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HUG 1191

Bailey, Solon I. (Solon Irving), 1854-1931. Papers of Solon Irving Bailey : an inventory

Harvard University Archives

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Harvard University

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: HUG 1191
Repository: Harvard University Archives
Creator: Bailey, Solon I. (Solon Irving), 1854-1931
Title: Papers of Solon Irving Bailey, 1889-1925, 1931.
Date(s): 1889-1925, 1931.
Quantity: 0.7 cubic feet (3 boxes)
Quantity: 19 folders and 1 volume
Abstract: Solon Irving Bailey (1854-1931), Phillips Professor of Astronomy at Harvard, spent forty four years with the Harvard College Observatory. Bailey was largely responsible for the successful establishment of Harvard's Boyden Station observatory in Arequipa, Peru. Bailey's pioneering photographic studies of globular clusters, variable stars, nebulae, and galactic clusters provided the basis from which other astronomers were able to determine the size of the Milky Way and other galaxies.

Acquisition Information:

The Papers of Solon I. Bailey were acquired through donation and transfer: 1960 gift of Irving W. Bailey; 1931 transfer from the Harvard University President's Office; 1952 transfer from the Harvard College Observatory.

Processing Information:

The Papers were first classified and described in the Harvard University Archives between 1931 and 1970. In 2008, Dominic P. Grandinetti re-processed the collection. He re-organized and re-described the material in the collection and replaced the containers and simplified the call numbers. A list of obsolete call numbers is included in this finding aid.

Conditions on Use and Access:

The collection is open for research. Permission of the University Archives is required for photocopying or publishing.

Online access to digitized content:

Portions of this collection have been digitized and are available online. If a folder has been digitized, a links to the digitized content accompanies the folder description.

Preferred Citation:

Bailey, Solon I. (Solon Irving), 1854-1931. Papers of Solon Irving Bailey, 1889-1925, 1931. HUG 1191, Harvard University Archives.

Related Material

Archival Materials

Library Materials

Biographical Essay

Solon Irving Bailey (1854-1931), Phillips Professor of Astronomy at Harvard, spent forty four years with the Harvard College Observatory. Bailey was largely responsible for the successful establishment of Harvard's Boyden Station observatory in Arequipa, Peru. Bailey's pioneering photographic studies of globular clusters,variable stars,nebulae, and galactic clusters provided the basis from which other astronomers were able to determine the size of the Milky Way and other galaxies.
Bailey was born and raised in New Hampshire. After graduating from Tilton Academy in 1877, where he later served briefly as headmaster, he received a bachelor's degree (1881) and master's degree (1884) from Boston University.
Bailey joined the staff of the Harvard College Observatory as a volunteer in 1887. In 1889, HCO Director Edward C. Pickering sent him to South America to find a suitable site for a telescope to extend Harvard's astronomical observations to the southern hemisphere. Bailey traveled in Peru for two years, selecting Arequipa as the site of the Boyden Station observatory, where he served as director until 1905. He also established a series of meteorological stations, culminating in 1893 with the establishment of a weather station near the peak of El Misti, a volcano overlooking the city of Arequipa.
In 1908, after severe weather rendered observations at Arequipa increasingly difficult, Bailey traveled to South Africa to explore new locations for the Boyden Station. He eventually recommended a site near Bloemfontein, although a lack of funds delayed the move until 1927.
Bailey made his final trip to Peru in 1922, where he received an honorary degree from the University of San Agustin in Arequipa. When he returned to Cambridge, he resumed work on his astronomical research and wrote the History and Work of the Harvard College Observatory 1839-1927, which was published shortly before his death in 1931.

Chronology of Solon Bailey

References

Scope of the Collection

The Papers of Solon Irving Bailey contain two biographical essays, records of his expeditions to South America and South Africa, and a partial set of his writings and lectures.

Inventory update

This document last updated 2016 November 2.

General

Obsolete Call Numbers

The following list provides a map to call numbers that were made obsolete by the archivist during the 2008 re-processing. All the materials for the Papers of Solon I. Bailey now fall under the single call number HUG 1191.

Container List


hua03008