Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection, 1828-1936: an inventory
Harvard University Archives
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: HUY 23
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Davis, Alexander Jackson, 1803-1892.
Creator: Pendleton's Lithography
Title: Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection, 1828-1936
Quantity: 1.37 cubic feet (37 images and two artifacts in 2 half document boxes, 1 flat box, 6 portfolio folders,
and 5 framed items)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: The Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection consists of a view of Harvard
University, drawn by Alexander Jackson Davis and lithographed by Pendleton's Lithography
in 1828, and six related views, published between 1830 and 1843. The collection also
includes various adaptations and reproductions of the views.
Images in the Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection were acquired
through donation and purchase from 1908 to 1984. Whenever possible the archivist noted
the terms of acquisition in the descriptions and item lists.
The acquisitions are as follows:
Donation by Ezra H. Baker, February 14, 1908
Donation by J. Francis Driscoll, October 16, 1910
Purchased with the Bright Fund, November 16, 1917
Bequest of Evert Jansen Wendell, 1918
Donation by Robert G. Shaw, January 3, 1920
Donation from Charles N. Taylor, March 26, 1923
Donation by the Friends of the Library, February 15, 1933
Bequest of Dr. William L. Richardson, February 24, 1933
Donation by the Friends of the Library, 1935.
Purchased with Fine Money, May 18, 1936
Donation by Charles Moore Washington, May 10, 1937
Donation by the Friends of the Library, December 27, 1940
Donation by Charles Taylor, ca. 1941
Purchased with the Ellis Fund, April 4, 1950
Donation by Mrs. J. M. Arnold, February 19, 1951
Donation by Dr. Reginald Fitz, June 1952
Donation by the estate of William Inglis Morse, January 5, 1953
Donation by George Arents, Jr., 1957
Donation by Louis Freedman, June 1960
Purchased from Mrs. Hugh S. Lawson, April 1972.
Donation by Dr. Jacob Fine, May 1975
Accession 10065: May 25, 1984
The views comprising the Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection were
first classified and described in the Harvard University Archives shelflist prior
to 1980. In October 2010, Juliana Kuipers re-processed the material. Re-processing
included integrating the original Davis-Pendleton view and all related views into
a single collection, re-housing materials in appropriate containers, and the creation
of this inventory.
This finding aid was created by Juliana Kuipers in October 2010.
The Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection is open for research.
Copying of fragile materials may be limited.
Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection. HUY 23, Harvard University
The view that forms the basis of the collection, titled "Harvard University, Cambridge,
Mass." was drawn by Alexander Jackson Davis and lithographed by William S. and John
B. Pendleton of the Boston-based Pendleton's Lithography in 1828; it is commonly referred
to as the Davis-Pendleton View.* Showing the University as it appeared around 1828
from the perspective of the Old Burying Ground and the present Massachusetts Avenue,
the following buildings appear from left to right: Stoughton Hall, Holden Chapel,
Hollis Hall, Harvard Hall, University Hall, and Massachusetts Hall. The Class Tree
stands in the Holden-Hollis-Harvard yard and Holworthy Hall can be glimpsed between
Stoughton and Hollis Halls. A fence surrounds the University property, with entrances
from the street by Holden Chapel and at the present Johnston Gate.
Six other views, published between 1830 and 1843, are based on or follow the original
Davis-Pendleton View. These include the First Hinton View, 1830; the Second Hinton
View, 1834; the American Magazine View, 1835; L'Univers View, 1837; the Bromme View, ca. 1840; and the Third Hinton View, 1843.* Each of
these views have subtle differences from the original, mostly in the figures that
appear in the foreground. All identifying characteristics are described in the list
These names are taken from Hamilton Vaughan Bail's authoritative volume, Views of Harvard: a pictorial record to 1860. Within this finding aid, these names for the views are used both as series title
and within descriptions. Image titles were taken from the images themselves, with
additional title information added as necessary by the cataloger.
- Bail, Hamilton Vaughan. Views of Harvard: a pictorial record to 1860. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1949.
