Chauncey, Henry, 1905-2002. The Henry Chauncey Collection of film and photographs
from the Harvard baseball team's tour of Japan, 1926-1934: an inventory
Harvard University Archives
© President and Fellows of Harvard College
Call No.: HUM 187
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Chauncey, Henry, 1905-2002.
Title: The Henry Chauncey Collection of film and photographs from the Harvard baseball team's
tour of Japan, 1926-1934.
Quantity: 1.6 cubic feet (1 flat box, 1 record carton, 1 card box)
Quantity: 11 film reels, 5 film containers, 1 scrapbook photograph album
Language of materials: English
Abstract: Henry Chauncey (1905-2002) became an Assistant Dean of Freshmen and assistant coach
of freshman football and baseball at Harvard in 1929. In 1934, the Harvard baseball
team accepted an invitation to travel to Japan and play several Japanese college teams,
with Chauncey as their coach. The collection includes a photograph scrapbook album
from the 1934 Japanese trip, and film reels of Japan from 1926 to 1934, documenting
the Harvard team's trip to Japan and visit to China, as well as stops at Stanford
University and Hawaii.
The collection was donated to Harvard University in 2014 by William E. Chauncey. Accession
number 19449; July 29, 2014 William E. Chauncey.
This collection was processed in January 2015 by Olivia Mandica-Hart. Processing involved
a collection survey, re-housing in appropriate archival boxes, and the creation of
this finding aid. Titles and dates enclosed in brackets were devised by the archivist.
Original film reel boxes have been discarded; photocopies are located in the collection's
This finding aid was created by Olivia Mandica-Hart in February 2015.
Open for research. Most of the film reels in this collection have been digitized,
although use copies are needed; see reference staff for details.
Chauncey, Henry, 1905-2002. The Henry Chauncey Collection of film and photographs
from the Harvard baseball team's tour of Japan, 1926-1934. HUM 187, Harvard University
The Harvard University Archives also holds:
Henry Chauncey (1905-2002) served as an Assistant Dean of Freshmen (1929-1942) and
assistant coach of Harvard's freshman football and baseball teams until the mid-1930s.
He later became the Assistant Dean of Faculty and the Chairman of the Committee on
Scholarships (1942-1945). As a young man, Chauncey attended Ohio State University
for a year until a Wall Street financier helped pay for his Harvard education. While
at Harvard, Chauncey played football and baseball, twice turning down offers to play
baseball professionally with the Boston Braves. He graduated from Harvard in 1928
with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology. Chauncey resigned from Harvard in 1945 to work
for the College Entrance Examination Board in Princeton, New Jersey, where he eventually
became the director. After World War II, with the support of Harvard President James
Bryant Conant, Chauncey founded the Educational Testing Service, which shaped standardized
testing practices in the United States.
Baseball has a long history at Harvard. The game was first played by members of the
Harvard community shortly before the Civil War (circa 1858) and was formally organized
in 1864. Baseball also has deep roots in Japan; the sport was introduced into Japanese
culture during the nineteenth century. In 1934, the Harvard Baseball team accepted
an invitation to travel to Japan and play several Japanese college teams. The same
year, Babe Ruth also visited Japan, where he was greeted with great fanfare. The Harvard
Baseball team won five exhibition games in Hawaii, but then went on to lose six out
of the ten games played in Japan.
This collection is arranged into two series:
- Photograph scrapbook album, July-August 1934
- Film reels, 1926-1934
The collection consists of a scrapbook photograph album detailing the Harvard University
baseball team's trip to Japan in the summer of 1934 and film reels showing footage
from China, Japan, and the United States. The album, labeled "Harvard Baseball trip
to Japan (Honolulu en route), July-August 1934," contains 67 black & white and sepia-toned
photographs, including group shots of the baseball team, landscape scenes, shots of
Chauncey, the team aboard the M.S. Tatsuta Maru Tokio, combined group shots with Japanese teams, Keio University photographs, and a picture
of the Waseda University team during a game. It also includes six Japanese postcards,
two newspaper clippings, including "Japan Plays the American National Game," by Henry
Chauncey, which appeared in The Literary Digest on November 24, 1934.
The collection also contains 11 film reels in three different formats and sizes from
1926 to 1934: four 7" diameter reels with footage of Japan, two 2 ½" x ½" unlabeled
reels, and five 16mm reels; nine of these reels have been digitized. The digitized
footage shows various scenes of Tokyo, Japan, as well as Shanghai and Hong Kong, China.
