Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham). Papers, 1893-1990:
Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, MA 02138
Harvard Law School
© 2003 The President and Fellows of Harvard College
Repository: Harvard Law School Library, Harvard
Location: Harvard Depository
Call No.: HOLLIS 3093953
Creator: Garrison, Lloyd K. (Lloyd Kirkham), b.
Quantity: 18 boxes
Abstract: Contains a variety of materials relating chiefly
to his personal, political, and civil rights activities. The collection
contains family papers pre-dating Garrison's birth and other personal
correspondence with his friends and colleagues. Much of this correspondence
provides a unique look into the social and political milieu of New York City in
the mid-Twentieth Century. A subseries titled, Major Correspondence, consists
of correspondence with noted legal figures. The papers also include materials
related to Garrison's work on the issues of global disarmament and
Geraldine Azzata, March, 1993.
The Papers of Lloyd K. Garrison were donated to the Harvard Law School
Library by Mrs. Garrison, April 1991.
Access to these papers is governed by the rules and regulations of the
Harvard Law School Library. This collection is open to the public, but is
housed off-site at Harvard Depository and requires 2 business-day advance notice
retrieval. Consult the Special Collections staff for further information.
The Harvard Law School Library holds copyright on some, but not all, of
the material in our collections. Requests for permission to publish material
from this collection should be directed to the Special Collections staff.
Researchers who obtain permission to publish from the Harvard Law School
Library are also responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or
organizations who hold copyright.
The Papers of Lloyd Kirkham Garrison contain twenty-five boxes of
correspondence, diaries, legal documents, and unpublished
manuscripts on global disarmament and nonviolence.
Included are a variety of materials relating chiefly to his personal,
political, and civil rights activities. The collection contains family papers
pre-dating Garrison's birth and other personal correspondence with his friends
and colleagues. Much of this correspondence provides a unique look into the
social and political milieu of
New York City in the mid-Twentieth Century. A
subseries titled, Major Correspondence, consists of correspondence with noted
legal figures such as Adlai Stevenson, Felix Frankfurter, C. C. Burlingham,
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Pauli Murray, and Martin Luther King. The papers
also include materials related to Garrison's work on the issues of global
disarmament and non-violence.
- SERIES 1:Autobiographical Materials,
1902-1986 Box 1
This SERIES, arranged by topic chronologically, includes a variety of
materials written by Garrison and related to his personal life, his family, and
his career. (Miscellaneous and undated materials are placed last.)
- SERIES 2:Correspondence,
1895-1990 Boxes 2-7
This SERIES contains correspondence divided into three categories:
- SUBSERIES A:Major Correspondence,
1931-1988arranged alphabetically by correspondent, comprises letters to and
from Garrison involving major correspondents.
- SUBSERIES B:Family Correspondence,
1895-1990arranged chronologically, comprises correspondence of Garrison's
- SUBSERIES C:General Correspondence,
1932-1990also arranged chronologically, comprises general correspondence of
both a personal and professional nature.
(Note: Correspondence involving individual legal cases is not
generally included in these papers.)
- SERIES 3:Manuscripts, Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
1946-1984 Boxes 8-10
This SERIES includes both published and unpublished materials written
by Garrison, and is arranged by topic.
- SUBSERIES AManuscripts, Notes and Source Materials,
1946-1984consists of two categories:
- BOX 8contains manuscripts, notes and
source materials for an unpublished book on non-violence.
- BOX 9contains manuscripts and notes on
several other topics, arranged alphabetically.
- SUBSERIES B:Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
- BOX 10divided into three categories
(each arranged alphabetically): articles (including an indexed notebook) and
similar materials; speeches; and memorial tributes to friends and
- SERIES 4:Political, Legal and Civic Activities,
1933-1990 Boxes 11-16
This SERIES includes a variety of materials concerning Garrison's
involvement in activities such as civil rights, disarmament, labor law, and
- SUBSERIES A:Major Activities,
1938-1985contains major activities and is arranged alphabetically by general
- Labor Activities
- Law Firm Activities
- New York Board of Education
- New York Democratic Politics
- Oppenheimer, J. Robert
- University Of Wisconsin Law School
- SUBSERIES B:Other Activities,
1933-1990is an alphabetical arrangement of other activities.
- SERIES 5:Other Personal Papers and Ephemera,
1893-1991 Boxes 17-18
This SERIES includes assorted materials written by persons other than
Garrison. It is divided into four SUBSERIES, each arranged alphabetically by
- SUBSERIES A:Family Papers and Related Materials,
1893-1986includes a variety of family papers.
