing the collection should seek permission from the Special
All requests for publication should be referred to the Special Collections Librarian.
See also Portrait File under Kummel for expedition photos.
Bernhard Kummel (1919-1980) was a professor of geology at Harvard University from
1952 to 1980. He was Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology at the Museum of Comparative
The collection is arranged by type of material. Since the collection itself is a subseries,
the intern found it unnecessary to create further subdivisions. Rather, she arranged
the containers in a certain logical order, as follows:
The collection is described to the file unit level. The file unit may be a folder,
an envelope, or a binder. Wherever the materials were found gathered together in a
file, they were kept in that file, their original order undisturbed, to preserve all
possible relationships between the items. Where materials were gathered in a file
by the intern, they were arranged as seemed fit for that file, either chronologically
or alphabetically.At this point, containers 1 through 7 are arranged and described completely. The rest
of the containers will need further attention. Some of the materials in these containers
will most likely be disposed of.
- Materials related to Kummel's writings: Manuscripts
- Materials related to Kummel's writings: Visual materials
- Materials related to Kummel's teaching and administrative functions
- Research notes
- Published materials
Organized into the following groups:
- Container 1: Correspondence, 1950-1977
- Container 2: Manuscripts with accompanying correspondence, A-M: 1942-1969
- Container 3: Manuscripts with accompanying correspondence, N-Z: 1941-1976
- Container 4: Manuscripts, ca. 1975
- Container 5: Page proofs, ca. 1961
- Container 6: Page proofs, ca. 1961-1964
- Container 7: Illustrations, ca. 1965 and Miscellaneous photos [no date] (from ARC
- Container 8: Miscellaneous maps, diagrams and charts
- Container 9: Miscellaneous plates
- Container 10: Loose (not mounted) fossil photographs
- Containers 11 and 12: Loose fossil photographs
- Container 13: Miscellaneous fossil drawings and sketches
- Container 14: Photographs of geological sites
- Container 15: Negatives
- Container 16: Academic and administrative materials
- Container 17: Species notes
- Container 18: Specimen cards
- Container 19: Stratigraphy notes
- Container 20: Stratigraphy notes
- Container 21: Miscellaneous research notes
- Container 22: Vertical file
- Container 23: Miscellaneous
- Container 24: Miscellaneous maps (published)
The bulk of the collection consists of materials related to Kummel's publications.
These are primarily photographs of fossil sites and specimens, maps, charts and diagrams.
Some of them, mounted on photomount boards, were to be used as plates in Kummel's
publications. Others were loose, in folders and envelopes of various sizes, or scattered
in the boxes.
The second largest portion of the collection are Kummel's manuscripts (hand-and type-written
drafts, carbon copies of versions submitted for publication, galley proofs, and reprints).
These were found in folders or envelopes together with the correspondence concerning
Other items include miscellaneous research notes in notebooks, on loose sheets of
paper and on index cards; course syllabi and bibliographies; correspondence; published
maps; and, finally, several manuscripts (published or type-written) by other authors.
Some materials cannot be dated with any certainty. This is particularly true for photographs
and maps, many of which do not bear any inscription. However, from correspondence,
course syllabi and other dated items it is obvious that the collection is not limited
to Kummel's Harvard years. In fact, the earliest dated item in the collection is a
draft of the B.A. thesis written by Kummel in 1941, more than ten years before he
joined the Harvard faculty.
- Series: Container 1: Correspondence, 1950-1977 6 folders, 0.31 cubic feet.
Scope and Contents: Business and scientific correspondence with publishers and other scholars, concerning
scientific matters, shipments of specimens, upcoming publications, requests for corrections
of manuscripts, etc. The number after the slash is that of a file unit (either folder
- 1/2. 1962-1964, concerning Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Arranged chronologically.
Mainly between B. Kummel, Curt Teichert and Raymond C. Moore, the editor of the Treatise. Most letters are copies (both incoming and outgoing).
- 1/3. 1976-1977, concerning a loan from Harvard University to Kummel, to pay for his son Alex' tuition. Arranged chronologically.
- 1/4. Miscellaneous incoming, 1950-1976,
- 1/5. Miscellaneous outgoing (copies), 1970-1975,
- 1/6. Miscellaneous correspondence by and to other people, 1970-1975, Arranged chronologically.
- Series: Container 2: Manuscripts with accompanying correspondence, A-M: 1942-1969 25 files (folders and envelopes), 1.18 cubic feet.
Arrangement: Files are arranged alphabetically by title of manuscript (not necessarily the same
as the title of the folder, which may be an abbreviation or a short title). Within
each file, the original order is preserved.
The files include rough drafts of Kummel's manuscripts (hand- and/or type-written),
copies with corrections by other scholars, carbon copies of final versions submitted
for publication, accompanying illustrative materials, and correspondence. The latter
are mainly between B. Kummel and his co-authors and publishers.
Also included are copies of Kummel's letters to other scholars soliciting their opinions
and corrections of manuscripts, as well as their replies to Kummel. Dates were given
for all correspondence and for the publication of the manuscripts, wherever possible.
Kummel's authorship is mentioned for those manuscripts that were written in collaboration
with other authors. It should be assumed automatically for those manuscripts authored
by Kummel alone.
- 2/1. "Ammonites from the Meekoceras Gracilitatus Zone at Crittenden Spring, Elko county,
Nevada", by Bernhard Kummel and Grant Steele. For publication in Journal of Paleontology, vol. 36 (4), 1962.
Carbon copy and correspondence, 1960-1962.
- 2/2. "The Ancestry of the Family Nautilidae." For Breviora, vol. 21, 1953. Rough draft, carbon copy, illustrations.
- 2/3. "Anisian Ammoniods from Malaya." For Breviora, vol. 125, 1960.
