Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham).
Papers, 1893-1990: Finding Aid.
Law School Library, Cambridge, MA 02138
Harvard Law School
© 2003 The
President and Fellows of Harvard College
Repository: Harvard Law School
Library, Harvard University
Location: Harvard Depository
Call No.: HOLLIS 3093953
Creator: Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), b.
Quantity: 18 boxes
Abstract: Contains a variety of materials relating
chiefly to his personal, political, and civil rights activities. The
collection contains family papers pre-dating Garrison's birth and
other personal correspondence with his friends and colleagues. Much
of this correspondence provides a unique look into the social and
political milieu of New York City in the mid-Twentieth Century. A
subseries titled, Major Correspondence, consists of correspondence
with noted legal figures. The papers also include materials related
to Garrison's work on the issues of global disarmament and
Geraldine Azzata, March, 1993.
The Papers of Lloyd K. Garrison were
donated to the Harvard Law School Library by Mrs. Garrison, April
Access to these papers is
governed by the rules and regulations of the Harvard Law School
Library. This collection is open to the public, but is housed
off-site at Harvard Depository and requires 2 business-day advance
notice for retrieval. Consult the Special Collections staff for
Harvard Law School Library holds copyright on some, but not all, of
the material in our collections. Requests for permission to publish
material from this collection should be directed to the Special
Collections staff. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from
the Harvard Law School Library are also responsible for identifying
and contacting the persons or organizations who hold copyright.
The Papers of Lloyd Kirkham Garrison
contain twenty-five boxes of correspondence, diaries, legal documents,
and unpublished manuscripts on
global disarmament and nonviolence.
Included are a variety of
materials relating chiefly to his personal, political, and civil
rights activities. The collection contains family papers pre-dating
Garrison's birth and other personal correspondence with his friends
and colleagues. Much of this correspondence provides a unique look
into the social and political milieu of New York City
in the mid-Twentieth Century. A subseries titled, Major
Correspondence, consists of correspondence with noted legal figures
such as Adlai Stevenson, Felix Frankfurter, C. C. Burlingham,
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Pauli Murray, and Martin Luther King. The
papers also include materials related to Garrison's work on the
issues of global disarmament and non-violence.
- SERIES 1:Autobiographical Materials,
1902-1986 Box 1 This SERIES, arranged by topic chronologically, includes a variety
of materials written by Garrison and related to his personal life,
his family, and his career. (Miscellaneous and undated materials are
- SERIES 2:Correspondence,
1895-1990 Boxes 2-7 This SERIES contains correspondence divided into three
- SUBSERIES A:Major Correspondence,
alphabetically by correspondent, comprises letters to and from
Garrison involving major correspondents.
- SUBSERIES B:Family Correspondence,
chronologically, comprises correspondence of Garrison's family
- SUBSERIES C:General Correspondence,
arranged chronologically, comprises general correspondence of both a
personal and professional nature.
involving individual legal cases is not generally included in these
- SERIES 3:Manuscripts, Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
1946-1984 Boxes 8-10 This SERIES includes both published and unpublished materials
written by Garrison, and is arranged by topic.
- SUBSERIES AManuscripts, Notes and Source Materials,
of two categories:
- BOX 8contains manuscripts, notes and source materials for an
unpublished book on non-violence.
- BOX 9contains manuscripts and notes on several other topics,
- SUBSERIES B:Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
- BOX 10divided into three categories (each arranged alphabetically):
articles (including an indexed notebook) and similar materials;
speeches; and memorial tributes to friends and colleagues.
- SERIES 4:Political, Legal and Civic Activities,
1933-1990 Boxes 11-16 This SERIES includes a variety of materials concerning Garrison's
involvement in activities such as civil rights, disarmament, labor
law, and politics.
- SUBSERIES A:Major Activities,
major activities and is arranged alphabetically by general
- Labor Activities
- Law Firm
- New York Board of Education
York Democratic Politics
- Oppenheimer, J. Robert
- University Of Wisconsin Law School
- SUBSERIES B:Other Activities,
alphabetical arrangement of other activities.
- SERIES 5:Other Personal Papers and Ephemera,
1893-1991 Boxes 17-18 This SERIES includes assorted materials written by persons other
than Garrison. It is divided into four SUBSERIES, each arranged
alphabetically by topic:
- SUBSERIES A:Family Papers and Related Materials,
a variety of family papers.
