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HUG 1755

Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916. Papers of Josiah Royce : an inventory

Harvard University Archives

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Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: HUG 1755
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916.
Title: Papers of Josiah Royce
Date(s): 1750, 1812-1999
Quantity: 23 cubic feet (156 boxes: 98 folio boxes, 47 document boxes, 11 media boxes)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: Josiah Royce (1855-1916), American philosopher, taught at Harvard from 1882 until his death in 1916. Royce was born and raised in California, studied and taught at the University of California Berkeley, and also studied in Germany. This collection contains extensive writings, research notes, and correspondence documenting Royce's philosophical thought as a student, scholar, and teacher. . The collection also includes research notes and correspondence pertaining to Royce's work on the history of California, as well as some documentation of Royce's friendship with William James.

Acquisition information:

List of accessions
  • Accession 08872 ; 1980 April 21 Nancy A. (Mrs. Robert L.) Hacker
  • Accession 09077 ; 1980 December 1 (Hilles Library)
  • Accession 11706 ; 1989 June 1 (Nancy A. Hacker)
  • Accession 11707 ; 1989 June 1 (Mrs. Leroy Nylund)
  • Accession 12379 ; 1992 March 11 (Robert V. Hine)
  • Accession 12913 ; 1994 August 1 (Nancy A. Hacker)
  • Accession 14788 ; 2003 May 7 (Richard Compton)
  • Processing information:

    Over the past century, the Papers of Josiah Royce have been arranged and inventoried by several students, scholars, librarians, and archivists.
    After Royce's death in 1916, Jacob Loewenberg, a former student of Royce at Harvard, prepared lists of Royce's scholarly works. Loewenberg was assisted by Professor William Ernest Hocking and Benjamin Rand, a graduate student and librarian in Harvard's philosophy department. Loewenberg borrowed selected manuscripts for his own research, most of which he eventually returned to Royce's widow Katharine Head Royce.
    In 1930, Mrs. Royce donated some of her husband's papers, primarily manuscript writings, lectures, research notes and notebooks on logic, to the Harvard College Library, where they were placed in the Harvard University Archives, at the time a department within the Library. From 1940 to 1941 Edgar Franklin Wells, a graduate student in philosophy, organized the manuscripts, lectures, and most of the notes in 98 folio volumes. Some notes and all of the notebooks were housed separately in boxes. University archivists maintained the collection in the order established by Wells, adding subsequent series of material as later acquisitions were received.
    In the summer of 1956, Victoria Hernandez and Boyd Cruise, participants in the Institute on Historical and Archival Management held at Radcliffe College, prepared inventories of most of the Royce manuscripts, lectures, and notes. In 1959, Frank Oppenheim, S.J. prepared inventories of Royce's notebooks on logic.
    In 1989, the Archives acquired a major addition to the collection, consisting of most of Royce's incoming correspondence from colleagues, as well as family papers. This material, previously held by Royce's son Stephen, was preliminarily organized by scholars John Clendenning and Frank Oppenheim. More recent accessions of additional family papers, genealogical material, and photographs, were received from Nancy Hacker, a Royce family descendant, and her nephew Richard Compton.
    In 2007, the Harvard University Archives initiated a fifteen-month project to improve access to the Royce papers. This project involved a full survey of the collection, some reorganization of material, and enhanced description. The project was carried out by Claudia Holguin, Jennifer Pelose, and Kate Bowers.
    In the course of the project, the 98 folio volumes were left intact, but a detailed list of their contents was prepared and organized according to intellectual series. Unbound materials, including loose notes, notebooks, correspondence, and recently-received family papers were physically rearranged in series reflecting intellectual content and rehoused in archival boxes and folders. A few exceptions were made to collocate materials of similar physical format: oversized materials are now housed in box 143, and photographs, including daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, paper prints, and negatives, are housed in boxes 144-153 and boxes 155-156.
    As a final step in the project, due principally to the way the collection had accumulated, a comprehensive finding aid was prepared with document-level descriptions for most material. In cases where documents appear to have been organized and numbered in sequence by Royce, these numbers have been included in the document descriptions. It should be noted that project archivists were unable to determine whether gaps in these numbering sequences indicate missing documents that were never received by the Harvard University Archives.

    Conditions on use and access:

    With the exception of negative microfilm and fragile materials, the papers of Josiah Royce are available for research use in the Harvard University Archives' reading room.
    Publication from the collection requires the permission of the Harvard University Archives and the holders of copyright. Publication from the material received from Nancy Hacker, Family papers, 1750, 1812-1971 and Photographs, 1850-1968, requires her permission or that of her heirs.

