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HUY 187

Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1970, compiler. Harvard College Class of 1970 Strike Collection : an inventory

Harvard University Archives

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Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: HUY 187
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1970
Title: Harvard College Class of 1970 Strike Collection
Date(s): 1969-1970
Quantity: 1.33 cubic feet (2 flat boxes and 35 folders)
Quantity: 81 posters
Quantity: 2 objects (2 armbands)
Quantity: 1 volume (1 newspaper)
Quantity: 1 booklet (1 examination booklet)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: In April 1969, Harvard students, acting under the leadership of Students for a Democratic Society, staged a sit-in in University Hall to protest against the Harvard administration. The protest was violently broken up, which pushed thousands of students and professors to strike against classes until the Harvard administration agreed to more open and inclusive communication. During the protest, strike posters and associated apparel were used as ways to express dissent, announce events and meetings, and show solidarity to their causes, issues that varied from the Vietnam War to the expansion of Harvard. Compiled by the Harvard College Class of 1970, the collection gives unique insight into which items student protesters personally deemed most important to represent their strike.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Accession 13119 was donated to the Harvard University Archives by Fred Fiske on behalf of the Class of 1970 in June 1995.

Processing Information:

This collection was processed by Clara Snyder in November 2017. Processing involved physical re-housing and the creation of this finding aid. Additional edits were made by Olivia Mandica-Hart in December 2017.
Titles enclosed in brackets were devised by the archivist.

Conditions Governing Use:

Some posters are fragile and may require special handling; please see reference staff for details.

Preferred Citation:

Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1970, compiler. Harvard Class of 1970 Strike Collection, 1969-1970. HUY 187, Harvard University Archives.

Related Materials

The Harvard University Archives also holds the David Geddes Harvard University student strike material and personal correspondence [accession], 1969-1971 (2016.118); The Harvard Strike, 1970 (HUA 969.23); Harvard University Strike Posters Collection, 1969 and [ca. 1984?] (HUA 969.100.2); A wrap-up of strike art, April 18, 1969 (HUA 969.58); Strike: confrontation at Harvard, 1969 (17470); Student protest apparel, 1969 (HUB 3293.83); Photographs of student protests at Harvard, 10 April 1969 (HUA 969.58).

Historical note on the 1969 Harvard strike

In 1969, the United States was consumed by the Vietnam War and nation-wide societal and cultural unrest, to which Harvard University was no exception. The Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) was active on campus, which gave many Harvard students a sense that the University was complicit with the role of the United States in the Vietnam War. Additionally, the University was looking to expand around Cambridge and Boston, which would raise the cost of rent significantly and force many working class residents of the area, troubling many in the student body. The University was also lacking any meaningful representation for African-American students in the curriculum, which led students to also demand the establishment of a Black studies program. All of these issues were intensified by a lack of communication between students, faculty, and the Harvard administration, which led many students to believe that their opinions were unimportant to the administration.
In reaction to the University's response to student and faculty concerns, the Harvard chapter of the Students for a Democratic Society planned a protest. On April 9, 1969, approximately 30 students staged a takeover of Harvard's University Hall. The protesters forced the administration and staff members from the premises, chained the doors shut, and staged a sit-in until the early morning of April 10. Their eight demands were to abolish ROTC; restore scholarships to the Paine Hall demonstrators; replace ROTC scholarships with Harvard scholarships; roll back rent increases in university-owned apartments; prevent University Road apartments from being torn down to make room for the Kennedy complex; prevent homes in Roxbury from being torn down for the expansion of Harvard Medical School; establish a Black studies program; and to end the Vietnam War. On the morning of April 10, 1969, the Harvard administration called in the Cambridge police and the Massachusetts State Police to remove the protesters from the building, which had grown to an estimated 500 students. The altercation turned violent as the police used billy clubs and mace to break up the protest. This violence only escalated tensions between the Harvard community and the administration, resulting in Harvard students boycotting classes until April 17, when the faculty convinced the students to return to classes on the promise on increasing student representation to the university administration.

Historical note on the Students for a Democratic Society

The Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) was a New Left association of collegiate students. The organization embodied socialist thinking and focused on civil rights, militarism, poverty, and university reform. The Harvard student chapter of SDS was formed in 1964, but was only able to gain serious footing when the Vietnam War was escalated, around 1968, growing from a few dozen members to over 200 people.

Arrangement

This collection was arranged in alphbetical order by the archivist.

Scope and Contents

This collection was donated by Fred Fiske on behlaf of the Class of 1970 that documents the 1969 Harvard student strike. It includes 81 protest posters; two protest arm bands; an examination booklet that includes sketches and hand-written notes; and a 1970 issue of the Gargoyle Enquirer, a Harvard Lampoon publication. The collection gives unique insight into which items student protesters personally deemed most important to represent their strike. The posters, examination booklet, and strike apparel were made in Robinson Hall, exclusively for the 1969 strike, and emphasize the protesters' eight demands, which included the call for the abolishment of the ROTC on campus, the establishment of a Black studies program, the prevention of university expansion, the solution to the housing crisis, and the end of the Vietnam War. The examination booklet contains strategic planning for the University Hall sit-in on April 9, 1969. The Gargoyle Inquirer was published on May 8, 1970 by the Harvard Lampoon, a satirical campus organization. Though it was published a year after the strike, the newspaper provides insight into how students continued to voice their concerns about the nation's politics. Almost every poster in this collection is individually unique. The content of the posters varies, and includes stopping the Vietnam War, ending the invasion of Laos, preventing Harvard campus expansion, and striking for the protesters' eight demands. The most comnonly used imagery throughout the collection include the raised fist, the American flag, the peace sign, the forked tongue snake, and drawn maps of Southeast Asia. Commonly used slogans include "End the War," "Strike for the 8 demands," and "Strike for Peace."

Container List

Additional Index Terms

Armbands
Newspapers.
Posters
Prints, American -- 20th century.
Dissenters (Artistic) -- United States.
Student movements -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge.
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Protest movements -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge.
Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1970
Harvard Lampoon (Organization)
Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.)
Harvard University -- Posters
Harvard University -- Riot, April 9, 1969
Harvard University -- Student strike, 1969
Harvard University -- Student unrest
Harvard University -- Students -- Humor -- Periodicals
Harvard University -- Students -- Political activity
Harvard University -- Relations with Cambridge (Mass.)
Harvard University -- Student strike, 1969. -- Posters.

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