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MS AmW 77

Force, M. F. (Manning Ferguson), 1824-1899. M. F. Force papers, 1875-1892: Guide.

Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University


Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 USA

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

Descriptive Summary

Call No.: MS AmW 77
Repository: Houghton Library, Harvard Library, Harvard University
Creator: Force, M. F. (Manning Ferguson), 1824-1899.
Title: M. F. Force papers,
Date(s): 1875-1892.
Quantity: 1 collection (1 box (.25 linear ft.)
Language of materials: Collection materials are in English, some in French.
Abstract: Correspondence and other papers of American Civil War general, and Ohio lawyer, judge, and historian, Manning Ferguson Force.

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

No accession number. Gift of H. H. Force; received: 1921 February 1.
Forms part of the collection of Western Americana manuscripts at Houghton Library, collected under the auspices of the Harvard Commission on Western History.

Processing Information:

Processed by: Bonnie B. Salt

Conditions Governing Access:

There are no restrictions on physical access to this material. Collection is open for research.

Preferred Citation for Publication:

M. F. Force Papers, 1875-1892 (MS AmW 77). Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Related Materials

See also:

Biographical / Historical

Manning Ferguson Force (1824-1899) was born in Washington D. C. in 1824, the 4th of 10 children, son of Peter Force (the city's mayor, editor, and collector of rare materials) and Hannah Evans Force. He received an AB from Harvard College in 1845 and an L.LB. in 1848 from Harvard Law School. He moved to Cincinnati, Ohio to begin his law practice with the law partnership of Walker, Kebler & Force. While a young lawyer in Cincinnati, Force became one of the closest friends of future president, Rutherford B. Hayes. Both men were members of the Literary Club of Cincinnati. Manning Force's wife was Frances Dabney Horton Force and they had one child, Horton Caumont Force (b. 1878; AB Harvard 1901). During the Civil War, Force became a major of the 20th Ohio Volunteer Infantry serving with General James B. McPherson's 17th Corps and rose to the rank of Brevet Major-General by the end of the war. He later received the Medal of Honor for his service. After the war he returned to Cincinnati to continue the practice of law and later became a justice of the Superior Court of Cincinnati and wrote several law books. He also served as a professor at the Cincinnati law School. Force also had a passionate interest in historical matters, writing on subjects such as the Indian mound builders of Ohio. Later in life he was appointed as commandant of the Ohio Soldiers' Home in Sandusky, Ohio, where, many years later, he died at the age of 74.


Organized into the following series:

Scope and Contents

Collection includes: Force's autograph manuscript notes (and some by his brother William Quereau Force (1820-1880)); prints of Native American drawings issued by the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences; manuscript maps of early Illinois; and M. F. Force's correspondence with various scholars at the Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology such as Cyrus Thomas, Frank Hamilton Cushing, and Albert Samuel Gatschet, and letters with his brother William Quereau Force, and others. Concerns Native Americans, particularly the Ohio Indians such as the Shawnee, exploration, and Native American burial mounds.

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