    Related material at Harvard

    The Harvard University Archives holds several additional manuscripts by Royce in the papers of Richard Clarke Cabot (see HUG 4255, Box 14).
    Additional items in the Harvard University Archives include Royce's lectures on imitation in childhood (see HUE 83.500.77 and HUE 83.500.78).
    The Robbins Library in Harvard's Department of Philosophy holds the books from Royce's personal library, many of which contain Royce's annotations. Robbins Library also holds a framed manuscript by Royce titled The Cult of the Dead.
    The Houghton Library holds manuscripts of some of Royce's works and correspondence with William James (see James, William, 1842-1910. Papers, MS Am 1092.9-1092.12), among other materials.
    Other less significant publications and archival material pertaining to Josiah Royce and the Royce family are held at the Harvard University Archives and other repositories at Harvard. Please consult HOLLIS, Harvard's online library information system, and OASIS, Harvard's online archival information system, to find these materials.

    Related material at the University of California at Berkeley

    Additional archival material pertaining to Josiah Royce, including his last manuscript, The anniversary of the destruction of the Lusitania; a lecture given in 1875, Certain points in Aristotle's treatise on poetry, considered in relation to the light thrown on the subject by the developments of modern poetic art; and Royce's publication correspondence with Horace Scudder is held at the Bancroft Library at the University of California at Berkeley.

    Biographical note

    Josiah Royce (1855-1916) was a member of the "golden age" of American philosophy and a foremost interpreter of absolute idealism early in his career. His philosophical thought later evolved into an examination and embrace of pragmatism, loyalty, and community. He investigated the mathematical and logical aspects of philosophy, providing a rigorous basis for his metaphysical inquiry.
    Royce taught philosophy at Harvard from 1882 until 1916, beginning as an instructor and advancing to Professor of the History of Philosophy in 1892, Chair of the Department of Philosophy from 1894 to 1898, and Alford Professor of Natural Religion and Civil Polity in 1914. At Harvard, his colleagues in philosophy included William James , George Herbert Palmer , Charles Sanders Peirce , and Hugo Munsterberg .
    Born in California, Royce graduated from the University of California in 1875. After study in Germany and at Johns Hopkins, he returned to Berkeley to teach from 1878 to 1882. From 1882 until his death, he taught at Harvard. Royce received an honorary degree from Harvard in 1911.
    His major works include The Spirit of Modern Philosophy (1892), The Conception of God (1895), The World and the Individual (1899-1901), The Sources of Religious Insight (1912), The Philosophy of Loyalty (1908), and The Problem of Christianity (1913).

    Chronology of Josiah Royce's life

    Series in the collection

    Scope and content note

    The Papers of Josiah Royce are primarily the product of Royce's philosophical thought, research, writings, and teachings from his arrival at Harvard University in 1882 to his death in 1916. The collection, which consists of eight series, provides a comprehensive view of Royce's philosophical thought as a student and professor, his research and correspondence regarding the history of California, and his relationship with his colleague William James. The bulk of the collection spans from 1878 to 1916 and covers Royce's teaching appointments at the University of California at Berkeley and Harvard. The collection contains manuscripts of many, but not all, of Royce's publications, teaching lectures, research notebooks, and drafts, outlines, and professional correspondence. A small amount of Royce's personal papers, including autobiographical sketches, records of his undergraduate studies at the University of California at Berkeley, and family correspondence are also included. The collection contains photographs of Royce family members, dating from the mid 1860s through early 1900s. The collection also contains supplemental texts by Royce scholars and several Royce family genealogies.

    Inventory update

    This document last updated 2017 April 10.

    Collection contents listed by box and folder

    This section provides a list of collection contents reflecting their physical arrangement. For full descriptions, consult the detailed list in Section 2.
    Boxes 1-98 contain bound volumes. Boxes 99-155 chiefly contain folders of loose documents in numbered folders. Exceptions are noted.

    Box 1: One bound volume with the following contents:

    Box 2: One bound volume with the following contents:

    Box 3: One bound volume with the following contents:

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    Box 99

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    Box 128 (10 cards)

    Box 128 (118 cards)

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    Box 142

    Box 143: Oversized materials

    Boxes 144-151

    Box 152

    Box 154 : Negative microfilm

    Boxes 155-156

    Superseded call numbers

    The call number for all material in the Royce collection is now HUG 1755. To assist researchers in identifying materials noted in previous citations, the list below provides references from obsolete call numbers to new box and folder numbers. Please do not use these superseded call numbers in current citations.