The views are arranged in chronological order:
- I. Davis-Pendleton View, 1828-ca. 1900
- II. First Hinton View, 1830-1936
- III. Second Hinton View, 1834-ca. 1900
- IV. American Magazine View, 1835-ca. 1900
- V. L'Univers View, 1837
- VI. Bromme View, ca. 1840
- VII. Third Hinton View, 1843-1933
The Davis-Pendleton View of Harvard University Collection consists of the original
1828 lithograph and the six related views. These views, published between 1830-1843,
were all based on or follow the Davis-Pendleton View. The collection also includes
restrikes or second states, adaptations, and reproductions of the views. All identifying
characteristics of these individual views are described in the list below.
This document last updated 2014 February 25.
- Series: I. Davis-Pendleton View, 1828-ca. 1900 4 images
Date: 1828- 1900
: The Davis-Pendleton View forms the basis from which the later views were adapted.
Issued in 1828, the Davis-Pendleton View was drawn by American architect and draftman
Alexander Jackson Davis (1803-1892) and lithographed by Boston's Pendleton's Lithography,
established by brothers William S. Pendleton (1795-1879) and John B. Pendleton (1798-1866).
The caption for the image reads, "Harvard University, Cambridge. Mass." Other inscriptions
read, "A. J. Davis del. 1828" (in lower left margin), "Pendletons Litho." (in lower
right margin), and "Published by Hilliard & Brown, Cambridge, & W. & J. Pendleton,
Boston" (centered below title).
Figures in this image include a horse and rider (chased by a dog), a pair of figures
to the left of the horseman, three figures to the right of the horseman, a pair of
figures at the far left in front of Holden Chapel, a figure at the main entrance steps,
and a figure at far right in front of Massachusetts Hall.
Scope and content: This series consists of one copy of the original lithograph, a pencilled copy ca.
1830, a copy painted in 1851, and a twentieth-century colored photomechanical reproduction.
Related Materials: The original drawing from which the lithograph was made is held by the University
Club of New York. Additional copies of the original lithograph are held by the New
York Public Library and the American Antiquarian Society.
Former call number: The Davis-Pendleton View and derivations were previously classified as HUV 2228.
- HUY 23 (4). Harvard College, 1828, [colored photomechanical reproduction, ca. 1900?] (8.5 x 11.5 in.; framed, 10.5 x 13.25 in.)
By unknown publisher.
Inscriptions immediately below the image read, from left to right, "Holden Chapel,
Stoughton Hall, Hollis Hall, Harvard Hall, University Hall, Massachusetts Hall." An
inscription below the title reads," Founded 1636 ~ The oldest college in the United
States ~ Established by grant of £400 by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay
Colony ~ Named in honor of John Harvard, the school's first benefactor, who bequeathed
one-half of his estate to the college."
Immediate Source of Acquisition: Purchased from Mrs. Hugh S. Lawson, April 1972.
- Series: II. First Hinton View, 1830-1936 8 images
: This adaptation, which closely follows the Davis-Pendleton View, was first published
as a plate accompanying English author and Baptist minister John Howard Hinton's (1791-1873)
The history and topography of the United States of North America,
published in London 1830-1832. The title to the image is "Harvard University, Cambridge,
Mass." Other inscriptions read, "Drawn by A. J. Davis N.Y." (in lower left margin),
"Engraved and printed by / Fenner Sears & Co." (in the lower right margin), and "London
Published Sep. 1 1830. by Jennings & Chaplin & J.T. Hinton" (centered below title).
Although attributed to Davis, this image as published by Hinton introduces a number
of new figures, which serve as helpful identifying features. A new group of figures,
comprised of a man, woman, child and dog, now appear in the foreground. The dog chasing
the horse and rider has disappeared, while the horse and rider have moved towards
the right. A new figure can be seen climbing the stairs to Harvard Hall, and the two
groups of figures behind the original horse and rider have been replaced by a man
and a woman (carrying a parasol). The clouds in this view have taken on a distinctly
A restrike, or second state, appeared in so-called 4th edition of Hinton's History, published around 1850 with various imprints (Bail, p. 179). In the restrike, all
inscriptions have been removed except for the title. Several vignettes have been added:
"Puritans Landing in America" in lower left corner, "Laying of the Foundation Stone
of Harvard University 1638" in lower right corner, two figures [Bail suggests these
represent Literature and Art] at the sides, and a globe with books and scientific
apparatus in the upper center (Bail, p. 178-9).