Many of the subjects captured in the scrapbook's photographs are also documented on
Chauncey's film reels. One reel documents the team's stops at Stanford University
and Hawaii while en route to Japan, which shows footage of President Franklin Delano
Roosevelt at a military review at Schofield Barracks and with members of the Harvard
baseball team. Some of the footage's other highlights document baseball games and
practice times with American and Japanese baseball players, including the Harvard
baseball team, Keio University, and Waseda University, both of Tokyo, Japan. The rest
of the footage mostly captures the travels of the Harvard baseball team throughout
China and Japan. It is possible that some of these films may have been used for strategic
reconnaissance of Tokyo Bay by the United States military during World War II.
This document last updated 2017 June 14.
- Chauncey, Henry, 1905-2002.
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
- Harvard University Base Ball Club.
- Stanford University--Sports--History.
- Harvard University -- Baseball -- History.
- Motion pictures -- United States -- history -- 20th century.
- Baseball -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge -- History
- Harvard University -- Sports -- Photographs.
- Japan -- Photographs.
- Nara-shi (Japan)
- Cambridge (Mass.)
- Hong Kong (China)
- Shanghai (China)
- Schofield Barracks (Hawaii)
Formats and genres
- Photograph albums.
- Motion pictures.
- Series: HUM 187 Box 1. Photograph scrapbook album, July-August 1934
Date: July-August 1934
Scope and Contents: The album, entitled, "Harvard Baseball trip to Japan (Honolulu en route), July-August
1934," includes 67 black & white and sepia-toned photographs, six Japanese postcards,
and two newspaper clippings (including an article, "Japan Plays the American National
Game," by Henry Chauncey, November 24, 1934, The Literary Digest). Photograph subjects include group shots of the baseball team, landscape scenes,
shots of Chauncey, the team aboard the M.S. Tatsuta Maru Tokio, combined group shots with Japanese teams, including Keio University; and a picture
of Waseda University team during a game.
- Series: Film reels, 1926-1934
Scope and Contents: Includes eleven film reels, mostly 16mm, nine of which have been digitzed. The nine
film reels that have been digitized are re-housed in archival cans; digital copies
are located on the external hard drive. Black-and-white footage, which was presumably
filmed by Henry Chauncey, show a variety of scenes from Japan, such as the Nara Park,
Tokyo, and Kobe, as well as in Shanghai and Hong Kong, China. While visiting these
locations, the Harvard baseball team members, staff, and their female guests are shown
sight-seeing, engaging with locals, and walking the streets. There is also footage
of the visitors aboard multiple ships, including the S.S. Taiyo Maru and the M.S. Tatsuta Maru. The film reels show several baseball practices and games, mostly between the Harvard
University team and the university teams of Keio University and Waseda University.
Additionally, there is of footage of a Damai Baseball team practice, which appears
to show American baseball players in Damai uniforms; there is reason to believe that
the American players shown are Herb Hunter, Ty Cobb, Bob Shawkey and Fred "Bootnose"
Hofman, who had all just ended their professional careers, and visited Japan to help
coach the local Damai team and to help popularize baseball. It is unclear to the archivist
why the film reels range in date from 1926 to 1934.
Arrangement: The reels in this series are arranged by date.
Conditions Governing Use: Most of the film reels have been digitized, although use copies are needed; the reels
that were not digitzed are currently unavailable for research use.
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 1. [Shanghai and Hong Kong]
Date: [circa 1920s] [Shanghai and Hong Kong], [circa 1920s]
Scope and Contents: Nine minutes fifty-five seconds of footage, which begins with scenes of a city, presumably
Shanghai, and includes American men walking through the city streets. Text indicates
that the footage then switches to Hong Kong, and includes the ship name of the S.S. Empress of Russia. Footage of Hong Kong includes the waterfront and boats, city streets, rural scenes,
a Chinese fortune teller with birds, a lumber yard, what appears to be a parade, and
American men drinking and jumping off of a boat.
Biographical / Historical: The RMS Empress of Russia was an ocean liner built in 1912-1913 for Canadian Pacific Steamships (CP), and was
used by the British Army during both world wars. During peacetime, the ship regularly
sailed back and forth along the Hong Kong - Shanghai - Nagasaki - Kobe - Yokohama
- Vancouver route.
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 2. Nara Sacred Deer
Date: 1926 Nara Sacred Deer, 1926
Scope and Contents: Two minutes and forty-five seconds of footage capturing Nara Park in Nara, Japan.
Includes scenes of the park, such as people hand-feeding the deer; the people pictured
include a woman in a traditional Japanese kimono, a group of men dressed in suits,
and multiple women dressed in fur coats. Also shows the group being transported in
Biographical / Historical: Nara Park is a public park located in the city of Nara, Japan, and is one of the oldest
parks in Japan. Over 1,200 wild sika deer roam the space, and until World War II,
the deer from this area were considered "sacred."