- SUBSERIES B:Other Articles, Essays, Reports and Press Clippings,
1916-1982includes articles, essays, reports and press clippings, including a
folder of press clippings covering much of Garrison's long career.
- SUBSERIES C:Awards, Tributes and Certificates,
1923-1991contains Garrison's awards, tributes and certificates.
- SUBSERIES D:Other Materials,
1959contains all other materials not included in other topics within
Lloyd K. Garrison was born on November 19, 1897 in New York City.
Garrison was a great-grandson of the famous abolitionist, William Lloyd
Garrison, and the grandson of Wendell Phillips Garrison, the literary editor of
The Nation. After service in the Navy in World War I,
rising to the rank of chief petty officer, he graduated from Harvard College in
1919 and from Harvard Law School in 1922. He commenced practice in New York
City with the firm of
Root, Clark, Buckner & Howland, now known as
In 1930, his long career of government service started as Special
Assistant to the Attorney General of the United States conducting an
investigation of the bankruptcy laws. He served as the first chairman of the
National Labor Relations Board in 1935, thereafter
general counsel. Garrison was appointed a member of the
National War Labor Board in 1944 and became
Vice-Chairman in March of 1945. He was active as a mediator and referee in many
labor disputes, including a threatened
General Motors strike in 1945, which established the
pattern for wage increases in post-war labor relations. In 1947, he was
appointed by the United States Supreme Court as a Special Master in a dispute
between the State of Georgia and twenty railroads.
He was Dean of the
University of Wisconsin Law School from 1932 to 1945,
making that institution rise to greater academic prominence as one of the top
American law schools. After W.W.II, he became a member of the New York City law
Paul, Weiss, Wharton & Garrison and remained as a
partner and counsel until his death. He was a member of the Board of Overseers
of Harvard University from 1938 to 1944, a member of the Board of Directors of
the Field Foundation (1950-1973), a Trustee of the Taconic and Potomac
Foundations (1953-1991), and a Trustee of
Sarah Lawrence University and
Long active in the civil rights movement, he was Director and then
President (1947-1952) of the National Urban League. He remained active in the
Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law and the American Civil Liberties
Union. Between 1962 and 1968, a turbulent period of educational crisis in New
York City involving teachers strikes, deterioration of schools and issues of
racial integration, decentralization and minority participation in the
educational system, he was a member of the New York City Board of Education,
serving as Vice President in 1963 and President from 1965 to 1967.
He was a leader in the Democratic Reform Movement in New York City and in
1952 was elected to the Democratic State Committee. He later was a key member
in the effort led by him, Eleanor Roosevelt,
Thomas Finletter, and
Herbert Lehman to oust
Carmine DeSapio as New York County Democratic Leader
in the years 1958 through 1961. A long-time friend of Adlai Stevenson, he was
Chairman of the 1952 Stevenson Citizens Committee in New York and an active
supporter in 1956. It was largely through his efforts that Stevenson became a
partner in the Paul, Weiss firm from 1957 to 1961.
As a lawyer, he handled many significant cases including: the litigation
which blocked the construction of a power plant at
Storm King Mountain; the representation of the poet
Langston Hughes (1953) and the playwright
Arthur Miller before the House Committee on
Un-American Activities (1956); and the defense of J. Robert Oppenheimer when
the Atomic Energy Commission sought to remove his security clearance.
The following catalog entries represent persons, organizations, and
topics documented in this collection. An entry for each appears in the Harvard
On Line Library Information System (HOLLIS) and other automated bibliographic
databases. THIS IS NOT AN INDEX.
Benjamin, Robert M.
Binger, Carl Alfred Lanning, 1889-
Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941.
Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959.
Cardozo, Benjamin N. (Benjamin Nathan), 1870-1938.
Chandler, William C.
Curtis, Charles P. (Charles Pelham), 1891-1959.
Feinsinger, Nathan. Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965.
Fuller, Charles F.
Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948.
Garrison, Wendell Phillips, 1840-1907.
Hand, Learned, 1872-1961.
Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967.
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978.
Jay, Pierre, 1870-
Kadilis, John J.
Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932-
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968.
Laski, Harold Joseph, 1893-1950.
Lerner, Max, 1902-
Leydet, Francois G.
Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-
Lindsay, John V. (John Vliet)
Morley, Frank Vigor, 1899-
Murray, Pauli, 1910-
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967.
Paul, Randolph Evernghim, 1890-
Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965.
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962.
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1900-1965.
Thacher, Thomas D. (Thomas Day), 1881-1950.
Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
Worcester, Dean K.
Africa -Description and travel.
African Americans -Civil rights -United States.
African Americans -Legal status, laws, etc. -United
American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
American Jewish Congress.
Cambodia -Description and travel.
Center for Public Representation.
Century Association (New York, N.Y.)
Civil rights -United States.
Committee on International Arms Control.
Communism -Government policy -United States.
Democratic National Committee (U.S.)
Disarmament -Moral and ethical aspects.
Disarmament -Study and teaching -United States.
Field Foundation (New York, N.Y.)
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879.
General Motors Corporation.
Harvard University. Porcellian Club.
Labor unions -United States -Political activity.
Law schools -Wisconsin.
Law -Study and teaching -Wisconsin.
Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.
National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing.
National Urban League.
New York (N.Y.). Board of Education.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American
United States. National Labor Relations Board.
United States. National War Labor Board (1942-1945)
University of Wisconsin. Law School.
- SERIES 1: Autobiographical Materials,
- 1-1 Correspondence - Childhood,
- 1-2 School Records,
- 1-3 Memoirs,
- 1-4 Letter re: Naval Duty,
- 1-5 Journal re: Trip to Italy ca.,
- 1-6 Memoirs re: Evening at Felix Frankfurter's Home,
- 1-7 Salary List ca.,
- 1-8 Oral History -
Cornell University, 1969-1970
- 1-9 Manuscript - Unfinished Autobiography,
1977, 1986, n.d.
- 1-10 Memoirs -
- 1-11 Speech and Manuscript -
"Bits and Pieces of a Lawyer's Life," 1982
- 1-12 Oral History -
Columbia University, 1982, 1984
- 1-13 Manuscript -
"Bits and Pieces of a Lawyer's Life," n.d.
- 1-14 Autobiographical Notes, n.d.
- 1-15 Manuscript -
"Early Days in Washington Square", n.d.
- 1-16 Notes re: Childhood, n.d.
- 1-17 Other Autobiographical Materials,
- SERIES 2: Correspondence,
1895-1990 Boxes 2 - 7
- SUBSERIES A: Major Correspondence,
- 2-1 Ballantine, Arthur A.,
- 2-2 Benjamin, Robert M.,
- 2-3 Brandeis, Louis Dembitz,
- 2-4 Burlingham, Charles Culp,
- 2-5 Cardozo, Benjamin N.,
- 2-6 Curtis, Charles (?),
- 2-7 Frankfurter, Felix,
- 2-8 Fuller, Charles F.,
- 2-9 Hand, Learned,
- 2-10 Hughes, Langston,
- 2-11 Humphrey, Hubert H.,
- 2-12 Kadilis, John J.,
- 2-13 Kennedy, Edward Moore,
- 2-14 King, Martin Luther, Jr.,
- 2-15 Laski, Harold Joseph,
- 2-16 Lawrence, Blake,
- 2-17 Lerner, Max,
- 2-18 Leydet, Francois G.,
- 2-19 Lindbergh, Anne Morrow,
- 2-20 Lindsay, John V.,
- 3-1 Morley, F.V.,
- 3-3 Perkins, Frances,
- 3-4 Roosevelt, Eleanor,
- 3-5 Roosevelt, Franklin D.,
- 3-6 Stevenson, Adlai,
- 3-7 Stevenson, Adlai (posthumous remarks),
- 3-9 Thacher, Thomas D.,
- 3-10 Truman, Harry S.,
- SUBSERIES B: Family Correspondence,
- 4-1 Family Correspondence
- 4-2 Letters from Mother to Stepfather (
- 4-3 Family Correspondence,
- 4-4 Family Correspondence,
- 4-5 Family Correspondence,
- 4-6 Family Correspondence, n.d.
- SUBSERIES C: General Correspondence,
- 5-1 General Correspondence,
- 5-2 General Correspondence,
- 5-3 General Correspondence,
- 5-4 General Correspondence,
- 5-5 General Correspondence,
- 5-6 General Correspondence,
- 5-7 General Correspondence,
- 5-8 General Correspondence,
- 6-1 General Correspondence,
- 6-2 General Correspondence,
- 6-3 General Correspondence,
- 6-4 General Correspondence,
- 6-5 General Correspondence,
- 6-6 General Correspondence,
- 7-1 General Correspondence,
- 7-2 General Correspondence,
- 7-3 General Correspondence,
- 7-4 General Correspondence,
- 7-5 General Correspondence,
- 7-6 General Correspondence,
- 7-7 General Correspondence, n.d.
