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HOLLIS 9006178

Harrison, Marcia R. Papers, 1935-1998: Finding Aid.

Harvard Law School Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University

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Harvard Law School

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Location: Harvard Depository
Call No.: HOLLIS 9006178
Repository: Harvard Law School Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Harrison, Marcia R., 1918-2001
Title: Papers, 1935-1998
Date(s): 1935-1998
Date(s): 1938-1952.
Date(s): 1955-1957.
Date(s): 1935-1978.
Date(s): 1982-1987.
Date(s): 1955-1998.
Quantity: 13 boxes
Abstract: The Papers of Marcia R. Harrison relate mainly to two distinct periods of her life. The first is her termination from the U.S. State Department in 1951, when she was determined a security risk by the Loyalty Security Board, and her unsuccessful appeal of this decision. The second is her 1983 termination from the Department of Health and Human Services and her subsequent unsuccesful lawsuit accusing the Department of age discrimination.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

The papers of Marcia R. Harrison were transferred to the Harvard Law School Library in 2002 in accordance with Ms. Harrison's will.

Processing Information:

Processed by Erica C. Bicchieri.

Conditions Governing Access:

Access to these papers is governed by the rules and regulations of the Harvard Law School Library. This collection is open to the public, but is housed off-site at Harvard Depository and requires 2 business-day advance notice for retrieval. Consult the Special Collections staff for further information.

Conditions Governing Use:

The Harvard Law School Library holds copyright on some, but not all, of the material in our collections. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be directed to the Special Collections staff. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from the Harvard Law School Library are also responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations who hold copyright.

Historical/Biographical Information

Born April 6, 1918 in Rochester, NY
Graduated from Vassar in 1938
1939-1941 worked as cataloger at Library of Congress
1941-Aug 1944 worked as an economist in the Office of Price Administration
1944 - 1945 worked as an economist or foreign economic analyst at the Foreign Economic Administration
1945 – 1951 worked as an economist for the U.S. State Department
April 1951 was suspended from government service for loyalty reasons
August 1951 Harrison was publicly named by Senator Joseph McCarthy in his list of 26 State Dept employees who were thought to be communists
1952 Harrison was deemed a security risk by the State Department's Loyalty Board and was terminated from her position as of Dec. 31.
1952 – 1955 attended Harvard Law School as part of the third class in which women were permitted to enroll; she was one of 13 women in a class of 520 upon entrance
1955 obtained an LL.B. from HLS, rank 107/444, average B
March 1956 was admitted to NY bar
1955 – 1962 worked at Metropolitan Life Insurance Company in New York as an attorney
1962 - 1968 worked in the Department of Interior, Office of Territories, as an economist
1968 - 1983 worked for the Department of Health and Human services, Office of General Counsel, as an attorney-advisor
May 1983 Harrison was discharged for unacceptable performance from the Health, Education, and Welfare Department
1984 – 1987 Harrison sued the department for age discrimination, but was unsuccessful
Died Dec. 4, 2001

Series List

Scope and Contents

The Papers of Marcia R. Harrison relate mainly to two distinct periods of her life. The first is her termination from the U.S. State Department in 1951, when she was determined a security risk by the Loyalty Security Board, and her unsuccessful appeal of this decision. The second is her 1983 termination from the Department of Health and Human Services and her subsequent unsuccessful lawsuit accusing the Department of age discrimination.
Marcia Harrison was investigated by various branches of the Federal government numerous times before her termination in 1951, mainly because of her involvement in the 1930's in organizations that had since been identified as subversive. These organizations include the American Student Union, the Young Communist League, and the Washington Bookshop Association. Though Harrison was cleared in all prior investigations, in 1951 an unidentified informant alleged that Harrison had been active in the Library of Congress branch of the Communist Party when she was employed there as a cataloger, and this unsubstantiated and anonymous accusation led to the Loyalty and Security Board's determination that Harrison posed a security risk as a Federal employee. The first three boxes of this collection contain materials pertaining to Harrison's termination, her Loyalty and Security Board hearing, her subsequent appeal, previous investigations of her activities, and her later efforts to obtain eligibility for Federal employment outside of the State Department. In addition to materials generated and received by Harrison and her lawyer before and up to 1952 such as correspondence, file memoranda, and legal documents such as briefs and affidavits, Harrison later received an extensive collection of government documents related to her case that were declassified after amendments to the Freedom of Information Act were made in 1975. This set of investigation files from the FBI, the State Department, the CIA, and the Civil Service Commission are a useful resource for scholars studying Federal investigations of suspected communists during the 1940's and 1950's.
In 1983 Harrison was terminated from her position as an attorney at the Department of Health and Human Services, reportedly for her unsatisfactory work performance. Harrison believed that she was fired because she refused to retire, and sued the Department for age discrimination. The rest of this collection relates to Harrison's unsuccessful age discrimination case. The bulk of this material consists of copies of Harrison's work product from the years 1979-1983, making this collection useful not only to those interested in age discrimination cases, but also to those interested in the work of the Health and Human Services Department during those years.

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Anti-communist movements --United States.
Communism --United States.
Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971
Bingham, Hiram, 1875-1956.
Braucher, Robert.
Gardner, Esq., Warner W.
Grinstead, Darrel J.
Griswold, Erwin N. (Erwin Nathaniel), 1904-
Hardee, William Covington, 1919-
Hayes, Samuel P. (Samuel Perkins), 1910-
Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972.
Humelsine, Carlisle H.
Johnson, Kimbell.
Kator, Irving.
Lazarus, Arthur.
Lehman, Herbert H. (Herbert Henry), 1878-1963.
Lidstone, Herrick K., 1949-
Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet).
Lockwood, Helen Drusilla.
MacDonald, Susan Rogers.
MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-
McCarthy, Joseph P.
Newcomer, Mabel, 1891-
Peurifoy, John E.
Richardson, Seth W.
Sacks, Albert M. (Albert Martin), 1920-
Shapiro, Sandra H.
Sipes, John W.
Snow, Conrad E. (Conrad Edwin), 1889-1975.
Sutherland, Arthur E.
Warner, Kenneth O. (Kenneth Oren), 1904-
Central Intelligence Agency
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Foreign Economic Administration
Goldwater & Flynn, Counselors at Law
Health, Education, and Welfare Department
Kator, Scott & Heller
Strasser, Spiegelberg, Fried and Frank
United States State Department
Boswell, Paul, 1913-
Davies, John Paton, 1908-
Franckenstein, Joseph.
Heckler, Margaret M.
Jessup, Philip C. (Philip Caryl), 1897-
Josif, Harold G.
Keeney, Mary Jane.
Keeney, Philip O.
Kelley, Ogden.
Lorwin, Val R. (Val Rogin), 1907-
Neumann, Franz L. (Franz Leopold), 1900-1954.
Van Casteel, Mary.
Vincent, John Carter, 1900-
Wahl, David
American Peace Mobilization (later the American Peoples Mobilization)
American Student Union
American Youth Congress
Health, Education, and Welfare Department
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
United American Spanish Aid Committee
Washington Bookshop Association
Young Communist League

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