Winter, David G., 1939. David C. McClelland collection compiled by David G. Winter,
circa 1920s-2012: an inventory
Harvard University Archives
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: HUM 270
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Winter, David G., 1939-
Creator: McClelland, David C. (David Clarence)
Creator: Edwards, Karen Lynne.
Title: David C. McClelland collection compiled by David G. Winter
Date(s): circa 1920s-2012
Quantity: .20 cubic feet (1 document box, 1 pamphlet binder)
Language of materials: English
Abstract: David G. Winter (born 1939) is a Professor of Psychology (emeritus) at the University
of Michigan. David C. McClelland (1917-1998), was a psychology professor at Harvard
University (1956-1987) and known for his wide-ranging research on personality and
motivation. The collection consists chiefly of biographical materials from the 1920s
to 2012 about David C. McClelland compiled by David G. Winter, a former student, colleague,
and research associate of McClelland.
The David C. McClelland collection compiled by David G. Winter was donated to the
Harvard University Archives by David G. Winter.
Accession number: 2017.518; 2017 June 6.
The David C. McClelland collection compiled by David G. Winter was processed in June
2017 by Dominic P. Grandinetti. Processing included arranging the folders in the collection
alphabetically, rehousing records into appropriate containers, and the creation of
this finding aid. Original folder titles were retained whenever possible; in some
cases, folder titles were derived from notes left in the folders by David G. Winter.
Documents found in the McClelland Biographical Material folder were separated into
four folders by the archivist.
Open for research with the following exception: student records are closed for 80
years from the date of creation.
Winter, David G., 1939-. David C. McClelland collection compiled by David G. Winter,
circa 1920s-2012. HUM 270, Harvard University Archives.
In the Harvard University Archives
The Papers of David McClelland, 1900-1988 (HUGFP 145): documents the professional
life of David C. McClelland and includes biographical materials, correspondence, research
materials, Harvard teaching and administrative records, and writings and speeches.
David G. Winter personal archive [accessions], 1956-1965: contains teaching materials
for Winter's undergraduate and graduate courses in Social Relations, Anthropology,
and Social Studies at Harvard University. Accession 2016.289.
David G. Winter (born 1939) is a Professor of Psychology (emeritus) at the University
of Michigan. He received his AB (1960) and PhD (1967) from Harvard University; and
his BA (1962) and MA (1967) from St. John's College at Oxford University.
David C. McClelland (1917-1998), an American psychologist, was known for his wide-ranging
research on personality and motivation, and for his innovations in measurement, especially
the measurement of motives, and alternative forms of competence. McClelland received
his master's degree from the University of Missouri (1939) and his doctorate from
Yale University (1941). He taught at Wesleyan University (1942-1956), at Harvard
University (1956-1987), and from 1987 until his death as Distinguished Research Professor
of Psychology at Boston University. Winter and McClelland collaborated on two books,
Motivating Economic Achievement (1971) and A New Case for the Liberal Arts (1981).
Folders are arranged alphabetically.
The collection consists chiefly of biographical materials from the 1920s to 2012 about
David C. McClelland compiled by David G. Winter, a former student, colleague, and
research associate of McClelland. Included are writings about McClelland by Winter
and other scholars, including a Harvard honors thesis by Karen Lynn Edwards, A Pyschobiography of David C. McClelland,. The writings examine McClelland's contributions to personality assessment measurement,
including McClelland's Thematic Apperception Test approach to the measurement of a
person's patterns of thought, attitudes, observational capacity, and emotional responses.
Correspondence and a talk given by McClelland document his association with the American
Friends Service Committee in the 1940s, particularly as a camp volunteer in Tennessee
promoting non-violent methods of social change among Americans. Other records include
correspondence obtained by Winter from Bryn Mawr College which document McClelland's
employment history at the college from 1944 to 1945; and notes gathered by McClelland
that list the number of his students who became professional psychologists. A talk
given by McClelland to young female college students during World War II, urging them
to become active in the post-war rebuilding of civilization is also found in the collection.
Also included are photographs of McClelland from the 1920s to 1987, a college paper
written by McClelland on feminist, Mary Lamb (circa 1938), and McClelland's United
States Employment Service and Selective Service Registration cards (1940).
"David C. McClelland Personality and Motivation Researcher 1917-1998." ABS Observer, May/June 1998.
- [Alaska American Friends Service Committee Work Camp for Refugees] Box 1, Folder 1
Scope and content: This folder contains correspondence to McClelland from the American Friends Service
Committee and the Alaskan Development Committee regarding the establishment of a settlement
in Alaska as a haven for war refugees. Also included is a talk given by McClelland
recounting his experiences as a work camp volunteer on Norris Lake in northeastern
Tennessee, and a news clipping describing McClelland's participation at an Institute
of Foreign Relations gathering sponsored by the American Friends Service Committee
for a two-week period of training in international relations and community projects.
- [College paper by McClelland on feminist, Mary Lamb] Box 1, Folder 2
Date: [circa 1938]
- DGW [David G. Winter] articles written about McClelland Box 1, Folder 3
Date: 1998, 2000
Scope and content: Contains three articles written about McClelland by David Winter including, Toward a Science of Personality Psychology: David McClelland's Development of Empirically
Derived TAT Measures (1998), an examination of the experimentally derived scoring systems for motives
developed by McClelland between 1947 and 1953; The Contributions of David McClelland to Personality Assessment (1998), a review of several significant contributions of McClelland to personality
assessment; and David C. McClelland (1917-1988), a memorial minute honoring the life and service of McClelland written for the American Psychologist (2000).
- K. Edwards, biography of DcMc [David C. McClelland] Box 1, Folder 4
Date: [1978, 1994]
Scope and content: Folder contains a photocopy of a Harvard University honors thesis written by Karen
Lynne Edwards in 1978, A Psychobiography of David C. McClelland. Also included is a letter from Edwards to Winter in 1994, briefly describing her
career and her desire to write a psychobiography on David McClelland.
- McClelland Biographical Material Box 2, Folder 1
Scope and content: Contains notes compiled by McClelland in which he attempted to calculate the number
of his students who became professional psychologists.
Conditions Governing Access: Closed for research through 2061.
- McClelland Biographical Material Box 1, Folder 7
Scope and content: Contains autobiographical notes, memorial minutes, obituaries, articles, and letters
which describe McClelland's major lines of research and his contributions to the history
of psychology. Also included is a photograph of McClelland at Boston University (circa
- [Talk, likely by McClelland, to audience of women, in a religious setting] Box 1, Folder 9
Date: [circa 1941-1942]
Scope and content: In this talk, McClelland, speaking to young female college students, urges them to
accept responsibility and seriously prepare for the rebuilding of civilization after
World War II.
- [United States Employment Service card and Selective Service Registration Certificate]
Box 1, Folder 10
American Friends Service Commitee.
Black and white photographs.
Harvard University -- Alumni and alumnae.
Harvard University -- Psychology.
Motivation (Psychology) -- Research.
Thematic Apperception Test.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief.
Winter, David G., 1939-
McClelland, David C. (David Clarence)
Lamb, Mary, 1764-1847.
Murray, Henry A. (Henry Alexander), 1893-1988.
Edwards, Karen Lynne.