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© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: HUD 794.83
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Sumner, Charles Pinckney, 1776-1839.
Title: Collection of college memorials of Charles Pinckney Sumner and his son, Charles Sumner, 1794-1833
Quantity: .26 cubic feet (1 boxes)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: This collection contains college bills, exhibition and commencement programs, manuscripts and other materials collected by Charles Pinckney Sumner (1776-1839) and his son Charles Sumner (1811-1874) related to their time as students at Harvard College.
In the Harvard University Archives
- The compass : A poetical performance at the literary exhibition in September, MDCCXCV, at Harvard University by Charles P. Sumner.
- Non omnis possumus omnes [student theme by Charles Pinckney Sumner], December 18, 1795 (HUC 8795.386.83).
- Valedictory poem delivered in the Chapel of Harvard University [by Charles Pinckney Sumner] on the 21 June 1796 (HUC 6796.83).
- Time: A poem delivered at Cambridge [by Charles Pinckney Sumner], 20 July 1796 (HUC 6796.84).
- Notes of Professor Ticknor's lectures on French literature, January 21-March 22, 1828 [taken by Charles Sumner] (HUC 8828.330).
- Dissertation. The present character of the inhabitants of New England [by Charles Sumner], 1830 (HU 126.96.36.199).
- Lawyer's common-place book, 1831 [created by Charles Sumner] (HUE 48.631).
- Law scrap book [of Charles Sumner], 1832 (HUE 48.632).
- The scholar, the jurist, the artist, the philanthropist. An address before the Phi Beta Kappa society of Harvard University, at their anniversary, August 27, 1846 [by Charles Sumner] (HUD 3684.146.2).
- The collection of books and autographs bequeathed to Harvard College Library by the Honorable Charles Sumner (HUF 523.808.1).
- Common-place book [of Charles Sumner], 1829-1830 (HUD 829.83).
- Harvard law school. Moot court papers. (HUE 48.433.83).At Houghton Library, Harvard University
- Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874.
- Documents relating to Charles Sumner, 1828-1912.
- Charles Sumner compositions, 1827-1872.
- Miscellaneous papers [of Charles Sumner], 1833-1874.
- Letters to George Washington Greene, 1839-1873.
- Dozens of other prints and manuscript materials, both single items and small collections. These are searchable in HOLLIS, Harvard's online library catalogAt the Massachusetts Historical Society
- Charles Pinckney Sumner papers, 1779-1839 (Ms. N-1641).
- Charles Sumner papers, 1846-1886 (Ms. N-1640).
- Charles Sumner diary, 1829 (Ms. N-1641).
- More than one hundred other items, including both mansucript and print materials.
Charles Pinckney Sumner (1776-1839) was born in Milton, Massachusetts on January 20, 1776; he was originally named after his father, Job, but his parents decided to change his name to Charles Pinckney while he was young, probably in honor of the South Carolina statesman. His father was a descendant of William Sumner, who came to Dorchester, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, from England in 1635. Charles Pinckney studied at Phillips Academy at Andover before entering Harvard College, where he received an A.B. in 1796. Following graduation, he read law in the office of Josiah Quincy. On April 25, 1810, Sumner married Relief Jacob (1785-1866); they had nine children together, all born in Boston. He was Clerk of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1806 to 1807 and again from 1810 to 1811, before becoming sheriff of Suffolk County. Charles Pinckney Sumner served as sheriff from 1825 until his death on April 24, 1839.
Charles Sumner (1811-1874), the eldest son of Charles Pinckney Sumner and Relief (Jacob) Sumner, was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 6, 1811. He attended Boston Latin School from 1821 to 1826, entered Harvard College in 1826 and received an A.B. from the College in 1830, showing an aptitude for literature, history, and forensics. Sumner entered Harvard Law School after graduation and was a diligent pupil of the school's most prominent professor, Joseph Story. He received an LL.B. in 1834 and entered private practice for several years, also teaching at Harvard Law School, before departing in 1837 to travel and study in Europe. He stayed in Europe for over three years, and following his return to Massachusetts became widely known as an effective public speaker and advocate for peace and the abolition of slavery. Sumner was elected a United States Senator in 1851 and served for twenty-three years, until 1874. He became chair of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations in 1861 and served until 1871, ousted through the retaliatory efforts of President Ulysses Grant. Sumner was a passionate and outspoken abolitionist and advocate of equal civil rights for African American citizens; he died on March 11, 1874.
- Dictionary of American Biography, vol. XVIII "Sumner, Charles."
The collection is arranged in two series:
This collection documents both Charles Pinckney Sumner (1776-1839) and his son, Charles Sumner's (1811-1874), time as students at Harvard College. It contains quarter bills, also commonly called term bills, from both father and son. Several of these bills include codicils which list additional charges, including fines for absences from lectures and prayers and charges for other services, including visits to the barber. It includes several manuscript items written by Charles Pinckney Sumner, including a poem that he read at his commencement on July 20, 1796; another poem apparently read at a Phi Beta Kappa anniversary celebration on July 19, 1798; an article, later published, entitled "Reminiscence of the Old College Company or Martimercurian Band"; and a draft of another article later published, called "English Universities."In addition to quarter bills, materials in the collection from the son, Charles Sumner, include a dialogue, written in Greek and also translated, between Sumner and classmates Benjamin Halsey Andrews and Barzillai Frost. There are also two lists of contributors to a fund raised in honor of Francis Sales, instructor in Spanish and French; printed exhibition and commencement programs from several years; and a printed program from the inauguration of Harvard President Josiah Quincy in 1829.
This document last updated 2015 January 23.