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UAI 15.983

Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Records of the Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic kept by James Jackson, 1814-1827 and undated: an inventory

Harvard University Archives

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Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: UAI 15.983
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Jackson, James, 1777-1867.
Title: Records of the Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic kept by James Jackson, 1814-1827 and undated.
Date(s): 1814-1827 and undated.
Quantity: .17 cubic feet (1 half-document box)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: This collection documents the teaching and administrative activities of James Jackson, Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard from 1817 to 1827. The correspondence, reports, and other related documents provide an overview of Jackson's administration of the Harvard Medical School, including his close involvement in the construction of a new medical building, and also reveal the teaching and classroom activities of both Jackson and other medical professors at Harvard.

Acquisition information:

The materials in this collection are University records and were acquired in the course of University business.

Processing Information:

This material was first classified and described in a Harvard University Archives shelflist prior to 1980. The material was re-processed in 2011. Re-processing involved a collection survey, enhanced description of items from the nineteenth century, and the creation of this finding aid.
This finding aid was created by Dominic P. Grandinetti in June 2011.

Researcher Access:

Records of the Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic kept by James Jackson, are open for research. Access to fragile original documents may be restricted. Please consult the Public Services staff for further details.

Copying Restriction:

Copying of fragile materials may be limited.

Online access:

All of the records have been digitized and are available online. Links accompany detailed descriptions.

Preferred Citation:

Jackson, James, 1777-1867. Records of the Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic kept by James Jackson, 1814-1827 and undated. UAI 15.983, Harvard University Archives.

Related Materials

In the Harvard University Archives
In the Harvard University Countway Library

Historical Note on James Jackson

James Jackson (1777-1867), a physician in Boston, Massachusetts, served as Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard from 1812 to 1836; Hersey Professor Emeritus from 1836 to 1867; and as a member of the Board of Overseers from 1844 to 1846. Jackson practiced medicine in Boston and was one of the first physicians in America to promote vaccination against disease. Recognizing that the quality of medical teaching at Harvard had languished for several years, Jackson joined a reform movement to reorganize and rebuild the Medical School. Appointed Professor of Clinical Medicine at Harvard in 1810, Jackson was given the task of delivering "courses of clinical lectures, to point out at the bedside of such sick persons when cases may be suitable for the purpose, the symptoms of the disease under which they may labor, and the indications of cure and methods of treatment." Jackson was appointed Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic in 1812 and worked tirelessly with John Collins Warren, Hersey Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, for the establishment of a hospital that could both teach medical students and treat patients. They were largely responsible for the establishment of the Massachusetts General Hospital in 1811, although the hospital was not actually opened until 1821. Jackson published regularly in the New England Journal of Medicine, was the first physician in America to describe the effects of peripheral alcoholic neuritis and the symptoms of appendicitis, and in 1825 published his lecture notes on physiology, hygiene, pathology, and therapeutics in Text Book of a Course of Lectures on the Theory and Practice of Physic.

Historical Note on the Hersey Professorship of the Theory and Practice of Physic

The chair of the Theory and Practice of Physic was established in 1783 but was not endowed as the Hersey Professorship until 1791 by the wills of Ezekiel Hersey, Sarah Derby, his widow, and Abner Hersey, his younger brother.
The previous holder of the Hersey Professorship of the Theory and Practice of Physic was Benjamin Waterhouse (1791-1812).

References

Arrangement

The records are arranged in five series:

Scope and Content

This collection documents the teaching and administrative activities of James Jackson, Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic at Harvard from 1817 to 1827. The correspondence, reports, and other related documents provide an overview of Jackson's administration of the Harvard Medical School, including his close involvement in the construction of a new medical building, and also reveal the teaching and classroom activities of both Jackson and other medical professors at Harvard. Additionally, the records document those students eligible for the degree of Doctor of Medicine from the Harvard Medical School, the purchase of medical degrees and diplomas, and contain extracts from Harvard Corporation meeting minutes addressing the residency requirements and annual salaries of medical professors from 1782 to 1816.
The records were assembled as an archival collection by the archivist at an unknown date from various sources without regard to original provenance in order to document University professorships.

Inventory update

This document last updated 2016 June 24.

Container List


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