- SUBSERIES B:Other Articles, Essays, Reports and Press
articles, essays, reports and press clippings, including a folder of
press clippings covering much of Garrison's long career.
- SUBSERIES C:Awards, Tributes and Certificates,
Garrison's awards, tributes and certificates.
- SUBSERIES D:Other Materials,
other materials not included in other topics within this
Garrison was born on November 19, 1897 in New York City. Garrison was
a great-grandson of the famous abolitionist, William Lloyd Garrison,
and the grandson of Wendell Phillips Garrison, the literary editor of
The Nation. After service in the Navy in World
War I, rising to the rank of chief petty officer, he graduated from
Harvard College in 1919 and from Harvard Law School in 1922. He
commenced practice in New York City with the firm of Root,
Clark, Buckner & Howland, now known as
In 1930, his long
career of government service started as Special Assistant to the
Attorney General of the United States conducting an investigation of
the bankruptcy laws. He served as the first chairman of the
National Labor Relations Board in 1935,
thereafter general counsel. Garrison was appointed a member of the
National War Labor Board in 1944 and became
Vice-Chairman in March of 1945. He was active as a mediator and
referee in many labor disputes, including a threatened
General Motors strike in 1945, which established
the pattern for wage increases in post-war labor relations. In 1947,
he was appointed by the United States Supreme Court as a Special
Master in a dispute between the State of Georgia and twenty
He was Dean of the University of
Wisconsin Law School from 1932 to 1945, making that
institution rise to greater academic prominence as one of the top
American law schools. After W.W.II, he became a member of the New
York City law firm of Paul, Weiss, Wharton & Garrison
and remained as a partner and counsel until his death. He
was a member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University from
1938 to 1944, a member of the Board of Directors of the Field
Foundation (1950-1973), a Trustee of the Taconic and Potomac
Foundations (1953-1991), and a Trustee of Sarah Lawrence
University and Howard University.
Long active in the civil rights movement, he was Director and
then President (1947-1952) of the National Urban League. He remained
active in the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law and the
American Civil Liberties Union. Between 1962 and 1968, a turbulent
period of educational crisis in New York City involving teachers
strikes, deterioration of schools and issues of racial integration,
decentralization and minority participation in the educational
system, he was a member of the New York City Board of Education,
serving as Vice President in 1963 and President from 1965 to
He was a leader in the Democratic Reform Movement in New
York City and in 1952 was elected to the Democratic State Committee.
He later was a key member in the effort led by him, Eleanor
Roosevelt, Thomas Finletter, and
Herbert Lehman to oust Carmine DeSapio
as New York County Democratic Leader in the years 1958
through 1961. A long-time friend of Adlai Stevenson, he was Chairman
of the 1952 Stevenson Citizens Committee in New York and an active
supporter in 1956. It was largely through his efforts that Stevenson
became a partner in the Paul, Weiss firm from 1957 to 1961.
a lawyer, he handled many significant cases including: the litigation
which blocked the construction of a power plant at Storm
King Mountain; the representation of the poet Langston
Hughes (1953) and the playwright Arthur Miller
before the House Committee on Un-American Activities
(1956); and the defense of J. Robert Oppenheimer when the Atomic
Energy Commission sought to remove his security clearance.
The following catalog entries represent persons, organizations,
and topics documented in this collection. An entry for each appears
in the Harvard On Line Library Information System (HOLLIS) and other
automated bibliographic databases. THIS IS NOT AN INDEX.
Binger, Carl Alfred Lanning, 1889-
Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941.
Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959.
Cardozo, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Nathan),
Chandler, William C.
Curtis, Charles P. (Charles Pelham), 1891-1959.
Feinsinger, Nathan. Frankfurter, Felix,
Fuller, Charles F.
Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948.
Wendell Phillips, 1840-1907.
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio),
Kadilis, John J.
Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932-
Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968.
Laski, Harold Joseph,
Lerner, Max, 1902-
Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-
Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet)
Frank Vigor, 1899-
Oppenheimer, J. Robert,
Paul, Randolph Evernghim,
Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965.
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano),
Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing),
Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950.
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
Worcester, Dean K.