Rough draft and plates.
- 2/4. "Annotated Bibliography of Triassic Mollusca." Rough drafts, carbon copy, correspondence, Aug. 2, 1948-1951.
- 2/5. "Classification and Evolution of the Nautilida", ca. 1961.
Rough draft only.
- 2/6. "Classification and Evolution of the Nautilida", ca. 1961.
Includes "List of Nautiloid Genera", compiled by Curt Teichert.
Rough drafts only.
- 2/7. "Classification and Evolution of the Nautilida", ca. 1961.
Carbon copy, corrections, illustrations, correspondence, Sept. 29, 1961.
- 2/8. "A Classification of the Nautiloidea", by Rousseau H. Flower and Bernhard Kummel. For Journal of Paleontology, vol. 24, 1950.
Carbon copy and correspondence, 1950.
- 2/9. "Classification of the Triassic Ammonoids." For Journal of Paleontology, vol. 26, 1952.
Rough draft, carbon copy, correspondence, 1952.
- 2/10. "Experiments on Relative Streamlining of Coiled Cephalopod Shells", by Bernhard Kummel and Ronald M. Lloyd. For Journal of Paleontology, vol. 29, 1955.
Rough draft, carbon copy, illustrations, correspondence, 1953 -1955.
- 2/11. "Facies of Lower Triassic Formations in Western Wyoming." For the 1955 Guidebook of the Wyoming Geological Association.
Rough draft, carbon copy, correspondence, 1955-1956.
- 2/12. "Geological Reconnaissance of the Contamana Region, Peru." Ph.D. thesis for Columbia University, 1949.
- 2/13. "Jurassic Nautiloids from Western North America." For Journal of Paleontology, vol. 28, 1954.
Rough draft, illustrations, correspondence, 1949-1953.
- 2/14. "Lower Cretaceous Nautiloids from Texas." For Breviora, vol. 19, 1953.
Rough draft, carbon copy, illustrations.
- 2/15. "Lower Eotriassic Stratigraphy, Western Wyoming and Southern Idaho", by Norman D. Newell and Bernhard Kummel, 1942.
Carbon copy only.
- 2/16. "Lower Triassic Ammonoids from Western Southland, New Zealand." For New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, vol. 2, 1959.
Rough draft only.
- 2/17. "The Lower Triassic Formations of the Salt Range and Trans-Indus Ranges, West Pakistan."
For Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, vol. 134 (10), 1966.
Carbon copy and correspondence, 1965.
- 2/18. "Lower Triassic Salt Range Nautiloids." For Breviora, vol. 20, 1953.
Rough draft, carbon, illustrations.
- 2/19. "Lower Triassic (Scythian) Ammonoids from Nepal." For Breviora, vol. 345, 1970.
Rough draft, carbon copy, illustrations, correspondence, 1968-1969.
- 2/20. "Lower Turonian Ammonites from Texas and Mexico", by Bernhard Kummel and Jack M. Decker. For Journal of Paleontology, vol. 28, 1954.
Rough draft, carbon copy and correspondence, 1950-1953.
- 2/21. "Lower Turonian Ammonites from Texas and Mexico", by Bernhard Kummel and Jack M. Decker. For Journal of Paleontology, vol. 28, 1954.
- 2/22. "Middle Triassic Ammonites from Peary Land", in Meddelelser om Gronland, vol. 127(1): 1953.
Rough draft, carbon copy, illustrations, correspondence, 1953.
- 2/23. "Mid-Scythian Ammonites from Iwai Formation, Japan", by Bernhard Kummel and Sunio Sakagami. For Breviora, 126, 1960.
Rough draft, carbon copy, plates, correspondence, 1959.
- 2/24. "Miscellaneous Nautiloid Type Species of Alpheus Hyatt", for the Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, vol. 128 (6), 1963.
Rough draft only.
- 2/25. "Miscellaneous Nautiloid Type Species of Alpheus Hyatt", for the Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, vol. 128 (6), 1963.
Rough draft, carbon copy, correction pages, correspondence, 1961-1962.
- Series: Container 4: Manuscripts, ca. 1975 4 binders, 0.53 cubic feet.
Scope and Contents: Type-written rough drafts of manuscripts and plates, with Kummel's corrections. The
manuscripts appear to be chapters of the revised version of History of the Earth. Kummel worked on it during his last years and never finished. The manuscripts include
several dated references to new specimens; the latest is 1975.
- 4/3. Waagen Salt Range, plates 1-65.
- 4/4. 5 chapters bound together: Japan, Australia, the Indian subcontinent, South America,
- Series: Container 5: Page proofs, ca. 1961 0.31 cubic feet
With Kummel's corrections, for History of the Earth, chapters 1 - 9.
- Series: Container 7: Illustrations, ca. 1965 and Miscellaneous photos [no date] (from ARC
169) 10 files, 1.18 cubic feet.
Arrangement: Within files, the original order was preserved.
Scope and Contents: Illustrative materials for the Handbook of Paleontological Techniques. Each file includes hand-drawn sketches, photographs (on photomounts and loose), photostats, negatives, photocopies, and pages proofs for plates.
- 7/1. Photographs - animal
- 7/2-3. Photographs - biological
- Series: Container 16: Academic and administrative materials 3 files, 1.04 cubic feet.
- 16/1. Course materials: syllabi, exams, recommended reading, etc.
- Series: Container 22: Vertical file 1.74 cubic feet
Journal articles in folders. Pending the approval of the Special Collections Librarian,
these folders will be discarded, as they do not represent Kummel's work and/or do
not contain any original information.
- Series: Container 24: Miscellaneous maps (published) 0.97 cubic feet
Includes geographic, geological, paleographic, paleotectonic, and planerozoic maps of various geographic regions.