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 3. Kobe
Date: 1928 Kobe, 1928
Scope and Contents: Two minutes and forty-five seconds of footage contains scenes of a Damai Baseball
team practice, and appears to show American baseball players in Damai uniforms; these
players are presumably Herb Hunter, Ty Cobb, Bob Shawkey, and Fred "Bootnose" Hofman.
Also includes shots of a waterfront setting, with buildings, boats, and people; a
view of mountains; and a man and a woman feeding caged monkeys.
Biographical / Historical: In the fall of 1928, American baseball players Herb Hunter, Ty Cobb, Bob Shawkey,
and Fred "Bootnose" Hofman, all of whom had just ended their professional careers,
visited Japan to help coach the local Damai team and to help popularize baseball.
They had been invited to Japan by the Mainichi newspaper, specifically to train with and play twelve games with the Japanese Daimai
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 4. [Untitled]
Date:  [Untitled, 1931]
Scope and Contents: Nine minutes and forty-five seconds of footage includes scenes aboard the S.S. Taiyo Maru. Baseball footage shows a marching band, as well as players from the United States
and Japanese teams from Keio and Waseda Universities. Other footage shows an airplane
flying in the sky, and scattered throughout the footage are several text slides with
Japanese characters and some English words.
Biographical / Historical: In 1931, the S.S. Taiyo Maru was owned by the Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK Line) and traveled the company's San Francisco
route. The ship was originally built for battle in World War I, and in November, 1941,
it arrived in Honolulu to conduct reconnaissance of Pearl Harbor's naval base.
Biographical / Historical: Keio University is a Japanese university located in Tokyo, and is considered the oldest
institute of higher education in Japan.
Biographical / Historical: Waseda University is a large, private university located in Tokyo, Japan.
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 5. Scenes at Tokyo, Japan
Date: October 1932 Scenes at Tokyo, Japan, October 1932
Scope and Contents: Two minutes and fifty seconds of footage includes men on a boat and a parade. Reel
begins with title screen, "Scenes at Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 1932, Hunter Film Corporation
U.S.A." Also shows a baseball game and a man in a suit signing autographs.
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 6. Zoo at Ueno Park, Tokyo
Date: November 1932 Zoo at Ueno Park, Tokyo, November 1932
Scope and Contents: Two minutes and fifty seconds of footage showing the Ueno Zoo. Scenes include various
zoo animals, as well as the Japanese and American visitors, including an American
man with a camera.
Biographical / Historical: The Ueno Zoo, located in Toyko, Japan, is managed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
It is Japan's oldest zoo, opening on March 20, 1882.
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 7. Tokyo College Baseball game
Date: Processed Nov. 24, 1932 Tokyo College Baseball game, Processed Nov. 24, 1932
Scope and Contents: Two minutes and forty-five seconds of footage shows a baseball game between teams
from Keio University and Waseda University. Footage includes warm-ups and practice,
members of the press, the crowd, as well as the teams in the dugout and on the field.
Also includes the original film box.
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 8. [Harvard baseball team in Japan]
Date: 1934 [Harvard baseball team in Japan], 1934
Scope and Contents: Twleve minutes and twenty-five seconds of footage shows the Harvard baseball team
members, staff, and their female guests visiting various places in Japan, including
parks, such as Nara Park, and a temple. Also shows a crowd of mostly Japanese people
bidding farewell to the Harvard team. Additionally, footage shows a baseball trophy
ceremony between the Harvard University and Keio teams, and footage of baseball practices
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 9. [Stanford baseball team]
Scope and Contents: Twelve minutes and fifty-five seconds of footage showing a group of men, presumably
the Harvard baseball team and staff, doing a variety of activities, including boarding
a bus in Cambridge, Massachusetts, throwing around a baseball on the side of a road,
boarding a train, and playing a baseball game, possibly against Stanford University.
Footage then shows the group en route to Hawaii, aboard the M.S. Tatsuta Maru, posing for photographs with the ship's crew. Upon arrival in Hawaii, the men pose
for photographs with Native American men in costume and attend military review exercises
at Schofield Barracks. Additionally, a group of men in Harvard hats are joined by
Harvard alumnus President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who is seen seated and in a car,
often smiling and laughing. Other footage shows more baseball games and practices,
men and women on a ship, possibly in Hawaii, and a group of men eating together on
Biographical / Historical: The Tatsuta Maru was a Japanese ocean liner owned by Nippon Yusen Kaisha. The ship was built in 1927-1930
by the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding & Engineering Company at Nagasaki, Japan, and was built
for the trans-Pacific Orient-California fortnightly service; the principal ports-of-call
included Hong Kong, Shanghai, Kobe, Yokohama, Honolulu, Los Angeles, and San Francisco.
Additional Index Terms: Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano),
- HUM 187 Box 2, Reel 12. [Unidentified 8mm film]
Date: [circa 1937]