African Americans -Civil rights
African Americans -Legal status,
laws, etc. -United States.
American Academy of
Arts and Sciences.
Cambodia -Description and
Center for Public
Century Association (New York,
Civil rights -United States.
Committee on International Arms Control.
Communism -Government policy -United States.
Democratic National Committee (U.S.)
Disarmament -Moral and ethical aspects.
Disarmament -Study and teaching -United States.
Field Foundation (New York, N.Y.)
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879.
General Motors Corporation.
University. Porcellian Club.
Labor unions -United
States -Political activity.
Law -Study and teaching
Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights
National Committee Against
Discrimination in Housing.
New York (N.Y.). Board of
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American
United States. National Labor
United States. National War Labor
University of Wisconsin. Law
- SERIES 1: Autobiographical Materials,
- 1-1 Correspondence - Childhood,
- 1-2 School Records,
- 1-3 Memoirs,
- 1-4 Letter re: Naval Duty,
- 1-5 Journal re: Trip to Italy ca.,
- 1-6 Memoirs re: Evening at Felix Frankfurter's Home,
- 1-7 Salary List ca.,
- 1-8 Oral History -
Cornell University, 1969-1970
- 1-9 Manuscript - Unfinished Autobiography,
1977, 1986, n.d.
- 1-10 Memoirs -
- 1-11 Speech and Manuscript -
"Bits and Pieces of a Lawyer's Life," 1982
- 1-12 Oral History -
Columbia University, 1982, 1984
- 1-13 Manuscript -
"Bits and Pieces of a Lawyer's Life," n.d.
- 1-14 Autobiographical Notes, n.d.
- 1-15 Manuscript -
"Early Days in Washington Square", n.d.
- 1-16 Notes re: Childhood, n.d.
- 1-17 Other Autobiographical Materials,
- SERIES 2: Correspondence,
1895-1990 Boxes 2 - 7
- SUBSERIES A: Major Correspondence,
- 2-1 Ballantine, Arthur A.,
- 2-2 Benjamin, Robert M.,
- 2-3 Brandeis, Louis Dembitz,
- 2-4 Burlingham, Charles Culp,
- 2-5 Cardozo, Benjamin N.,
- 2-6 Curtis, Charles (?),
- 2-7 Frankfurter, Felix,
- 2-8 Fuller, Charles F.,
- 2-9 Hand, Learned,
- 2-10 Hughes, Langston,
- 2-11 Humphrey, Hubert H.,
- 2-12 Kadilis, John J.,
- 2-13 Kennedy, Edward Moore,
- 2-14 King, Martin Luther, Jr.,
- 2-15 Laski, Harold Joseph,
- 2-16 Lawrence, Blake,
- 2-17 Lerner, Max,
- 2-18 Leydet, Francois G.,
- 2-19 Lindbergh, Anne Morrow,
- 2-20 Lindsay, John V.,
- 3-1 Morley, F.V.,
- 3-3 Perkins, Frances,
- 3-4 Roosevelt, Eleanor,
- 3-5 Roosevelt, Franklin D.,
- 3-6 Stevenson, Adlai,
- 3-7 Stevenson, Adlai (posthumous remarks),
- 3-9 Thacher, Thomas D.,
- 3-10 Truman, Harry S.,
- SUBSERIES B: Family Correspondence,
- 4-1 Family Correspondence
- 4-2 Letters from Mother to Stepfather (
- 4-3 Family Correspondence,
- 4-4 Family Correspondence,
- 4-5 Family Correspondence,
- 4-6 Family Correspondence, n.d.
- SUBSERIES C: General Correspondence,
- 5-1 General Correspondence,
- 5-2 General Correspondence,
- 5-3 General Correspondence,
- 5-4 General Correspondence,
- 5-5 General Correspondence,
- 5-6 General Correspondence,
- 5-7 General Correspondence,
- 5-8 General Correspondence,
- 6-1 General Correspondence,
- 6-2 General Correspondence,
- 6-3 General Correspondence,
- 6-4 General Correspondence,
- 6-5 General Correspondence,
- 6-6 General Correspondence,
- 7-1 General Correspondence,
- 7-2 General Correspondence,
- 7-3 General Correspondence,
- 7-4 General Correspondence,
- 7-5 General Correspondence,
- 7-6 General Correspondence,
- 7-7 General Correspondence, n.d.