- SERIES 3: Manuscripts, Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
1946-1984 Boxes 8-10
- SUBSERIES A: Manuscripts, Notes and Source Materials,
- Box 8
- 8-1 to 8-12 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Introduction,
- 8-2 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Ch. II (Gandhi),
- 8-3 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Drafts and Revisions,
- 8-4 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Drafts and Revisions,
- 8-5 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes, Ch. I ca.,
- 8-6 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes, Ch. II and III,
- 8-7 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes and Sources,
- 8-8 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes and Revisions,
- 8-9 "Non-Violence" Manuscript -
"Crusaders Past", ca. 1982
- 8-10 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Notes and Revisions
- 8-11 and 8-12 "Non-Violence" Manuscript - Press Clippings and Brochures,
- Box 9
- 9-1 "Action for Peace" Manuscript, n.d.
- 9-2 Anatomy of Peace - Review Notes, n.d.
- 9-3 Cambodia Trip Manuscript,
- 9-4 Garrison, William Lloyd, Biography (incomplete),
- 9-5 "Steps Toward Industrial Peace" Manuscript,
- 9-6 Stevenson, Adlai - Memoranda, Trip to Africa,
- 9-7 Stevenson, Adlai - Manuscript and Notes re:,
- 9-8 Urban League - Manuscript and Notes,
- SUBSERIES B: Articles, Speeches and Tributes,
- Box 10
- 10-1 Articles (Indexed Notebook),
- 10-2 Articles and Lectures,
- 10-3 Article re: Government and Labor Relations, n.d.
- 10-4 Poem - published in Harvard Advocate, n.d.
- 10-5 Unpublished letter to editor re: Franco,
- 10-6 Speech - American Jewish Congress Convention,
- 10-7 Speech - American Jewish Congress Women's Division,
- 10-8 Speech - National Committee Against Discrimination in
- 10-9 Tribute re: Carl Binger,
- 10-10 Tribute re: Charles Culp Burlingham,
- 10-11 Tribute re: William C. Chanler,
- 10-12 Tribute re: Nathan Feinsinger,
- 10-13 Tribute re: Randolph Paul,
- 10-14 Tribute re: Louis S. Weiss,
- 10-15 Tribute re: John Wharton,
- 10-16 Tribute re: Dean K. Worcester,
- SERIES 4: Political, Legal and Civic Activities,
1933-1990 Boxes 11-16
- SUBSERIES A: Major Activities,
- 11-1 Committee on International Arms Control - Membership List,
- 11-2 Committee on International Arms Control - Membership List,
- 11-3 Committee on International Arms Control - Correspondence,
- 11-4 Committee on International Arms Control - Foundation
- 11-5 Committee on International Arms Control - Disarmament
- 11-6 Committee on International Arms Control - Memoranda,
- 11-7 Committee on International Arms Control - Financial
- 12-1 War Labor Board - Correspondence and Memoranda,
- 12-2 War Labor Board - Membership Lists,
- 12-3 War Labor Board - Press Clippings,
- 12-4 General Motors Case - Correspondence and Report,
- 12-5 General Motors Case - Press Clippings,
- 12-6 Proposal for
Labor-Management Board, 1947
- 12-7 Law Firm - re: Adlai Stevenson Admission,
- 12-8 Law Firm - History,
- 12-9 Law Firm - Address re: History by Judge Rifkind,
- New York Board of Education:
- 13-1 New York Board of Education - General Correspondence and
- 13-2 New York Board of Education - Correspondence re:
- 13-3 New York Board of Education - Press Clippings and
- 13-4 New York Board of Education - Decentralization Materials,
- 13-5 New York Board of Education - Educational Parks Materials,
- 13-6 New York Educational Construction Fund,
- New York Democratic Politics:
- 13-7 Democratic Advisory Council - Membership Lists,
- 13-8 Democratic Citizens Committee - Correspondence
and Mailing Lists,
- 13-9 Democratic National Committee - Memorandum,
- 13-10 Lexington (N.Y.) Democratic Club -
Correspondence and Reports,
- 13-11 New York Committee for Democratic Voters -
- 13-12 New York Committee for Democratic Voters -
Committee on Reorganization,
- 13-13 New York Governorship - Correspondence,
- 13-14 New York Judicial Selections - General Materials,
- 13-15 Political Activities in New York - Notes, n.d.