    Formerly HUG 1755 General Folder

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.1 Diaries, notebooks, and other papers, ca. 1869-1914

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.2 Letters from Josiah Royce to family members and others

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.3 Incoming correspondence to Josiah Royce, ca. 1876-1916

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.4 Manuscripts, 1886; 1909; undated

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.4 mFN Negative microfilm of Logicalia and Logic Notes

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.5 Published works, ca. 1895-1916

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.6 Newspaper clippings, ca. 1885-1936

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.7 Memorials on Josiah Royce, 1916; undated

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.8 Correspondence of the Royce and Head families, ca. 1862-1944

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.9 Miscellaneous papers of Royce Family, ca. 1855-1930

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.10 Manuscripts and diaries of Katherine Head Royce, 1899; 1900; 1913; undated

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.11 Photographs

    Formerly HUG 1755.3.12 Photograph negatives

    Formerly HUG 1755.5 Papers including notes, lectures, manuscripts of articles, a few letters, etc. (includes most of Royce's manuscript writings)

    Formerly HUG 1755.5

    Formerly HUG 1755.5.5 Hernandez list of contents of first 98 volumes. One bound volume with the following contents:

    Formerly HUG 1755.5.5.2 mFN Negative microfilm of the Hernandez list of contents of 98.

    Formerly HUG 1755.5.5.3 mFN Negative microfilm of newspapers

    Formerly HUG 1755.10 Stacer, John R., S.J. Royceana in W.E. Hocking Library, Madison, N.H. 1967

    Formerly HUG 1755.11 The Intention of the Prometheus Bound of Aeschylus Thesis for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 1875

    Formerly HUG 1755.12 Correspondence. Josiah Royce to Mrs. C. H. and G. B. Dorr, 1887-1910

    Formerly HUG 1755.13 Clendenning, John and Oppenheim, Frank M. New Documents on Josiah Royce, 1990

    Formerly HUG 1755.14 Correspondence, scattered, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1900, 1902, 1904-1915

    Formerly HUG 1755.15 Notebooks for Royce Seminar in Comparative Methodology, notes of Harry T. Costello, 1913-1914

    Formerly HUG 1755.15.5 Correspondence from Royce students regarding publication of Harry T. Costello notebook by Rutgers University Press [Grover Smith, Ed.], 1956-1961

    Formerly HUG 1755.16 Miscellaneous notes, etc.

    Formerly HUG 1755.18 Prinzipien der Logik. die Encyclopaedie der Philosophischen Wissenschaften..., 1912

    Formerly HUG 1755.38.92 Hine, Robert. From Grass Valley to Harvard. 1992

    Formerly HUG 1755.49 Leidecker, Kurt. Josiah Royce and Indian Thought. 1931

    Formerly HUG 1755.53 MacKinnon, Malcolm D. Royce Family Tree. 2nd Edition. 1988

    Formerly HUG 1755.64 Of the Interdependence of the Principles of Knowledge. Copy of the Ph.D. thesis at Johns Hopkins, ca. 1878

    Formerly HUG 1755.66 Oppenheim, Frank, S.J. A Critical Annotated Bibliography of the Published Works of Josiah Royce. 1964

    Formerly HUG 1755.66. 5 Oppenheim, Frank, S.J. Royce's Appreciative Interest in the More Vital. 1967

    Formerly HUG 1755.66.10 Oppenheim, Frank, S.J. Josiah Royce as Teacher. 1975

    Formerly HUG 1755.66.12 Oppenheim, Frank, S.J. Josiah Royce's Intellectual Development. 1976

    Formerly HUG 1755.67 Pamphlets and Monographs on Logic collected and indexed by Josiah Royce, 1893-1898

    Formerly HUG 1755.68 Papers in Honor of Josiah Royce on His Sixtieth Birthday, 1916

    Formerly HUG 1755.77 Robinson, Daniel S. Royce's Contribution to Logic. 1967

    Formerly HUG 1755.78 Robinson, Daniel S. Some Marginalia of Josiah Royce. 1969

    Formerly HUG 1755.81 The Hope of the Great Community. Royce, Josiah, 1916

    Formerly HUG 1755.82 Sorley, W.R. Josiah Royce. ca. 1920

    Formerly HUG 1755.92 War Addresses, 1916

    Formerly HUG 1755.95 Articles on Royce and his philosophy

    Formerly HUG 1755.96 Hine, Robert. The American West as Metaphysics: A Perspective on Josiah Royce, 1989

    Container List


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