- SERIES 3: Manuscripts, Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
1946-1984 Boxes 8-10
- SUBSERIES A: Manuscripts, Notes and Source Materials,
- Box 8
- 8-1 to 8-12 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Introduction,
- 8-2 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Ch. II (Gandhi),
- 8-3 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Drafts and Revisions,
- 8-4 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Drafts and Revisions,
- 8-5 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes, Ch. I ca.,
- 8-6 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes, Ch. II and III,
- 8-7 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes and Sources,
- 8-8 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes and Revisions,
- 8-9 "Non-Violence" Manuscript -
"Crusaders Past", ca. 1982
- 8-10 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes and Revisions
- 8-11 and 8-12 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Press Clippings and Brochures,
- Box 9
- 9-1 "Action for Peace" Manuscript, n.d.
- 9-2 Anatomy of Peace - Review Notes, n.d.
- 9-3 Cambodia Trip Manuscript,
- 9-4 Garrison, William Lloyd, Biography (incomplete),
- 9-5 "Steps Toward Industrial Peace" Manuscript,
- 9-6 Stevenson, Adlai - Memoranda, Trip to Africa,
- 9-7 Stevenson, Adlai - Manuscript and Notes re:,
- 9-8 Urban League - Manuscript and Notes,
- SUBSERIES B: Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
- Box 10
- 10-1 Articles (Indexed Notebook: A-N),
- 10-2 Articles (Indexed Notebook: P-W),
- 10-3 Articles and Lectures,
- 10-4 Article re: Government and Labor Relations, n.d.
- 10-5 Poem - published in Harvard Advocate, n.d.
- 10-6 Unpublished letter to editor re: Franco,
- 10-7 Speech - American Jewish Congress Convention,
- 10-8 Speech - American Jewish Congress Women's Division,
- 10-9 Speech - National Committee Against Discrimination in
- 10-10 Tribute re: Carl Binger,
- 10-11 Tribute re: Charles Culp Burlingham,
- 10-12 Tribute re: William C. Chanler,
- 10-13 Tribute re: Nathan Feinsinger,
- 10-14 Tribute re: Randolph Paul,
- 10-15 Tribute re: Louis S. Weiss,
- 10-16 Tribute re: John Wharton,
- 10-17 Tribute re: Dean K. Worcester,
- SERIES 4: Political, Legal and Civic Activities,
1933-1990 Boxes 11-16
- SUBSERIES A: Major Activities,
- 11-1 Committee on International Arms Control - Membership List,
- 11-2 Committee on International Arms Control - Membership List,
- 11-3 Committee on International Arms Control - Correspondence,
- 11-4 Committee on International Arms Control - Foundation
- 11-5 Committee on International Arms Control - Disarmament
- 11-6 Committee on International Arms Control - Memoranda,
- 11-7 Committee on International Arms Control - Financial
- 12-1 War Labor Board - Correspondence and Memoranda,
- 12-2 War Labor Board - Membership Lists,
- 12-3 War Labor Board - Press Clippings,
- 12-4 General Motors Case - Correspondence and Report,
- 12-5 General Motors Case - Press Clippings,
- 12-6 Proposal for
Labor-Management Board, 1947
- 12-7 to 12-8 Law Firm - re: Adlai Stevenson Admission,
- 12-9 Law Firm - History,
- 12-10 Law Firm - Address re: History by Judge Rifkind,
- New York Board of Education:
- 13-1 New York Board of Education - General Correspondence and
- 13-2 New York Board of Education - Correspondence re:
- 13-3 New York Board of Education - Press Clippings and
- 13-4 New York Board of Education - Decentralization Materials,
- 13-5 New York Board of Education - Educational Parks Materials,
- 13-6 New York Educational Construction Fund,
- New York Democratic Politics:
- 13-7 Democratic Advisory Council - Membership Lists,
- 13-8 Democratic Citizens Committee - Correspondence
and Mailing Lists,
- 13-9 Democratic National Committee - Memorandum,
- 13-10 Lexington (N.Y.) Democratic Club -
Correspondence and Reports,
- 13-11 New York Committee for Democratic Voters -
- 13-12 New York Committee for Democratic Voters -
Committee on Reorganization,
- 13-13 New York Governorship - Correspondence,
- 13-14 New York Judicial Selections - General Materials,
- 13-15 Political Activities in New York - Notes, n.d.