- 13-16 Press Clippings re: Democratic Politics,
- Box 14
- Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Government Memoranda,
- 14-2 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Briefs,
- 14-3 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - General Correspondence,
- 14-4 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Correspondence re: P. Stern Book
- 14-5 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Manuscripts re: P. Stern Book
- 14-6 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Press Clippings,
- 14-7 Oppenheimer, J. Robert - Article by
B. Bernstein, 1982
- University Of Wisconsin Law School:
- 14-8 University of Wisconsin Law School - Correspondence re:
- 14-9 University of Wisconsin Law School - General Correspondence
- SUBSERIES B: Other Activities,
- 15-1 American Academy of Arts and Science,
- 15-2 Bankruptcy Rules Amendments,
- 15-3 Breezy Point Park,
- 15-4 Center for Public Representation,
- 15-5 Century Association,
- 15-6 Committee to Oppose Sale of St. Bartholomew's Church,
- 15-7 Eleanor Roosevelt Award Dinner - Speech, Program, Guest
- 15-8 Eleanor Roosevelt Award Dinner - Correspondence and Press
- 15-9 Field Foundation - Correspondence,
- 15-10 Ford Foundation - Grant Proposal,
- 15-11 Jay Coalition
(Homestead, John Jay), 1989
- 15-12 Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law,
- 16-1 Porcellian Club, ca. 1978-1990
- 16-2 Scenic Hudson Preservation Conference v.
Federal Power Commission, 1965-1969
- 16-3 Seventh Regiment Armory - Correspondence,
- 16-4 Seventh Regiment Armory - Memoranda, Notes,
- 16-5 Seventh Regiment Armory - Press Clippings,
- 16-6 St. Paul's School Alumni Association, 1985-1986
- 16-7 Urban Coalition,
- SERIES 5: Other Personal Papers and Ephemera, 1893-1991 Boxes
- SUBSERIES A: Family Papers and Related Materials,
- Box 17-Folder
- 17-1 Biographical Essay re: LKG (by grandson), n.d.
- 17-2 Biographical Materials re: Pierre Jay,
- 17-3 Essay re: Building Bathroom,
- 17-4 Essay re: Lord Family Letters, n.d.
- 17-5 Genealogical Tables and Lists, n.d.
- 17-6 Memorial Proclamation re: Wendell P. Garrison,
- 17-7 Pamphlets,
1893, 1963, 1970
- 17-8 "Pie - Pie and Cheese" (Anecdotes re: Stepfather),
- 17-9 Poem by
William Lloyd Garrison III, 1939
- 17-10 Poem re: "Clo" (sister), n.d.
- 17-11 Press Clippings and Other Materials re:
Lloyd McKim Garrison, 1960
- 17-12 Press Clippings re: Family and Friends,
- SUBSERIES B: Other Articles, Essays, Reports and Press Clippings,
- 18-1 Bankruptcy Law and Practice - Attorney General's Report,
- 18-2 "Civilian-Based Defense" - Essay,
- 18-3 Commission on Industrial Relations in Great Britain
- 18-4 Disarmament - Magazines and Newsletters,
- 18-5 Potomac Institute - Essay, n.d.
- 18-6 Press Clippings re: LKG Career,
- 18-7 Press Clippings and Articles re: Racial,
- 18-8 Roosevelt, Theodore - Essay re: Visit to,
- 18-9 Stevenson, Adlai - Essay by, re: African Trip Problems in
- SUBSERIES C: Awards, Tributes and Certificates,
- 18-10 Condolences and Obituaries,
- 18-11 Law Firm - 80th Birthday Tribute to LKG,
- 18-12 Law Firm - Tributes to LKG,
- 18-13 New York Bar - Certificate of Admission,
- 18-14 New York Board of Education - Appointments and Commendations,
- 18-15 New York Democratic Committee - Ballot and
Certificate of Election,
- 18-16 University of Wisconsin Law Alumni Association -
- SUBSERIES D: Other Materials,
- 18-17 Church Bulletin re: Charles Culp Burlingham's Death,
- 18-18 Dinner Program re: Harold Taylor's Retirement,