In celebration of Harvard's tercentenary in 1936, Boston's State Street Trust Company
issued a calendar with a colored reproduction of the restrike. An unknown publisher
also issued a photomechanical reproduction or adaptation.
Scope and content: This series consists of three copies of the first state (one colored), three copies
of the restrike (one colored), one copy of the 1936 calendar reproduction, and one
copy of the photomechanical adaptation.
Former call number: The First Hinton Views and derivations were previously classified as HUV 2230.
- First state, 1830
- Restrike, 1850
- HUY 23 (9). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., [restrike,] 1850 (7 x 10.5 in.)
- Reproduction of restrike, 1936
- HUY 23 (12). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., [enlarged photomechanical adaptation,] ca. 1900
(12.5 x 18.5 in.; framed, 16 x 22 in.)
Immediate Source of Acquisition: Fine money, Jan. 4, 1934
This colored view is an adaptation of the First Hinton View, but has some clear differences.
The engraving lines are extremely obvious, completely obscuring the original details
of clouds. The perspective is the same, and all the figures are the same, except that
the dog in the foreground group is missing. The corners of the view are not squared,
but are oddly shaped.
- Series: III. Second Hinton View, 1834-ca. 1900 4 images
Date: 1834- 1900
: This image, drawn by Alexander Jackson Davis and engraved by American engraver and
artist Denison Kimberly (1814-1863), was published as a plate for the first American
edition of John Howard Hinton's The history and topography of the United States of North America,
published in 1834. Commonly known as the Second Hinton View, the title for this image
reads, "Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass." Other inscriptions include "A.J. Davis
del." (in the lower left margin) and "D. Kimberly Sc." (in the lower right margin).
While similar to the First Hinton View, the perspective in this view is closer: only
half of the sundial on Massachusetts Hall is visible, and there is no space between
Stoughton Hall and the border line. There is no figure climbing the stairs by Harvard
Hall, and only the railing of the stairs, not the stairs themselves, is visible.
Scope and content: This series consists of three copies of the original and a twentieth-century adaptation.
Former call number: The Second Hinton View and derivations were previously classified as HUV 2234.
- HUY 23 (15). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1834 (9 x 11 in.)
- Series: IV. American Magazine View, 1835-ca. 1900 (2 images, 2 artifacts)
Date: 1835- 1900
Historical note: This wood engraving was engraved by a member of the Boston Bewick Company, an association
of artists and engravers founded in 1834. Publishers of The American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge, this view appeared in Vol. 1, Issue 5 (January 1835): 201. Titled simply "Harvard
University," it appeared above a brief history of the University. Based on Kimberly's
engraving (the Second Hinton View), identifying marks on this view include the obvious
engraved lines and no sundial on the front of Massachusetts Hall. The only figures
are the man on horseback and a man and woman in the foreground.
Scope and content: This series consists of two copies of the view (one is accompanied by the original
text) and a decorative wooden box. The box has the American Magazine view sealed on the cover with varnish; the top and sides of the box are decoratively
painted. There is an additional cover to a second box; the second box is lacking.
The series also contains a second copy of the box cover.
Former call number: The American Magazine View and derivations were previously classified as HUV 2235.
- HUY 23 (20). Harvard College, [adaptation of the view on wooden box cover,] ca. 1900 (4.5 x 7.25 x 0.12 in.)
The inscription has been changed from "Harvard University" to "Harvard College."
Cover only; the box is lacking. This cover is decorated differently than the one above.
- Series: V. L'Univers View, 1837 4 images
: Drawn by Fleury and engraved by Chavannes, this view was issued by the French firm
Firmin Didot Frères as part of the encyclopedic L'Univers : histoire et description de tous les peoples.
This view of Harvard University appeared in Volume 2 of the group of volumes devoted
to America (volume 22 of the entire series): Jean Baptiste Gaspard Roux de Rochelle's
The title for the view reads, "Université de Cambridge près Baston." Other inscriptions
include, "États-Unis." (centered in the top margin), "81" (in the upper right margin),
"Fleury del" (in the lower left margin), "Chavannes Sc." (in the lower right margin),
and "21. Etats-Unis Lemaitre dir" (in the lower left corner.)
This view follows the Second Hinton View. The group of figures in the near foreground
has been replaced by a horse-drawn covered wagon with two figures (no other figures
appear in the view), the left side of the image has been cropped so that Holden Chapel
and Stoughton Hall are barely visible, and the sky has been shortened.
