[OASIS] Harvard University Library
OASIS: Online Archival Search Information System
http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.ARCH:hua45014View HOLLIS Record   Frames Version
Questions or Comments   Copyright Statement
UAI 20.946.10

Harvard University. Records of the Arnold Arboretum legal case and the Bailey Plan for the reorganization of the botanical departments at Harvard University, 1941-1966 : an inventory

Harvard University Archives

[link]


Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: UAI 20.946.10
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Harvard University.
Title: Harvard University. Records of the Arnold Arboretum legal case and the Bailey Plan for the reorganization of the botanical departments at Harvard University, 1941-1966
Date(s): 1941-1966
Quantity: 4.39 cubic feet (12 document boxes, 1 pamphlet binder, 1 accordion folder)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: The Arnold Arboretum was established between the trustees under the will of James Arnold and the President and Fellows of Harvard College on March 29, 1872. Subsequent gifts enlarged the endowment of the Arboretum and its living collection of trees and wood plants, as well as its library and herbarium. In 1945, a major reorganization of botany collections and departments (known as the Bailey Plan) at Harvard, including the removal of the Arboretum's library and herbarium from Jamaica Plain in Boston to a new building on Harvard's Cambridge campus, was proposed. As a result, during the 1950s Harvard University found itself in litigation with reorganization opponents; the legal conflict ended in 1966 when the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court upheld Harvard's removal of the Arnold Arboretum's library and herbarium to Cambridge. Letters, memoranda, reports, legal statements, magazine articles, news clippings, press releases, pamphlets, legal briefs, testimony, and petitions in this collection document the controversy concerning the reorganization of Harvard University's botanical collections and departments and the ensuing court case involving the Arnold Arboretum.

Acquisition information:

The documents in this collection are University records and were acquired in the course of University business. Whenever possible the archivist noted the terms of acquisition in the folder list below.
The acquisitions are as follows:
  • 1966 September 30, Henry L. Shattuck
  • 1969 June, law firm of Ropes and Gray
  • 1972 September 27, Paul C. Mangelsdorf
  • Processing Information:

    This inventory was created in July 2014 by Dominic P. Grandinetti from a cursory inspection of the material and a variety of information sources. Titles were devised by the archivist. The records were re-processed as Records of the Arnold Arboretum legal case and the Bailey Plan for the reorganization of the botanical departments at Harvard University, 1941-1966 and assigned the call number UAI 20.946.10.
    As part of this finding aid, the archivist created a listing of superseded call numbers to help researchers in identifying materials noted in previous citations. The listing (located at the end of this finding aid) provides references from the superseded call number to new box numbers.

    Researcher Access:

    Open for research with the following exceptions: access to student and personnel records is restricted for 80 years (boxes 13 and 14).

    Preferred Citation:

    Harvard University. Records of the Arnold Arboretum legal case and the Bailey Plan for the reorganization of the botanical departments at Harvard University, 1941-1966. UAI 20.946.10, Harvard University Archives.

    Related material

    In the Harvard University Archives
    In the Archives of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University

    Historical note

    The Arnold Arboretum was established between the trustees under the will of James Arnold and the President and Fellows of Harvard College on March 29, 1872. Subsequent gifts enlarged the endowment of the Arboretum and its living collection of trees and woody plants, as well as its library and herbarium. In 1945, a committee headed by Bussey Professor of Plant Anatomy Irving W. Bailey proposed a major reorganization of botany collections and departments at Harvard, including the removal of the Arboretum's library and herbarium from Jamaica Plain in Boston to a new building on Harvard's Cambridge campus. This move, known as the Bailey Plan, was proposed to improve the housing of the Arboretum's books and specimens, and to create more usable space for the Arboretum's staff, horticultural activities, and scientific research. Although Harvard's botanical reorganization received initial approval from the administration of the Arboretum, Harvard faculty, and the Harvard Board of Overseers, by 1949, questions were raised about the legality of the Bailey Plan and its impact on the operation of the Arnold Arboretum. Opponents of the reorganization feared that financial resources would be diverted from the Arboretum and that the removal of books and specimens from the Arboretum would compromise its collections and scientific purpose. As a result, during the 1950s Harvard University found itself in litigation with reorganization opponents including the Association for the Arnold Arboretum, an independent group of prominent citizens and scholars, formed in 1953 with the purpose of testing the legality of the relocation of Arboretum resources. Harvard argued that modern scientific research on the taxonomy of trees and plants would be better served in a new building in Cambridge, nearer to Harvard biologists, chemists, and physicists. The legal conflict ended in 1966 when the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court upheld Harvard's removal of the Arnold Arboretum's library and herbarium to Cambridge.

    References

    Scope and Contents

    This collection documents the controversy concerning the reorganization of Harvard University's botanical collections and departments, known as the Bailey Plan, and the ensuing court case involving the Arnold Arboretum. Letters, memoranda, reports, and legal statements reveal the position of Harvard University regarding the botanical reorganization, the strategies used by the University to explain to the public why the reorganization was in the best interests of the Arnold Arboretum, and the actions and decisions taken by the University in the Arnold Arboretum court case. Magazine articles, news clippings, press releases, and pamphlets illustrate support and opposition to the University's botanical reorganization, including those circulated by the Association for the Arnold Arboretum, an independent group of prominent citizens and scholars, formed in 1953 to test the legality of the relocation of the Arnold Arboretum. Other records in this collection include reports and descriptions of the Bailey Plan; pamphlets and brochures describing the history, gardens, and educational programs of the Arnold Arboretum; and legal briefs, testimony, and petitions submitted by both defendants and plaintiffs during the Arnold Arboretum court case.

    Inventory update

    This document last updated 2016 October 27.

    General

    People

    General

    Groups

    General

    Topics

    General

    Formats and genres

    Superseded call numbers

    To assist researchers in identifying materials noted in previous citations, the list below provides references from obsolete call numbers to new call numbers and box numbers. Please use the current call number, UAI 20.946.10, with the appropriate box number in place of superseded call numbers when citing material from this collection.

    Container List


    hua45014