- 13-16 Press Clippings re: Democratic Politics,
- Box 14
- Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Government Memoranda,
- 14-2 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Briefs,
- 14-3 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - General Correspondence,
- 14-4 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Correspondence re: P. Stern Book
- 14-5 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Manuscripts re: P. Stern Book
- 14-6 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Press Clippings,
- 14-7 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Article by
B. Bernstein, 1982
- University Of Wisconsin Law School:
- 14-8 University of Wisconsin Law School - Correspondence re:
- 14-9 University of Wisconsin Law School - General Correspondence
- SUBSERIES B: Other Activities,
- 15-1 American Academy of Arts and Science,
- 15-2 Bankruptcy Rules Amendments,
- 15-3 Breezy Point Park,
- 15-4 Center for Public Representation,
- 15-5 Century Association,
- 15-6 Committee to Oppose Sale of St. Bartholomew's Church,
- 15-7 Eleanor Roosevelt Award Dinner - Speech, Program, Guest
- 15-8 Eleanor Roosevelt Award Dinner - Correspondence and Press
- 15-9 Field Foundation - Correspondence,
- 15-10 Ford Foundation - Grant Proposal,
- 15-11 Jay Coalition
(Homestead, John Jay), 1989
- 15-12 Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law,
- 16-1 Porcellian Club, ca. 1978-1990
- 16-2 Scenic Hudson Preservation Conference v.
Federal Power Commission, 1965-1969
- 16-3 Seventh Regiment Armory - Correspondence,
- 16-4 Seventh Regiment Armory - Memoranda, Notes,
- 16-5 Seventh Regiment Armory - Press Clippings,
- 16-6 St. Paul's School Alumni Association, 1985-1986
- 16-7 Urban Coalition,
- SERIES 5: Other Personal Papers and Ephemera, 1893-1991 Boxes
- SUBSERIES A: Family Papers and Related Materials,
- Box 17-Folder
- 17-1 Biographical Essay re: LKG (by grandson), n.d.
- 17-2 Biographical Materials re: Pierre Jay,
- 17-3 Essay re: Building Bathroom,
- 17-4 Essay re: Lord Family Letters, n.d.
- 17-5 Genealogical Tables and Lists, n.d.
- 17-6 Memorial Proclamation re: Wendell P. Garrison,
- 17-7 Pamphlets,
1893, 1963, 1970
- 17-8 "Pie - Pie and Cheese" (Anecdotes re: Stepfather),
- 17-9 Poem by
William Lloyd Garrison III, 1939
- 17-10 Poem re: "Clo" (sister), n.d.
- 17-11 Press Clippings and Other Materials re:
Lloyd McKim Garrison, 1960
- 17-12 Press Clippings re: Family and Friends,
- SUBSERIES B: Other Articles, Essays, Reports and Press Clippings,
- 18-1 Bankruptcy Law and Practice - Attorney General's Report,
- 18-2 "Civilian-Based Defense" - Essay,
- 18-3 Commission on Industrial Relations in Great Britain
- 18-4 Disarmament - Magazines and Newsletters,
- 18-5 Potomac Institute - Essay, n.d.
- 18-6 Press Clippings re: LKG Career,
- 18-7 Press Clippings and Articles re: Racial,
- 18-8 Roosevelt, Theodore - Essay re: Visit to,
- 18-9 Stevenson, Adlai - Essay by, re: African Trip Problems in
- SUBSERIES C: Awards, Tributes and Certificates,
- 18-10 Condolences and Obituaries,
- 18-11 Law Firm - 80th Birthday Tribute to LKG,
- 18-12 Law Firm - Tributes to LKG,
- 18-13 New York Bar - Certificate of Admission,
- 18-14 New York Board of Education - Appointments and Commendations,
- 18-15 New York Democratic Committee - Ballot and
Certificate of Election,
- 18-16 University of Wisconsin Law Alumni Association -
- SUBSERIES D: Other Materials,
- 18-17 Church Bulletin re: Charles Culp Burlingham's Death,
- 18-18 Dinner Program re: Harold Taylor's Retirement,