The encyclopedia was reissued in Germany in 1838, in Italy in 1839, and in Spain in
1841. The image was re-engraved for the German and Italian editions, but was published
as a second state in the Spanish edition, with Spanish inscriptions added.
Scope and content: This series consists of four copies of the view, one colored and framed.
Former call number: The L'Univers View and derivations were previously classified as HUV 2237.
- Series: VII. Third Hinton View, 1843-1933 14 images
: This image is commonly known as the Third Hinton View. Engraved by James Archer, it
was issued as a plate for the second American edition of Hinton's The history and topography of the United States of North America,
published in Boston in 1844. The title for the image is "Harvard University, Cambridge,
Mass." Other inscriptions include "A. J. Davis del." (in the lower left margin), "Jas.
Archer Sc." (in lower right margin), and "Vol. II. page 240" (below the title). [Contrary
to this inscription, the plate was supposed to be bound opposite page 340.]
This plate also appeared in the third American edition published in 1850, with some
retouching, mainly in the clouds. Several issues of this edition were published. The
plate in the earliest issues has all three inscriptions and the title. In later issues,
the plate appears without a border line or the names of the artist and engraver, although
"Vol. II. page 240" still appears below the title. In the latest issues of the plate,
even that inscription has been removed so that only the title remains.
The Third Hinton View was reproduced in William Loring Andrew's A prospect of the colledges in Cambridge in New England, (New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1897). A twentieth-century colored photomechanical
enlargement was also issued by an unknown publisher. In addition, Bail describes a
small reproduction made from the enlargement as a Christmas card in 1933 by Alfred
Claghorn Potter (1867-1940), Librarian of Harvard College Library (Bail, p. 219).
Scope and content: This series consists of four copies of the first state, one copy each from the early
issues, the later issues, and the latest issues of the retouched image, five varying
copies of the enlargement, a proof of the view from Andrews' book, and a small reproduction
that may be the Christmas card created by Potter.
Related Materials: The Harvard University Archives holds a copy of Andrews' prospect of the colledges in Cambridge in New England (call number HUV 2297), as well as a small collection of proofs used in the book
(call number HUV 2297.2)
Former call number: The Third Hinton View and derivations were previously classified as HUV 2243.
- First state, 2nd American edition, 1843
- HUY 23 (27). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1843 (6.75 x 10.5 in.)
Lacking the inscription "Vol. II page 240:" the bottom edge of the view appears to
have been trimmed.
- Retouched image, 3rd American edition, 1850
- Earlier issues
Scope and content: In this image, the clouds are retouched. There is a border line around the image,
and inscriptions include the artist and engraver's names. Lacking inscription, "Vol.
II page 240:" this was probably been scraped off at an undetermined time, perhaps
so that the item could be offered for sale.
- Later issues
Scope and content: In this image, the clouds are retouched. There is no border line around the image,
and the the artist and engraver's names are lacking. This image does include the inscription,
"Vol. II. page 240."
- Latest issues
Scope and content: In this image, the clouds are retouched. There is no border line around the image.
The artist and engraver's names are lacking, as is the inscription, "Vol. II. page
240." The only inscription is the image title.
- Reproductions and enlargements, 1897-1933
- HUY 23 (35). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. [enlargement,] ca. 1843 (15.25 x 20.25 in.)
Framed. The title is in script, and the mat is cut so that only the image and the
title show. Colored.
- HUY 23 (36). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. [enlargement,] ca. 1843 (9.125 x 12.375 in.)
Immediate Source of Acquisition: Donated by Louis Freedman, June 1960
Handcolored photogravure enlargement.
Title is in script.
- HUY 23 (38). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., [enlargement,] ca. 1900 (11.5 x 15 in.; framed, 15 x 18.5 in.)
Title is in script, and there is a tiny bit of coloring.
- HUY 23 (39). Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. [reproduction, 1933] (4.75 x 6 in., folded)
Immediate Source of Acquisition: W. P. Anderson, Feb. 2, 1942
Colored reproduction with hand-lettered title, possibly created by Alfred Claghorn
Potter as a Christmas card in 1933 (see Bail, p. 219).
Formerly classified as HUV 2030 (First Hinton View), but this is clearly a reproduction
of the Third Hinton View.